Topic Descriptor: work of art×
  • De la tela de araña
    Bois, Yve-Alain
    2006
    French critic and art historian Yve-Alain Bois bases his analysis of Gego’s work, particularly Reticulárea (1969), on poetic texts from ancient Greece, as well as the philosophy of Lucretiusand of Karl Marx. In his analysis, Bois, who taught in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148230

  • Discurso de apertura de Kurt Leonhard
    Leonhard, Kurt, 1910-
    1992
    In his review of Luisa Richter’s paintings, Kurt Leonhard lists the criteria that might be used to rate a work of art, such as its originality, openness, innovative expression, and “energy for change.” Leonhard studies her work, paying [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161064

  • Discurso inaugural
    Vordemberge-Gildewart, Friedrich
    1954
    The text reproduces the inaugural speech delivered by Vordemberge-Gildewart on October 2, 1953, for the opening of the exhibition Grupo de Artistas Modernos Argentinos [Modern Artists Group of Argentina] at the Stedelijk Museum of Amsterdam. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763116

  • Do quadro ao não objeto
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1960
    In this essay, the critic Ferreira Gullar discusses his opinion of the work of Lygia Clark, which he believes is an example of how the Neo-Concrete movement was breaking with traditional ways of using the exhibition space. Ferreira Gullar construes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091272

  • Domingo Álvarez : la gramática del espacio y la ilusoria infinitud
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    1991
    The curator María Elena Ramos discusses the problem of space, both in architecture and in works of art that involve manipulating art and space; her frame of reference ranges from what is “visible and exists” (architecture, real space) to what is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161160

  • Ejercicio plástico
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    Indeed, by way of a manifesto, this document is signed by the Equipo Poligráfico Ejecutor [Polygraphic Work Team], made up of David Alfaro Siqueiros, Lino Enea Spilimbergo, Enrique Lázaro, Juan C. Castagnino, and Antonio Berni. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733109

  • El método que aplico
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1966
    Jorge Romero Brest’s introductory text refers to his method, including the explanation behind why artworks are realities that allude as much to reality as to unreality, and that they produce beings within the [social] imaginary. Along this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757064

  • El pintor y la obra
    Renau Montoro, José
    1946
    Josep Renau believes that, to fully understand a work of art, one must know something about the artist’s chronological evolution, the artist’s work, and the artist’s milieu. He states: “a work of art should be . . . the latest expression of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759121

  • En ninguna parte tolero profanación porque de hacerlo perdería el cielo
    Velluto, Antonio
    1972
    In this newspaper article, Antonio Velluto describes the incident at the Caracas Cathedral when the parish priest, Augusto Laborem, took a stick to the sculpture Retrato espiritual de un tiempo, by Miguel von Dangel, and destroyed it because he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154380

  • Ensayo de Paul Klee
    Klee, Paul
    1956
    This essay includes the text of the speech given by Paul Klee as he presented his work at the Museum of Jena in 1924. Klee explained the relationship between the colors, lines, values, and so forth, of a painting based on a comparison with an image [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743050

  • Ensayo de Paul Klee
    Klee, Paul
    1957
    This article includes the text of the speech given by Paul Klee as he presented his work at the Museum of Jena in 1924, in which he discussed the plastic qualities and the content of the works. Klee referred to the importance of the dimension of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757517

  • Espacio artístico y sociedad
    Hlito, Alfredo
    1953
    In this analytical article, Alfredo Hlito takes a sweeping look at our culture and evaluates artistic activity as it relates to social function. He seeks to understand how proposals of a more general nature —the non-artistic context — are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730716

  • Etsedrón o la carencia de interés libidinoso por la realidad
    Torrens, María Luisa
    1975
    In this text, María Luisa Torrens responds to Aracy Amaral’s article arguing that the installation entitled Etsedrón, which appeared at the 1975 (XIII) São Paulo Biennial, constituted a promising new direction for Latin American art. Torrens [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065137

  • Etsedrón: una forma de violencia
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1976
    In this text, Aracy Amaral considers the strong negative responses provoked by a work entitled Etsedrón in the 1975 (XIII) São Paulo Biennial. She argues that this work provoked such responses because of its visceral power and because it is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065099

  • Farnese de Andrade, a formação do pensamento
    Daibert, Arlindo, 1952-1993
    1995
    In this critical overview of the work of Farnese de Andrade—an artist from Minas Gerais—Arlindo Daibert examines the origins and sources of production that ceaselessly attempt to combine opposing elements. In his text, Daibert pays particular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111064

  • Freqüência imodulada
    Brito, Ronaldo
    1981
    In this essay, the critic Ronaldo Brito reviews the experimental installations created by Cildo Meireles, and discusses the constant deconstruction of expectations he finds in the artist’s work. According to Brito, Cildo’s work “dismantles the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110687

  • Fueron cesados todos los pintores estridentistas
    1924
    On the orders of the Mexican Under Secretary of Education, Bernardo J. Gastélum (the office manager), confirmed the dismissal of all the Etridentista painters who—led by Diego Rivera—had painted murals on the walls of the annex of the SEP, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758007

  • Gego
    Constantini, Mildred; Larsen, Jack Lenor
    1972
    This brief text was published in the first edition of the book Beyond Craft: The Art of Fabric (1973), written by two experts in textile art, weaving technique, and design: American curator Mildred Constantine, and American textile businessman and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159073

  • Gego
    Tapias, Anita
    1999
    The subject of the essay, “Todo final es un comienzo” [Every End is a Beginning], is the Reticuláreas by the Venezuelan artist originally from Germany, Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994). The text emphasizes the developmental process of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167047

  • Gego : 78 años de juventud e imaginación
    Monsalve, Yasmin
    1990
    Yasmín Monsalve interviews Gego and discusses the artist’s latest project, the series known as Tejeduras [Weavings]. Monsalve mentions certain facets of Gego’s life—such as her arrival in Venezuela and her architectural-engineering studies in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159562

  • Gego : arte, diseño y el campo poético
    Brett, Guy
    2006
    In this essay, English critic and curator Guy Brett examines precisely what elements are responsible for making Gego’s creations works of art rather than works of design or visual investigation, both ideas that are closely bound to her work. Brett [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148211

  • Gego : el prodigioso juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    2000
    In this essay, Iris Peruga analyzes most of the work created by Gego between 1955 and 1990. The curator examines the similarities between Gego’s artwork and that of her contemporaries. Examining the artist’s relationship with the trends of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152737

  • Gego : entre la estructura y el objeto
    Auerbach, Ruth
    1988
    In this essay, Ruth Auerbach discusses Bichos [Creatures]—the three-dimensional works by Venezuelan artist Gego—within the overall context of her production. After providing an overview of Gego’s art, Auerbach states that these works are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850872

  • Gego : exaltación de la línea
    Burgos, Álvaro
    1967
    In this essay, Colombian critic and journalist Álvaro Burgos analyzes the sculptures by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, included in the exhibition Gego: Esculturas, 195­7–1967, held in Colombia. Burgos asserts that Gego’s works form [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156363

  • Gego : Laocoonte, las redes y la indecisión de las cosas
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2003
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas studies Gego’s work, Reticulárea (1969) as Venezuela’s first real incursion into contemporary art. The critic contrasts the premises maintained by Venezuelan Syntheticism (which claims to be the last [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152689

  • Gego : vive en la secreta tensión de sus sueños
    Gómez, Andreína
    1996
    Andreína Gómez interviews Elízabeth Gunz on the occasion of Gego. Dibujos. Dibujos, grabados y tejeduras [Gego Drawings: Drawings, Prints, and Weavings] the exhibition presented at the Centro Cultural Consolidado (Caracas, 1996). Elízabeth Gunz ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159288

  • Gego o la seriedad
    Feltra, A.
    1977
    In this interview with Gego by Venezuelan journalist A. Feltra, certain aspects of the artist’s life and personality are discussed. Gego says that she does not like to expose her private life to the public, and asserts that her work speaks for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159122

  • Gego realizó el milagro de tejer en el espacio : Sao Paulo y Caracas le rinden homenaje
    Monsalve, Yasmin
    1996
    In this article, Yasmín Monsalve reports on Gego’s presence at the Twenty-third São Paulo Biennial in 1996, and on her exhibition Gego. Dibujos. Dibujos, grabados y tejeduras [Gego Drawings: Drawings, Prints, and Weavings] presented that same [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159546

  • Gego y los nuevos ámbitos de reticulárea
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1970
    Roberto Guevara’s review of Gego’s Reticulárea (1969) was written a year after the work was created and originally installed. Guevara calls it the most complete installation in Venezuelan visual art up to that point (1970) because the open [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149339

  • Gego y sus telas de araña
    1981
    This review, dated March 29, 1981, is based on a visit made by some journalists from the “Caracas a Diario” supplement to the newspaper Diario de Caracas to Gego, and to view her work in gallery four of the Galería de Arte Nacional (GAN) in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148090

  • Gego, retículas residuales y modernidad involuntaria : la sombra, los rastros y el sitio = Gego, residual reticulareas and involuntary modernism : shadow, traces, and site
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2003
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas analyzes Gego’s work in light of what he considers her contribution to the history of visual art. The critic considers [the source of] that contribution to be the different artistic milieu in which her artistic life [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159784

  • Helio Oiticica Retrospective at the Whitechapel Gallery, until April 6: Oiticica talks to Guy Brett
    Brett, Guy; Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1969
    The English critic Guy Brett interviews Hélio Oiticica, who describes some of the concepts involved in the works exhibited at his London retrospective. The artist explains his concepts of creative participation, “crelazer” [a hybrid word [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110627

  • Inserções em circuitos ideológicos
    Meireles, Cildo
    1970
    This is a proposal for a work of art, by Cildo Meireles, to be called “Inserções em Circuitos Ideológicos — Projeto Coca-Cola.” In the proposal, the Brazilian artist gives specific instructions for the execution of the project: make the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110615

  • Ismael Nery, artista que honrou a Amazonia
    Menezes, Bruno de
    1938
    This biographical and artistic profile on Ismael Nery was written a year after his death. The author and friend of the painter, Bruno de Menezes, establishes links to his work with particular times from Nery’s life, as well as with his interest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111002

  • John Cage : music of changes
    Dietrich, Malow
    1982
    This document shows a fragment of the score, Music of Changes, by the American composer John Cage, to be presented as an accompaniment to Gego’s environmental work, Reticulárea, in the exhibition Spielraum-Raumspiele [Play Room/Play Space] at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148193

  • La Batalla de San Romano de Von Dangel (I)
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    1990
    In the first part of her review of La Batalla de San Romano—the German-born Venezuelan visual artist Miguel von Dangel’s version of Paolo Uccello’s Renaissance painting by the same name— María Luz Cárdenas analyzes similarities between the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154028

  • La masacre de los inocentes
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1971
    Berni himself wrote this text explaining the work, La masacre de los inocentes [The Massacre of the Innocents], whose origin, he says, goes back to nativity scenes. Berni also explains the aesthetic and political message of his work. This text was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794379

  • La necesaria pluralidad del arte latinoamericano = The neccesary plurality of Latin American art
    Felguérez, Manuel, 1928-
    1975
    In this text, Manuel Felguérez considers the problems associated with identifying and defining a Latin American aesthetic within contemporary artistic production. He begins by explaining that the Brazilian government’s display of aspects of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065156

  • La necesidad de la imaginación
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1981
    This article describes and analyzes the role of the “recipient” of the various messages expressed by the visual arts. At the end of the dictatorship period (1973–85), Uruguayan artists once again sought to come to grips with the question of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1190793

  • La obra : espacio de un acontecer
    Ossott, Hanni, 1946- 2002
    1977
    Hanni Ossott reviews Gego’s three-dimensional works retrospectively back to 1976. Ossott observes that unlike other contemporary works, Gego’s work invites the viewer to see past technical and formal elements to find the human “perspective” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864374

  • La obra de arte en México
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1916
    In “La obra de arte en México,” the anthropologist Manuel Gamio attempts to classify Mexico’s cultural production in light of its varying cultural roots and historical adaptations. He offers the following categories for classifying artwork in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752495

  • La obra escultórica de Gego : esqueletos de ideas y canto a la forma
    Gil Tovar, F. (Francisco)
    1967
    In this newspaper article, F. Gil Tovar describes Gego’s work as being representative of one of the two types of German art. In the critic’s view, Gego’s work is driven as much by concept as by logic (as opposed to Romanticism, the other type [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159272

  • La protesta vehemente y el sentiemiento lírico en Régulo Pérez
    Guédez, Víctor
    1982
    The critic Víctor Guédez reviews the work of Régulo Pérez and compares the formal changes and innovations he sees in this Venezuelan visual artist’s work with his earlier material. Guédez stresses the consistency of the artist’s message, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154204

  • La puesta en escena internacional del arte latinoamericano: Montaje, representación.
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1994
    The essay “La puesta en escena internacional del arte latinoamericano: montaje, representaciones” [The International Staging of Latin American Art: Assembly, Presentations], by the French-Chilean cultural critic Nelly Richard, is in the archives [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755084

  • La reflexión
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    In the style of a manifesto, this brief text by Carlos Cruz-Diez sums up the main points expressed throughout his book Reflexión sobre el color and operative in his art in general. At the opening of the text, the Venezuelan Kinetic artist states [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857837

  • La reticulárea de Gego
    Salas, Alejandro, 1960-
    2004
    In this essay, Alejandro Salas studies Gego’s piece Reticulárea (1969). Salas describes and comments on the artist’s thoughts on the different ways she has assembled this work, as well as its journey through the different spaces where it has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156395

  • Las flores de Roberto Obregón
    D'Amico, Margarita
    1993
    Journalist Margarita D’Amico introduces Venezuelan artist Roberto Obregón, asking him to reflect on his series, Crónicas de flores y Disecciones de rosas [Flower Chronicles and Rose Dissections]. Obregón states that his interest in “chronicles [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1051362

  • Las últimas exposiciones de arte mexicano
    1930
    What is relevant in this article is that it presents a synopsis of five exhibitions that were held in the Galería de Arte Moderno—which depends on the Dirección de Acción Cívica del Departamento del Distrito Federal [an entity of civic action [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736560

  • Ligia Pape
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1975
    In this essay, Hélio Oiticica reviews Lygia Pape’s career, which has been skyrocketing ever since her Livro da criação, produced in 1960. Oiticica notes that Pape’s work is increasingly concerned with sensory experience, a trend that has been [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110628

  • Los campos de fuerza en Gego : Gego´s force fields
    Brett, Guy
    2003
    According to English critic and curator Guy Brett, abstract works of art, whether systematic or informal in nature, can be seen as models of the universe. It is on this premise that he studies Gego’s work. Brett maintains that the work of many [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148309