Year (normalized) from 1920×
Year (normalized) before 1930×
  • A New Method for Developing Creative Imagination
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    1923
    This text speaks of the evolution of sensorial perception and its relation to artistic expression. It proposes that the method of Adolfo Best Maugard be used in arts education because it would permit greater development and personal satisfaction [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825910

  • A quien leyere
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1923
    In this document, a prologue of his book of poems, Fervor of Buenos Aires (1923), Jorge Luis Borges explains certain aspects of the works: due to the book’s title, the possible misinterpretation regarding the verse development; the theme which is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731233

  • Aclaración del C. de Defensa Proletaria
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Gonthier, Jesus
    1928
    The Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] wrote to the editorial board of El Machete magazine regarding the reports published in the press about the events organized by the Bloque Obrero [Workers’ Block] in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776692

  • Acotaciones del momento : La Academia de Bellas Artes y la seriedad
    Castillo, Guillermo, 1899-1952
    1927
    In this article, journalist Guillermo Castillo criticizes the directors of the Mexican Academia de Bellas Artes, portraying the institution as outdated. Castillo targets proposed limitations on the curriculum of the open-air painting schools, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752459

  • Actual No 1 : Hoja de Vanguardia. Comprimido Estridentista
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the manifesto poster that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. The poet Manuel Maples Arce issued the leaflet Actual as an aggressive vexation against the consecrated personalities of the literary milieu; said proclamation was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737463

  • Actual No 3. Hoja de vanguardia. Proyecto Internacional de Nueva Estética
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1922
    While the first issue of Actual contained a directory of avant-garde artists, this third issue held an index of avant-garde books and magazines. Listings include: La vie des lettres, a French magazine begun in 1913 and headed by Nicolas Beauduin; an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809167

  • Actual, Hoja de Vanguardia, Num. 1
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the poster-manifesto that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. Manuel Maples Arce, a poet born in Xalapa (Veracruz), launched his avant-garde publication Actual as a provocation directed against the acclaimed literary figures of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754048

  • Adventuring with the seven motives of creative imagination
    McCall, Emma
    1923
    Emma McCall adapted Adolfo Best Maugard’s Método de Dibujo [Method of Drawing] to the U.S. cultural and educational milieu in order to take advantage of this art instruction system with U.S. children and young adults. As in the method proposed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780228

  • Al margen de una exposición de pintura
    Arciniegas, Germán, 1900- 1999
    1929
    On the premise that “national art has yet to come into being,” Germán Arciniegas levels harsh criticism at the works by Colombian artists Francisco Antonio Cano, Ricardo Gómez Campuzano, and Domingo Moreno Otero included in an exhibition held [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079409

  • Al margen del manifiesto del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1924
    This document analyzes the national repercussions that the Sindicato de Obreros Técnicos, Pintores y Escultores [SOTPE, Union of Technical Workers, Painters and Sculptors] had on an art scene that was then dominated by individualism. Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763287

  • Algo sobre el Ultraísmo
    González Lanuza, Eduardo, 1900-
    1923
    In this piece, González Lanuza explores the two primary modes through which man can interpret reality: an “analytical” perspective and a “synthetic” perspective. With respect to the first, the author references Impressionism and literature [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731278

  • Algunos piensos cortos de Cristian Morgenstern
    Morgenstern, Christian; Xul Solar
    1927
    Xul Solar’s version in neoCreole languange of a selected text from Stufen (Stages) (1918) by the German poet, Christian Morgenstern (1871-1914 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730850

  • América Autónoma : no basta instruir, hay que enseñar a trabajar
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1925
    In this article, the Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari (1868-1938) criticized the educational system in Argentina, and consequently all of Latin America, because it does not provide the practical, scientific, or industrial training that is necessary for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795325

  • Americo Panozzi
    Chiabra Acosta, Alfredo, 1889-1932
    1925
    Based on the exhibition held by painter Américo Panozzi, as well as the reception it enjoyed from the art critics, Atalaya denounces Panozzi’s methods as harmful to the development of young painters. Atalaya describes the “the frequent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738673

  • An arts and crafts show by faculty and students of the Art Department : shown in the art room, university of Puerto Rico : May 21,22, 1929
    1929
    This essay, edited by poet and educator Muna Lee de Muñoz Marín, is a review of an exhibition of artwork created by students at the Universidad de Puerto Rico. The exhibition, held May 21–22, 1929, took place in the Salón de Arte [Art Room] at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824731

  • Arquitetura brasileira
    Warchavchik, Gregori
    1926
    Gregori Warchavchik, the Ukrainian architect based in Brazil, defends functionalism within the context of modern architecture and, in his judgment, that definitions should be restricted to the potential and means of the materials used. He states that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780522

  • Art interpretations
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    Carlos Mérida considers that Mexican painting belongs to the Americas because the spirit of its ancestors floats anew all over the Indo-Hispanic land. The author believes that the development of Mexican painting is directed by traditional rules [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747066

  • Arte infantil mejicano
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1925
    The Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari highlights the methods of teaching art to children in Mexico and its results, while appreciating the paintings exhibited at the Salón Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732706

  • Arte Mexicano
    Henríquez Ureña, Pedro, 1884-1946
    1923
    This text chronologically summarizes the conception, development and implementation of Best’s drafting method that culminated in a publication of it. The publication places it within the context of American ideas, celebrating its good judgment to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825923

  • Arte nacional: el dibujante Jorge Seoane
    Casterot y Arroyo, Enrique
    1925
    In this article about the Peruvian draftsman Jorge Seoane, the journalist Enrique Casterot y Arroyo describes the new function of modern art. In his opinion it is more than “a mere imitative instinct” that seeks to expose an “axiom of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146808

  • Arte peruano : Camilo Blas
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1926
    This article by José Sabogal is about the recent work produced by the Indigenist painter Camilo Blas. The author discusses Blas’ two scenes of Cajamarca that are to decorate the new Salón de Palacio, which opened in 1924 in celebration of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289476

  • Arte peruano : el pintor Carlos Quizpez Asín
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1927
    The author of this article, Clodoaldo López Merino, refers to his earlier article about the Peruvian painter Carlos Quízpez Asín while the latter was still studying in Madrid, Spain. On that occasion the journalist quoted some of the artist’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146791

  • Arte Peruano : José Sabogal
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    1928
    In this article the writer and journalist José Eulogio Garrido discusses the indigenist painting of José Sabogal. Garrido describes the painter as “a man with a voice and vision of his own who expresses that voice and vision in visible ways that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140621

  • Arte plástico y anexo : Exposición Doctor Figari
    Chiabra Acosta, Alfredo, 1889-1932
    1925
    Following an exhibition by Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari, Alfredo Chiabra-Acosta reviews the character of his pictorial production and considerations made about it by art criticism. Regarding the latter, he ponders that in view of such praise—“ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768699

  • Arte y nacionalismo
    1923
    After criticizing the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP), the newspaper El Demócrata speaks of the triumphs Mexico achieved abroad, through singers, writers, and the architects during the Río de Janeiro Expo. These are our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758022

  • Arte y realidad
    Martínez Ulloa, Enrique
    1929
    Bandera de provincias [Flag of the Provinces] also took on the task of “discovering” José Clemente Orozco. The magazine commissioned Enrique Martínez Ulloa from Jalisco to write about Orozco’s painting. The author wrote three articles [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763507

  • Arte y revolución
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1929
    Poet and critic José Juan Tablada points out that for the first time contemporary art from Mexico had been fully recognized in the United States through the œuvre of José Clemente Orozco, an artist “whose psychological power and highly tragic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771685

  • Artes emocionales
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1925
    Pedro Figari explains the difficulties to both develop and become interested in emotional art, which requires a thoughtful and meditative interior life, in view of aspects of the present society; “all seems to be prone against poetic manners, [and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732929

  • Artes plásticas : la pintura en México : carta de Ángel Zárraga a Manuel Rodríguez Lozano
    Zárraga, Angel
    1926
    In this 1925 letter, Ángel Zárraga acknowledges Manuel Rodríguez Lozano as a painter and a friend. After a brief introduction of indeterminate tone, Zárraga points to his discovery that “Race” and “People” are grandiose concepts that lead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754116

  • Artistas de vanguardia : César Moro
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    1925
    This article by the critic Carlos Raygada is about the painter and poet César Moro, considered “one of the few exponents of modern art in Peru.” According to Raygada, Moro’s work is unknown because it “never appears in the kind of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146756

  • Artistas Mexicanos : en torno a las máscaras de Germán Cueto
    Ortega, Febronio
    1929
    After a long reflection about the meaning of the mask—an inherent content of education that civilization imposes upon mankind—Febronio Ortega shows the avant-garde work realized in Paris by Germán Cueto. According to him, the new masks by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754936

  • Assim falou o papa do futurismo : como Mario de Andrade defina a escola que chefia
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1925
    This is an interview with Mário de Andrade, who is referred to here as the “Daddy” of the new art movement that the newspaper calls “futuristic,” and that the São Paulo writer calls “modernist.” De Andrade prefers to reply to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784366

  • Asunto fundamental
    Méndez, Evar, 1888 -1955
    1927
    Evar Méndez maintains that the “imposition of a foreign intellectual meridian on the Argentines, whose young culture and nascent art just needs time to grow and assert itself until it achieves its own, unique identity […], is ridiculous and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731342

  • Aterrizajes. Inyecciones a la lengua
    Pedreira, Antonio Salvador, 1899-1939
    1929
    This editorial poses a linguistic challenge: the need to revitalize the Spanish language. [The article contends that] language is alive, dynamic, continually growing, and should be enriched with the wealth of valuable expressions imposed by necessity [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853045

  • Augusto Rodin
    Mauclair, Camilo
    1920
    The avant-garde journal Los Nuevos was created in Montevideo in 1919 in an attempt to renew the European roots of literary modernism. The first issue contains an article on the life and work of French sculptor Auguste Rodin. The text asserts that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196229

  • Barradas el uruguayo
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    1925
    Written in 1925, this essay by Spanish writer Manuel Abril published in Alfar journal analyzes Rafael Barradas’s artistic attitude, which is based on permanent transformation. Abril begins with a reflection on the notions of “change” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197352

  • Bernabé Michelena, escultor
    Dieste, Eduardo, 1881-1954
    1925
    Chapter V of the book Teseo Discusión Estética y Ejemplos […] by the critic Eduardo Dieste, titled “Bernabé Michelena, escultor,” is devoted to a discussion about Michelena’s sculptural work, which the author associates with a new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1220780

  • Boletín de TESEO
    Agrupación de Artistas y Escritores Uruguayos
    1923
    The Boletín de TESEO is the newsletter published by the AAEU (Agrupación de Artistas y Escritores Uruguayos), the association of Uruguayan artists and writers whose memorandum of association appears in this Boletín Nº 1, Year 1, August 25, 1923. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182637

  • Brecheret
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    1920
    Menotti del Picchia describes the young sculptor Victor Brecheret as quiet, reserved, modest, and innocent even though his talent is prodigious, original, and imaginative. He considers Brecheret’s technique modern and his art exceptionally honest. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784176

  • Brindis del licenciado Antonio Caso
    1922
    In a brief speech, Antonio Caso, president of the Universidad Nacional de México, calls upon all men, from wherever they hail, to unite so that they can achieve the highest purposes of the Nation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755227

  • Campo de Agramante
    Pettoruti, Emilio, 1892-1971
    1927
    This article reproduces a letter sent by painter Emilio Pettoruti to Martín Fierro; in it he makes it clear that the letter has not met with acceptance by the magazine.  It responds to an article published in Martín Fierro regarding a text that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737989

  • Campo de Agramante : Algo más acerca de-: “La consagración de un músico mediocre: Honneger”
    Paz, Juan Carlos, 1897-1972
    1927
    This article continues the controversy between Leónidas Barletta and Juan Carlos Paz regarding the music of Swiss composer Arthur Honegger, which had debuted in Buenos Aires under the conductor Ernest Ansermet, of the Suisse Romande orchestra. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738946

  • Cansinos Assens comenta "Estética del Novecientos"
    Cancinos Assens, Rafael
    1928
    The article “Cansinos Assens comenta Estética del Novecientos” is a study on the book Estética del Novecientos by Uruguayan essayist and historian Alberto Zum Felde, who sought to establish cultural views about his country and Latin America [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197025

  • Carácter y tendencias de la revolución vanguardista
    Ballón, Juan Francisco
    1929
    This article by Juan F. Ballón is about the avant-garde revolution that took place in the 1930s in Peru, which he believes was inspired “by childish and propitiatory feelings.” He claims that despite its apparent utilitarianism, this movement is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151280

  • Carlos Mérida
    Yáñez, Agustín
    1929
    Agustín Yáñez applauds the elements embedded in Carlos Mérida’s work. He mentions his search for Americanism in the color, which he considers “a terribly dangerous route . . . to his exposure to failure . . .”. However, in Yáñez’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762447

  • Carlos Mérida
    Salmon, André
    1927
    In this text, André Salmon considers the paintings of the young Guatemalan artist, Carlos Mérida, and their appeal to Parisian audiences, while also expressing nationalist sentiments specific to Guatemala. Salmon begins by recounting how young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832600

  • Carlos Orozco como retratista
    Brenner, Anita
    1927
    The art critic Anita Brenner claims that Carlos Orozco’s caricatures are known even in New York. The article does not explain how they came to be published in The Nation and The Art Center Bulletin. Brenner supports her thesis by quoting Walter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734328

  • Carrousel : xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1929
    López Merino begins his article by remarking on the success of Sabogal’s exhibition in Buenos Aires, “where the most discerning critics acknowledged the respect he enjoys in Latin America.” The writer describes the exhibition of prints as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140277

  • Carta a un joven argentino que estudia filosofía
    Ortega y Gasset, José, 1883-1955
    1924
    In this letter, probably addressed to Homero M. Guglielmini (one of the editors of the magazine Inicial. Revista de la nueva generación) [Initial. Journal of the new generation], Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset expresses his mistrust [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743376

  • Carta aberta a Alberto de Oliveira
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1925
    Mário de Andrade addresses this open letter to the writer Alberto de Oliveira, and in principle, defends the literature produced by Brazilian Romanticism, a group associated with a primitive approach to art combined with social, religious, sexual, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784258