Topic Descriptor: polemics×
  • La inútil discusión de Boedo y Florida
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1928
    In this text, Jorge Luis Borges writes about the dichotomy created between what later became the two most important literary tendencies in the 1920s Buenos Aires: “el grupo de Boedo” [The Boedo District Group] and “el grupo de Florida” [The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732673

  • La nueva imagen del IAC
    Belaúnde Guinassi, Mario
    1966
    Founded in 1947, the Galería de Lima, gave rise to the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) eight years later. After its inception, the IAC was key in revitalizing the local scene with international modernism through exhibitions by foreign and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142594

  • La pintura de David A. Siqueiros es escenografía : afirma Diego Rivera
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Diego Rivera responds to Siqueiros in a confrontational tone, because he believed Siqueiros had in reality accomplished nothing new. Duco materials had already been used before, and the Futurists had already worked with movement effects, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758157

  • La pintura mexicana está en decadencia, dice Tamayo : Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco y David Alfaro Siqueiros, en declive
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Rufino Tamayo made no reference to the government initiative being handled by Rivera, Orozco, and Siqueiros, although he expressed his strong opposition to the idea. In 1944 Tamayo had warned that Mexican painting was stagnating and in a state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755507

  • La visita positiva
    Erminy, Perán
    1965
    In this article, critic Perán Erminy takes stock of Marta Traba’s controversial visit to Caracas in 1965, arriving at the conclusion that the resulting debate was “extremely positive.” As a Venezuelan, Erminy maintains a favorable view of her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799445

  • López Antay ha muerto...¡Viva López Antay!
    Oliva, Félix, 1932-2004
    1981
    In this article the artist Félix Oliva reviews the debate sparked by the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Following the latter’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136445

  • López Antay levanta polvareda
    Freire Sarria, Luis, 1945-
    1976
    For the second time, the writer and journalist Luis Freire weighs in on the debate sparked by the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136317

  • Los “Tres Grandes” deben contar con sus colegas
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    In an interview with Antonio Rodríguez, the painter José Chávez Morado expressed his approval of the Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting] on the grounds that a standard must be established for decorating [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755484

  • Los 4 vientos
    1969
    This brief anonymous article addresses the debate on the subject of Motociclista No. 3, by Luis Zevallos Hetzel, winner of the first prize at the painting competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón (a resort on the outskirts of Lima). The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142204

  • Los cuadros de Miguel Ángel
    Naranjo, Reynaldo, 1936-
    1969
    This brief article discusses the exhibition of paintings by Miguel Ángel Cuadros at the Art Center gallery in Miraflores, Lima. The artist was asked for his opinions about the controversial reaction to Motociclista No 3, the painting by Luis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142235

  • Los elogios y los desdenes a la Bienal son prematuros
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    1958
    Art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna believed that it was unfair to lodge harsh criticism against an international art competition like the first Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772170

  • Los murales de Torres y algunas afirmaciones
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    1972
    This article by Fernando García Esteban appeared in the weekly journal Marcha and is part of a controversy with the writer Juan Carlos Somma. All in all, the critic’s rant revealed behavior and decisions, both governmental and private, when he was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245013

  • Manifiesto : acta de fundación : Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas
    Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas
    1976
    This is the founding statute, filed in Lima, Peru, of SUTAP (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas) [Sole Visual Arts Workers Union], an organization devoted to the recognition of the social function of art. The document states [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136267

  • Margarita Nelken contesta al pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros un artículo : Lamenta que se pretenda hacer de un solo pintor la representación del Arte de México
    Nelken, Margarita
    1949
    In this interview, Margarita Nelken, the Spanish critic, reacts to the opinions expressed by David Alfaro Siqueiros. Nelken defends her comments concerning the lack of innovation in Diego Rivera’s art, and says that it is regrettable to attempt to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774948

  • Marrozzini y la mediocridad : notas sobre declaraciones de Luigi Marrozzini, Director de la Galería Colibrí en la revista Avance con fecha del 7 de febrero de 1973
    Homar, Lorenzo
    1973
    Lorenzo Homar harshly criticizes Luigi Marrozzini, director of the Galería Colibrí in Old San Juan, for certain statements in Revista Avance. Homar asserts that Marrozzini was not the founder of the Galería Colibrí or the Bienal de San Juan de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861634

  • Ministro de obras : no ordenó monumento de Negret
    1980
    This press release, written by the Minster of Public Works and Transportation (1980) Enrique Vargas Ramírez, was distributed to the Colombian media on the occasion of the controversy concerning the monument commissioned from the sculptor Édgar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089334

  • Muralismo : basta ya de “cuadros grandes”; hagamos murales, declara Alfaro Siqueiros, fustigando a Diego, a Tamayo y a O´Gorman
    Álvarez Fe, Vicente
    1955
    Vicente Fé Álvarez interviews David Alfaro Siqueiros, who speaks his mind about the current state of mural painting and talks about how he (Siqueiros) has tried to change it. The artist says that mural painting is like cinematography, explaining [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735242

  • No me retiro
    Traba, Marta
    1965
    In this article, written after the final debate at the Ateneo in Caracas, Marta Traba reviews the controversy that was unleashed by her ideas in 1965. She comes to the conclusion that there was no controversy, just an ongoing rebelliousness, as shown [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799360

  • No sólo por amor al arte
    Cárdenas, Marcela, 1948-
    1976
    In this interview the painter Leslie Lee discusses the reasons behind the founding of SUTAP (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas) [Sole Visual Arts Workers Union], explaining the group’s disagreements and subsequent break with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136333

  • Nos cerraron la Escuela : perdemos el año
    1971
    This flyer denounces the situation of the Escuela de Bellas Artes Manuel Belgrano (Buenos Aires, Argentina), which was then closed by military orders with no possibility of re-opening. It likewise repudiates the takeover of this institution, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779190

  • Opiniones divididas motivó el debate sobre pintor Zevallos
    1969
    This is a brief selection of the opinions expressed by critics and artists at a round-table discussion about the jury’s controversial decision to award the first prize for painting to Motociclista No. 3, the work submitted by Luis Zevallos Hetzel [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142269

  • Orozco no cambia, no investiga, siempre se repite : Tamayo está listo para defenderse : La controversia sigue su marcha
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    In this interview by Antonio Rodriguez, Rufino Tamayo responds to José Clemente Orozco and explains what he means by the stagnation and the decadence of Mexican painting. In Tamayo’s opinion, the post-revolutionary pictorial movement initially [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755525

  • Pero, todo es válido? : La II Bienal en el Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogotá
    Ponce de León, Carolina, 1955-
    1990
    This article by Carolina Ponce de León was published in the Colombian daily newspaper El Tiempo in response to the controversy surrounding the Segunda Bienal de Arte [Second Art Biennial] of the Museo de Arte Moderno [Museum of Modern Art] of Bogot [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858375

  • Polémica
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    1951
    Contrary to the arguments put forth by opponents of “non-figurative” painting, this article maintains that a country’s degree of cultural evolution is in no way tied to its adherence or lack of adherence to a given artistic tendency. While, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137823

  • Polémica sobre el homenaje a Sérvulo : Juan Acha responde a Juan Ríos
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1961
    This document is the second letter sent by Juan Acha to Edgardo Pérez Luna, art critic for Lima-based El Comercio newspaper, where he defends the pertinence of his prologue to the catalogue to Exposición Homenaje, an exhibition in honor of painter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107568

  • Polémica sobre el homenaje a Sérvulo : Juan Ríos responde a Juan Acha
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    1961
    Author Juan Ríos continues his exchange of open letters by responding the publication of a letter in El Comercio (Lima, October 19, 1961), wherein Juan Acha defends himself against the accusation that he showed disrespect to Sérvulo Gutiérrez in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151116

  • Polémica sobre el homenaje a Sérvulo: Juan Acha responde a Juan Ríos; hija de Sérvulo protesta porque el IAC se negó a exhibir el primer cuadro de su padre / Juan Acha
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1961
    This document is the first letter that Juan Acha sent to Edgardo Pérez Luna, art critic for Lima-based newspaper El Comercio. In it, Acha defends the text he wrote for the catalogue to the Sérvulo Gutiérrez retrospective, explaining that— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107551

  • Por mi parte, punto final
    Traba, Marta
    1965
    In this article Marta Traba takes the thoughts expressed by her opponents in their ongoing debate—in particular those by J. R. Guillent Pérez—and distills them down to what she considers to be the focal point of the controversy, which is her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799411

  • Premio a López Antay rompe esqemas del arte "culto": ganador del premio de arte visitó el INC
    1975
    This is a report on the visit of the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay—the winner of the 1975 National Culture Prize in the art category—to the INC (Instituto Nacional de Cultura). The report includes his statements as well as those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135945

  • Premio a López Antay suscita controversias : unos : consagración del arte popular. Otros : una cosa es arte y otra artesanía
    Bermúdez, Alfonso
    1975
    This article, published in the newspaper La Crónica (Lima, 27 December 1975), quotes the opinions expressed by a group of artists shortly after the announcement that Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru, had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135879

  • Pro y contra : el premio a López Antay
    Abril de Vivero, Francisco
    1976
    This newspaper article discusses the opposing points of view expressed by Peruvian artists in the debate over the 1975 National Culture Prize. Speaking in favor of the decision, Ciro Palacios states that the award acknowledges “an urgent need to re [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136530

  • Psicología del impresionismo
    Grillo, Max, 1868-
    1905
    In this article, poet Maximiliano Grillo voices his opposition to editor and critic Baldomero Sanín Cano in relation to the work of artist Andrés de Santamaría. Sanín Cano’s views were put forth in articles entitled “El impresionismo en Bogot [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079619

  • Punto final
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    This text is essayist Sebastián Salazar Bondy’s response to the ironic comments that architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland published in “En blanca y negra,” his column in the Lima-based newspaper El Comercio, on July 25, 1954. In his text, Mir [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138231

  • Renunció el rector de Bellas Artes : crítica estudiantil al consejo de la escuela Prilidiano Pueyrredón
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This news article details student demands submitted to the faculty at the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the resignation of the chancellor, Mr. Jorge Lezama—the event that triggered the student protest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778915

  • Resentido social
    Buendía, Felipe, 1927-2002
    1966
    This document is a letter by Felipe Buendía to the Lima magazine Caretas in response to the commentary on a previous letter of his. The writer and journalist states that he was branded as “resentful of society” based on his previous letter. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142644

  • Resistido por profesores y alumnos : renunció el interventor en Bellas Artes, doce horas después de asumir
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This article reports on the pressure exerted by the assembly of teachers and students whose goal was to ask for the resignation of the administrator appointed by Argentina’s Ministry of Education and Culture, after he had announced that he would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779121

  • Respuestas a la carta de Cuevas
    Tibol, Raquel
    1958
    Art critic Raquel Tibol questions the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón and four artists from the second generation of the Mexican School of painting–Raúl Anguiano, Alberto Beltrán, Leopoldo Méndez, and José Chávez Morado—about the letter signed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772083

  • Rigor y autenticidad
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1965
    In this article, the critic Roberto Guevara harshly rebuts the theses of Marta Traba, who argued in the mid-1960s that Latin American art had been “depersonalized” and contaminated by the “mimicry” of international art. Guevara, who felt the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799462

  • Será un monumento popular : respuesta de Edgar Negret
    Negret, Edgar, 1920-2012
    1980
    The sculptor, Edgar Negret, refuted the statements made by a group of historians from the Academia Colombiana de Historia [Colombian History Academy], led by Germán Arciniegas, on the Monument to Bolívar commissioned for the celebration of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098751

  • Sérvulo en la maraña y tras un camino
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1961
    Well-known writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy states that, as in the case of Sérvulo Gutiérrez, there are lives and works “that stimulate debate, that appear destined to be fought over even after they have come to an end.” Regardless of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151098

  • Siqueiros acusa a Tamayo y Tamayo le responde así
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Tamayo, Rufino
    1951
    HOY magazine thought that the long-running controversy between mural painters and abstract painters was old news. The simmering dispute had, however, recently boiled over into an open argument between Tamayo and Siqueiros, so the magazine asked both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768074

  • Sobre el significado del arte
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    In this article Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias replies to the comments made by Luis Miró Quesada Garland (El Comercio, Lima, August 14, 1955) as part of the debate prompted by the latter’s conclusions concerning the newspaper’s survey about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137729

  • Solamente extranjeros en la Bienal Bis : Bellas Artes habla sobre el grupo de los descontentitos
    Salmon, Agustín
    1958
    The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA) [National Institute of Fine Arts] discredited the exhibition of the “independents,” saying that it was for foreigners who were not invited because they were not Mexican nationals and also because [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758383

  • Tamayo : No puedo luchar contra el grupo que se ha impuesto en la Bienal…
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1958
    While he was in Paris, Rufino Tamayo received a second invitation to take part in the Mexican Biennial that was being organized by the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA).This time, in an attempt to persuade him, Miguel Salas Anzures told him [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769929

  • Tamayo es de una ampulosa suficiencia : dice Siqueiros
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    In this interview, David Alfaro Siqueiros associates Rufino Tamayo with the formalism of the School of Paris, with the snobbish, bourgeois attitude of those who opposed political art. He acknowledges the sense of color and synthesis in Tamayo’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755533

  • Tamayo habla a Hoy desde París! : Respaldado por su triunfo en Europa habla con olímpico desprecio de Diego Rivera y Siqueiros
    Alba, Víctor
    1950
    Rufino Tamayo believed that he had the moral authority to speak out and deny what Siqueiros was saying about his failure at the Venice Bienniale. Tamayo pointed out that, although he did not win any prizes, the Italian government bought one of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758996

  • Tamayo no es el mejor pintor de México!
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1951
    Antonio Rodríguez thought there had been a campaign to convince the world that Rufino Tamayo was the best painter in Mexico; but there were some who didn’t agree. Rodríguez acknowledged that Tamayo was a good painter, particularly in his command [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759018

  • The Chicago Show : news, views, commentary
    This press packet is a collection of twenty-nine articles from local and national publications and press releases from Chicago artists’ organizations that convey the controversy surrounding The Chicago Show. Meant as a blind-juried art exhibition, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075517

  • Torres García no tiene la culpa
    Somma, Juan Carlos
    1972
    In the Montevidean press, the controversy between the writer Juan Carlos Somma and the art critic Fernando García Esteban developed and was published in installments. It revolved around the governmental and private decisions that were made in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245035

  • Trayectoria : Se dirije al pueblo en general y a los productores de arte en particular
    Martínez Rendón, Miguel D., 1891-
    1928
    With this poster, aimed at the public in general and artists in particular, the academics respond to the attack by the treinta-treintista group. The poster states the reasons why the academics formed the Trayectoria group and their plan for public [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779483