Topic Descriptor: Mexican American×
  • Chicano centros, murals, and arts
    Castellanos, Leonard
    This essay by Leonard Castellanos describes the efforts of the Los Angeles Mechicano Art Center and other centros [cultural centers] to develop successful mural programs and provide support to Chicano artists who have not received it from traditional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795926

  • Chicano chronicle and cosmology : the works of Carmen Lomas Garza
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    This essay by Amalia Mesa-Bains was included as the introduction of the catalogue to the exhibition of Carmen Lomas Garza’s art, A Piece of My Heart/Pedacito de Mi Corazón, which traveled to various cities in the states of Texas, California, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803276

  • Chicano hispanic arts philanthropy : a statement on the state of the art
    Trujillo, Lorenzo A.
    This document is a report by Dr. Lorenzo A. Trujillo of the Chicano Humanities and Arts Council (CHAC) in Denver, Colorado, in which he details the state of philanthropic support for Chicano and Hispanic art production. Trujillo acknowledges the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849123

  • Chicano poster art : interview with Rupert Garcia
    Maradiaga, Ralph
    This document is an interview between artist and guest curator, Ralph Maradiaga, and painter and poster artist, Rupert Garcia, both of who were founding members of the Galería de la Raza in San Francisco, California. The focus of the interview is on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803336

  • Chicano-Latino wall art : the mural and the poster
    Garcia, Rupert
    In this essay, artist and author Rupert Garcia focuses on two related modes of Chicano art: the mural and the poster. Garcia maintains that Chicano-Latino mural and poster art were both born out of the social upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s. Both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809445

  • Concerning Patrocinio Barela
    Hunter, Rusell Vernon, 1900- 1955
    In this document, Vernon Hunter presents a brief artist biography of New Mexican wood-carver Patrocinio Barela. Hunter discusses Barela’s early development as an artist, noting that he began his career making conventional carvings of saints before [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082712

  • Conditions for producing chicana art
    Venegas, Sybil
    In this essay, art historian and curator Sybil Venegas discusses the social and economic conditions that led to the public emergence of Chicana artists in the 1970s. According to Venegas, by the 1970s Chicanas had developed both the economic means, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845778

  • Conferencia plástica chicana, 1979
    This document is the program brochure for the 1979 Conferencia Plástica Chicana [Chicano Visual Arts Conference], which consists of an introduction, schedule, the presenters, listings, and credits. In the brief, bilingual introduction, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849438

  • Contemporary Chicano art
    Monteverde, Mildred
    Mildred Monteverde’s social art historical essay provides a survey of the various artistic elements that comprised the Chicano art movement during its initial period in the 1960s and early 1970s. As an auxiliary of the Chicano political movement, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845835

  • Creative aspects of La Raza inspired by chicano experiences
    Torres, Salvador Roberto, 1936-
    In this Masters of Fine Arts (MFA) thesis, Salvador Torres presents the theoretical foundation for his project that traces the development of the United Farm Workers’ Huelga (Strike) banner through a series of six paintings and six drawings. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820503

  • Dále Gas: Chicano art of Texas
    Martinez, Santos
    This is a curatorial statement published in the catalog for the 1977 exhibition Dále Gas: Chicano Art of Texas. The exhibition’s curator, Santos Martinez, Jr., defines the term “Chicano” as referring to a highly politicized, radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849251

  • De cómo el arte Chicano es tan indocumentado como los indocumentados
    Stellweg, Carla
    In a continuation of an article published in Artes Visuales in 1978, Carla Stellweg provides an overview of issues relevant to Chicano art and the diverse approaches artists use to negotiate such conditions. She further outlines how early Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820637

  • Domesticana : the sensibility of Chicana rasquache
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Building upon scholar and cultural critic Tomás Ybarra-Frausto’s theorization of rasquachismo as a set of aesthetic practices that adopt an oppositional stance to dominant culture and articulate a Chicano identity, Amalia Mesa-Bains—a cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847038

  • El arte del Chicano : "the spirit of the experience"
    Sanchez Lujan, Gilbert
    In this brief essay, Gilberto Sánchez Luján addresses the conditions that have led to a difficult understanding of Chicano art on the part of the general public. The author identifies two primary issues that have impeded the development of Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796109

  • El Grito
    This document encompasses the entire special issue of the journal El Grito, which consisted of statements and artwork by five Mexican-American artists from the San Francisco Bay Area, in California. The issue begins with an introduction by one of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796281

  • El mestizo
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    In this statement, artist César Martinez briefly mentions his Mestizo(intermingling of European and Pre-Columbian descent) series of paintings in which he confronts both aspects (Spanish and Mexican Indigenous) of his mestizo self. The artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803111

  • Entrevista con David Torrez
    In this interview David Torrez discusses his devotion to the arts of his Mexican-American heritage, his involvement in founding organizations such as the Mexican Historical Society of Saginaw, Michigan, and his many artistic projects. Among these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064250

  • Errata histórica
    Border Art Workshop/Tallér de Arte Fronterízo
    In this article, members of the Border Art Workshop/Taller de Arte Fronterizo (BAW/TAF) respond to several misrepresentations of the group and factual errors about its genesis carried out by former member Guillermo Gómez-Peña. Citing quotes from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849008

  • Estado de la crítica del arte Chicano
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    This document is an essay by Shifra M. Goldman in which she proposes that contemporary art criticism is in a state of crisis, a situation she attributes to the “problematics of modernism.” Goldman argues that art criticism’s internal turmoil is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082533

  • Ester Hernández
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    This essay by artist, scholar, and cultural critic Amalia Mesa-Bains explores the personal, cultural, and social histories that have influenced Chicana artist, Ester Hernández. The author begins with an analysis of one of Hernández’s most famous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796259

  • Forging a mexican national identity in Chicago : mexican migrants and hull house
    López, Rick Anthony
    In this essay from 2004, historian Rick A. López argues that the Hull-House in Chicago played an important role in promoting a Mexican nationalist aesthetics among the Mexican migrant community that settled in the city in the 1920s. Behind the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052494

  • From beats to borders : an alternative history of Chicano art in California
    Noriega, Chon A., 1961-
    In his essay, scholar and curator Chon Noriega explores the process of writing alternative histories through three case studies in Chicano visual arts. He presents each example as the result of an engagement with both identity politics and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 862140

  • From cara to caca : the multiple anatomies of Chicano/a art at the turn of the new century
    Gaspar de Alba, Alicia, 1958-
    In this essay, Alicia Gaspar de Alba reviews nine post-1990 exhibitions of Chicano art, all of which have sought to “materialize” Chicano/a from within the mainstream art museum, or as she calls it, the “master’s house.” The exhibitions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847058

  • Gender, muralism and the politics of identity : Chicana muralism and indigenist aesthetics
    Latorre, Guisela, 1970-
    In this document, Guisela Latorre examines the emergence of a Chicana muralist program that developed in response to the unequal treatment of women within national Chicano political and artistic movements, which often regarded their participation as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849343

  • Gronk : an interview
    In this short article, Karla Gutiérrez interviews prominent Chicano artist, Gronk, one of the members of the seminal Los Angeles performance art group, ASCO. Gutiérrez asks Gronk to discuss his views on the current state of the Chicano Movement and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820972

  • How Come Tin-Tan?
    This document is an editorial page outlining the motivations for the creation of the magazine Tin-Tan. It cites its primary focus as addressing a critical absence in the print media of publications dedicated to the concerns of Mexican-Americans and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127459

  • Iconography : strictly Chicano
    Unzueta, Manuel
    In this essay, Manuel Unzueta makes a case for the unique nature of Chicano art. He writes that Chicano art has made great strides toward acceptance in the mainstream art world, and despite many obstacles, Chicano artists continue to create original [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803383

  • Introduction
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    Shifra M. Goldman’s essay provides a brief history of the Chicano Movement and also names some of the early Mexican American women’s political groups, professional associations, and art groups. She discusses the overall failure of the Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803291

  • Introduction
    Chávez, Patricio; Grynsztejn, Madeleine
    In this curatorial statement, Patricio Chávez and Madeleine Grynsztejn, co-curators of the exhibition La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience (1993), describe the project as the “central manifestation” of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809326

  • Introduction : sanctums of the spirit - the altares of Amalia Mesa-Bains
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto was included in the catalogue of the 1987 exhibition, Grotto of the Virgins: Installation by Amalia Mesa-Bains, which was held at the INTAR Latin American Gallery in New York. Ybarra-Frausto discusses the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803246

  • Introduction : the beginnings of Chicano art
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    Jacinto Quirarte’s essay provides an overview of the development of Chicano art from its beginnings as a cultural wing of the Chicano socio-political movement. Quirarte focuses specifically on artists groups, cultural centers, and alternative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846405

  • Introduction: "La Plebe"
    Valdez, Luis
    In this document, Luis Valdez argues that as inheritors of a colonized consciousness, it is difficult for Chicano writers to articulate a cohesive cultural identity. He suggests that this difficulty can perhaps be negotiated through an embrace of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061252

  • Inventing tradition, negotiating modernism : Chicano/a art and the Pre-Columbian past
    Zamudio Taylor, Victor
    In this essay, Victor Zamudio-Taylor explores the valorization of Mexico’s pre-Columbian roots as a key element in the development of cultural identity within the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Inspired by the ideology of mexicanidad— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846981

  • John Valadez
    Valadez, John, 1951-
    In this document, Los Angeles artist John Valadez describes the challenging and complex experience of being a contemporary Chicano artist. He stresses the inherently dual and/or fragmented identity with which all Chicanos must come to terms by virtue [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821154

  • Judy Baca : our people are the internal exiles
    Neumaier, Diane
    In this 1981 transcript of an interview with Chicana muralist Judy Baca, artist Diane Neumaier discusses Baca’s artistic and political process as she reveals the steps involved in the implementation of a citywide mural project in Los [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184487

  • L.A. L.A. : the creation of a city through visual images
    Nieto, Margarita
    In this document, art historian and professor Margarita Nieto discusses the 1989 exhibition, Los Angeles Latino Artists, in which fifteen Los Angeles-based Latino artists reflect on the experience of the city in their production. She suggests that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081910

  • La Frontera =The border : art about the Mexico/United States border experience
    Grynsztejn, Madeleine
    In this essay, Madeleine Grynsztejn, co-curator of the 1993 exhibition entitled La Frontera/The Border: Art about The Mexico/United States Border Experience, outlines the scope and vision of the show and details the contributions of its 37 artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809400

  • Land and spirituality and the Descansos
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Installation artist and scholar Amalia Mesa-Bains argues for the importance of understanding Chicano history and identity in a geographical and spatial framework. She discusses the significance of land—both material and imagined—in Mexican- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803096

  • Latina art, showcase '87 = Arte de latinas, muestra '87
    Guzmán, Juana
    This heavily illustrated exhibition catalogue documents sixty-eight artworks—drawings, paintings, prints, and mixed-media pieces—by twenty-two Latina artists identified by ethnicity and/or nationality. Curator Juana Guzmán admits in her brief [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781769

  • Latino art or latinos' art
    Huebner, Jeff, 1954-
    In this 1989 article published in the magazine/journal Newcity, art journalist and freelance writer, Jeff Huebner, explores the misconceptions of defining contemporary Latino art within the framework of an American art market. In his interviews of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064298

  • Lo del corazón : theme and variations
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    In this essay, Tomas Ybarra-Frausto focuses on the heart as an important symbol in Chicano art. Divided into two sections: “Themes and Variations” and “Maintenance and Extension of Traditions,” he argues that the “moral dimension” of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795669

  • Lo real maravilloso : The marvelous/the real
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    This article outlines the work of Texan Chicana artist Carmen Lomas Garza (b. 1948) from the 1970s through the late 1980s. It describes the subtle evolution in her work through her Monitos[Cartoons]series, which are stylized figures in social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796002

  • Los Artistas de Aztlán
    Martinez, Manuel J.
    This is a brief essay by Denver, Colorado, artist, Manuel J. Martinez on the social and cultural functions of “Arte de Aztlán” [Art of Aztlán]. The author views artistic expression as an antidote for, as well as a response to, the collective [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796194

  • Malinche as metaphor
    Romo, Terecita
    This essay, written by art historian Tere Romo, traces the use of the image of La Malinche (Hernan Cortés’s translator and mistress) by Mexican and Chicana/o artists, beginning with the indigenous codices and continuing into contemporary art. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082774

  • Mano a mano : an essay on the representation of the Zoot Suit and its misrepresentation by Octavio Paz
    Sanchez-Tranquilino, Marcos
    In this 1986 essay, art historian Marcos Sanchez-Tranquilino discusses Mexican poet Octavio Paz’s (mis)representation of 1940s Mexican-American subculture, including the zoot suits worn by Chicano people. The writer states that in his book [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126565

  • MARCH : Movimiento Artístico Chicano
    MARCH (Organization)
    This modest, illustrated recruitment brochure provides a descriptive capsular history of the Movimiento Artístico Chicano (MARCH) group since its inception in 1972 in East Chicago, Indiana, through its official chartering in 1975 in Chicago’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782295

  • MARCH : Movimiento Artistico Chicano (Mexican-American Art Movement)
    The writer discusses the Chicago-based art collective Movimiento Artistico Chicano (MARCH), providing an overview of its mission and wide variety of activities, which included mural commissions in Chicago and the Midwest, the first annual Mexican- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782398

  • Mexican American artists
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    This excerpt from Jacinto Quirarte’s book, Mexican American Artists, includes the introduction, chapters 4 through 8, and a short conclusion. In the introduction, the author explores Chicano identity and the unifying elements of Chicano art. While [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809688

  • Mexican and mexican-american artists in the United States : 1920-1970
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    This document is an essay by Jacinto Quirarte outlining key moments in the history of modern Mexican and Mexican-American art in the United States. It begins with a discussion of the Mexican School, detailing central figures, sociopolitical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127555

  • Mexico in Aztlán and Aztlán in Mexico: the dialectics of Chicano-Mexicano art
    Maciel, David
    In this essay, David R. Maciel explores the influence of Mexican visual production on Chicano art and the renewed concern of Chicano artists for Mexican history and cultural identity. Maciel begins by discussing the history of the link between Mexico [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849271