Topic Descriptor: Mexican American×
  • [In response to Judithe Hernandez...]
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1981
    This letter by the art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman responds to a letter from the Chicana artist Judithe Hernandez. The latter’s letter was responding to Goldman’s review of the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847096

  • [La pregunta de cómo uno puede funcionar como un activista...]
    Crockford, Michael
    1998
    In this essay, Michael Crockford discusses how the artistic practices of Yolanda Lopez combine feminism, activism, and community building. He observes that Lopez challenges indeed lowly depictions of Mexican-Americans in the United States by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841988

  • [This exhibition includes images by Carmen Lomas Garza...]
    Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-; Marquis, Anne-Louise
    1995
    This document is the transcript of an interview between Chicana visual artist Carmen Lomas Garza and Anne-Louise Marquis, curator of Directions, a 1995 exhibition of her works. The interview covers a wide range of topics, including Lomas Garza’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849200

  • 8. Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano Art : Two Views
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    1973
    In this text, Jacinto Quirarte interviews artists who led Chicano art movements in San Antonio and the California Bay area during the late 1960s and early 1970s, asking them questions about what motivated their efforts and about, more generally, what [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833783

  • A conversation with Amalia Mesa-Bains
    Tromble, Meredith
    1992
    This document is the transcript of an interview between arts writer Meredith Tromble and Chicana visual artist Amalia Mesa-Bains. MacArthur Foundation Fellowship awardee, Mesa-Bains talks about her motivations as an artist, and her particular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083572

  • A long range-view of latino art
    Frankenstein, Alfred
    1977
    This document is a review by Alfred Frankenstein of The Fifth Sun: Contemporary/Traditional Chicano and Latino Art exhibition at the University of California, Berkeley Art Museum in 1977. Frankenstein begins by describing the show, detailing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127272

  • A Manifesto on Chicano Art
    Martinez, Sue
    1981
    In this manifesto, Sue Martinez, an artist from San Jose, California, exemplifies by means of the 1981 exhibition Califas: An Exhibition of Chicano Artists in California held at the University of California, Santa Cruz to present the argument that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821547

  • A note on chicano-mexicano cultural capital : african american icons an symbols in chicano art
    Malagamba Ansótegui, Amelia
    1997
    In this document, Professor Amelia Malagamba explores how Afro-Mexican icons and symbols, as well as sociopolitical issues in the African-American community, have been transformed into what she terms “cultural capital.” A “cultural capital”as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082750

  • A piece of my heart = Pedacito de mi corazon
    Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-
    1990
    This artist’s statement by Carmen Lomas Garza was included in the catalogue for the exhibition of her work, A Piece of My Heart/Pedacito de Mi Corazón, which traveled to various cities in the states of Texas, California, and Illinois, in 1991. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803261

  • A spirituality of resistance : día de los muertos and the Galería de la Raza
    Romo, Terecita
    In this essay, Tere Romo explores the syncretic nature of Chicano spirituality manifested in Chicano art and rooted in the initial encounter between indigenous American cultures and Europe, as well as in the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809703

  • A true barrio art
    Ytuarte, Eddie (Edy)
    “A True Barrio” by Edy (Eddie Ytuarte) is part essay, part interview. Edy introduces the essay with a brief review of the work by Harry Gamboa, Gronk, and Willie Herrón exhibited at Mechicano Art Gallery in East Los Angeles in 1972. The author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848761

  • A wag dogging a tale
    Avalos, David
    1993
    In this essay, written for the catalogue of the exhibition La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience (1993), artist and professor David Avalos describes his experience working at San Diego’s Centro Cultural de la [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809415

  • A Wall Mural Belongs to Everybody
    Weber, John
    1972
    In this article, John Weber considers pioneering Chicano artist Ray Patlán’s work with teenagers creating a mural in a Latino neighborhood of Chicago during the summer of 1971. The youths were part of the Community Mural Project that, beginning in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064105

  • Across the street : Self-Help Graphics and Chicano art in Los Angeles
    Nieto, Margarita
    1977
    In this essay, art historian Margarita Nieto critiques the tendency to trace the genealogy of Chicano art to Mexican art. She locates the roots of the Chicano art movement and the art organizations that emerged within it to the countercultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796051

  • Against Rasquache : Chicano identity and the politics of popular culture in Los Angeles
    García, Ramón, 1967-
    1998
    In this essay, Ramón García explores the foundations and essential qualities of Chicano camp (rasquache) and its artistic and literary manifestations. García begins with a discussion of the walking murals of the Los Angeles conceptual art group, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845797

  • Agustín Víctor Casasola's Soldaderas : malinchismo and the Chicana/o Artist
    Latorre, Guisela, 1970-
    2005
    In this essay, Guisela Latorre examines the reinterpretation by Chicano/a artists of photographs of soldaderas (female soldiers who participated in the Mexican Revolution) by the Mexican photographer Agustín Víctor Casasola. According to Latorre, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848856

  • All this beauty and color should have a place in every home
    Nunn, Tey Marianna
    2001
    This document is a chapter from a book on “Hispana” and “Hispano” artists from the New Deal Era (1930s and ‘40s). In it, art historian and scholar Tey Marianna Nunn focuses on the lives and works of several artists working under the Works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086268

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea; Rozo, Arlene; Keller, Susan
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842013

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Keller, Susan; Rozo, Arlene; Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842035

  • An aesthetic alternative
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    1980
    This document is a statement by Carlos Almaraz in which it is outlined his approach to his own artistic practice as well as his ambitions for the creation of a broader program of social engagement on the part of Chicano artists. The document [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083115

  • An introduction to the history of Mexican American art = Introducción a la historia del arte Mexicoamericano
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1981
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto is included in the 1981 catalogue of selected works from the Mexican Museum in San Francisco, California. Ybarra-Frausto presents a historiography documenting the trajectory of Mexican American artistic traditions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809236

  • Another Life Up Inside Her Head
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1995
    As the curator of Another Life Up Inside Her Head (1995), an exhibition of seventeen emerging Chicana/Latina artists, Amalia Mesa-Bains considers the precedents for their work, as well as the contemporary contexts in which it has been produced. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845435

  • Arte Chicano
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1975
    In this article, San Antonio, Texas, artist César Augusto Martínez writes about Chicano art and the struggle for legitimacy and its acceptance, particularly within the academic community. Martínez argues that Chicano art resists clear stylistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845816

  • Arte chicano : part one
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1974
    Written by César Augusto Martínez, one of the most active members of the Chicano art movement of the 1970s, “Arte Chicano” discusses the implications of the term “Chicano” (in Part One) and the status of Chicano art in the mainstream art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126597

  • Arte Chicano de Texas=Texas Chicano Art
    Moser, Charlotte
    1981
    Charlotte Moser points out the efflorescence of Chicano art in Texas in the 1970s and how this decade saw the formation of a generation of college-educated Chicano artists; the foundation of Chicano art centers and exhibitions spaces; and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803231

  • Arte de la raza
    Torres, Salvador Roberto, 1936-
    1973
    In this bilingual essay, San Diego artist Roberto Salvador Torres presents the theoretical foundations for a project that traces the development of the United Farm Workers’ Huelga (Strike) banner through a series of four drawings. According to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822119

  • Arte joven de antiguas raíces
    Tibol, Raquel
    1987
    Raquel Tibol wrote this statement introducing the exhibition Artistas Mexico Americanos de San Francisco, California [Mexican American Artists from San Francisco, California] held in Mexico in 1987. It begins by suggesting the existence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127402

  • Artes guadalupanos de Aztlán
    Garduño, Geronimo
    1998
    Geronimo Garduño’s essay details the evolution and achievements of the Chicano mural collective, Artes Guadalupanos de Aztlán, which was formed in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Garduño enumerates the factors that led to the group’s creation in 1971; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848780

  • Artist provocateur : an interview with Yolanda Lopez
    Martínez, Elizabeth Sutherland, 1925-
    1993
    In this document, Elizabeth Martínez interviews Chicana visual artist and activist Yolanda López. The interview addresses López’s involvement in Chicano activism and community organizing, and underscores the relationship between art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821571

  • Artist's Statement : Recognizing the Mexican Influence
    Castillo, Mario
    1982
    Mario Castillo, the distinguished Chicano/Mexican multimedia creator, writes in this artist statement that his work has always dealt with birth, life, death, and the afterlife, and that he has always tried to relate it to his Mexican heritage. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063621

  • Artistas chicanos de San Francisco en la Loteria Nacional
    Tibol, Raquel
    1987
    In this article, Raquel Tibol reviews the exhibition Artistas Mexico Americanos de San Francisco, California held at Loteria Nacional in Mexico City’s in 1987 and featuring the works of 29 Mexican-American artists, including Ray Patlan, Carmen [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081685

  • Barrio murals in Chicago : painting the Hispanic-American Experience on "Our Community" walls
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    1976
    This seminal essay by Victor Alejandro Sorell is an early attempt to gauge the history and evolution of Hispanic-American (now Latino) barrio/community muralism in greater Chicago, from its inception in the mid-1960s through its development into the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781429

  • Bits and pieces : the Mexican American folk aesthetic
    Seriff, Suzanne; Limón, José
    1986
    In "Bits and Pieces: The Mexican American Folk Aesthetic," authors Suzanne Seriff and José Limón argue that a common aesthetic pervades all aspects of Mexican American culture including folk art, food, music, games, and rituals. Seriff and Limón [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126066

  • Border arte : Nepantla, el lugar de la frontera
    Anzaldúa, Gloria
    1993
    In this article, Gloria Anzaldúa explores what it means to be a Chicano/a border artist. Reflecting on mixed feelings about a trip to a museum exhibition of the Aztec world, she meditates on the tension between the Chicano/a desire to reconnect with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809763

  • Border culture : the multicultural paradigm
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1990
    In this text, Guillermo Gómez-Peña declares the new dominant U.S. culture “border culture,” and assesses how Latino culture has infiltrated U.S. culture writ large. U.S. culture has, he argues, become fundamentally multicultural, and the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065568

  • Border watch: local and global
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1992
    Susana Torruella Leval’s essay examines works by artists David Avalos, Deborah Small, and Alfredo Jaar, and addresses contemporary neocolonial practices thus connecting them to the histories of colonialism in the Americas, which have been often [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795717

  • Borderlands critical subjectivity in recent chicana art
    Huacuja, Judith
    2003
    In this essay, Judith Huacuja considers the expression of gender politics visible in the works of contemporary Chicana artists and groups, such as Las Coyotas and Mujeres de Maíz, both in Los Angeles, and Las Comadres Artistas, in Sacramento, whom [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848799

  • Brown paper report
    Casas, Mel
    1971
    “Brown Paper Report” is the manifesto of the Tejano [Texan-Chicano] San Antonio-based art collective Con Safo, written by artist Mel Casas in 1971. This short text presents the concepts of Chicano and “Brown Vision,” as well as the etymology [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126581

  • Ceremony of meaning : the folk ethos in the contemporary aesthetic of Chicano and Latino artists
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1989
    In this essay, Amalia Mesa-Bains discusses the interplay between a folk ethos and contemporary aesthetic in Chicano art. She begins by tracing the history of Chicano art to the Chicano movement that spurred a generation of artists who had a fine arts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809748

  • Cha-Cha-Cha & Blah-Blah-Blah "Hispanic artists" pretty but predictable
    Richard, Paul
    1991
    This review by Washington Post staff writer Paul Richard is of the 1988 group exhibition, Ceremony of Memory: Expressions in Spirituality among Contemporary Hispanic Artists, organized by the Washington Project for the Arts, in Washington, DC. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082854

  • Chicanismo en el arte
    D' Andrea, Jeanne
    1975
    This essay by Jeanne D’Andrea serves as an introduction to the 1975 exhibition of the same name, Chicanismo en el arte. The author provides information on the organization of the juried exhibition, the art forms included, and short descriptions of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849381

  • Chicano art
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1974
    In this essay, Shifra Goldman defines Chicano art as the expression of the historical conditions of what she calls the “double-mestizaje” [double-intermingling] of Chicano experience. Beginning with a consideration of the unresolved question of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061662

  • Chicano art
    Hernández, Art
    1975
    This document is a short essay by Art Hernandez describing what Chicano art is. It begins with a history of the early derogatory uses of the term “Chicano” and several descriptions of Chicano art that incorporate individual styles, art school [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127173

  • Chicano art : an identity crisis
    Quíroz, Esaú
    1975
    This article documents an interview between Esaú Quíroz, a participant in the Chicano art movement, and the Mexican artist José Luis Cuevas. Quíroz and Cuevas discuss the present direction of the Chicano art movement, which Quiroz defined as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803140

  • Chicano art : ethnic heritage and the american mainstream (Part I)
    Buitron, Robert
    1982
    This document is a brief article on the state of Chicano art at the time of its publication (1982). Robert C. Buitrón argues that Chicano art is inherently difficult to define, acknowledging the multiple and multifaceted historical and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081475

  • Chicano art : ethnic heritage and the american mainstream, part II
    Buitron, Robert
    1982
    This is the second essay in a two-part series on the relationship of Chicano art to mainstream contemporary currents in the United States at the time of its publication (1982). Robert C. Buitrón argues against the notion that Chicano art is static [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081501

  • Chicano art : resistance in isolation "aquí estamos y no nos vamos"
    Montoya, José, 1932-
    1986
    This document is a transcript of a conference presentation given by Chicano artist and writer José Montoya. Referring to the title of the conference [Chicano Art: Resistance in Isolation "Aquí Estamos y no nos vamos" (1981)], Montoya proposes that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127439

  • Chicano art : text and context
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1992
    In this document, Tomás Ybarra-Frausto provides a brief overview of the conditions and events that precipitated the development of Chicano art, beginning with the origins of the Chicano political movement of the 1960s. He suggests that El Movimiento [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086335

  • Chicano Art and Santos by Luis Tapia
    Kalb, Laurie Beth
    1994
    Written by Laurie Beth Kalb, this essay profiles New Mexican artist Luis Tapia, known primarily as a santero [religious statue carver] as well as furniture maker and preserver. The essay details Tapia’s childhood in Agua Fria, a predominantly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782527

  • Chicano Art of the Southwest in the Eighties
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1986
    In this essay, Shifra M. Goldman discusses the inextricable link between the politics and art of the Chicano movement. Political and social rifts of the 1980s were echoed within the Chicano art world. The main point of contention in both realms was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820994