Year (normalized) before 1940×
  • Vida cultural en la URSS
    The synopsis and annotations in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1313125

  • '1927’ Exposicion de Arte Nuevo.
    This short article is a commentary on 1927: Exposición de Arte Nuevo, which opened on May 7 at the “Asociación de Pintores y Escultores.” In announcing and promoting the exhibition, the editors of Revista de avance stated [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1299824

  • El capitalismo y la inteligencia
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    This article, published in Revista de avance in 1927, was written by the young essayist and journalist born in Catalonia, Martí Casanovas. Here, he sets forth a fierce criticism of the way the capitalist production system affects and determines the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1299384

  • Al levar el ancla
    This document is the inaugural text issued by the editors and founders of Revista de avance and published in its first issue on March 15, 1927. Taking the form of a manifesto in a poetic, metaphorical style, the text links the emergence of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1298675

  • Exposición César Moro
    Tenaud, Ricardo
    According to the author of this text, the works by César Moro on exhibit are aggressively disconcerting; indeed, there is “nothing to say about ‘things’ so removed from mainstream painting.” The author points out that, at this time, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293639

  • En el Museo gráfico del Hospital Larco Herrera de Magdalena del Mar
    More, Ernesto, 1897-1980
    This article about the Museo del Hospital Psiquiátrico Víctor Larco Herrera [Museum of the Victor Larco Herrera Psychiatric Hospital] (in Peru’s capital city) was written by Ernesto More, under the pseudonym “Jerome,” as part of a series on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293622

  • Exposición de pintura moderna en la Academia Alcedo
    More, Federico, 1889-1955
    Poet César Moro describes the confusion and expectations of the public at the Surrealist art show, while also questioning the judgments pronounced on the show by “those charmers from the base police known as critics of purpose and profit,” whose [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293605

  • Exposición superrealista Moro-Valencia
    More, Federico, 1889-1955
    This text announces the upcoming opening of the show of Surrealism organized by César Moro at the Academia Alcedo in Lima. The writer, who confesses he has not seen the show, comments that it is the first Surrealist exhibition to take place in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293589

  • Desde París : Autopsia del suprerrealismo
    Vallejo, César, 1892-1938
    In this text, eminent Latin American avant-garde poet César Vallejo asserts that “among the symptoms of the final decline of the capitalist intelligentsia is the vice of coterie.” He argues that the crises of economic imperialism are reflected [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293573

  • Figuras y aspectos de la vida mundial : El Segundo manifiesto del suprarrealismo (1)
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    According to José Carlos Mariátegui, Breton (in his second manifesto) “prosecuted” all the writers and artists who, having initially embraced surrealism, then renounced it. Though he mentions the attacks on Pierre Naville, he claims that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293556

  • Figuras y aspectos de la vida mundial : El balance del suprarrealismo. A propósito del último manifiesto de André Breton
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    In this text, José Carlos Mariátegui argues that no avant-garde artistic or literary movement has been “as significant historically or important as content as Surrealism.” He asserts that, while Futurism attempted to go beyond formal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293479

  • Consideraciones sobre la pintura peruana
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    In this text, Raúl María Pereira reflects on the history of painting in Peru, affirming that the Incan “genius in form and color” lived on despite the Spanish conquest, not as a parallel or marginal entity, but as a force that acted on “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293103

  • Tres día en Lima : V jornada : en el “Estudio” de José Sabogal
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    In this text, José Eulogio Garrido speaks of his journey to Lima in order to see José Sabogal’s art in his home. Indeed, that was “one of the basic reasons I undertook the pilgrimage to Lima.” But Garrido saw only two works in the artist’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1290372

  • Arte peruano : Camilo Blas
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    This article by José Sabogal is about the recent work produced by the Indigenist painter Camilo Blas. The author discusses Blas’ two scenes of Cajamarca that are to decorate the new Salón de Palacio, which opened in 1924 in celebration of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289476

  • Nuevos Rumbos : la exposición de "1927"
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    This militant text, published about a week after the inauguration of the exhibition sharing the title with the journal—1927, justifies the program of the radical artistic renewal that both the show and 1927: revista de avance proposed. The author, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1280155

  • carta a Rosa Acle
    This letter, dated December 4, is the second one that Joaquín Torres García wrote to his student Rosa Acle (who was on her way to Australia) in 1939. The maestro’s comments suggest that he was feeling lonely following the breaking up of the group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263926

  • carta a Rosa Acle
    This is Joaquín Torres García’s first letter to one of his best-loved students, the Brazilian-Uruguayan artist Rosa Acle, who was traveling in the Far East at the time, on her way to Australia. In his letter, JTG admits that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263899

  • IV Exposición del Círculo de Fomento de Bellas Artes
    The IV Exposición Internacional organized by the Círculo de Bellas Artes de Montevideo, featuring painting, sculpture, and decorative arts, reflects the institution’s efforts to generate greater visibility in the community. The event’s other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263461

  • Nuestro arte constructivo y las teorías cubistas
    Ragni, Héctor, 1897-1952
    This article by Héctor Ragni—one of Joaquín Torres García’s “devout” disciples—reveals the author’s profound understanding of the maestro’s doctrinaire corpus of constructive universalism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263131

  • Aquí, en Montevideo
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    In this brief essay Joaquín Torres-García outlines the goals he developed at the AAC (Asociación de Arte Constructivo) and explained in the association’s magazine. He describes the difficulties he had in trying to make [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263116

  • El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    This article, “El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico,” includes a discussion of Joaquín Torres-García’s main theoretical ideas. Here he restates his metaphysically-inspired philosophical approach and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263101

  • El hombre, una incógnita
    Carrel, Alexis, 1873-1944
    This is an excerpt from the book L’Homme, cet inconnu [Man, the Unknown] by the French scientist Alexis Carrel, which appeared in issue Number 5 of Círculo y Cuadrado, the magazine published by the Asociación de Arte Constructivo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263085

  • Nacionalismo y Folklore
    Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965
    The author of this document, Edgar Varèse, criticizes the exploitation of folklore by “highbrow music.” He agrees that the indigenous spirit of ancient cultures can certainly be a source of inspiration for artists, but considers its manipulation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263070

  • El plano en que deseamos situarnos
    “The plane on which we should place ourselves” is one of the most synthetic statements Joaquín Torres García makes in his lectures on the theory and practice of “modern classicism.” In it he casts some doubt on the very idea of “modernity [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263054

  • Necesidad de agruparse para la formación de un medio artístico
    Arzadun, Carmelo de, 1888-1968
    Carmelo de Arzadun stresses the importance of creating intellectual groups in Montevideo, explaining that their conversations about their various aesthetic preferences would enrich the debate in local art circles. On the whole, the article does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263023

  • Por qué pertenezco a la asociación de arte constructivo
    Ragni, Héctor, 1897-1952
    In this article, the Argentinean-Uruguayan artist Héctor Ragni expresses his admiration for Joaquín Torres-García’s ideas and work. Ragni lauds the maestro’s motivational skills and recalls the first time he saw his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263007

  • La presente revista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Joaquín Torres-García wrote this editorial for Círculo y Cuadrado, the journal published by the Asociación de Arte Constructivo de Montevideo that seeks to follow in the footsteps of Cercle et Carré, the magazine co [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1262991

  • Se encuentra en Montevideo un artista excepcional: David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Five days after David Alfaro Siqueiros arrived in Montevideo, this article was published in El Ideal, a newspaper that supported the party that was in power at the time. The article includes statements made by the Mexican artist, who mainly discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258182

  • Un poco de crítica regional
    In this brief essay, Pedro Figari discusses his thoughts on the notions of “tradition,” “foreignization,” and “cultural appropriation.” His initial thesis is that a country like Uruguay, with almost no tradition of urban culture, is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258164

  • Una carta de Pedro Figari. Sus conceptos americanistas
    This letter from Pedro Figari dated Paris, January 1930, was written while the Uruguayan painter was still grieving over the sudden death of his son Juan Carlos (1927), and was preparing for the publication of Historia Kiria. In this letter to his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258101

  • Asociacion de Arte Constructivo
    This pamphlet was published by the Asociación de Arte Constructivo, an artists’ group created by Joaquín Torres García as a way to institutionalize his theoretical and practical ideas and lay the groundwork for a “movement.” There is a list [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258077

  • V Exposición del Círculo de Bellas Artes. Catálogo
    This is the catalogue for the V Exposición de Arte (painting, drawing, and sculpture) held at the Círculo de Fomento de Bellas Artes de Montevideo in 1912. It was the second time that foreign artists, in this case from Argentina and Brazil, were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255727

  • El Nativismo
    Alberto Zum Felde discusses what is referred to as “nativism” in Uruguayan art (especially in the literary field). The writer and critic considers the movement to be epigonal and obsolete at a time when the presence of a new, cosmopolitan society [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255456

  • Movimiento intelectual. Conferencia de F. T. Marinetti sobre el poeta montevideano Jules Laforgue y el futurismo integral en el Teatro Artigas
    This text is an analysis of the lecture given by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, a theorist of the Italian Futurist movement. His topic was French-Uruguayan poet Jules Laforgue, who was born in Montevideo. The event took place in 1926, during Marinetti’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255083

  • Sinfonía Futurista
    In this article, Orestes Baroffio discusses audience reaction to the lecture given by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, the creator of the Italian Futurist movement and the author of its manifestos, at the Teatro Artigas in Montevideo. Baroffio also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255061

  • Hablando con el pintor Bazurro
    In this interview, painter and educator Domingo Bazzurro assesses Uruguayan painting and the role of the Círculo de Bellas Artes (CBA), which was founded in 1905 for art education and for activating the local art scene. That center of teaching and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255031

  • Autonomía Regional
    Uruguayan thinker, educator, and artist Pedro Figari—who had lived in Buenos Aires since 1920—supports the creation of the journal La Cruz del Sur in Uruguay in an article that reaffirms his stance against cultural colonialism. He also advocates [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1254337

  • Uruguay Olímpico
    This article analyzes the immediate repercussions of the victory of the Uruguayan soccer team, which won a gold medal at the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris. The team’s feat is compared to artistic accomplishments and the aspirations of artists; in a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1254039

  • Carta a Rafael Barradas
    Alberto Lasplaces—the Uruguayan writer and journalist who developed a close friendship with Rafael Barradas before the latter went to Europe in 1913—wrote this letter to the Uruguayan artist when he was living in Hospitalet (Barcelona). He wrote [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250919

  • Carta a Rafael Barradas
    This is the reply of Rafael Barradas to a letter he had received, authorizing his work to be shown in an exhibition on Uruguayan art in Buenos Aires. In the original letter, Domingo Bazurro, an art professor and president of the Círculo de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250896

  • Manifiesto 2 , Constructivo 100%
    In this second manifesto, Joaquín Torres García attempts to define the limits of constructivism’s philosophical field in relation to how much society does or does not heed it. He establishes “superior” and “inferior” categories of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250878

  • Diálogo con un visitante de mi exposición
    Through a fictional text based on a dialogue between the exhibiting artist and some of the visitors, Joaquín Torres García builds a discourse with clear pedagogical intent. In it, he reiterates the basic concepts of his theoretical doctrine on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250767

  • Dessins
    This essay on Joaquín Torres García states that while he was in Paris and shortly before concretizing his Constructivist language as his own aesthetic doctrine, he created a vast number of drawings of the city that were artistically radical and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250527

  • [Letter] 1916 Marzo 15 [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In this letter, Joaquín Torres-García declares his intention to promote contemporary Uruguayan art to European audiences. The objective is to create a program designed to provide scholarships or grants from the Uruguayan government for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247461

  • [Letter] 1916 Junio 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This letter from Joaquín Torres García to his Uruguayan compatriot, the renowned writer José Enrique Rodó, suggests that both men agreed on the need to encourage the emerging art in their country by exposing young Uruguayan artists to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247430

  • [Letter] 1915 Diciembre 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In this letter to the writer José Enrique Rodó, Joaquín Torres García discusses the affinity they share for the Greco-Latin tradition, and expresses his wish to be in touch with contemporary Uruguayan art because, though living in Spain at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247404

  • Barradas
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    The Spanish author and art critic Manuel Abril was widely known as an admirer of the work of Uruguayan artist Rafael Barradas. This essay, originally written for the Catalan magazine Vell I Nou, outlines the artist’s predisposition for modernism. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243461

  • Rafael Barradas
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    The essay by Vicente Basso Maglio was intended for the catalogue for the exhibition Rafael Barradas, organized by the Comisión Nacional del Centenario in Montevideo in 1930, a year after the death of the Uruguayan artist. [The artist was seen as] a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243440

  • Barradas pintor de eternidad
    Perucho, Artur, 1902-1956
    The catalogue of the exhibition Exposición Barradas, organized by the Comisión Nacional del Centenario in Uruguay in 1930, included an essay on Artur Perucho that had already been published before by the Barcelona-based magazine Joia. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243392

  • [Letter] Al Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Uruguay
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    While stating his unflinching loyalty to the communist cause, David Alfaro Siqueiros also provides some important autobiographical information in this letter to the Uruguayan Communist Party Central Committee. He talks about being under house arrest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238917