Year (normalized) before 1960×
  • ¡¡Asesinos!!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1924
    This article by Diego Rivera denounces the “reactionary” agents of Delahuertismo who were the true architects of the conspiracy to infiltrate Masonic lodges at the beginning of 1924 in order to murder the governor of Yucatan, Felipe Carrillo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763275

  • ¡¡Fíjate, Trabajador!!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1924
    This document is a didactic-political text directed toward the working class organized around identification of its enemies. These include the fake socialist parties (equated with the Italian fascists). And also the intellectuals unable to understand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763293

  • ¡Cuarenta y un maricones!
    1901
    After a scandalous raid in Mexico City in which forty-two homosexual men were detained, known as the Ball of the Forty-One, the poem describes the possible foundation of a mutual aid society in which a dance was mentioned: “El traje debía de ser [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778106

  • ¡En la guerra, arte de guerra!
    Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Dirección de Propaganda de Guerra (Cuba)
    1943
    The National War Propaganda Department, on behalf of Cuba’s Ministry of National Defense, published the script of the lecture to be delivered by David Alfaro Siqueiros on May 8, 1943, in Havana. The script provides a summary of his life from 1909 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751133

  • ¡Por un arte revolucionario independiente!
    1938
    With war looming in the background, this manifesto, dated July 25, 1938, and signed by André Breton and Diego Rivera, expresses a particular point of view regarding the concept of freedom of expression for the artist and the man of science—“the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792914

  • ¡Que hable el diablo!: ¿La Bienal es falsa?... ¿es derroche de dinero?... ¿agente del ninguneo?
    Castillo, Fausto
    1958
    Fausto Castillo interviewed Mr. Miguel Salas Anzures who—when asked about the accusation that he was spending a great deal of money on the first Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758326

  • ¡Rivera y Siqueiros lo acaparan todo!
    Climent, Juan B.
    1952
    Juan B. Climent interviews Manuel Rodríguez Lozano, who leaves no doubt about his position regarding the figures of Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros in Mexican art. Lozano talks about the need to vindicate the native figure stemming from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776602

  • ¡Tamayo es un hipócrita! : dice Siqueiros en una entrevista exclusiva para Hoy sobre la Bienal
    Mendoza, María Luisa
    1958
    In this interview, David Alfaro Siqueiros expressed his views on the Biennial. He began by critiquing the paintings exhibited by the United States, and warned Latin American painters against imitating hybrid ideas that made no sense, such as Tachisme [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768083

  • ¡Tamayo se rebela! : Rufino Tamayo, “Cuarto grande” de la pintura mexicana se subleva en un vibrante mensaje artístico
    Climent, Juan B.
    1951
    The art critic Juan Climent thought that Rufino Tamayo’s painting was caught in the crossfire of conflicting opinions. Some thought that his œuvre represented the decadent formalism of the School of Paris, but others saw it as the dawn of a new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759012

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura?
    Plá, Roger
    1945
    In this article, Roger Plá refers to Contrapunto magazine’s strategy of inviting artists to discuss the future of painting. The survey asked the following questions: 1. In your opinion, what is the material future of painting (as regards its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731018

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Manuel O. Espinosa
    Espinosa, Manuel
    1945
    Response given by Manuel Espinosa in the survey presented by the Contrapunto [Counterpoint] journal. In it he confronts the defenders of figuration by explaining that realist work is not that which copies, but that which asserts the material reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730996

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Tomás Maldonado
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1945
    This is Tomás Maldonado’s response to the survey conducted by Contrapunto magazine. He is sanguine, not only about the future of the visual arts — “one of the most effective lubricants for revolutionary tension” — but about the future of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731031

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [¿Agregamos algo a la pintura si decimos arte abstracto o arte no figurativo]
    Martín, Vicente
    1952
    This document relates the response of Uruguayan artist Vicente Martín to the survey regarding abstract or non-figurative art, in which he states that abstract values also exist in representational painting. With regard to the future of painting, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757649

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [”Arte abstracto” es y no es un término adecuado.”]
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1952
    This document relates the response of artist Tomás Maldonado to the survey regarding abstract or non-figurative art, in which he considers the term “abstract” to be both appropriate and inappropriate; it is appropriate when it is used to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757530

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [En su minuciosa “Respuesta a Julio E. Payró” publicada en el nº 202]
    Mujica Láinez, Manuel, 1910-
    1952
    Manuel Mujica Láinez replies to the survey on abstract and nonfigurative art, noting his inclination to use the terms “abstract” and “concrete” interchangeably, insofar as the trend does not cease to be what it is because of the label it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762983

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [la expresión “arte abstracto” utilizada para referirse a las tendencias]
    Córdova Iturburu, C. (Cayetano), 1902-
    1952
    This document relates the response of critic Córdova Iturburu to the survey regarding abstract art or non-figurative art, in which he leans toward the expression “non-figurative art” because it permits the inclusion of not only the geometric [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742825

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [no creo en la posibilidad de cambio en la actual terminología de que]
    Westerdahl, Eduardo
    1952
    This document relates the response of Spanish critic Eduardo Westerdahl to the survey regarding abstract art or non-figurative art, in which he considers it opportune to carry out a revision of terms used in these cases. Westerdahl also proposes to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742858

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [opino que la palabra “abstracto”, tratándose de arte, es impropia de]
    Ferrant Vázquez, Angel
    1952
    This document relates the response of Spanish sculptor Ángel Ferrant to the survey with regard to abstract, or non-figurative art, in which he indicates that the word “abstract” is inappropriate when it does not acknowledge a visual model. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742171

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [Prefiero el término “arte abstracto” como término generalizador y ya]
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1952
    This document relates the response of artist Mathias Goeritz to the survey regarding abstract, or non-figurative art, in which he indicates that he prefers “abstract art” as the general and popular term, although he agrees with the possibility [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742187

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [Resulta harto desagradable poner un nombre a cada cosa. Desde el bebé al]
    Platschek, Hans
    1952
    This is Hans Platschek’s answer to a survey on abstract and nonfigurative art, in which he suggests that signs could be used for didactic goals. But he doesn’t agree with the terms “abstract” and “nonfigurative” because the former is art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757674

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [Sin el ánimo de disentir gratuitamente en la cuestión entablada entre Gui-”]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1952
    This document relates the response of artist Gyula Kosice (1924-2016), to the survey regarding abstract or non-figurative art, in which he states that Madí adopted, in principle, the name "non-figurative" because it corresponded to the nature of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742202

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no figurativo? : [Toda denominación de una tendencia artística es convencional, sirve pa-]
    Del Prete, Juan, 1897-1987
    1952
    This document relates the response of painter and sculptor Juan Del Prete to the survey regarding abstract or non-figurative art, in which he considers all such nomenclature conventional. In addition, Del Prete believes that this type of discussion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742156

  • ¿Arte abstracto o arte no objetivo? : carta abierta a Guillermo de Torre
    Payró, Julio E., 1899-1971
    1951
    This document is an open letter in which Julio E. Payró declares his difference of opinion with Guillermo de Torre regarding the application of the term “abstract.” This letter responds to the concepts discussed by Torre in the catalog for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742838

  • ¿Artistas provocadores y delatores? : Los efectos de la intromisión corruptora del departamento de Estado Yanqui en la vida artística de nuestro país
    1954
    The exhibition at Perls Gallery in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, presented Rufino Tamayo as one of the four great Mexican artists. His works were part of the great modernism and, unlike those of his colleagues, no Communist symbols could be found in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785817

  • ¿Cómo quiere que responda a Tamayo, en broma, o en serio?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    José Clemente Orozco believed that opposition to political painting was nothing new in Mexico; it had been around since the start of the mural movement. Some painters tried to stamp out all forms of figurative or representative expression. When [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755517

  • ¿Cómo respondieron los públicos de Europa?
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1952
    This interview consists of fourteen questions regarding the reception that the Mexican art exhibition experienced from the Parisian public. Fernando Gamboa believed that the event was a great opportunity for the Mexican people, and also was a great [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779913

  • ¿Cuál es el pintor más grande de México?
    Ortega, Febronio
    1922
    In the Survey Section, the journalist Ortega decided to go to the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria to ask the painters there the following question: Who is the greatest painter in Mexico? The caricaturist Ernesto García Cabral ironically responds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755251

  • ¿Cuál es la pintura revolucionaria?
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1955
    In artistic circles in those days, according to Rufino Tamayo, anything that was not purely Mexican was roundly rejected, and works that reflected our own experience and personal expression were lavishly praised. This had its positive aspects, but it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759040

  • ¿Durero en la sabana?
    Ospina, Eduardo, 1891- 1965
    1959
    In this document, Eduardo Ospina, a Jesuit priest, humanist, aesthete and director of the art pages section of the Revista Javeriana (Bogotá), wrote a review discussing the authorship of St. Jerome, [presumed to be] painted by the German painter, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135726

  • ¿El abandono de su tradicional plataforma ideológica servirá a la pintura mexicana?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    In this short article by Antonio Rodríguez, the art critic shows his support for an article published in the previous issue of the journal Espacios by the artist Roberto Berdecio, in defense of “social painting.” Rodríguez believes that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799572

  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Existe una pintura peruana?
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1958
    In this article signed “J. Nahuaca”—the anagram he used as an alias—Peruvian critic Juan Acha reflects on whether or not there is a painting tradition in Peru. He discusses the current state of painting on the occasion of the Premio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138182

  • ¿Exposición de arte español contemporáneo? : un manifiesto de artistas argentinos
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1947
    In response to the absence of artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Juan Gris at the Contemporary Spanish Art Exhibition shown at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in December 1947, the Argentinian artists expressed their disagreement by signing a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730388

  • ¿Hacia dónde va la pintura en el Perú¿? : Primer Salón de Pintura
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    1955
    The author identifies the principal characteristic of the works shown at the Primer Salón Annual de Pintura Peruana “as a strong and cohesive predilection for objectivity.” Among others, he highlights Alfredo Ruiz Rosas for his “successful [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138900

  • ¿Hay problema indígena en México?
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1921
    In “¿Hay problema indígena en México?” Mexican writer and anthropologist Manuel Gamio examines the “indigenous problem,” or the question of how to integrate indigenous Mexicans into Mexican society. Gamio argues that the government of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737307

  • ¿México tendría hoy una escuela de pintura propia, de haber seguido la ruta de Tamayo?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    Antonio Rodríguez analyzed Rufino Tamayo’s work, basing his remarks on the retrospective of his paintings exhibited at the Palacio de Bellas Artes. According to the exhibition catalog, Tamayo’s greatest contribution was his handling of color. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758248

  • ¿Qué entiende usted por triunfar en arte? : responde un pintor: Tomás Maldonado
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1953
    Tomás Maldonado reflects on the role of the artist in society, given that it is the career-like class that enjoys success and acclaim. Maldonado fully identifies with the concept of rebellion, and says that he is prone to subvert the taste of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742756

  • ¿Qué es nueva música?
    Paz, Juan Carlos, 1897-1972
    1951
    Juan Carlos Paz defines New Music and that which contributes efficacious elements and solutions and points out the importance of the rise of dodecaphony for these new proposals. He stresses that dodecaphony is responsible for the experimentation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730576

  • ¿Qué opina usted del estridentismo?
    Leblanc, Oscar
    1923
    Based on the criticisms that the emergence of Estridentismo gave rise to, Oscar Leblanc, a journalist of El Universal Ilustrado carries out a survey about the movement, interviewing several personalities. The responses are really extreme. The writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737534

  • ¿Qué piensan los misioneros del INBA? : Rina Lazo y García Bustos en Oaxaca
    Tibol, Raquel
    1957
    Most of this short article consists of the words of the artist from Guatemala, Rina Lazo—a naturalized Mexican—from an interview with the critic Raquel Tibol. Lazo recalls her training and the reasons she came to Mexico in 1946. At that time, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795102

  • ¿Qué quiere decir un Arte Americano?
    Traba, Marta
    1956
    In this text, Marta Traba argues that there is not really a unified [Latin] American aesthetic in the visual arts and calls for an honest investigation of the question of such an aesthetic approach, even at the risk of affirming that no common spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839092

  • ¿Quién es Martín Fierro?
    Méndez, Evar, 1888 -1955
    1924
    The article discusses the constant attacks that the newspaper Martín Fierro receives and all the conflicts and difficulties that result from these attacks. It also explains the attitude that will be assumed with regard to the situation created by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732421

  • ¿Son inmorales estas pinturas? Los murales del pintor González Camarena en el edificio Guardiola actualizan la debatida cuestión de la moral en el arte
    Rodríguez, Antonio
    1942
    The critic Antonio Rodríguez uses this article to defend the murals painted by Jorge González Camarena in the main hall of the Edificio Guardiola, in the center of Mexico City. The author believes that the short newspaper article calling for these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804294

  • "7 pintores argentinos"
    Rinaldini, Julio
    1935
    Julio Rinaldini criticizes the leaflet with the manifesto of the Seven Artists (Antonio Berni, Lino Enea Spilimbergo, Horacio Butler, Ramón Goméz Cornet, Héctor Basaldúa, Aquiles Badi, and Emilio Pettoruti) who participated in the exhibition at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733926

  • "De nuevo" Los Disidentes
    González Bogen, Carlos
    1950
    In this brief review Carlos González Bogen, a member of the Los Disidentes group, adopts a rather critical tone to discuss the negative aspects of an anonymous newspaper report—“De nuevo Los Disidentes,” published in the Márgenes column in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813667

  • "Gran-boa" asfixia a los escultores mexicanos
    1958
    This brief article, illustrated by a large caricature, uses a humorous tone to comment on the disputes generated by the declarations of sculptors, who were unable to reach an agreement. “Instead of joining forces to fight the little dictator who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772048

  • "Julia Codesido y Sabogal son buenos pintores" : Aquilles Ralli cree, además, que muchos sólo buscan la fama por medio de la publicidad
    Ralli, Aquiles, 1925-
    1951
    Painter Aquiles Ralli rejects the comments made by Fernando de Szyszlo that became a national scandal: “there are no painters in Peru.” He juxtaposes the work of the “good artists,” those who diligently “work in silence and never advertise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150882

  • "La importancia de nuestra generacíon es haber puesto al día al Perú artístico"
    1955
    This is an anonymous interview with Fernando de Szyszlo on his successful presentation at the III Salón Moncloa in Lima in 1955. The artist stated that it was the first artistic competition in which he had participated since 1951 due to his distrust [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137778

  • "La poesía de Vallejo tiene origen Breton" dice Sabogal
    Orbegozo, Manuel Jesús, 1923-
    1954
    The first part of the interview covers the start of his career and his training in Europe. After living in Buenos Aires (where he returned to his art studies), he returned to Peru in 1919. Sabogal states that “the Cuzco area cast a powerful spell [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141080

  • "Me parece que no hay otra pintura que la europea"
    Moll, Eduardo, 1929-
    1952
    In this interview, Fernando de Szyszlo states that the only painting tradition that exists is the European tradition, under the standards that emanated from Paris in the late 19th century, to which all other schools have been assimilated. Even “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864956