Topic Descriptor: revolutionaries×
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  • Cultura en el orden internacional
    Oribe, Emilio, 1893-1975
    In the early twentieth century, Europe—which had, until that time, been Latin America’s cultural referent par excellence—was deeply immersed in a devastating socio-economic crisis brought about as a result of the First World War. Fascism and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223996

  • Presencia de Siqueiros en la estética contemporánea
    Pombo, Luis Eduardo
    In this article, Luis Eduardo Pombo reveals himself as the first Uruguayan art critic to ideologically wrap himself in the aesthetics of David Alfaro Siqueiros. Generally, even the commentaries made by those intellectuals closest to the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217038

  • Invitación a la U. de Plásticos
    This document invites the Unión de Artistas Plásticos (UAP), a division of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (C.T.I.U.), to the Exposición Internacional de Artes Plásticas Revolucionarias, an event organized by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1202232

  • La función social del arte : Vaz Ferreira en la catedra
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    Entitled “La función social del arte,” this article discusses one of the final lectures given by philosopher Carlos Vaz Ferreira. In the lecture, Vaz Ferreira describes the figure of an intellectual not committed to the social and political [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1199781

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario : contestando al camarada JOS
    Pintos, Francisco R., 1889-1968
    This article by Francisco R. Pintos is a response to the one by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui published in the previous issue of Movimiento journal. Whereas Ortiz Saralegui was conciliatory in his approach to the problem of the relationship between “pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198896

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    This article by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui formed part of the early debates in the leftist press in Uruguay on the relationship between art and politics, debates that largely ensued in the publication of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198856

  • Declaración de principios de la C.T.I.U
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    A manifesto of sorts, this article expands on the statement of principles voiced by the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (CTIU) in its first publication, the journal Aportación. The text is an extended exposition of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198763

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario III
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    This article by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui formed part of a series published in Movimiento journal—the publication of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (CTIU)—that attempted to formulate a “revolutionary art” that did [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198748

  • La rebelión contra Túpac Amaru
    Araníbar, Manuel
    In this text, Manuel Araníbar voices his opinion about the controversies surrounding the image of the indigenous forefather of Peruvian independence, José Gabriel Condorcanqui, Túpac Amaru II. In Araníbar’s view, the movement to uphold the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141885

  • Gral. Velasco develó cuadro en el Salón "Túpac Amaru"
    This brief but eloquent article reports on the ceremony in which General Juan Velasco Alvarado, the president of the military junta in power from 1968 to 1975, unveils the portrait of Túpac Amaru II, the indigenous forefather of Peruvian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141837

  • Cuzco pide conocer la 2nd. y la 3ra. maqueta de Túpac Amaru : han formulado críticas al proyecto ganador, pues corresponde a una estatua ecuestre, sin originalidad
    This article from El Comercio, a Cuzco newspaper, refers to the competition organized to choose a sculpture to honor Túpac Amaru II to be placed in Cuzco’s Plaza de Armas, and reports that the winning design had been rejected. The correspondent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141806

  • El ojo ajeno: negado cuatro veces : Túpac Amaru
    This anonymous cultural affairs newspaper column mentions Manuel Araníbar’s letter about the competition organized by the Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas [Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces] (in its first phase, 1968– [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141698

  • Prólogo
    Lucena, Clemencia, 1945-
    In the prologue to the book Anotaciones políticas sobre la pintura colombiana (1975), artist Clemencia Lucena questions the culture of a country like Colombia, a culture that, in her view, is imposed by the landowning and bourgeois classes. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1129326

  • Por un arte revolucionario
    Grupo Espartaco
    This document is a short manifesto written in 1959 by the Argentinean collective, Grupo Espartaco. The writers denote the importance of art as revolutionary and state that their mission is to integrate the visual arts with political action and social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126485

  • Excelencias de un pintor comprometido
    Mujica, Héctor, 1927-
    In this text, journalist Héctor Mujica examines the artistic qualities of painter Gabriel Bracho in the exhibition of the artist’s work held at the Museo de Bellas Artes of Caracas in 1951. Mujica describes Bracho’s work as “combat painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845986

  • The artist as a revolutionary
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    This document by artist Carlos Almaraz looks at the relationship between art (namely muralism) and social inequality, with specific attention paid to the potential role of the political image in empowering marginalized groups and challenging accepted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845759

  • Young lords party : 13 points program and platform
    Young Lords Party
    This thirteen-point program, written in English, presents the Young Lords Party platform calling for the liberation of all oppressed people. Some of the points that stand out from the list, include a call for the self-determination of Puerto Ricans, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841843

  • The Mexican Who Came to Motor City
    Cortez, Carlos, 1923-2005
    In this article, the Chicano artist and poet Koyokuikatl (Carlos Cortez) considers the revolutionary spirit of Diego Rivera’s art on the occasion of an exhibition at the Detroit Institute of Art celebrating the centennial of Rivera’s birth (1886- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840599

  • [Letter, s. l] 1972 Diciembre 26 [to] Pedro Alcántara
    Homar, Lorenzo
    In this long letter to his Colombian colleague Pedro Alcántara, Puerto Rican artist Lorenzo Homar discusses a number of topics including the technical procedure by which to create a coat with a patina that looks like bronze on a sculpture made from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823909

  • The art liberation and the praxis of death
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar applies semiotic and Marxist theories to analyze social value in art occurring in an historical era that proclaims itself both postmodern and postcolonial. He observes that such discourse renders people oppressed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802815

  • Carta abierta a los revolucionarios : una clarinada de alerta a la juventud de la República
    List Arzubide, Germán
    In his role as director of Horizonte, the Estridentista magazine, Germán List Arzubide expresses his opposition to the tribute paid by the mainstream press—specifically Excélsior newspaper—to Salvador Díaz Mirón. He also denounces the crimes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799691

  • Protesta : De los artistas revolucionarios de México
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    The poster “Protesta: De los Artistas Revolucionarios de México” [Mexican Revolutionary Artists: A Protest] shows the obviousness of the dispute between the students at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA) and the teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786608

  • The revolutionary spirit in modern art
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this long article, Diego Rivera summarizes his beliefs on what revolutionary art ought to be within the context of modern art, and offers a historic journey through the 19th century, underscoring the work of Daumier, Courbet, and Paul Cézanne. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786551

  • Nosotros los poetas y artistas futuristas de Italia (la carroña intelectual al servicio del papa y de Mussolini – aclaramos los artistas revolucionarios)
    Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso, 1876-1944
    In 1936 the publishers of Frente a Frente [Face to Face], the journal of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] published a belated futuristic manifesto by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779364

  • ¡Rivera y Siqueiros lo acaparan todo!
    Climent, Juan B.
    Juan B. Climent interviews Manuel Rodríguez Lozano, who leaves no doubt about his position regarding the figures of Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros in Mexican art. Lozano talks about the need to vindicate the native figure stemming from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776602

  • Margarita Nelken contesta al pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros un artículo : Lamenta que se pretenda hacer de un solo pintor la representación del Arte de México
    Nelken, Margarita
    In this interview, Margarita Nelken, the Spanish critic, reacts to the opinions expressed by David Alfaro Siqueiros. Nelken defends her comments concerning the lack of innovation in Diego Rivera’s art, and says that it is regrettable to attempt to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774948

  • Arte y revolución
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    Poet and critic José Juan Tablada points out that for the first time contemporary art from Mexico had been fully recognized in the United States through the œuvre of José Clemente Orozco, an artist “whose psychological power and highly tragic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771685

  • Se hunde la pintura en el vacío de lo mediocre
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    To the critic Antonio Rodríguez, the decadence of Mexican painting was based on an abandoning of ideological stances and a distancing from the social problems of humanity. The blame could mainly be laid at the door of the abstract painters who had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770440

  • Llamamiento a los artistas plásticos latinoamericanos
    An invitation from Cuba to Latin American visual artists, asking them to commit to denouncing and repudiating the ideological intrusion of imperialism, the artistic dependence on international centers, and manipulation in a variety of cultural areas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765836

  • José Clemente Orozco decorará la cúpula del monumento a la Revolución
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    Cardoza y Aragón writes about a supposed commission for a mural painting dedicated to José Clemente Orozco, meant for the recently considered monument to the revolution “little known to the majority of the inhabitants.” He describes the work, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765057

  • Leopoldo Méndez
    Guerrero Galván, Jesús
    Jesús Guerrero Galván makes some observations about the production by Leopoldo Méndez, within the context of several group exhibitions that were held in 1926. He qualifies the social function of the œuvre by his colleague and considers his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764626

  • Los pintores comunistas defienden el arte contra los vándalos burgueses
    The correspondent for The Daily Worker in Chicago creates a context for his readers concerning the formation of a Communist and a revolutionary art in Mexico, which describes on the walls of public buildings the useless life of the upper classes and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764091

  • El Sindicato de pintores y escultores combatirá en “El Machete”
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In this brief article, Siqueiros, the secretary of the Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores [SOTPE, Painters and Sculptors Union], reports that the painters laid off from their work on public buildings due to the machinations of “reactionary” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764085

  • [El Movimiento Espartaco ha hecho público...]
    Grupo Espartaco
    Operating from Argentina, the Movimiento Espartaco [Spartacus Movement] argued that there was a need for national and revolutionary Latin American art. According to this argument, it would be necessary to eliminate from the social order the economic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763732

  • Un pintor del México en revolución
    Poulain, Gaston
    For the writer Gastón Poulain, the “revolutionary” nature of José Clemente Orozco’s work had different nuances. He considers that in his œuvre there is neither “automatic register nor sensitive perception.” Poulain sees Orozco’s work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762442

  • Colaboración artística : ¿Renacimiento artístico?
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    Dr. Atl calls upon us to analyze the post-revolutionary movement from its beginnings in 1908, when the first effective revitalizing influences reached Mexico from Europe. To him, the administration of General Porfirio Díaz—with its socially [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760357

  • ¿Cuál es la pintura revolucionaria?
    Tamayo, Rufino
    In artistic circles in those days, according to Rufino Tamayo, anything that was not purely Mexican was roundly rejected, and works that reflected our own experience and personal expression were lavishly praised. This had its positive aspects, but it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759040

  • Rebelión de los artistas plásticos
    Política Obrera [Working Class Politics], a Trotskyite faction’s journal, published a lengthy article reporting on the incidents at the opening ceremony of the 1968 Braque Prize by the French Embassy in Argentina. The article suggests that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751401

  • Las escuelas modernas : una escuelita revolucionaria
    Larin, Santiago
    Using the post-revolutionary education project in Mexico as a starting point, this article describes its functionalist schools and the reaction of the students. Santiago Larín compares the current pedagogical system with the one that existed during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747850

  • La exposición de carteles revolucionarios en Morelia
    This document contains a description of the inauguration of the 1935 poster exhibition in Morelia at the Centro Cultural Obrero [The Workers’ Cultural Center], which had previously been expropriated. It reproduces fragments of the speech by Roberto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747837

  • La exposición de carteles en la Casa del Pueblo
    This document provides a bibliographic reference for the poster exhibition at the Casa del Pueblo [House of the People]—located in the historic center of Mexico City— where labor union assemblies and meetings took place. Rosendo Salazar, an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747811

  • La exposición de carteles revolucionarios
    This document is a bibliographic reference for the poster exhibition presented in Mexico City, which also traveled to other places in the republic. This document also refers to the opening of the exhibition in the city of Puebla in December 1934. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747797

  • Veinte años de pintura en México
    Ramos, Samuel
    Samuel Ramos writes some of his critical reflections about the historic meaning of the Mexican movement of painting that began in 1921, in order to understand its spiritual evolution. The tone of the essay oscillates between the value of mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 746936

  • Rosendo Salazar artista y poeta
    This article describes the lyrical spirit—pervaded by a proletarian ideology—that characterizes the work of the poet, painter and Mexican worker Rosendo Salazar. The author considers his work part of the school that sees art as a powerful medium [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736641

  • Diego Rivera y su obra
    Amábilis, Manuel
    In the spirit of the post-revolutionary mood, Manuel Amabilis [an influential Mexican architect] encourages Mexican artists to commit to a collective mission to transform their country. He believes that Mexico faces the dawn of a new day in which a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732758

  • Sobre humanismo
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    In this programmatic article, Tomás Maldonado affirms that the Asociación Arte Concreto — Invención [Concrete Art and Invention Association] adheres to humanism by means of a revolutionary path and faith in man’s capacity for pragmatism. At [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730939