Year (normalized) from 1920×
Year (normalized) before 1930×
  • ¡¡Asesinos!!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1924
    This article by Diego Rivera denounces the “reactionary” agents of Delahuertismo who were the true architects of the conspiracy to infiltrate Masonic lodges at the beginning of 1924 in order to murder the governor of Yucatan, Felipe Carrillo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763275

  • ¡¡Fíjate, Trabajador!!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1924
    This document is a didactic-political text directed toward the working class organized around identification of its enemies. These include the fake socialist parties (equated with the Italian fascists). And also the intellectuals unable to understand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763293

  • ¿Cuál es el pintor más grande de México?
    Ortega, Febronio
    1922
    In the Survey Section, the journalist Ortega decided to go to the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria to ask the painters there the following question: Who is the greatest painter in Mexico? The caricaturist Ernesto García Cabral ironically responds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755251

  • ¿Hay problema indígena en México?
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1921
    In “¿Hay problema indígena en México?” Mexican writer and anthropologist Manuel Gamio examines the “indigenous problem,” or the question of how to integrate indigenous Mexicans into Mexican society. Gamio argues that the government of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737307

  • ¿Qué opina usted del estridentismo?
    Leblanc, Oscar
    1923
    Based on the criticisms that the emergence of Estridentismo gave rise to, Oscar Leblanc, a journalist of El Universal Ilustrado carries out a survey about the movement, interviewing several personalities. The responses are really extreme. The writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737534

  • ¿Quién es Martín Fierro?
    Méndez, Evar, 1888 -1955
    1924
    The article discusses the constant attacks that the newspaper Martín Fierro receives and all the conflicts and difficulties that result from these attacks. It also explains the attitude that will be assumed with regard to the situation created by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732421

  • “Martín Fierro” y Marinetti
    1926
    The article points out the importance of the activity brought forth by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in “our milieu” as a “very valuable collaboration to the renovation movement,” started—long ago—by the group involved in the publication Mart [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731306

  • [A arte decorativa, no Brasil]
    Carvalho, Ronald de, 1893-1935
    1921
    In this article, the writer Ronald de Carvalho questions the undeniable presence of foreign styles in the decorative art to be seen in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and suggests using ornamental motifs inspired by Brazilian flora and fauna and native [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785037

  • [Anita Malfatti é uma colorista...]
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1921
    While researching feminine strokes in Anita Malfatti’s painting, Mário de Andrade discerns her impetuous nature, the masculine strength of her colors, and the tragic energy of her subjects, though he also glimpses hints of humor and sadness. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085102

  • [C'est avec la Mort de Maximilien...]
    Salmon, André
    1929
    André Salmon introduces Lola Cueto’s work by referring to certain moments that he considers important. He suggests that Edouard Manet’s painting, La Muerte de Maximiliano [The Death of Maximilian], was Mexico’s debut in the visual arts. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1104283

  • [Con el presente LA CAMPANA DE PALO, inicia lo que será...]
    Grupo Editor de La Campana de Palo
    1926
    The text reports on the context surrounding the publication of Zancadillas [Missteps] by Alvaro Yunque (1926) within the editorial plan of La Campana de Palo [The Wooden Bell]. It also reports on forthcoming publications as well as the reasons and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737879

  • [Digno es de notarse que mientras mas pura es la Raza...]
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    1926
    This text underscores the originality, expression and strength of the works created at the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], arguing that these qualities are the product of racial purity and that as mestizaje [racial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825947

  • [El café de nadie]
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1924
    This stylized painting portrays some of the members of the Estridentista movement in their meeting place: El Café de Nadie [No Man’s Café]. Manuel Maples Arce is in the upper center of the picture, flanked by both Germán List and Salvador [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799703

  • [EL jueves 17 de junio a las 18, se inaugurará una exposición de los pintores modernos...]
    1926
    Invitation to the Exposición de Pintores Modernos [Modern Painters Exhibition], which took place at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] (Buenos Aires, June, 1926), and included the following artists: Emilio Pettoruti, Norah Borges, Xul Solar, and Piero [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732226

  • [En la Escuela de Pintura al Aire Libre de Guadalupe Hidalgo...]
    Revueltas, Fermín
    1926
    This text by Fermín Revueltas, the director of the Escuela al Aire Libre de Guadalupe Hidalgo [Open-Air School of Guadalupe Hidalgo], is very concise. He states that the school he directs teaches art methods so that works can be created to be both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825937

  • [En presencia del fenómeno observado en las escuelas libres de pintura...]
    Puig Casauranc, José Manuel, 1888-1939
    1926
    This text presents the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting] and its creative production as evidence that Mexican children have a natural artistic disposition. It also associates this disposition with their indigenous blood [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825942

  • [La teoria de nuestra labor docente puede muy bien fundarse...]
    Díaz de León, Francisco
    1926
    This essay, written by Francisco Díaz de León, director of the Escuela de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting] in Tlalpan, explains that the Schools favor an aesthetic education and individual expression over technical education. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826063

  • [Letter] a Edward Weston
    Gómez Robelo, Ricardo, 1884-1924
    1922
    The letter from Ricardo Gómez Robelo to Edward Weston is an emotional letter thanking Weston for the gift of some photographs, but, above all, he is grateful for Weston’s friendship. Robelo acknowledges that they [the group of friends around [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806783

  • [Letter] 1923 Nov. 15, São Paulo [to] Tarsila
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1923
    In this letter to the painter Tarsila do Amaral, the writer Mário de Andrade urges her, Sérgio Milliet, and Oswald de Andrade—the “country folk” who have become futurists during their stay in Paris—to return to the “virgin jungle,” to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784204

  • [Letter] 1925 Jul. 16, Rio de Janeiro [to] Joaquim Inojosa
    Bandeira, Manuel, 1886-1968
    1925
    In this letter to fellow Brazilian Joaquim Inojosa (in Recife), the well-known poet Manuel [Carneiro de Sousa] Bandeira [Filho] (1886–1968) provides brief news about the modernist movement (then in full swing) in São Paulo. He emphasizes the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784768

  • [Letter] 1925 Junio 17, México [a] Secretario de Educacion Puig Cassauranc
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1925
    David Alfaro Siqueiros sent a letter to the Minister of Public Education, José Manuel Puig Cassauranc, when he was dismissed from his ministry job as professor of drawing and manual works, for which he was paid three pesos a day. His dismissal was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786037

  • [Letter] 1926 Apr. 1, São Paulo [to] Oswald de Andrade, Paris
    Cendrars, Blaise, 1887-1961
    1926
    In this letter, written in 1926 to the multifaceted Oswald de Andrade, the Swiss poet Blaise Cendrars makes certain suggestions regarding the forthcoming Paris exhibition of work by Tarsila do Amaral, the leading woman artist in the Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780570

  • [Letter] 1926 enero 28, Calle Lucas Obes, Montevideo [to] Pedro Figari
    Guillot Muñoz, Gervasio, 1897-1956
    1926
    In this letter Guillot Muñoz, the distinguished writer and journalist, tells his friend Pedro Figari about the critiques that his paintings were receiving in Montevideo at that time, and about the unconditional support for Figari there was among a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238724

  • [Letter] 1927 April 9, Paris [to] madre y hermanas
    Vélez, Eladio, 1897- 1967
    1927
    In 1927, the painter Eladio Vélez, from Antioquia, fulfilled his dream of going to study in Europe. The letters he wrote to his family when he was a student in Europe have been copied and kept. In the one selected here (written on April 9, 1927), to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131904

  • [Letter] 1927 December 25, São Paulo [to] Prudente de Moraes Neto
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1927
    This is a letter from the critic Mário de Andrade to the writer Prudente de Moraes Neto. Adopting a brotherly tone, de Andrade criticizes the Surrealist nature of Moraes Neto’s article in the modernist magazine VERDE, published in Cataguazes (in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110368

  • [Letter] 1927 Sep. 4, Paris [to] Tarsila [and to] Oswald de Andrade, Brasil
    Villa-Lobos, Heitor
    1927
    The erudite music composer Heitor Villa-Lobos wrote a letter to a couple also staying in Paris, Oswald de Andrade and Tarsila do Amaral. He comments on the difficulties involved in presenting different types of art produced in Brazil as [what is] “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780595

  • [Letter] 1928 May 20, São Paulo [to] Augusto Meyer
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1928
    This [document] by Mário de Andrade is a reply, dated May 20, 1928, to the letter in which Augusto Meyer discussed the former’s controversial activity, conscience, and references to national subject matter. De Andrade outlines his intellectual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784229

  • [Letter] 1928 Noviembre 19, Paris [to] [ Xul Solar]
    Spilimbergo, Lino Eneas, 1896-1964
    1928
    Lino Enea Spilimbergo wrote a letter to Argentinean artist Xul Solar inviting him to participate in the independent annual exhibition initiative, with a mission to disseminate Argentinean modern art to the Buenos Aires audiences. Spilimbergo held [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733833

  • [Letter] 1929 Jun. 21, Rio de Janeiro [to] Joaquim Inojosa
    Gusmão, Clovis de
    1929
    Writer Clóvis Gusmão writes to Joaquim Inojosa about the Movimiento Antropofágico and takes the opportunity to clarify some parts of its agenda. Its principles include: the idea of establishing distance from European civilization by creating new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784687

  • [Letter] 1935 December 23, México City [to] Edward Weston
    Richey, Roubaix de l' Abrie
    1921
    In this letter, the painter [and writer] Roubaix de l’Abrie Richey, known by the pseudonym, “Robo,” the husband of the Italian artist and photographer, Tina Modotti, writes to Edward Weston from Mexico City. The writer is visiting Mexico in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806750

  • [Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria : de Jorge Luis Borges]
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1923
    Jorge Luis Borges answer to an opinion poll conducted by the Nosotros [We] journal of writers younger than thirty and trying to determine the existence and qualities of Argentina’s “new literary generation.” The poll consisted of seven [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730796

  • [Por segunda vez, ante la numerosa indiferencia de los muchos...]
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1922
    This text refers to the second issue of Prisma: revista mural; underscoring the bold and at times inscrutable quality that characterized the first number of the magazine—which did not exclude the unusual way in which it was published. In this sense [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732628

  • [Sem data]
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1924
    This document is a reply by Mário de Andrade to the poet Carlos Drummond de Andrade, dated November 22, 1924. In it, de Andrade voices his opposition to what he considers to be the false binomial that distinguishes national from universal criteria, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782800

  • 1er Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The first treinta-treintista manifesto is aimed against academics, public officials, thieves of public offices, and in general, all kinds of layabouts and rascals who pretend to be intellectuals. Using iconoclastic language, the ¡30-30! Group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779430

  • 2° Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In the second treinta-treintista manifesto, the group declares the reason for its dispute. It states that the struggle between independent painters and the academics intensified when the presidency changed hands, since certain conservative teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779440

  • 3 llamamientos de orientación actual a los pintores y escultores de la nueva generación americana
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1921
    With his manifesto, David Alfaro Siqueiros sought to position the avant-garde project anew, doing away with belated modernism and impressionism, in favor of Cubo-Futurist expressions and the incipient eruption of Dadaism. This eagerness for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801659

  • 3er. Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The third treinta-treintista manifesto is a flyer written in opposition to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, its instruction methods, and the works produced at the school. Subdivided into eight points, the group’s statement describes the basic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779450

  • 4° Manifiesto treintatrentista
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    This manifesto from the Treinta-treintistas [¡30-30! mouvement] discusses the incorporation of new elements and announces the group’s purging and expulsion of old members, either for being neo-academics or for attempting to eliminate the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779471

  • 5° Manifiesto treintatrentista : Contra los académicos : los covachuelistas : los salteadores de puestos públicos : En general contra toda clase de sabandijas y zánganos intelectualoides
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In this manifesto, the ¡30-30! collective of painters announced that its struggle against academism was once again alive and thriving. The reason for this was that the president’s office of the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786596

  • A "descida" antropophaga
    Costa, Oswaldo
    1928
    This document claims that one of the fundamental tenets of the so-called Movimento Antropófago is a return to a “natural state” (understood as a kind of “beauty with natural features” that is ugly, rough, barbaric, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784397

  • A arte moderna
    Inojosa, Joaquim, 1901-
    1924
    This [text] is a “literary letter” sent by critic Joaquim Inojosa to the editors of Era Nova magazine in João Pessoa (in the state of Paraíba), which was later published as a book. It is considered a type of manifesto belonging to the Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083630

  • A emoção eshetica na arte moderna
    Aranha, Graça, 1868-1931
    1925
    In discussing paintings by Anita Malfatti such as O homem amarelo, as well as work by Zina Aita and Vicente do Rego Monteiro, Graça Aranha asserts that visitors to the Semana de Arte Moderna of 1922 would consider the exhibition a “heap of ‘ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110362

  • A estadia de Le Corbusier no Rio de Janeiro
    1929
    This anonymous article reports on the lectures given by the Swiss architect and urban designer Le Corbusier during his visit to Rio de Janeiro in 1929. Sponsored by the Instituto Central de Arquitetos (in what was then the capital of Brazil), Le [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780364

  • A expressão artistica nos alienados (contribuição para o estudo dos symbolos na arte)
    Cesar, Osorio
    1929
    Doctor Osório César used psychoanalysis to study the artistic expression of inpatients at the institution de Juquerí (in the São Paulo area). The writer compares his patients’ works with certain other modern artwork (created by children, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110386

  • A hora presente
    Lopes, Ascânio, 1906-1929
    1927
    In his essay “A hora presente,” Ascânio Lopes Quatorzevoltas blames the belligerence in the world for the habit of viewing foreigners as enemies, and for the rampant nationalist anger in Europe and the United States. In his opinion those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780387

  • A intelligencia brasileira
    Almeida, Renato
    1926
    This is a lecture delivered by Renato Almeida in Salvador (capital of the state of Bahia) on October 26, 1926. He praised the reformist line of thought that arose in Brazil as “a riot” against everything that was “sterile imitation.” He saw [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780412

  • A lingua tupy - Plinio Salgado
    Salgado, Plínio, 1895-1975
    1928
    Questioning the exhaustion of Western civilization (specifically the European version), and basing his arguments on the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud—who wrote about the social life of primitive peoples in his book Totem and Taboo— Plí [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784419

  • A los soldados, a los obreros y a los campesinos : Los tres somos víctimas, los tres somos hermanos : Farsa en varios actos titulada : La caída de los ricos y la construcción de un nuevo orden social
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Amador, Graciela
    1924
    Following the prologue to the farce “The Fall of the Rich and the Construction of a New Social Order,” is a scene in the first act entitled, “The Army of the Soldiers, Workers and Peasants.” In a triumphal panorama of the socialist revolution [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764028

  • A Luis Tejada, elegía humorística
    Rendón, Ricardo, 1894-1931
    1926
    In 1926, Ricardo Rendón produced a series of caricatures for “El jardín de los poetas” [The Garden of the Poets], a section of the Suplemento literario ilustrado [Illustrated Literary Supplement] of the Bogotá newspaper El Espectador. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093996

  • A modernidade universalista da arte : fragmento de um ensaio
    Abílio, Henrique, 1893-1932
    1927
    Responding to a “pure” form of nationalism that was in vogue in the early 1920s, Henrique Abilio proposes a “synthetic” approach to art: the “Universalist” movement. In general terms, this approach means being modern in time, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780451