Topic Descriptor: education×
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  • Consideraciones sobre aspectos de la enseñanza del dibujo
    Rodríguez, Guillermo, 1889-1959
    In this 1920 article published in Trabajo, a conduit for the Escuela de Industrias, painter and printmaker Guillermo Rodríguez places emphasis on the practical nature of drawing instruction at industrial schools—an approach advocated by the Unión [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230412

  • Esquema del opinador en Artes Plásticas
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    The art critic Fernando García Esteban analyses the difference between an “opinion” on the Visual Arts and the qualified judgment that should be issued by the art critic. It reflects the enormous difference between the artistic ideals that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227298

  • Cultura de liberación
    Grompone, Antonio, 1893-1965
    This essay is on the author of the speech delivered at the Ateneo de Montevideo, Antonio Miguel Grompone, on “the culture of liberation,” where he highlights the cultural and political importance of the “peoples” universities or adult [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226424

  • El artista y el Estado
    Zavala Muniz, Justino, 1898-1968
    This essay is a transcript of a speech given by the politician and writer Justino Zavala Muniz during a session of the Uruguayan senate in 1944. It began with a reflection on the difficulties in evaluating works of art by the state and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1216580

  • La Universidad Popular
    Ceruti Crosa, Pedro
    This article discusses the rise of universities of popular education in a situation of political and social crisis in the Oriental Republic of Uruguay. The idea of the popular university looks to experiences in Latin America starting in the late [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1202149

  • No esta clausurado el Taller Libre de Arte : afirma su director, el profesor Celso Pérez Rodríguez
    Pérez, Celso
    The deterioration of the site occupied by the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) [(in Caracas)] was evident in this [March 4, 1967] news item. The news piece reported on an order to repair the sanitary facilities and electrical system of the workshop and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167909

  • Arteología : serie de eventos informacionales
    Ettedgui, Marco Antonio, 1958-1981
    Arteología: serie de eventos informacionales [Artology: A Series of Informational Events], is a dossier of six texts by Marco Antonio Ettedgui, the Venezuelan performance artist, that provides information on the purpose and structure of his series [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152565

  • El arte peruano en la escuela - I
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    Ventura García Calderón asserts in this prologue that, in Latin America, the Spanish and Indian races did not mix and that the former ignored the latter even though it was, in his view, “one of the most perfect civilizations in the world.” He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146099

  • Peruanicemos al Perú : la enseñanza artística
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    This essay by writer and thinker José Carlos Mariátegui formed part of the “Peruanicemos al Perú” series published by Mundial magazine. In this text on the problem of art education in Peru, the author criticizes the neglect of art in public [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136906

  • Algunas opiniones autorizadas : del Presidente de la Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Noel, Martín, 1888-1963
    This prologue to the published Viracocha notebooks was written in 1923 by the president of the Argentinean Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes, Martín Noel. The Viracocha sketchbooks were a collection of drawings inspired by themes and motifs in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126145

  • Arte infantil
    Pedrosa, Mário
    Art critic Mário Pedrosa wrote this text for the catalogue of the Exposição Infantil held at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1952, which he based on the work regarding the creative potential of children conducted at the end [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110389

  • El debate queda abierto : ¿la clase intelectual participa en el cambio social o se beneficia con la miseria?
    The question that constitutes the title of this article is posed as a challenge not only to intellectuals, but to society as a whole. In its attempt to answer that question, Revista Flash decided to interview individuals in the art world, despite the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102659

  • Lista de películas
    Puerto Rico. División de Educación de la Comunidad
    This list, which was compiled in December 1971, enumerates the eighty films that had been produced by the Sección de Cinema of the División de Educación de la Comunidad (DIVEDCO). It includes the title and length of each film, as well as a brief [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866337

  • Guía para el uso de los productos en las comunidades
    División de Educación de la Comunidad, Departamento de Instrucción Pública del Gobierno de Puerto Rico
    This guide, which was put out by the División de Educación de la Comunidad, Departamento de Instrucción Pública of the Puerto Rico government, was geared to organizers in each community. It explains how to present community educational issues and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866318

  • Conversación con Gego
    Palacios, María Fernanda, 1945-
    María Fernanda Palacios and Gego spoke about the problems at the Instituto de Diseño [Design Institute] in Caracas. They discussed the teaching-learning process in the field of design as well as the concept and functions of this discipline, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864831

  • Sobre una definición de "cultura"
    Salazar Bondy, Augusto
    According to author Augusto Salazar Bondy, the definition of culture in the dictionary of the French Academy is valuable because it contains specific references that clarify diverse definitions of the word “culture” and because it formulates “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855188

  • Rompiendo las cadenas nace la esperanza: Dedicacion del mural
    Latin American Defense Organization (Chicago, Ill.)
    This is the program for the dedication of three murals in the Puerto Rican neighborhood of Humboldt Park in Chicago. The murals were painted by artists and community residents during the summer of 1971 and speak about their history and the problems [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840855

  • Resumo e conclução
    Bomfim, Manoel José do, 1868-
    In this passage, Manoel Bomfim advocates the importance of education for the development of Latin American countries. According to Bomfim, instruction, especially of the lower classes, was the only possible path to progress. He starts the text with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833254

  • Editorial. Educación socialista
    Golpe, the journal of the Federación de Escritores y Artistas Proletarios (FEAP) [Federation of Proletarian Writers and Artists] published an editorial in which members of the Federation expressed their opinions on the issue of socialist education. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822474

  • La educación artística en Latinoamérica trasciende el problema de la identidad cultural
    Camnitzer, Luis
    Uruguayan artist and critic Luis Camnitzer asserts that the authorities that control the government of a colonized country determine its art and also dictate the principles underlying its education; any opposition is disregarded. During certain [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805061

  • El significado del desarrollo de la Comunidad : un informe de la División de Educación de la Comunidad
    Wale, Fred; Isales, Carmen
    In this text, North American educator Fred Wale and his Puerto Rican counterpart Carmen Isales present an extensive report on the community development project, which began in 1949 under the administration of Luis Muñoz Marín (1949–65). This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804865

  • The power of images
    Álvarez, Arlene
    Arlene Alvarez claims that the visual arts had a strong impact on rural Puerto Rican communities during the 1940s and 1950s. She notes that artists and social workers traveled to rural areas to introduce farmers to modern modes of health care, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802519

  • Dinero para las escuelas : piden los maestros que se destine a fundar otras. lo que se ganó al convertir en pesos los 5 millones de dólares de la deuda
    A committee was formed to call for the construction of schools due to the lack of educational institutions and the dearth of jobs and opportunities for the teachers who had recently graduated, as well as the older, unemployed educators. The plan was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796155

  • América Autónoma : no basta instruir, hay que enseñar a trabajar
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    In this article, the Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari (1868-1938) criticized the educational system in Argentina, and consequently all of Latin America, because it does not provide the practical, scientific, or industrial training that is necessary for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795325

  • 3. Salão da Pro Arte = 3. Jahres-Kunstausstellung der Pro Arte
    Heuberger, Theodor
    This text is the monthly bulletin of the Sociedade Pro Arte which includes the list for the catalogue of works presented at the III Salão da Pro Arte, a few of which it reproduces within. The following artists participated in the exhibition: Alberto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785228

  • Inauguración del Museo de Higiene
    On February 9, 1944, Dr. Gustavo Baz was the director of the “Festival en el Museo de Higiene” [Festival at the Museum of Hygiene]—as it was referred to in the national press—when it opened to the public in the old convent of Corpus Christi, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783791

  • El museo nacional de higiene de la ciudad de México
    The colonial building that housed the Museo de Higiene [Hygiene Museum], inaugurated on February 6, 1944, was the former Convent of the Nuns of Corpus Christi. After religious orders were expelled from Mexican territory, the building had different [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783790

  • Inauguración en México de un Museo de Higiene
    The Museo de Higiene [Museum of Hygiene] consisted of different “circuits” that replaced, by name at least, traditional exhibition rooms. The exhibition presented three variations on the theme of hygiene as applied to food, oral care and the home [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783781

  • El Centro escolar revolución inició sus trabajos ayer
    This article primarily focuses on the activities of the Centro Escolar Revolución [Revolutionary Educational Center], which was emblematically inaugurated on November 20, 1934, by President Abelardo L. Rodríguez. The article highlights the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779548

  • Las escuelas nocturnas
    Becerra González, María
    The article describes the artistic production achieved in these institutions, the evening schools, which received great support during the final years of the Maximato (1928-1934) and the Lázaro Cárdenas administration (1934-1940). It mainly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773398

  • Las nuevas escuelas de México
    Cárdenas, Antonio
    Published by a popular Mexican illustrated magazine Todo. La mejor revista de Mexico, this article highlights the leading role of the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education] and its leader Narciso Bassols in the recent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764593

  • La pintura en México
    Cosío Villegas, Daniel, 1898-1976
    Daniel Cosío Villegas wonders why the natural order of having better writers than artists—painters, to be more precise—has been inverted in Mexico. He concludes that there are many reasons: an intense nationalism in politics as well as in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755305

  • Educación : Tiempos de Renovación
    Molina, Enrique
    In this article, Enrique Molina, President of the Universidad de Concepción in Chile, compares the negative impact of World War I with the educational reconstruction undertaken by José Vasconcelos in Mexico, which he refers to as a time of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754089

  • La pintura en la Secundaria “Calles”
    This author describes the mural commission for the functionalist education center in Mexico City, with images accompanying his review. He emphasizes the collective nature of the works as well as the paintings’ subjects. The author applauds the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752979

  • Las escuelas modernas : una escuelita revolucionaria
    Larin, Santiago
    Using the post-revolutionary education project in Mexico as a starting point, this article describes its functionalist schools and the reaction of the students. Santiago Larín compares the current pedagogical system with the one that existed during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747850

  • Bassols y las Bellas Artes
    Abreu Gómez, Ermilo, 1894-1971
    In this document, Ermilo Abreu Gómez reviews a book written by Antonio Luna Arroyo on the educational and cultural work of Narciso Bassols, who served as minister of Public Education at SEP (Secretaría de Educación Pública). In agreement with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747737

  • CAyC : Escuela de Altos Estudios : Seminarios Agosto-Septiembre - (GT-434)
    Centro de Arte y Comunicación (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    This is a list of the seminars presented by CAyC’s Escuela de Altos Estudios [School of Higher Education] in August and September 1973, and of the names of the presenters [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747514

  • CAYC : Escuela de Altos Estudios : Intenciones y dirección - (GT-225)
    Centro de Arte y Comunicación (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    The text describes both the nature and the objectives of the Escuela de Altos Estudios [School of Higher Education]: “It is an interdisciplinary group created to promote the development of relevant intelligence that, using the most advanced [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743654

  • CAyC : Escuela de Altos Estudios : Actividades mayo 1973 - (GT-224)
    Centro de Arte y Comunicación (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    This document lists the seminars that were scheduled by the CAyC [Art and Communication Center] in May 1973, taught by the following scholars: Eduardo Lipovetzky (Semiology), Armando Levoratti (Linguistics), Carlos Espartaco (Art), and Agustín [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743652

  • Informe del Departamento de Cultura Indígena
    Corzo, Federico A.
    This article reports on the number of cultural missionaries sent by the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education], as well as the costs and duties of the teachers, and the differences between the rural teachers, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734656

  • Invitación a los intelectuales y maestros para que se inscriban como misioneros
    Vasconcelos, José
    José Vasconcelos calls upon Mexican intellectuals to travel to the backlands to share the hardships of the poor in order to learn from the experience. His challenge extends to young and cultured teachers, writers, poets and artists. Vasconcelos also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734623

  • Cultura integral
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari criticizes the educational system of South American countries for not providing people the necessary skills for industrial development, an aspect considered essential to the development of a nation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732447

  • Asunto fundamental
    Méndez, Evar, 1888 -1955
    Evar Méndez maintains that the “imposition of a foreign intellectual meridian on the Argentines, whose young culture and nascent art just needs time to grow and assert itself until it achieves its own, unique identity […], is ridiculous and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731342