Subject: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300174155×
Topic Descriptor: art education×
Topic Descriptor (local): http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300174155×
Name Descriptor: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300174155×
  • [Cumpliendo la tradición cultural,...]
    Berroterán, Luis
    1950
    In his prologue to the catalogue for a show of the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA), Luis Berroterán asserts that the Liceo Fermín Toro played an important role in the origin of the TLA. He explains that the members of the TLA aspire to work with other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063067

  • [Digno es de notarse que mientras mas pura es la Raza...]
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    1926
    This text underscores the originality, expression and strength of the works created at the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], arguing that these qualities are the product of racial purity and that as mestizaje [racial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825947

  • [El filisteísmo artístico, que se manifiesta hoy...]
    Hlito, Alfredo
    1946
    This article challenges the arts teachings offered by Professor Cecilia Marcovich. In it, Hlito reproaches her not only for her reactionary revisionism but also for teaching that modern art ended with Cubism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730104

  • [En la Escuela de Pintura al Aire Libre de Guadalupe Hidalgo...]
    Revueltas, Fermín
    1926
    This text by Fermín Revueltas, the director of the Escuela al Aire Libre de Guadalupe Hidalgo [Open-Air School of Guadalupe Hidalgo], is very concise. He states that the school he directs teaches art methods so that works can be created to be both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825937

  • [En presencia del fenómeno observado en las escuelas libres de pintura...]
    Puig Casauranc, José Manuel, 1888-1939
    1926
    This text presents the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting] and its creative production as evidence that Mexican children have a natural artistic disposition. It also associates this disposition with their indigenous blood [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825942

  • [Hace medio siglo, en una heladería de Valencia...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1985
    Critic Juan Calzadilla wrote this text on Venezuelan artist Braulio Salazar on the fiftieth anniversary of his first solo show. That exhibition, Calzadilla explains, took place at a moment when Salazar’s efforts as an artist and as an educator were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161987

  • [La historia de las escuelas de arte...]
    Gego
    1964
    Gego—who was an art teacher as well as an artist—wrote “The History of Art Schools” by hand in Spanish in around 1964. In it, she claims that that history is parallel to the creative development of an individual and of his specific works. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159154

  • [La teoria de nuestra labor docente puede muy bien fundarse...]
    Díaz de León, Francisco
    1926
    This essay, written by Francisco Díaz de León, director of the Escuela de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting] in Tlalpan, explains that the Schools favor an aesthetic education and individual expression over technical education. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826063

  • [Letter] 1913 Noviembre 11, Carlos M. Herrera [to] Martín Lasala, Comisión Directiva del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    Herrera, Carlos María
    1913
    As the director of the Círculo de Bellas Artes School in Montevideo, painter Carlos María Herrera wrote this letter to Martín Lasala, the president of that institution’s board, with a number of proposals, chief among them was the elimination of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230195

  • [Letter] 1930 Julio 15, Miraflores [to] Antonino Espinosa y Saldaña
    Ibérico, Mariano, 1892-1974
    1930
    This letter by Mariano Ibérico was written at the request of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña. More specifically, Ibérico was asked to share his opinion on the polemic surrounding the course on Incan art given at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143618

  • [Letter] 1935 December 23, México City [to] Edward Weston
    Richey, Roubaix de l' Abrie
    1921
    In this letter, the painter [and writer] Roubaix de l’Abrie Richey, known by the pseudonym, “Robo,” the husband of the Italian artist and photographer, Tina Modotti, writes to Edward Weston from Mexico City. The writer is visiting Mexico in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806750

  • [Los artistas y amigos de las artes...]
    Gamarra, Jorge, 1939-; Renart, Emilio; Lublin, Lea, 1929-
    1971
    Statement by a group of professors of their concern about the events that took place at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [Prilidiano Pueyrredón National School of Fine Arts] [ENBAPP] and the Escuela Nacional de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783712

  • [Una fotografía en blanco y negro, tomada entre 1957 y 1958...]
    Gómez Echeverri, Nicolás
    2008
    This is the fourth chapter of En blanco y negro: Marta Traba en la televisión colombiana, 1954–1958 [In Black and White: Marta Traba on Colombian Television, 1954–1958], in which the author, the artist and researcher Nicolás Gómez Echeverri, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131920

  • 3er. Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The third treinta-treintista manifesto is a flyer written in opposition to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, its instruction methods, and the works produced at the school. Subdivided into eight points, the group’s statement describes the basic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779450

  • 4° Manifiesto treintatrentista
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    This manifesto from the Treinta-treintistas [¡30-30! mouvement] discusses the incorporation of new elements and announces the group’s purging and expulsion of old members, either for being neo-academics or for attempting to eliminate the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779471

  • A causa del CEGRA
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1979
    The Venezuelan critic Roberto Guevara introduces the exhibition of works by the first group of artists to have graduated from CEGRA (Centro de Enseñanza Gráfica, Caracas). In his article, Guevara discusses art instruction and describes CEGRA as an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142060

  • A educação artística e as novas perspectivas científicas e pedagógicas
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1959
    The artist and Professor Tomás Maldonado detects positive qualities in popular design and mass communications, which he considers useful because they are the only means available that can satisfy the aesthetic needs of the people. In his opinion, an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110401

  • A New Method for Developing Creative Imagination
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    1923
    This text speaks of the evolution of sensorial perception and its relation to artistic expression. It proposes that the method of Adolfo Best Maugard be used in arts education because it would permit greater development and personal satisfaction [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825910

  • A propósito del curso de "arte incaico" en la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    Aguirre Morales, Augusto, 1888-1957
    1930
    The author, Augusto Aguirre Morales, questions the stance of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, who does not believe Peruvian precolonial art is “art.” He challenges Espinosa’s premise that cultural differences among men are an obstacle to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143570

  • A propósito del curso de "arte incaico" en la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    The author, Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, proposes to replace the course name “Arte incaico” [Incan Art]—used by the ENBA beginning in 1930, with “Arqueología pre-incaica y su aplicación a las artes decorativas” [pre-Incan archeology and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143553

  • Adventuring with the seven motives of creative imagination
    McCall, Emma
    1923
    Emma McCall adapted Adolfo Best Maugard’s Método de Dibujo [Method of Drawing] to the U.S. cultural and educational milieu in order to take advantage of this art instruction system with U.S. children and young adults. As in the method proposed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780228

  • Al margen del manifiesto del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1924
    This document analyzes the national repercussions that the Sindicato de Obreros Técnicos, Pintores y Escultores [SOTPE, Union of Technical Workers, Painters and Sculptors] had on an art scene that was then dominated by individualism. Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763287

  • Al margen del Primer Salón de Artistas Colombianos
    Santos, Gustavo, 1892-1967
    1931
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101028

  • Alfaro Siqueiros funda en México el Centro de Arte Realista Moderno
    Vargas, Elvira
    1944
    According to this article, David Alfaro Siqueiros had just founded the Centro de Arte Realista [Center for Realist Art] that was intended to function as a “school” or “institute” in which research into techniques, pedagogical theory, geometry [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786680

  • Alfredo Ramos Martínez y la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes (1910-1920)
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    1992
    The article written by the researcher Pilar García de Germenos presents the cultural biography of Alfredo Ramos Martínez from 1910 to 1920, to help our understanding of the changes he implemented at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes. During [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833175

  • Alirio Palacios : El estado tiene la responsabilidad del futuro del Centro de Diseño
    Delgado, Lenelina
    1979
    The journalist Lenelina Delgado interviews the artist Alirio Palacios on the occasion of the crisis at the Centro INCE (Instituto Nacional de Cooperación Educativa) de Diseño (Caracas). As the instructor at the print shop at INCE, Palacios [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155596

  • Arte infantil mejicano
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1925
    The Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari highlights the methods of teaching art to children in Mexico and its results, while appreciating the paintings exhibited at the Salón Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732706

  • Arte Mexicano
    Henríquez Ureña, Pedro, 1884-1946
    1923
    This text chronologically summarizes the conception, development and implementation of Best’s drafting method that culminated in a publication of it. The publication places it within the context of American ideas, celebrating its good judgment to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825923

  • Arte y artistas : dos exposiciones : pintura y escultura : los pensionados mexicanos en Europa : acontecimientos musicales del año
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1907
    This interesting article by the critic Okusai (the pseudonym of José Juan Tablada) reports on the two important art exhibitions held in Mexico in 1906: that of the magazine Savia Moderna [Modern Sap] and another of artists sponsored by the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789249

  • Arte y nacionalismo
    1923
    After criticizing the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP), the newspaper El Demócrata speaks of the triumphs Mexico achieved abroad, through singers, writers, and the architects during the Río de Janeiro Expo. These are our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758022

  • Arte, literatura e sociologia: em tôrno do problema da interpretação da vida e da arte como formas
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1962
    This essay is about the proposal of the author Gilberto Freyre about the need for teaching the sociology of art within a planned fine art curriculum, highlighting the importance of this and anthropology. In his opinion, one must try to understand a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110802

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco. Los talleres de Gedovius. La exposición española y la mexicana de 1910. El "Centro Artístico". El hijo del Ahuizote. Huelga de estudiantes. Raziel Cabildo
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    This article centers on two events: Orozco’s participation in the student exhibition at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos during the critical year of 1910 and his start as a caricaturist for opposition newspapers. The government planned a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793221

  • Bassols y las Bellas Artes
    Abreu Gómez, Ermilo, 1894-1971
    1934
    In this document, Ermilo Abreu Gómez reviews a book written by Antonio Luna Arroyo on the educational and cultural work of Narciso Bassols, who served as minister of Public Education at SEP (Secretaría de Educación Pública). In agreement with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747737

  • Brindis del licenciado Antonio Caso
    1922
    In a brief speech, Antonio Caso, president of the Universidad Nacional de México, calls upon all men, from wherever they hail, to unite so that they can achieve the highest purposes of the Nation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755227

  • Carta a Mario de Andrade
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983
    1946
    This is a letter published in the newspaper O Estado by the art critic Mário Baratta, written posthumously to the modernist poet Mário de Andrade, a year after his death. Baratta wanted to convey to the reader a hypothetical letter that he would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110783

  • Carta abierta a Jaime Torres Bodet : Secretario de Educación Pública : no hay tal dirección de Educación Estética! : la acción de Carlos Pellicer y sus colaboradores se oponen al programa general de la Secretaría
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1945
    This is an open letter written by David Alfaro Siqueiros to the Minister of Education Jaime Torres Bodet that explains the discrepancy between his humanistic, revolutionary discourse on the one hand, and the function of the Dirección de Educación [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760412

  • Cartilla de dibujo
    Díaz Vargas, Miguel, 1886-1956
    1935
    The Cartilla de dibujo [Drawing Handbook], published in Bogotá in 1935 by the artist Miguel Díaz Vargas, was essentially created for teaching drawing in elementary school. The book’s structure is clearly pedagogical. It has a brief introduction [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094413

  • Clasificación para los artistas de Medellín que exponen en el MAMM
    Jaramillo Agudelo, Darío, 1947-
    1983
    In this text, Colombian writer Darío Jaramillo Agudelo voices his assessment of works included in an exhibition held at the Museo de Arte Moderno of Medellín in 1983. In his view, these works represent a new form of academicism in Colombia, one [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100317

  • Como en tiempo de Huerta : Una dictadura reaccionaria en la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    1924
    This article denounces the director of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, Ángel Vallarino, for suspending, by order of the Secretario de Educación Pública [Minister of Public Education], a group of students. The students were suspended for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764125

  • Cómo Trabajamos en la Escuela de Pintura de Xochimilco
    Vera de Córdoba, Rafael
    1926
    This article, written by Rafael Vera de Córdoba, director of the Escuela al Aire Libre [Open-Air School] in Xochimilco, provides a detailed description of the School’s teaching method. He refers to the students as children with no prior experience [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825957

  • Comprobando netamente nuestro juicio y los de nuestros artistas , la Escuela de Bellas Artes, en su exposición de clausura, ha puesto de manifiesto su fracaso
    More Barrionuevo, Ernesto, 1897-1980
    1936
    Article written by Ernesto More, signed with the pseudonym Jerome, in which he criticizes the direction adopted by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA), based in Lima, Peru. The author affirms that ENBA was created by an oligarchic government [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143228

  • Conferencias sobre perspectiva y otros principios de dibujo: primera conferencia
    Urdaneta, Alberto, 1845- 1887
    1881
    The book Conferencias sobre perspectiva y otros asuntos de dibujo, dictadas en el Colegio de San Bartolomé was published in 1881 by the artist and arts promoter Alberto Urdaneta. The publication begins with a quotation from Leonardo Da Vinci on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135742

  • Cosas del momento : Best Maugard y su sistema de enseñanza artística
    Frías, José D., 1891-1936
    1922
    Adolfo Best Maugard describes the nature of “authentic” Mexican art in order to define the essential features of the aesthetic idea based on a “grammar of drawing” that he proposes as the formula for what he sees as “current national art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771701

  • Crítica de Arte
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    Carlos Mérida reviews the 1926 Exhibition of the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. He comments that what stands out for its pictorial values, is the group of works presented by the Escuelas de Pintura al Aires Libre [Open-Air Painting Schools], but [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747165

  • Cuevas el niño terrible : en una ácida carta, traza la caricatura del conformista y se pinta a sí mismo como un francotirador enemigo de la vulgaridad, el adocenamiento y el lugar común
    Cuevas, José Luis
    1958
    This text is a transcription of the letter that José Luis Cuevas sent to the Novedades editorial director, Fernando Benítez, and signed in New York on March 20, 1958. Here, the artist says he wished to respond to the “ire” that his previous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772094

  • Debe crearse la Academia de Bellas Artes de Rosario
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1935
    Antonio Berni analyzes the educational system and technical instruction and discusses the creation of an art academy in Rosario; he relates those general matters to the specific characteristics of Rosario [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794465

  • Decreto No. 585 de 1882 (18 de octubre), por el cual se reglamenta la Ley 67 de 1882
    Zaldua, Francisco J. (Francisco Javier), 1811- 1882
    1882
    This decree issued by Francisco Javier Zaldúa (1811–1882), president of the United States of Colombia, enacts Law 67 of 1882, which authorizes the creation of the publically funded Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes in Bogotá. This government [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132580

  • Del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    1935
    In this essay, the students at the Montevideo Círculo de Bellas Artes vilify the critical situation affecting the institution due to cuts in state subsidies. The publication Movimiento incited the students to fight for restoring quality in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1211356

  • Del niño y su estado de gracia
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    1931
    In early 1929, García Moroto left Spain for New York, and later embarked for Cuba. Once in Cuba, he gave a lecture at the Spanish Embassy in Havana on November 6, 1929, on the occasion of the fifth exhibition of Cuba’s Escuelas de Acción Artí [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780220

  • Del origen y peculiaridades del arte popular mexicano
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    1923
    This text explains the theoretical basis for Best Maugard’s drafting method prior to the development of his manual explained in the following section. The theory is based on a platonic and universal perspective of art that expresses universal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825928