Year (normalized) from 1950×
Year (normalized) before 1960×
  • [Entrevista a la escultura Hena Rodríguez- Programa radial "Cosas de Mujeres" -La emisora H.J.C.K. frecuencia F.M. Estérero]
    1954
    In 1954, journalist Gloria Valencia de Castaño interviewed sculptor Hena Rodríguez on HJCK, a Bogotá radio station with a cultural orientation. This text is a transcription of a simple conversation in which the artist describes her art education, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1129718

  • [Esta exposição é um golpe de vista sóbre a Bahia]
    Amado, Jorge, 1912-2001
    1959
    The distinguished novelist Jorge Amado wrote this text on the Afro-Brazilian exhibition on mundane arts and crafts as well as objects of worship of Afro-Brazilian Candomblé. He referred to these utensils as “mediocre objects that highlight their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110903

  • [Este 1959 ha tenido sin duda muy especial significación...]
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    1959
    Luis Felipe Noé states that the work of Fernando Maza is connected to the rise of a vital artistic trens, and that it implies a maturing of expression in the visual arts of Argentina. In his opinion, Maza[both connects himself to and differentiates [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740649

  • [Este Portafolio constituye la primera publicación del Taller Gráfico del Centro de Arte Puertorriqueño...]
    Centro de Arte Puertorriqueño
    1951
    This is the introduction to the first portfolio, published to commemorate the first anniversary of the Centro de Arte Puertorriqueño [Puerto Rican Art Center] (CAP) that was established in 1950 in San Juan. The essay describes the goals and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863957

  • [Hemos recibido de Martin Blaszko la siguiente carta...]
    Blaszko, Martín, 1920-
    1951
    Martín Blaszko’s letter refers to the importance of rhythm in the visual arts at that time, in contrast to Raúl Lozza’s opinions in support of the plane. The Perceptist artist responds that his ideas could be more clearly understood by reading [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742651

  • [Indiscutivelmente, em nossas artes do desenho...]
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    1957
    Geraldo Ferraz’s text describes the different phases of Lívio Abramo’s engraving, starting with the work he produced in 1933 (based on drawings he created between 1926?27). The type of “Expressionism” out of which those works emerged was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110611

  • [La actividad artística desarrollada dentro de los límites...]
    Kasper, Guido
    1959
    Guido Kasper analyzes Paparella’s work, describing him as an avant-garde artist who is entering a “great period” in his career, as defined by the materials he used, in this case referring to iron sculptures [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760571

  • [La conquista de la invención concreta...]
    Melé, Juan N., 1923-
    1955
    Juan Melé suggests that the goal of Concrete art is to be a comprehensive mode of expression. He also thinks that Concrete art is a humanist pursuit since it uses mankind’s knowledge. In his opinion, this art will continue to develop as it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742729

  • [La gran difusión de la pintura contemporánea...]
    Paz, Samuel
    1959
    The art critic Samuel Paz wrote that art produced around 1959 was a pursuit rich with collective experiences, yet poor in individual outcome. In his opinion, rebellion today is mastering the path to “extroverted creation.” Although, contrary to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763648

  • [La luz encierra el secreto de la belleza visual de la realidad...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1956
    This introductory text for the exhibition Forum: grupo de fotógrafos contemporáneos [Forum: a contemporary photographers’ group] places emphasis on the artist-photographer who, through the developing process, manipulates lights in its subtle [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745060

  • [La mayor dificultad para que la gente aprecie el arte abstracto...]
    Traba, Marta
    1958
    In the introduction to the catalogue of the exhibition Pintura abstracta de Colombia (Biblioteca Luís Ángel Arango, Bogotá, June 11-25, 1958), Marta Traba points out two problems related to the reception and production of abstract art in Colombia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097805

  • [La pintura, en su estado actual,...]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1953
    Carlos Mérida sets forth eleven tenets on the development of painting in relation to the integration of the arts; these function both as a manifesto and as an introduction to the catalog. For the artist, functional painting is equivalent to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733691

  • [La presentación de estos artistas la considero un...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1952
    This article is an introduction to the exhibition, Grupo de Artistas Modernos de la Argentina. Pinturas, esculturas, dibujos [Modern Art Group of Argentina. Paintings, Sculptures, Drawings]. The Concrete artists included in the exhibition were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743086

  • [Las obras expuestas dan una idea ajustada...]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1952
    Antonio Berni writes about Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], which he defines as an aesthetic identity that, in Latin America, vacillates between form and content [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794426

  • [Las tendencias estéticas actuales y sus realizaciones plásticas...]
    Blaszko, Martín, 1920-
    1955
    This text outlines Blaszko’s opinion concerning the artist’s mission; it explains the artist’s method, which includes the use of rhythm and the interplay of conflicting forces while ensuring that the resulting forms are always governed by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742569

  • [Le calendrier le rappelle aux plus frivoles et aux plus indifférents: les temps...]
    Guéguen, Pierre
    1958
    This text by the French critic, Pierre Guéguen, analyzes the unbiased searches of twentieth century art insofar as they represent a spiritual adventure and a true revolution, scandalizing a whole era. In this regard, he considers the grupo Madí [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743079

  • [Le calendrier le rappelle...]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1958
    Guyla Kosice’s essay refers to the topical nature and, therefore, the universal quality of “arte madí” [Madí Art]. He explains that Madí art has already spread beyond its original core in Buenos Aires, as he notes in his comments on this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743081

  • [Le ruego a usted el texto siguiente ya que la Presidenta de Ateneo Puertorriqueño,...]
    Homar, Lorenzo
    1954
    Lorenzo Homar believes that the jury of the Ateneo Puertorriqueño’s art competition—Ketty Rodríguez Benítez, Harold Lasky, and Osiris Delgado—acted irresponsibly in rejecting four of the eight prints presented. One of the rejected works was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861652

  • [Letter] 1950 Marzo 31, Caracas [to] Alejandro Otero
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    1950
    In this letter, art critic Alfredo Boulton voices some dismay to his artist friend, Alejandro Otero. After having written generalizations on traditional western art and on the irruption of the abstract art movement, the critic adds a long postscript [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850312

  • [Letter] [ca.1952]
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1952
    In this letter, Fernando Gamboa tells José (his last name is illegible) that the exhibition has been received positively. According to Gamboa there are those who have discovered an authentic pictorial path in Mexican painting, a possible escape from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779926

  • [Letter] 1950 Abril 8, París [to] Alfredo Boulton
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    1950
    This letter by Alejandro Otero is in response to the letter (March 31, 1950) sent by his friend, the art critic Alfredo Boulton, where he complained about the group of artists calling themselves Los Disidentes. Specifically, Boulton was opposed to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850293

  • [Letter] 1950 June 15, Paris, France [to] Casimiro Eiger
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    1950
    This letter was written by Jorge Gaitán Durán a few days after he arrived in Paris in 1950. It is addressed to his Polish friend in Bogotá, the art critic Casimiro Eiger. The letter rambles through several subjects, including Gaitán’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133205

  • [Letter] 1950 September 26, Paris, France [to] Casimiro Eiger
    Ramírez Villamizar, Eduardo, 1923-2004
    1950
    This is a letter written by Eduardo Ramírez Villamizar twelve days after his arrival in France in September 1950. The painter writes to his friend, the art critic Casimiro Eiger, who lived in Bogotá, describing his impressions of his first brief [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133237

  • [Letter] 1951 [to] Fernando Gamboa
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1951
    The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura (INBAL, 1947) invited Rufino Tamayo to participate in the Mexican Art Exhibition that would take place in Europe. The Oaxacan painter responded that he could not give them an answer until “he knew [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779846

  • [Letter] 1951 Junio 14, París [to] Carlos Chávez
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1951
    When no agreement could be reached to present the exhibition of Mexican art at the Petit-Palais in Paris, Fernando Gamboa was forced to find an alternative space. In this letter to Carlos Chávez, Gamboa informs him of the results of attempts to hold [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779948

  • [Letter] 1951 March 8, São Paulo [to] Yolanda Penteado
    Machado, Lourival Gomes
    1951
    This is a letter from Lourival Gomes Machado, director of the I Bienal do Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, to Yolanda Penteado, one of the organizers of the event. Gomes Machado is writing to update Penteado on negotiations with representatives [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110824

  • [Letter] 1951 Septiembre 24, Acapulco [to] Rufino Tamayo
    Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978
    1951
    This document is Carlos Chávez’s response to the letter that Rufino Tamayo had written to Fernando Gamboa on August 20, 1951. In it, Tamayo asks to know the government’s point of view on the Mexican Art Exhibition that would take place in Europe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779827

  • [Letter] 1954 Diciembre 25, Cuesta Blanca, Icho Cruz, Córdoba [to] Líbero Badii
    Sibellino, Antonio
    1954
    The Argentinean sculptor Antonio Sibellino writes to Libero Badii about his understanding of sculpture, regarding both formal and universal questions, in addition to sculpture’s problems within the realm of contemporary art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759730

  • [Letter] 1954 June 15, n.l. [to] Roberto García Peña, director del Tiempo
    Eiger, Casimiro, 1909- 1987
    1954
    This is a letter written by Casimiro Eiger to Roberto García Peña, the director of the Bogotá newspaper El Tiempo, in response to an article published in that newspaper on June 15, 1954. According to the letter in question, the painter Ignacio Gó [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133269

  • [Letter] 1954, San Juan, Puerto Rico [to] Presidenta del Ateneo y a los miembros del Jurado de selección
    Homar, Lorenzo
    1954
    Lorenzo Homar believes that the jury of the Ateneo Puertorriqueño’s art competition—Ketty Rodríguez Benítez, Harold Lasky, and Osiris Delgado—acted irresponsibly in rejecting four of the eight prints presented. One of the rejected works was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861903

  • [Letter] 1955 November 1, Madrid, Spain [to] Casimiro Eiger
    Tejada, Lucy, 1920-
    1955
    This is a letter written by Lucy Tejada to Casimiro Eiger in November 1955. It was mailed from Madrid to the art critic, who had lived in Bogotá since 1943. It includes details and instructions concerning preparations for the exhibition of Tejada’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133221

  • [Letter] 1957 January 27, Puerto Rico [to] los artistas de “El Mirador Azul” sobre el surrealismo y la vida de creación
    Echevarría, José R.
    1957
    This is an essay written by José R. Echevarría about Surrealism and the creative life. He believes that all creative acts are a protest against a “given” reality. He adds that dreams, delirium, fantasy, and memory are all means of accessing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823787

  • [Letter] 1958 Junio 10, México D. F. [to] Fernando Gamboa
    Mendoza, María Luisa
    1958
    A letter dated June 10, 1958, from Maria Luisa Mendoza to Fernando Gamboa (who was in Brussels at the time) took the form of a progress report. Mendoza, a consultant on the art integration project Centro Médico Nacional [National Medical Center], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796076

  • [Letter] 1958 Mayo 26, México D.F. [to] Fernando Gamboa, Bruselas
    Yáñez, Enrique
    1958
    While he was in Brussels, Fernando Gamboa stayed in close communication with the architect Enrique Yáñez, who informed him of the progress of the artists working on the Centro Médico [Medical Center]. In addition to designing the Centro, Yáñez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796080

  • [Letter] 1958 Oct. 31 [to] Fernando Gamboa, Bruselas
    Cárdenas, Lázaro
    1958
    In this brief letter, ex-President Lázaro Cárdenas congratulates Fernando Gamboa for the “message” he sent regarding Mexico by means of the Brussels Pavilion at the International Fair of 1958 which Cárdenas had visited only a few days earlier [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780078

  • [Letter] 1959 December 5, México, D.F. [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Beltrán, Alberto
    1959
    Mexican artist Alberto Beltrán informs Puerto Rican artist Lorenzo Homar that a number of people have shown interest in exhibiting works by Puerto Rican artists outside of Mexico. He also mentions an exhibition of Soviet art that has had a major [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861865

  • [Los públicos pueden "mirar" muy fácilmente a la pintura y gustarla...]
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    1955
    This text, written by Marco Ospina, was included in the catalog for the Exposición de pinturas de Armando Villegas en la Galería El Callejón (Bogotá, 1955). Along with the text is a list of the paintings that made up that show. In his article, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133445

  • [Muchos se preguntan: ¿cuál es la relación entre el arte concreto y lo que el pensamiento...?]
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1950
    Prologue by Tomás Maldonado included in the catalogue for the Exposición Arte Concreto: Pinturas / Esculturas / Dibujos [Concrete Art Exhibition: Paintings/ Sculptures/Drawings], which took place at Instituto de Arte Moderno in 1950. The artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794740

  • [Muchos serán los que interpretarán nuestra actitud como manifestación de odios personales...]
    1950
    In this third issue of Los Disidentes [The Dissidents] (Paris, 1950), the authors reject the potential arguments against their movement; which only seek to distort the true intentions of the authors. They reaffirm the seriousness of their commitment [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813493

  • [Muchos son los pintores y escultores que han trabajado...]
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1959
    Through diverse photographs, Mathias Goeritz shows the development of what he calls the “problem” of Integración Plástica [Plastic Integration], a dogmatic movement in which the architect Mario Pani actively participated together with several [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741770

  • [Nada evoca tanto quanto a obra de Maria...]
    Péret, Benjamin, 1899-1959
    1956
    This essay by the French Surrealist poet Benjamin Péret appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition of works by Maria Martins presented at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1956. Péret discusses the artist’s sculptures, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110398

  • [Nadie ha logrado como Artaud]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1956
    A text by Pellegrini which introduces the translation, which he himself wrote, of a text by the French poet Antonin Artaud. He points out that nobody other than this author has lived through the paroxysm of the most extreme questions a human being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744689

  • [No Brasil, nos primeiros salões nacionais de belas artes] - [excerto de texto]
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    1955
    With a brief historical sketch of wood engraving, “the most authentic medium within the visual languages,” the author establishes connections between expressionist art —such as the Brücke [Bridges], Blaue Reiter [Blue Rider], and Sturm [Storm [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110610

  • [Nosotros no vinimos a París a seguir cursos de diplomacia...]
    1950
    In this fifth and last issue of Los Disidentes [The Dissidents] (Paris, 1950) magazine, which states as its purpose to “severely” attack the cultural reality of Venezuela, which [the group] describes as “false,” and with the intention of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813555

  • [Para un pintor, y éste es mi caso, la defensa de la libertad de pensamiento...]
    Gutiérrez, Sérvulo
    1955
    This text is the message delivered by painter Sérvulo Gutiérrez to the first convention organized by the Asociación Nacional de Escritores y Artistas (ANEA); the event was held in Lima in September 1955. In his statement, Gutiérrez asserts that, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138812

  • [Se alguém tem ainda a intenção de falar]
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1959
    In the judgment of the author, Mário Pedrosa, Brasilia is not “a synthesis of the arts,” it is a simple promise. For him, synthesis cannot be achieved through occasional collaborations but rather through a prominent practice that creates a “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086986

  • [Si el pintor, el escultor, el poeta, el arquitecto madí, están...]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1956
    Kosice’s essay refers to the topical nature and, therefore, the universal quality of “arte madí” [Madí Art]. He explains that Madí art has already spread beyond its original core in Buenos Aires, as he notes in his comments on this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743080

  • [Siempre la cerámica ha participado de la pintura y de la escultura...]
    Traba, Marta
    1959
    This text written by Marta Traba presents the first solo exhibition of Colombian artist Beatriz Daza. Traba asserts that “in the restless and discontented spirit of 20th-century visual art” ceramics runs the risk of losing its specificity as it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091096

  • [Todo verdadero artista se busca a lo largo de su vida...]
    Bayón, Damián
    1957
    Damián Bayón writes about the work of Argentinean-Japanese artist Kasuya Sakai by analyzing his different stages; that is, concerning the harmony of contrasting colors; the influence of Hartung and calligraphy; black forms in a more complex [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768981

  • [Um grupo de jovens pintores e escultores argentinos]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1953
    This document is the forewod to the Grupo de Artistas Modernos Argentinos [Modern Artists Group of Argentina] exhibition that presented works by the concrete artists Tomás Maldonado, Alfredo Hlito, Enio Iommi, Claudio Girola, Lidy Prati, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743236