Subject: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300055530×
Topic Descriptor: nationalism×
Topic Descriptor (local): http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300055530×
Name Descriptor: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300055530×
  • ¿Existe una pintura peruana?
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1958
    In this article signed “J. Nahuaca”—the anagram he used as an alias—Peruvian critic Juan Acha reflects on whether or not there is a painting tradition in Peru. He discusses the current state of painting on the occasion of the Premio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138182

  • "Julia Codesido y Sabogal son buenos pintores" : Aquilles Ralli cree, además, que muchos sólo buscan la fama por medio de la publicidad
    Ralli, Aquiles, 1925-
    1951
    Painter Aquiles Ralli rejects the comments made by Fernando de Szyszlo that became a national scandal: “there are no painters in Peru.” He juxtaposes the work of the “good artists,” those who diligently “work in silence and never advertise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150882

  • "La poesía de Vallejo tiene origen Breton" dice Sabogal
    Orbegozo, Manuel Jesús, 1923-
    1954
    The first part of the interview covers the start of his career and his training in Europe. After living in Buenos Aires (where he returned to his art studies), he returned to Peru in 1919. Sabogal states that “the Cuzco area cast a powerful spell [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141080

  • "Me parece que no hay otra pintura que la europea"
    Moll, Eduardo, 1929-
    1952
    In this interview, Fernando de Szyszlo states that the only painting tradition that exists is the European tradition, under the standards that emanated from Paris in the late 19th century, to which all other schools have been assimilated. Even “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864956

  • "polémica Espacio"
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    1951
    This text is Samuel Pérez Barreto’s response to the article by the Agrupación Espacio published as part of the debate that took shape around the polemic statements by Fernando de Szyszlo (“there are no painters in Peru”) published in La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137916

  • “Mi pintura intenta expresar la vida del indio” : nos declaró ayer a su llegada de Cajamarca el artista Mario Urteaga
    1955
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144025

  • [Letter] 1927 December 25, São Paulo [to] Prudente de Moraes Neto
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1927
    This is a letter from the critic Mário de Andrade to the writer Prudente de Moraes Neto. Adopting a brotherly tone, de Andrade criticizes the Surrealist nature of Moraes Neto’s article in the modernist magazine VERDE, published in Cataguazes (in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110368

  • [Letter] 1928 May 20, São Paulo [to] Augusto Meyer
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1928
    This [document] by Mário de Andrade is a reply, dated May 20, 1928, to the letter in which Augusto Meyer discussed the former’s controversial activity, conscience, and references to national subject matter. De Andrade outlines his intellectual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784229

  • [Letter] 1930 Julio 15, Miraflores [to] Antonino Espinosa y Saldaña
    Ibérico, Mariano, 1892-1974
    1930
    This letter by Mariano Ibérico was written at the request of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña. More specifically, Ibérico was asked to share his opinion on the polemic surrounding the course on Incan art given at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143618

  • [Sem data]
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1924
    This document is a reply by Mário de Andrade to the poet Carlos Drummond de Andrade, dated November 22, 1924. In it, de Andrade voices his opposition to what he considers to be the false binomial that distinguishes national from universal criteria, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782800

  • A contemporaneidade de Rubem Valentim
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1970
    Critic Mário Pedrosa analyzes the work of Ruben Valentim and defines his “authentic Brazilian painting.” His work is removed from the well-known, anecdotal, and picturesque regionalism that abounds in the art of the state of Bahia, where [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110576

  • A hora presente
    Lopes, Ascânio, 1906-1929
    1927
    In his essay “A hora presente,” Ascânio Lopes Quatorzevoltas blames the belligerence in the world for the habit of viewing foreigners as enemies, and for the rampant nationalist anger in Europe and the United States. In his opinion those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780387

  • A propósito da presença de mestre Mindlin no Recife
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1959
    An architectural project by Henrique Mindlin for an American bank in Recife, Brazil, presents Gilberto Freyre with an opportunity to analyze the idea of “nationalism.” Mindlin was an important theorist on Brazilian architectural modernism, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110807

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela de Bellas Artes : carta abierta
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    Painter Antonino Espinosa opens this letter questioning the pertinence of the “Arte incaico” [Incan Art] course at the ENBA—to be offered by writer Augusto Aguirre, author of the novel El pueblo del sol [The People of the Sun]—arguing that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143520

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Aguirre Morales, Augusto, 1888-1957
    1930
    The author, Augusto Aguirre Morales, (who was selected by the ENBA to teach the controversial course) defends the existence of “Incan art,” using the examples conserved in museums and the testimonials of historians. He asserts that it was the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143537

  • Abstraccionismo y carillones
    Briceño Iragorry, Mario, 1897-1958
    1952
    In this article, Mario Briceño Iragorry, a historian and journalist from Caracas, reflects on the traditional value placed on religious bells, over foreign novelties, such as abstract painting. He juxtaposes his “primitive and simple tastes” for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850810

  • Ainda a proposito do espirito de nacionalidade do Brasil
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1952
    The synopsis in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075231

  • Al margen del manifiesto del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1924
    This document analyzes the national repercussions that the Sindicato de Obreros Técnicos, Pintores y Escultores [SOTPE, Union of Technical Workers, Painters and Sculptors] had on an art scene that was then dominated by individualism. Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763287

  • An historical essay on heart imagery and expressions
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Amalia Mesa-Bains’s essay proposes a historical lineage of heart imagery and the concept of “lo del corazón” [that which comes from the heart] that begins in the Mexico’s Aztec ritual of human sacrifice and culminates in public and popular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795630

  • Arte Peruano : José Sabogal
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    1928
    In this article the writer and journalist José Eulogio Garrido discusses the indigenist painting of José Sabogal. Garrido describes the painter as “a man with a voice and vision of his own who expresses that voice and vision in visible ways that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140621

  • Arte regional...
    Prates, Homero
    1918
    Starting with this issue, working alongside Guilherme de Almeida, Homero Prates assumed the role of literary editor of the journal Panoplia. In his text, Prates points out the nationalist feelings circulating at the time in Brazil. This outlook set a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780547

  • Arte suramericano
    Emar, Jean
    2003
    The text, “Arte Suramericano” [South American Art], by Jean Emar, is one of his “Notas de arte” [Art Notes] written in the daily newspaper, La Nación between 1923 and 1925. In this text, Emar, in his capacity as an art critic, analyzed the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749835

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    This is the first of two articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published under the pseudonym “Juan Eye,” on the Mexican art exhibition organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. The author believes the show is exceptional for its positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137991

  • Carrousel : xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1929
    López Merino begins his article by remarking on the success of Sabogal’s exhibition in Buenos Aires, “where the most discerning critics acknowledged the respect he enjoys in Latin America.” The writer describes the exhibition of prints as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140277

  • Carta aberta a Alberto de Oliveira
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1925
    Mário de Andrade addresses this open letter to the writer Alberto de Oliveira, and in principle, defends the literature produced by Brazilian Romanticism, a group associated with a primitive approach to art combined with social, religious, sexual, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784258

  • Charlas literarias : los conceptos de Luis Vidales sobre la actual cultura de Europa : las orientaciones de la juventud de la post-guerra : el panorama intelectual de Colombia : los nuevos
    1929
    In this interview, Colombian writer and critic Luis Vidales provides an overview of European cultural thought of the late 1920s. First, he discusses the debate between nationalism and internationalism in the sphere of culture in order to flesh out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080192

  • Como eu penso...
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    1924
    In this paean to modern urban life, written by the well-known modernist poet Menotti del Picchia, the highways, the media, and the industrial sector all work together in perfect harmony to consolidate “new values.” He bemoans “our obsolete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780648

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : el arte colonial entendido como represión
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1955
    This text is the first of three parts of the essay “Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú” written by Sebastián Salazar Bondy. The text was not intended to be “an aesthetic theory,” but rather “a sociological interrogation” geared towards [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138058

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : hallazgo de la realidad perdida : siglo XX : III
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1955
    In this text, Sebastián Salazar Bondy argues that the post-romantic generation, which was held in high regard at the time, is not essential to Peruvian art history because it is anachronistic; such art has neglected its “true” national and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138092

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : los que intentan vencer el complejo : II
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1955
    This text is the second of three parts of the essay “Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú” written by Sebastián Salazar Bondy. The text was not intended to be “an aesthetic theory,” but rather “a sociological interrogation” geared [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138075

  • Comprobando netamente nuestro juicio y los de nuestros artistas , la Escuela de Bellas Artes, en su exposición de clausura, ha puesto de manifiesto su fracaso
    More Barrionuevo, Ernesto, 1897-1980
    1936
    Article written by Ernesto More, signed with the pseudonym Jerome, in which he criticizes the direction adopted by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA), based in Lima, Peru. The author affirms that ENBA was created by an oligarchic government [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143228

  • Con Julia Condecido [sic]
    Urteaga C., Franklin
    1936
    Franklin Urteaga conducted this lengthy interview with Julia Codesido on the occasion of her recent exhibitions overseas. Referring to the first of these, at the recently inaugurated Palacio de Bellas Artes (Mexico City, 1935), Urteaga notes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136615

  • Conscripción peruana de la pintura
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1958
    In this article signed “J. Nahuaca”—the anagram he used as an alias—critic Juan Acha addresses the relationship between nationalism and painting in Peru. He points out “the pressure” that nationalist concerns, which he considers “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138109

  • Consideraciones estéticas : Szyszlo en el I. A. C.
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1963
    Juan Acha discusses the exhibition of Fernando de Szyszlo’s series of paintings inspired by the indigenous poem “Apu Inca Atawallpaman,” an event that was organized by the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) in Lima. Acha finds the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292805

  • Considerações sobre a estética da violência
    Xavier, Ismail
    1983
    Ismael Xavier refers to Glauber Rocha’s essay “Uma Estética da Fome” [An Aesthetic of Hunger] in which he sees a connection to Frantz Fanon’s theory concerning an intellectual response to the consequences of colonialism. In so doing, Xavier [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110711

  • Cruzeiro do Sul
    Meireles, Cildo
    1999
    Cildo Meireles asserts that he doesn’t defend any profession or nationality, and that he instead speaks about a region named Cruzeiro do Sul  [the Southern Cross], which was divided by an imaginary line known as the Tordesillas line. He comments [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776747

  • De "Opinião-65" à 18ª Bienal
    Arantes, Otilia Beatriz Fiori
    1986
    Looking through the prism of her philosophical education, Otília Arantes explores the different approaches taken as a result of the Brazilian political situation⸺following the military coup d’etat that installed an iron-fisted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110641

  • De arte : la exposición Sabogal
    Fritz, Óscar
    1937
    Óscar Fritz compares José Sabogal’s influence on the Peruvian visual arts to Martin Luther’s impact during the Reformation: a process that “sought to return to an earlier simplicity, to embrace a form of evangelical speech that mimicked the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140443

  • De arte : un nuevo pintor peruano: Mario Urteaga
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    1934
    In this text, art critic Carlos Raygada asserts that, though Mario Urteaga has never before shown his painting in the capital, his work is not that of a beginner. Raygada describes Urteaga as a self-taught artist who, because he began painting in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146197

  • De regreso de México, Sabogal cuenta...
    Chioino, José, 1898-1960
    1923
    Referring to the visual art he saw in Mexico, José Sabogal says that contemporary Mexican painting is already “the most serious American movement in art. It represents something truly national, truly American.” Its exponents (he mentions José [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139959

  • Diálogo sobre el proyecto de la basílica de Santa Rosa de Lima
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953; Velarde, Héctor, 1898-1989
    1939
    In his interview with Carlos Raygada, Héctor Velarde explains that his work “has consisted of coordinating and realizing the original concept” for the Basílica de Santa Rosa de Lima, while abstaining as much as possible from any alteration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146066

  • Dice Fernando Szyszlo que no hay pintores en el Perú ni América : el joven pintor peruano declara sentir su pintura y la de los demás pero no puede explicarla
    1951
    This text contains the polemic statements that Fernando de Szyszlo made on the occasion of his exhibition of abstract paintings held at the Asociación de Arquitectos del Perú in Lima in May 1951. He starts off by provocatively asserting that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137793

  • Disciplina y sentido cósmico en los cuadros de Julia Codesido
    Saco, Carmen, 1882-1948
    1938
    Carmen Saco, the Peruvian sculptress and essayist, believes that the roots of Julia Codesido’s painting can be found in “blocks of stone that have been overwhelmed and penetrated by life and pain.” She believes that Codesido’s art expresses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136583

  • Discurso pronunciado en el acto clausural de la primera exposición de pintura de Medellín
    Restrepo, Antonio José
    1903
    Medellín was still a very small town when its first exhibition of paintings opened to the public on July 20, 1892. The event was organized by the artist and critic Samuel Velásquez and the painter and photographer Emiliano Mejía, who had trained [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094028

  • División y partición el paisaje
    Peña Barrenechea, Ricardo, 1896 - 1939
    1937
    In 1937, Ricardo Peña wrote about José Sabogal’s work on the occasion of his exhibition at the Sociedad Filarmónica, suggesting that the paintings on display could be classified, in terms of “his ethical and artistic approach,” into three [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140507

  • El arte de Domingo García o los significados en fuga
    Rodríguez Juliá, Edgardo, 1946-
    1999
    The Puerto Rican writer, Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá, expresses his view of the early production of the painter, Domingo García, who created art “en el marco del nacionalismo cultural de la década del 1950” [in the context of the 1950s cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857580

  • El arte indígena
    Gerchunoff, Alberto, 1883-1950
    1926
    This article by Alberto Gerchunoff, a Russian writer and journalist based in Buenos Aires, criticizes “los predicadores del americanismo, (…) a la vez nacionalistas y continentalistas” [the preachers of Latin Americanism, (…) who are both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125784

  • El arte moderno de Julia Codesido
    Puppo, Juan
    1938
    This review considers Julia Codesido’s work within the context of art and literature produced by women, noting that this genre “is uniquely attuned to feeling and expression.” Though historically recognized solely in terms of family or social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136567

  • El arte peruano antiguo como elemento de afirmación racial : los cuadernos de dibujo de Elena Izcue
    Portal, Magda
    1927
    This article was written by the Peruvian politician and writer, Magda Portal, focusing on the work of the artist, Elena Izcue. In Portal’s opinion, looking at the past would not represent a step backward, since the past is where we find the promise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126113

  • El arte peruano en la escuela - I
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    1926
    Ventura García Calderón asserts in this prologue that, in Latin America, the Spanish and Indian races did not mix and that the former ignored the latter even though it was, in his view, “one of the most perfect civilizations in the world.” He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146099