Topic Descriptor: identity×
  • From cara to caca : the multiple anatomies of Chicano/a art at the turn of the new century
    Gaspar de Alba, Alicia, 1958-
    In this essay, Alicia Gaspar de Alba reviews nine post-1990 exhibitions of Chicano art, all of which have sought to “materialize” Chicano/a from within the mainstream art museum, or as she calls it, the “master’s house.” The exhibitions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847058

  • Domesticana : the sensibility of Chicana rasquache
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Building upon scholar and cultural critic Tomás Ybarra-Frausto’s theorization of rasquachismo as a set of aesthetic practices that adopt an oppositional stance to dominant culture and articulate a Chicano identity, Amalia Mesa-Bains—a cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847038

  • Inventing tradition, negotiating modernism : Chicano/a art and the Pre-Columbian past
    Zamudio Taylor, Victor
    In this essay, Victor Zamudio-Taylor explores the valorization of Mexico’s pre-Columbian roots as a key element in the development of cultural identity within the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Inspired by the ideology of mexicanidad— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846981

  • Against Rasquache : Chicano identity and the politics of popular culture in Los Angeles
    García, Ramón, 1967-
    In this essay, Ramón García explores the foundations and essential qualities of Chicano camp (rasquache) and its artistic and literary manifestations. García begins with a discussion of the walking murals of the Los Angeles conceptual art group, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845797

  • Breaking Barriers
    Campos-Pons, María Magdalena, 1959-
    In this brief, bilingual artist statement Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons expresses her belief that art is “The transformation of ordinary things into a vision, a new dimension that wasn’t their original purpose.” Therefore, she explains that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845701

  • Rasquachismo : a Chicano sensibility
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    Mexican-American scholar Tomás Ybarra-Frausto defines the Mexican concept of rasquache [crummy] for both Chicano and non-Mexican readers and presents it (with some humor) for the conceptualization of a Chicano artistic sensibility. Defined as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845510

  • Urban exile (or, the Chicano Artist as a lie of omission)
    Gamboa, Harry, Jr.
    This article by Los Angeles artist Harry Gamboa, Jr. deals with the changing sense of Chicano identity, both individually and collectively, and how this is reflected in Chicano art. Gamboa challenges widely accepted, negative stereotypes of Chicanos [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845361

  • From populist to pop : the graphic arts of the Chicano and Puerto Rican movements
    Estrada, Henry C.
    In this essay, curator and scholar Henry C. Estrada argues that despite the fact that Latinos are a heterogeneous cultural group, they share a history of colonialism, geographic displacement, internal exile, and racial discrimination. The experience [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842806

  • The artists respond: art, culture, politics
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    “The Artists Respond: Art, Culture, Politics” is a transcript of artists’ responses to questions posed by Juan Sánchez, curator of the exhibition The Puerto Rican Equation: Puerto Rican Artists Ponder 100 Years Since the 1898 Invasion. Among [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842672

  • Blurriness in focus
    Falconi, José Luis
    José Luis Falconi discusses Nuyorican photographer Adal Maldonado’s series, Out of Focus Nuyoricans, as a metaphorical depiction of the mutable nature of Puerto Rican identity and nationhood. By choosing to portray his Puerto Rican subjects as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841920

  • Nuyoricans Out of Focus
    Pietri, Pedro, 1944-2004
    Nuyorican poet Pedro Pietri describes in this text the difficulty of classifying Puerto Ricans with standard racial and ethnic categories employed by United States government agencies. He commends Puerto Ricans for living lives that resist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841881

  • Jorge Soto : portfolio
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    The work of Jorge Soto, an artist of Puerto Rican descent, is featured in the portfolio section of the first issue of Caribe magazine. He explains his drawings and images as incorporating symbols and meanings related to the general themes of being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841786

  • Living Borders/Buscando America : languages of Latino self-formation
    Flores, Juan; Yudice, George
    Written at a time when the United States’ English-only movement was expanding, this article examines the construct of Latino identity in its social, political and aesthetic dimensions, through the struggle over language. The authors discuss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841662

  • Confluencias : Leandro Soto and Raoul Deal
    Soto, Leandro, 1956-; Deal, Raoul
    This booklet for the exhibition Confluencias: Leandro Soto and Raoul Deal contains three texts: an interview with the artists by Linda Corbin-Pardee, an essay by Gregory Jay, and a short text by Awam Amkpa entitled “The Story of Oggun.” Jay [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840815

  • [Reinventing Jimmy Green]
    Kovatch, Ron
    In this essay, Ron Kovatch explores how issues of relocation, assimilation, and identity are manifest in the group of sculptures by Raoul Deal presented in the installation Reinventing Jimmy Green. Inspired by his grandfather Eugenio Greco’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840758

  • The "Grupo de Arte Jóven de Tocoal"
    Deal, Raoul
    In this lecture, Raoul Deal reflects on his experiences living in Mexico between 1988 and 1998, on the history of art and education in Mexico, and the work of the workshop of El Tesoro de Tamulté in the state of Tabasco. Deal stresses Leandro Soto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840704

  • Leaving Aztlan
    Johnson, Katie
    In this essay, Kaytie Johnson introduces the premise of an exhibition that examines new trends in contemporary art by a new generation of Latino artists. Using strategies of appropriation, they confront assumptions about “Chicano/a” and “Latino [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840460

  • Straddling la otra frontera: inserting mi chicana/o visual culture into chicana/o art
    Miner, Dylan
    In this text, Dylan Miner revises the historiography of Chicano art by inserting the activities of Chicano artists active in Michigan (“MiChicano/a” artists) and the Midwest into established narratives of Chicano art and culture. Miner recounts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840324

  • The Mexican in Chicago
    Jones, Robert C.; Wilson, Louis R.
    This text sympathetically discusses Mexican immigrants in Chicago under several subsections. In the first section, “The New Home,” authors Robert C. Jones and Louis R. Wilson describe the lively and colorful street life of the neighborhood where [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840040

  • ¿Qué es América Latina?
    Coutinho, Afrãnio
    Brazilian literary critic and essayist Afrânio Coutinho wrote this article in the late- 1960s. His article states since inception that to him the term “Latin American,” is at odds with the historical, social, cultural, literary, and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839810

  • Americanismo y peruanismo
    Orrego, Antenor, 1892-1960
    In this text, Antenor Orrego argues that nationalist culture should not be based on the traditional cultures of Peru, but rather on a totally new Pan-American sensibility. Orrego argues that a contemporary “Peruanismo literario” is a false idea [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839055

  • ¿Identidad o modernidad?
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    In this chapter from América Latina en sus artes Jorge Alberto Manrique begins by describing the artistic movements of the 1920s and comparing this period to a giant hinge that moved backward to the nineteenth century and forward to the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838652

  • Le livre de Luis Alberto Sánchez : y-a-t-il une Amérique latine?
    Braudel, Fernand
    In this article published in the Parisian journal, Annales d’histoire économique et sociale, (1948) renowned French historian Fernand Braudel responds to Luis Alberto Sánchez’s ¿Existe América Latina? Braudel considers Sánchez’s text (1945 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838616

  • Indagación : ¿qué debe ser el arte americano?
    Hernández Catá, Alfonso, 1885-1940
    In the series of questions asked for the survey for Revista de Avance, Alfonso Hernandez Cata is asked four questions that go in accordance with the larger theme of question of identity “Que debe ser el Arte Americano?” (What should be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832204

  • Indagación : ¿qué debe ser el arte americano?
    Blanco-Fombona, Rufino, 1874-1944
    In this brief interview with Rufino Blanco Fombona in the Cuban magazine, Revista de Avance, he is presented with the 4 specific survey questions that support the larger theme question of identity, “Que debe ser el arte Americano?” (What should [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832186

  • Imagen histórica de Puerto Rico a través de las artes plásticas
    Fernández Méndez, Eugenio
    Puerto Rican historian Eugenio Fernández Méndez submits a “descriptive and literary review of how artists from different periods have viewed the history of Puerto Rico.” He remarks that it is important to be universal, but claims that one must [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823805

  • El artista latinoamericano y su identidad
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    Argentine critic Jorge Romero Brest remarks that he was not invited to participate in the symposium “El artista latinoamericano y su identidad” [The Latin American Artist and His Identity] held at the University of Texas en Austin in October 1975 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822512

  • Suro en la Encrucijada de la Identidad
    Gil Fiallo, Laura
    This essay by art critic Laura Gil Fiallo posthumously explores the creation of imagery in Darío Suro’s art that captured the multi-dimensionality of Dominican and Caribbean art. She thus emphasizes the existential quality of Suro’s style, its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821643

  • Where are the Chicana printmakers? : presence and absence in the work of Chicana artists of the movimiento = Dónde están las grabadistas chicanas : presencia y ausencia de la obra de las artistas chicanas en el movimiento chicano
    Barnet-Sánchez, Holly
    In this bilingual catalogue essay, art historian Holly Barnet-Sanchez explores Chicana graphic art in California from the mid-1970s to the end of the millennium by discussing the unifying trends in Chicana art and the importance of—yet seldom [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821407

  • Points of convergence : the iconography of the Chicano poster = Puntos de convergencia : la iconografía del cartel chicano
    Romo, Terecita
    In this bilingual essay, Chicana art historian and curator Tere Romo delineates three distinct periods of poster production, tracing the factors that shaped the development of iconography and visual styles, as well as the varying degrees to which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821382

  • De cómo el arte Chicano es tan indocumentado como los indocumentados
    Stellweg, Carla
    In a continuation of an article published in Artes Visuales in 1978, Carla Stellweg provides an overview of issues relevant to Chicano art and the diverse approaches artists use to negotiate such conditions. She further outlines how early Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820637

  • Between two waters : image and identity in Latino-American art
    Ramírez, Mari Carmen, 1955-
    In this essay, curator and art historian Mari Carmen Ramírez argues that demographic trends and the emergence of multiculturalism have generated renewed debate about the conditions for representation and identity among marginalized groups. While [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820488

  • Iberoamérica y su identidad artística y cultural
    Areán González, Carlos Antonio, 1921-
    Addressing the subject strictly from the perspective of his particular field of expertise, the Spanish historian Carlos Areán discusses the issue of identity. According to him, Spain, Portugal, and Latin America as a whole are facing an identity [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815730

  • Arte e identidad : métodos institucionales en el desarrollo cultural venezolano
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    In an attempt at historical reconstruction, and due to the intense political situation in Venezuela (between 1974 and 1978), art critic Roberto Montero Castro attempts to detect the presence of “the Venezuelan identity” in certain artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815631

  • En torno a la pintura de hoy
    Debourg, Narciso, 1925-
    In this article, Narciso Debourg outlines the difficulties he faces as a young artist of Latin American descent the moment he tries to review, assimilate, or subscribe to any of the present trends he yearns to follow specifically within the European [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813597

  • Memory, identity and progress : perspectives on 1992
    Zamudio Taylor, Victor
    In his essay, Victor Zamudio-Taylor addresses the historic loss of cultural memory imposed on mestizos (mixed race people) by the dominant culture throughout the Americas since the time of the conquest by the Spanish and Portuguese. The loss of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809793

  • Border arte : Nepantla, el lugar de la frontera
    Anzaldúa, Gloria
    In this article, Gloria Anzaldúa explores what it means to be a Chicano/a border artist. Reflecting on mixed feelings about a trip to a museum exhibition of the Aztec world, she meditates on the tension between the Chicano/a desire to reconnect with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809763

  • Mexican American artists
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    This excerpt from Jacinto Quirarte’s book, Mexican American Artists, includes the introduction, chapters 4 through 8, and a short conclusion. In the introduction, the author explores Chicano identity and the unifying elements of Chicano art. While [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809688

  • Multi-correct politically cultural
    Chávez, Patricio
    In this essay, curator Patricio Chávez discusses the sociopolitical and cultural conditions that led to the development of the 1993 exhibition entitled La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience. He addresses the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809385

  • Introduction
    Chávez, Patricio; Grynsztejn, Madeleine
    In this curatorial statement, Patricio Chávez and Madeleine Grynsztejn, co-curators of the exhibition La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience (1993), describe the project as the “central manifestation” of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809326

  • Regionalidade e universalidade na expressão artística latino-americana
    GONÇALVES, Lisbeth Rebollo
    This article stresses the need to establish the parameters of Latin American art events and think about the criteria used to judge them. It also discusses a question that defines the idea of “regionality,” a concept that is closely associated [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808332

  • O corpo repetido : espaço de sacralização/dessacralização nas obras de Frida Kahlo, Ismael Nery e Fernando Botero
    Borsa Cattani, Icleia
    In this article, the author Icleia Borsa Cattani discusses her opinion that a particular artistic process is an intrinsic aspect of modernity: repetition. She analyzes the portrayal of the human body in the works of Frida Kahlo, Ismael Nery, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808294

  • A identidade no plural
    Fabris, Annateresa
    In this essay, Annateresa Fabris addresses the issue of identity and its connections to the visual arts in Latin America. She refers to the concept of a “sense of place” in the development of the symbolic system that posits the idea of a “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808207

  • Introdução : América Latina : territorialidades e práticas artísticas
    Maria Amélia Bulhões; Kern, Maria Lúcia Bastos
    In the introduction to their anthology of essays, María Amalia Bulhões and Maria Lúcia Kern explain their goal of assembling works by thinkers who suggested alternatives to the problem of territorializing art practices in Latin America. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808075

  • La mirada del viejo mundo hacia el nuevo mundo
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    In this article, Roberto Pontual ponders the concept of “discovery,” and discusses the development of a Latin American awareness that has been imposed from elsewhere. This external view establishes a sense of foreign domination that sees the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807774

  • [Letter] 1970 April 3 [to] a Darcy Ribeiro
    Celso Furtado
    In this text, celebrated intellectual Celso Furtado—the former minister of economics—contemplates the possibility of the conciliation of ideological and intellectual processes given the outdated social structure of Brazil. He argues that the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807720

  • El éxito de los derrotados
    Traba, Marta
    The Argentine critic Marta Traba, who was based in Puerto Rico at the time of this article, evaluates the works presented on the occasion of the Primera Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [1st San Juan Biennial of Latin American Graphic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806451

  • La nueva imagen
    Glusberg, Jorge
    Jorge Glusberg, founder of the Centro de Arte y Comunicación [Center for Art and Communication] (CAyC in Buenos Aires), says that “there is no such thing as a Latin American art but there is a common set of challenges that creates an identity.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805841

  • Brasil: integrante da America Latina = Brasil, país integrante de la América Latina
    Barata, Mário
    According to the Brazilian critic Mario Barata, cultural identity derives from qualities that go beyond natural phenomena; it is also the result of planning and the promotion of works of art produced by a particular country. Permanent status is thus [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805751

  • Hacia la sociohistoria de nuestra realidad artística
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    Juan Acha, the Peruvian critic and historian who has lived in Mexico long time ago, claims that it is a mistake to see art criticism as an appendix to artistic expression. According to Acha, art criticism “should examine artistic reality and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805661