Year (normalized) from 1910×
Year (normalized) before 1920×
  • IV Exposición del Círculo de Fomento de Bellas Artes
    The IV Exposición Internacional organized by the Círculo de Bellas Artes de Montevideo, featuring painting, sculpture, and decorative arts, reflects the institution’s efforts to generate greater visibility in the community. The event’s other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263461

  • Un poco de crítica regional
    In this brief essay, Pedro Figari discusses his thoughts on the notions of “tradition,” “foreignization,” and “cultural appropriation.” His initial thesis is that a country like Uruguay, with almost no tradition of urban culture, is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258164

  • V Exposición del Círculo de Bellas Artes. Catálogo
    This is the catalogue for the V Exposición de Arte (painting, drawing, and sculpture) held at the Círculo de Fomento de Bellas Artes de Montevideo in 1912. It was the second time that foreign artists, in this case from Argentina and Brazil, were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255727

  • [Letter] 1916 Marzo 15 [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In this letter, Joaquín Torres-García declares his intention to promote contemporary Uruguayan art to European audiences. The objective is to create a program designed to provide scholarships or grants from the Uruguayan government for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247461

  • [Letter] 1916 Junio 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This letter from Joaquín Torres García to his Uruguayan compatriot, the renowned writer José Enrique Rodó, suggests that both men agreed on the need to encourage the emerging art in their country by exposing young Uruguayan artists to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247430

  • [Letter] 1915 Diciembre 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In this letter to the writer José Enrique Rodó, Joaquín Torres García discusses the affinity they share for the Greco-Latin tradition, and expresses his wish to be in touch with contemporary Uruguayan art because, though living in Spain at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247404

  • Carta de Figari a Cuneo, publicada en el diario "La mañana" del 25 de Julio de 1918. Las exposiciones Cuneo y Michelana : un juicio del Dr. Figari
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    Pedro Figari wrote this letter to José Cúneo, who had recently shown his paintings at a joint exhibition with Bernabé Michelena in Montevideo (1918). The letter, published in the newspaper La Mañana, was Figari’s public recognition of the young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233819

  • [Letter] 1913 Noviembre 11, Carlos M. Herrera [to] Martín Lasala, Comisión Directiva del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    Herrera, Carlos María
    As the director of the Círculo de Bellas Artes School in Montevideo, painter Carlos María Herrera wrote this letter to Martín Lasala, the president of that institution’s board, with a number of proposals, chief among them was the elimination of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230195

  • Los artistas uruguayos en Europa : Rafael Barradas
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    The same year Joaquín Torres García meets Rafael Barradas in Barcelona, he sends to Montevideo an article praising the young Uruguayan who had just started living in Spain. He valued his work from the perspective of new visual artistic conceptions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228429

  • Industrialización de la América Latina, Autonomía y Regionalismo: Carta abierta dirigida por el Dr. Pedro Figari al Excmo. señor Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    In March 1919, after the First World War, Dr. Pedro Figari wrote an open letter to the president of the República Oriental del Uruguay, Dr. Baltasar Brum (who held that office twice, from 1919 to 1923, and from 1931 to 1933, when he committed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1181222

  • El escultor Piqueras Cotolí
    Barreda y Laos, Enrique-Domingo, 1879-1944
    The author recalls his visit, three years earlier, to the Academy of Spain in Rome, where, in his judgment, “the inexplicable frivolity and artifice of modern art are halted.” He praises the work of director Eduardo Chicharro, as well as that of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141308

  • El artista peruano José Sabogal
    Vega Enríquez, Angel, 1875-
    According to the author of this article, José Sabogal’s work is unquestionably “the most serious attempt ever undertaken in Peru to create an essentially national—that is, Peruvian—art.” Noting also that Cuzco is a highly appropriate [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139814

  • Crónicas : el artista Sabogal
    García y García, Elvira
    This article, written in 1919, was published several months after José Sabogal’s first exhibition due to, as the author explains, “the congestion of opinions, appraisals, and enthusiasm” that circulated at the time. Elvira García y García [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139798

  • Progresos del arte peruano : la exposición Sabogal
    Pérez Reinoso, Ramiro
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139782

  • De actualidad : José Sabogal y sus obras
    Castillo, Teófilo
    This article discusses the first exhibition in Lima (at Casa Brandes, in 1919) of the work of José Sabogal, who, after many years of study in Europe and Argentina, speaks out against the prevailing academicism in Peru and the art “of likeness” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139766

  • Notas de arte : la exposición Sabogal
    Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987
    This article by Luis E. Valcárcel was originally published in El Comercio, the Cuzco newspaper (January 31, 1919) where José Sabogal painted his canvases. According to Valcárcel, the paintings exhibited that year at Casa Brandes (Lima) “are not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139749

  • La exposición Sabogal
    Balarezo Pinillos, Ezequiel
    In this [document about] Sabogal’s first exhibition in Lima, the author wrongly declares that he is a “painter from Cuzco” because that is where he painted the works in the exhibition. The reviewer also has some reservations about the canvases [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139732

  • Notas de arte : la exposición Sabogal
    Solari, Carlos, 1883-1932
    This review notes that despite his youth and his provincial origins, José Sabogal’s talent is beyond dispute. It is precisely because of Sabogal’s evident skill that Carlos Solari decides to point out a few “buts” in the work of this artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139715

  • Nota de arte : la exposición Sabogal
    Varela y Orbegoso, Luis, 1878-1930
    The author reviews José Sabogal’s paintings at his first exhibition in Lima, with the caveat that the works were viewed in unfavorable circumstances. An illness prevented him from seeing them at the gallery, and Sabogal himself brought them to his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139698

  • Exposición Sabogal : en la Casa Brandes
    According to this article, this exhibition presented people in Lima with a rare opportunity “to see absolutely modern painting,” which prizes “emotive qualities, sincerity, and the power of values” more highly than the typical “familiar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139683

  • De arte : palos y palmas
    Castillo, Teófilo
    Sabogal was from the province of Cajamarca but studied in Europe and Argentina; here he is described as a talented painter who was considered “rare” in Lima art circles, so that his emergence in the capital city “will bring light to many.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139667

  • Pintores bogotanos : Torres Méndez
    This text is a biographical overview of the life of Colombian painter Ramón Torres Méndez. The anonymous author begins by discussing Torres Méndez’s early experiences: the private drawing classes he took in Bogotá, the printing press where he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132420

  • A arte tradicional no Brasil : a casa e o templo
    Severo, Ricardo, 1869 - 1940
    This landmark manifesto by architect and intellectual Ricardo Severo da Fonseca e Costa (1869–1940) was delivered in São Paolo, Brazil, at the 1914 conference, A Arte Tradicional no Brasil: a Casa e o Templo [Traditional Art in Brazil—The House [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125864

  • Comentarios sobre el nacimiento de la arquitectura hispano-americana
    Noel, Martín, 1888-1963
    In "Comentarios sobre el nacimiento de la arquitectura hispano-americana," Argentinean architect, art historian, and writer Martín Noel asserts that colonial architecture represents the foundation of the Latin American architectural styles that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125848

  • La arquitectura colonial en México
    Acevedo, Jesús T.
    In “La arquitectura colonial en México,” Mexican architect and writer Jesus T. Acevedo casts colonial arts and architecture as the foundation of modern Mexican artistic identity. Acevedo describes the formation of a unique style of colonial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125832

  • América monumental : el palacio Posnanski de La Paz
    Castillo, Teófilo
    In this article, Peruvian artist, photographer, and art critic Teófilo Castillo describes the architecture of Lima as deficient, proposing a structure he calls “el Palacio Posnanski” [sic], a home built by the Austrian engineer, amateur [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125752

  • [En la forja de América...]
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    The prologue to Forjando patria: pro nacionalismo, published in 1916 by leading Mexican anthropologist and archaeologist Manuel Gamio, compares the forging of metal out of an amalgam of bronze and steel to the ideal societal intermixing of Mexicans [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125463

  • La dirección de las bellas artes
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    In this essay, Mexican anthropologist Manuel Gamio argues that a department of fine arts is urgently needed in Mexico in order to stimulate creativity. He laments that anarchy and aesthetic intolerance in Mexico have caused divisions that are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125366

  • Inauguración del monumento : las fiestas de ayer
    Gil Fortoul, José, 1861-1943
    In his speech at the dedication of the monument to the Battle of Carabobo, in El Paraíso, Caracas, the historian and essayist José Gil Fortoul, who at the time was the Minister of Public Education, referred to the decree approved by the Congreso [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101901

  • [Letter] 1918 April 29, Paris, Francia [to] E. Restrepo
    Tobón Mejía, Marco, 1876-1933
    Written in Paris on April 29, 1918, this letter from sculptor Marco Tobón Mejía to his friend Carlos E. Restrepo reveals the nature of the relationship between the Colombian artist and one of the most important representatives of Colombia’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100365

  • De la exposición : salón de Bellas Artes : pintura
    This is an anonymous art-criticism article (by R. M.) about the Salón de 1910 [1910 Salon], published on the first page of the conservative newspaper, La Unidad. The writer begins with the hypothesis that the senses are the essential instrument for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098841

  • De la exposición : Salón de Bellas Artes : escultura
    This document is an art criticism that examines the sculpture shown at the Salón de Arte de 1910 [1910 Art Salon] in Colombia. The writer begins by discussing the architects of the pavilion where the exhibition was held, even mentioning the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098826

  • Cuáles son los tres mejores cuadros de la exposición
    Barrera, Francisco de
    This is a letter written by Francisco Barrera, a columnist at La Unidad in Bogotá, to Laureano Gómez, in response to his opinion on the best paintings at the Salón de Arte de 1910 [1910 Art Salon]. As his first choice, Barrera chooses and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098796

  • En el salón de pintura
    The article “En el Salón de Pintura” [At the Painting Salon] (1919)—published (anonymously) in the magazine El Gráfico—advocates a conversation to review the exhibition organized by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098257

  • Reflexiones sobre arte : el intelectualismo y la evolución estética en Colombia
    Tavera, Rafael, 1878 -1957
    The text “Reflexiones sobre arte: el intelectualismo y la evolución estética en Colombia” [Reflections on Art: Intellectualism and the Aesthetic Evolution in Colombia] proclaims that the fine arts in Colombia have failed. According to painter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098030

  • La Escuela de Bellas Artes y la Exposición Nacional de Pintura
    Grillo, Max, 1868-
    In this text, art critic Maximiliano (Max) Grillo discusses the importance and the history of the Escuela de Bellas Artes [Fine Arts School], an institution severely diminished due to indifference and neglect on the part of the government. Since both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098014

  • Horizontes
    Cano, Fidel, 1854- 1919
    In this article, journalist Fidel Cano, founder of the newspaper El Espectador (in circulation in Medellín since 1887) writes enthusiastically about Horizontes [Horizons], an oil painting that Francisco Antonio Cano had made in Bogotá; the work was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097869

  • Entrevistas de "El Gráfico" : con el pintor F. A. Cano
    In this little known interview, Colombian painter Francisco Antonio Cano provides an emotional account of his early days in Yarumal, “a village nestled in the mountains of Antioquia [Colombia].” He mentions his early accomplishments in Medellín [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093883

  • [Discurso de inauguración de la Exposición de Bellas Artes en la Celebración del Centenario]
    Marroquín Osorio, José Manuel, 1874-
    This document reproduces the speech given by priest and historian José Manuel Marroquín Osorio at the opening of the exhibition of fine arts on the occasion of the celebration of the centennial of Colombian independence—Celebración del Primer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093433

  • Um pintor de almas: a propósito de Lasar Segall
    Miller, Abílio Álvaro
    This is Abílio Miller’s review of the exhibition of works by the Lithuanian-born (nationalized Brazilian) painter Lasar Segall in 1913, after his first visit to Brazil and two months after his one-man show at a salon on São Bento street in São [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084988

  • Introducción
    García Calderón, Francisco, 1883-1953
    Paris-based writer, Francisco García-Calderón acknowledges in the introduction to his book, Les Démocraties Latines de l’Amérique (1912), that Peru, his native country, is part of a larger, more uniform world. According to him, there is a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052919

  • La Exposición de Samys Mützner en el Club Venezuela
    Monsanto, Antonio Edmundo
    This is Antonio Edmundo Monsanto’s review of the exhibition of works by the Romanian painter Samys Mützner at the Club Venezuela in Caracas in August 1918. Monsanto describes Mützner’s paintings as the work of a “legitimate artist” who, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850236

  • Pintores Jóvenes : Antonio Alcántara, Ernesto Stelling
    Martínez, Leoncio, 1889-1941
    This article by Leoncio Martínez—identified here by one of his pseudonyms: “Santiago León”—is a critical review of a joint exhibition of works by two young painters, Antonio Alcántara and Ernesto Stelling, both of whom are involved in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845961

  • Les démocraties latines de l'Amérique
    García Calderón, Francisco, 1883-1953
    This selection of documents begins with Raymond Poincaré’s—the future president of France (1913-20)—preface to Francisco García-Calderón’s book, Les démocraties latines d’Amérique. Poincaré praises Calderón’s book and traces the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838484

  • El Circulo de Bellas Artes
    In this article, written in a journalistic style rather than the academic tone of his lecture (Visiones de Caracas y otros temas, Caracas, 1969), Jesús Semprum describes the establishment of the Círculo de Bellas Artes, in Caracas, founded by “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812183

  • Impresiones y comentarios : la exposición de Samys Mützner
    Pocaterra, José Rafael, 1889-1955
    The Venezuelan writer José Rafael Pocaterra reviews his visit to the Romanian painter Samys Mützner’s exhibition at the Club Venezuela, in Caracas, in August 1918. Pocaterra describes the environment at the exhibition and provides a physical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809961

  • La exposición de Boggio
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    After attending the preview for the exhibition of painter Emilio Boggio, the Mexican poet and art critic José Juan Tablada, who lived in Caracas for some time, discusses the artist’s work, and also makes assumptions about public taste and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808640

  • Ideas y propósitos : palabras de Leoncio Martínez, en la instalación del "Círculo de Bellas Artes"
    This was a speech given by the Venezuelan humorist, caricaturist and journalist, Leoncio Martínez (Leo) (1888–1941) on September 4, 1912. The occasion for Leoncio Martínez’s speech was the opening of El Círculo de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808507

  • La acción : he aquí el programa
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    Signed in September 1914, the short article by Dr. Atl—then director of the Academia de San Carlos—states his opinion about the direction the Academy should take as the Mexican revolution raged around it. “The dilemma I am facing is this: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799527

  • Artes plásticas : los pintores jaliscienses : José Clemente Orozco
    Monterde, Francisco
    Fradique’s article, signed in Guadalajara, which is the capital of the state of Jalisco, sets out to review the work of some of the artists from that state. He begins with the “elders”: Dr. Atl, Alfredo Ramos Martínez (sic) and Rafael Ponce de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799498