Topic Descriptor: art education×
  • Del origen y peculiaridades del arte popular mexicano
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    1923
    This text explains the theoretical basis for Best Maugard’s drafting method prior to the development of his manual explained in the following section. The theory is based on a platonic and universal perspective of art that expresses universal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825928

  • Dinero para las escuelas : piden los maestros que se destine a fundar otras. lo que se ganó al convertir en pesos los 5 millones de dólares de la deuda
    1932
    A committee was formed to call for the construction of schools due to the lack of educational institutions and the dearth of jobs and opportunities for the teachers who had recently graduated, as well as the older, unemployed educators. The plan was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796155

  • Discurso : leído por D. Pedro Nel Ospina en el concierto celebrado en beneficio del pintor Francisco A. Cano
    Ospina, Pedro Nel, 1858- 1927
    1899
    This unusually incisive and analytic speech given by Pedro Nel Ospina at the concert held in Medellín in 1898 to support painter Francisco Antonio Cano demonstrates the social situation of the artist from the Antioquia region at the turn of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100252

  • Dos escuelas, ocupadas
    1971
    This article reports on the peaceful occupation by student groups of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón and its counterpart, Manuel Belgrano, both in Buenos Aires, Argentina. At the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Manuel [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783616

  • Dos pintores nacionalistas : Ricardo X. Arias y Erasto Cortéz
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
    In this article, Carlos Mérida points out that the popular arts, as regards education, represent a point of departure. However, if one intends to produce high painting and/or national expression, the popular element must be an animator, a basis for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735978

  • Editorial. Educación socialista
    1935
    Golpe, the journal of the Federación de Escritores y Artistas Proletarios (FEAP) [Federation of Proletarian Writers and Artists] published an editorial in which members of the Federation expressed their opinions on the issue of socialist education. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822474

  • Educación para la belleza y el arte : conferencia a unos maestros
    Argul, José Pedro, 1903-
    1956
    In 1956, the art critic José Pedro Argul published a text written the year before for the faculty at the Colegio Sagrada Familia. In it, he outlined his ideas on visual art, his studies, and his philosophy. It reviewed the concept of “beauty,” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226918

  • El “Salón” de alumnos en Bellas Artes
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1904
    A visit to the salon of Antonio Fabrés’ students inspires the author to praise the master and his teaching methods, whose rigor in drafting and striking subjectivity had trampled the old methods of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (formerly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786659

  • El arte peruano antiguo como elemento de afirmación racial : los cuadernos de dibujo de Elena Izcue
    Portal, Magda
    1927
    This article was written by the Peruvian politician and writer, Magda Portal, focusing on the work of the artist, Elena Izcue. In Portal’s opinion, looking at the past would not represent a step backward, since the past is where we find the promise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126113

  • El arte peruano en la escuela - II
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    1929
    This is the second of the two textbooks published by Elena Izcue, which were designed to teach art based on pre-Hispanic motifs at Peruvian schools. It includes two introductory texts. The first, addressed to teachers, explains how the pedagogical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146115

  • El cegra cinco años después
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1982
    Critic Roberto Guevara presents an exhibition on CEGRA (Centro de Enseñanza Gráfica, Caracas), five years after its creation, analyzing the evolution of CEGRA in response to the state of arts education in Venezuela. He also states that at its start [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153429

  • El cementerio de las Bellas Artes
    Flores Guerrero, Raúl
    1955
    According to the art critic Raúl Flores Guerrero, the current stagnation and crisis of Mexican painting, was mainly due to three factors. The first factor was the lack of adequate preparation of the new generation, the second one was due to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758290

  • El Círculo de Bellas Artes y su acción docente 1905-1938.
    Círculo de Bellas Artes ( Caracas, Venezuela)
    1938
    This text provides an overview of the work of the Círculo de Bellas Artes school in Montevideo, which was founded in 1905—thirty-three years before this report was published. The text describes the consistent quality of teaching in different [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231073

  • El conflicto de Bellas Artes (III) : La renovación periódica de planes de estudio no se respeta totalmente
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This article reviews the state of art education in the wake of the Argentine student protests in 1955 that demanded changes in the syllabus that were finally implemented in 1958. It also reports that the teacher commissions that were supposed to have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783725

  • El conflicto en Bellas Artes (última nota) : Un ex rector analiza la situación por la que atraviesa la enseñanza artística
    Lezama, Jorge
    1971
    This article summarizes the protest initiated against the authorities by the students at the Escuela de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [Prilidiano Pueyrredón National School of Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It argues that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783738

  • El día: la enseñanza de las Bellas Artes
    1943
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140754

  • El dibujo escolar en México y la exposición de Bruselas
    1930
    This article reviews an exhibition of children’s drawings held in Brussels, to which Mexico sent a group of works by children from official schools. The author emphasizes the great reception that the Mexican works received and he transcribes part [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736670

  • El dibujo infantil en el México actual / Children´s drawing in present day Mexico
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1926
    Diego Rivera begins his article on how children draw in Mexico by saying that he hates the instruction provided by the Academy, which starts by teaching children how to draw illustrations, then sculpture, and finally the nude model. Rivera criticizes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734230

  • El lío entre pintores y arquitectos : Serenando la contienda
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1930
    This article summarizes the conflict between students at the Facultad de Arquitectura [School of Architecture] and those at the Escuela Central de Artes Plásticas [ECAP, Central School of Visual Arts] at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754989

  • El Método Best Maugard para la enseñanza del dibujo y su aplicación a lo trabajos manuales
    Best Pontones, Fernando, 1889-1957
    1922
    Best Pontones assesses the system of art instruction that was being used at that time in schools under the aegis of the Departamento de Dibujo y Trabajos Manuales [Ministry of Drawing and Manual Exercises]. An artist and a teacher, he thought that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771626

  • El monumento a la Independencia en Iguala
    1921
    A pillar commemorating independence was planned to celebrate the centennial of Mexican independence. The jury for the competition was composed of three teachers from the Academy: Manuel Iturbe, architect; Arnulfo Domínguez Bello, sculptor; and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739143

  • El problema de la educación artística en México
    Toussaint, Manuel
    1979
    At what was going to be a lecture organized at the Universidad Nacional de México during winter term, Manuel Toussaint set forth his ideas on what art education should be, since art provides a major support in completing the educational work the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756611

  • El Renacimiento artístico en México
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    1923
    In his article, Dr. Atl, does a broad study and recognition of the art movement in progress. Historically speaking, he says that there have been three ways to create art; one, which is that of folk art that has always been created; another is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760384

  • El taller total en Bellas Artes : los alumnos de la escuela Pueyrredón intentan una experiencia pedagógica
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This article reports on the student demands at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [National School of Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It also discusses the dismissal of twelve professors and the recognition of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779134

  • En el pueblo más apartado se construirá una escuela
    1933
    This article discusses the plans proposed by the Central Department and the SEP [Ministry of Public Education] to address the matter of educating peasant children. There would be “simple buildings, spacious classrooms and playgrounds, plenty of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 787944

  • En las escuelas de Bellas Artes : los alumnos unifican la agitación
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This article reports that students at both Schools of Fine Arts—Manuel Belgrano and Prilidiano Pueyrredón—had decided to join forces and resist any form of intervention. Their first joint action targeted the opening of the Salón Nacional; a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779175

  • En torno a la exposición escolar
    Farías, Ixca
    1929
    In this article Ixca Farías, a prominent artist and personality in the cultural and artistic milieu of Guadalajara, tells of the initiative at the Dirección de Educación del Estado de Jalisco [Jalisco Education Department] created to support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762409

  • En torno al taller escuela de C. Marcovich
    Melé, Juan N., 1923-
    1946
    This article discusses different concepts associated with the representation of objective reality. In the discussion, Mele focuses on those tenets expressed in the manifesto of the school-workshop directed by Professor Cecilia Marcovich [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730306

  • Escuela Prilidiano Pueyrredón : los docentes respaldan al alumnado
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This article reports that students are back in class at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [National School of Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires after the interruptions caused by student protests that were supported by many teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779150

  • Escuela Superior Prilidiano Pueyrredón : los estudiantes de Bellas Artes exigen un gobierno bipartito
    Monzón, Hugo
    1971
    This article reports that, though the Ministerio de Educación y Cultura de la Nación [Ministry of Culture and Education] announced that it was intervening in the crisis at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [National School [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778941

  • Escuelas primarias 1932
    2005
    If the concept of socialist schools were to be fully implemented, appropriate facilities would be required. Special buildings were needed where security, spaciousness, ventilation, orientation, cleanliness and decoration would all create a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789180

  • Escultura
    Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998
    1943
    The sculptor Francisco Zúñiga is going through a time of transition in the arts, when the old artists are confronted with young sculptors who are in search of quick success for their works. Taking the opposite view, he admires the long time it took [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812414

  • Estímulo de Bellas Artes
    Giambiagi, Carlos, 1887-1965
    1926
    Based on the works exhibited in the show organized by the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes [Society to Entice the Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires (1926), Yamba’s article negatively assesses the academic arts’ education [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741981

  • Exposición de los artistas mexicanos de 1910
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    1991
    The exhibition catalog is a curatorial reconstruction of the 1910 exhibition held for the Centennial of Mexican Independence and organized by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes de México. The study was based on an amassing of graphic materials [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833184

  • Exposiciones : la escolar 1930
    Zuno Hernández, José Guadalupe
    1930
    José Guadalupe Zuno reviews a show by child painters in Guadalajara and broaches questions of pedagogy. He recognizes “the early abilities” of the children as well as the cinematographic effect of “the child’s imagination.” The author also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762514

  • Fábrica de colores en la Academia de San Carlos
    1917
    This article is a short notice from a newspaper announcing that the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes was then manufacturing excellent paints for watercolors, pastels, oils, and tempera. The announcement came about due to a rise in prices for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739231

  • Faltan escuelas para más de 30,000 niños
    1932
    This article addresses two problems in the field of education: the fact that the 360 elementary schools in Mexico City were overwhelmed by the number of children in need of education; and teachers submitted a petition to the City Hall of the capital [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796152

  • Gego premio nacional de artes plásticas : espero que mis alumnos hagan cosas diferentes a las que les he enseñado
    Comerlati, Mara, 1952-
    1980
    Venezuelan cultural journalist Mara Comerlati conducted this interview with Gego in 1980 soon after she had been awarded the Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas in 1979. Comerlati provides biographical information about the artist: her arrival in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159057

  • Habrá clases nocturnas en la Academia de Bellas Artes
    1917
    This article, written anonymously, points out the importance of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes for the teaching of drawing and observation perspective for 500 Mexican workers registered in evening classes at the school. The brief report [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739237

  • Historia y valoración de las Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre
    Novo, Salvador, 1904-1974
    1926
    This text by writer and chronicler, Salvador Novo, provides a brief history of the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], beginning with their origins in 1913 and continuing through to the time of the writing of this text. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825952

  • Hugo Zapata
    Ángel, Félix
    2008
    In this interview, sculptor Hugo Zapata reflects on his formative years, as well as his work as an educator and the way the academic bureaucracy limited his development as an artist. He speaks of the period he worked in silkscreen printing and of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100430

  • Inauguración de las clases de arte incaico en la Esc. de Bellas Artes : asistirá el Ministro de Instrucción
    1930
    This essay is on the newspaper add announcing the commencement of the Inca Art courses and studies at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes) in Lima by the Peruvian writer Augusto Aguirre Morales. The studies, a program that was fully [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143505

  • Informe que rinde la Dirección de Dibujo y Trabajos Manuales, sobre las labores llevadas a cabo del primero de julio a la fecha
    1923
    In accordance with the report, the most important work achieved by the Dirección de Dibujo y Trabajos Manuales [Department of Drawing and Crafts] of the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education], within the stated period [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771694

  • Junto a la tumba de Ramos Martínez
    Nelken, Margarita
    1946
    In this article, the author Margarita Nelken recalls her meeting in Madrid with the Mexican painter Alfredo Ramos Martínez who had at the time organized an exhibition of works produced by the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774847

  • La academia y el monigotismo
    Useta, Jorge
    1928
    The author, Jorge Useta, reports that a group of students at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes has called for the resignation of the director, Alfredo Ramos Martínez, because of his favoritism toward the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773077

  • La cultura socialista : el Instituto Cultural Proletario
    Luna Arroyo, Antonio
    1934
    In this document, Luna Arroyo analyzes the SEP (Secretaría de Educación Pública) Ministry of Public Education decree that created the Instituto Nacional Proletario [The National Proletariat Institute] for workers. He lists the institute’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747785

  • La decadencia de las escuelas de arte
    Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998
    1954
    The sculptor Francisco Zúñiga analyzes the reasons for the failure of the art schools. He acknowledges that the art schools do not graduate artists; the students are rather there to learn a set of techniques that are essential to making art. La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812445

  • La Escuela de Artes
    Falcini, Luis, 1889-1973
    1922
    This essay by Luis Falcini, a sculptor and professor at the Escuela de Industrias, summarizes the processes at play in a “modern aesthetic.” Falcini also describes the innovative spirit of the teaching methods used at the most important arts and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230268

  • La Escuela de artes plásticas de frente y de perfil
    Manaure, Mateo
    1950
    Belonging to the group Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950), the Venezuelan artist Mateo Manaure critically recounts in detail the history of the Escuela de Artes Plásticas de Caracas. His story relates the moments of crisis at the institution brought about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813569

  • La Escuela Regional de Bellas Artes de Ayacucho : una experiencia revoluncionaria Juan Acevedo
    Acevedo Fernández de Paredes, Juan, 1949-
    1975
    On the basis of the reforms enacted by the military government under General Juan Velasco Alvarado (1968–75), José Acevedo criticizes capitalist models of education as well as the total unfeasibility of art as a professional career and/or the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139339