Topic Descriptor: Spanish×
  • [Deseo que estas obras confirmen que vivo de pie...]
    Luque, Ángel, 1927-
    1964
    In this essay, the Spanish artist Angel Luque, then living in Venezuela, performed a point-by-point review of the pictorial characteristics of his work and his general world attitude. He states that he is in search of a type of painting that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156720

  • [Haciendo un intento por recordar que causas me indujeron a pintar...]
    Luque, Ángel, 1927-
    1965
    In this essay, the Spanish artist Angel Luque—who lived in Venezuela from 1955 to 1967— analyzes the factors that led him to painting. He describes what the concept of “risk” means to him, as applied to both art and life in general. Luque [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156779

  • [Letter] [1965 abril?, Roma to] León Ferrari
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1965
    Rafael Alberti, the poet, mentions León Ferrari’s Vietnam War pieces, and savors the irony of a possible exhibition of those political works at the Torcuato Di Tella Institute. He tells Ferrari how an artist should react, at a political level, vis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743697

  • [Letter] 1964 Abril 9, Roma [to] León [Ferrari]
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1964
    Rafael Alberti discusses the proofs of the drawings for Escrito en el aire [Written in the Air] as well as other matters concerning the publication of the book. He mentions Ferrari’s exhibition at the Lirolay Gallery (April 1 – 15, 1964), and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743767

  • [Letter] 1964 Abril, Roma [to] León [Ferrari]
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1964
    Rafael Alberti wrote about having mailed the calligraphy proofs for “our” Escrito en el aire [Our Writing in the Air]; the drawings had not been sent yet, because, in his opinion, an adjustment to achieve the exact tone was needed: an informal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757079

  • [Letter] 1964 Agosto 4, Roma [to] León Ferrari
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1964
    Rafael Alberti mentions the drawings he has received in a letter from León Ferrari. He reports on publishing issues concerning Escrito en el aire [Written in the Air], makes a few remarks, and includes an amusing drawing. In closing, he describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749310

  • [Letter] 1964 Enero 2, Roma [to] León Ferrari
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1964
    Rafael Alberti mentions the exhibition organized by Argentine artists in Paris, referring in particular to his meeting with the artist Antonio Seguí, from Argentina. He reminisces about the times he has spent with the Ferrari family. He describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749316

  • [Letter] 1964 Febrero 8, Roma [to] León [Ferrari]
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1964
    Rafael Alberti proposes Escrito en el aire [Written in the Air] as the title of the book, and tells Ferrari about the publishing arrangements being made in Italy. He mentions the friends in Milan who will deliver the special edition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749308

  • [Letter] 1964 Noviembre 22, Roma [to] León [Ferrari]
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1964
    Rafael Alberti, the Spaniard poet, discusses his literary works and their publication, particularly Sonetos romanos [Roman Sonnets] and Escrito en el aire [Written in the Air]. He muses about León Ferrari’s work, and talks about his situation in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749306

  • [Letter] 1965 Agosto 17, Anticoli Corrado, [Italia] [to] León Ferrari
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1965
    Rafael Alberti comments on León Ferrari’s work, on photographs he sent him regarding the Vietnam War. He transcribes his poem “Vietnam.” Ironic comments about León Ferrari’s political work’s possible exhibition at Instituto Torcuato Di [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749312

  • [Letter] 1965 Octubre 30, Anticoli Corrado, [Italia to] León [Ferrari]
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1965
    Rafael Alberti discusses the controversy that erupted over León Ferrari’s exhibition at theTorcuato Di Tella Institute in response to critical reviews regarding the political nature of the works involved. The poet goes on to talk about Anticolo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743711

  • [Letter] 1967 Marzo 4, Roma [to] León [Ferrari]
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999
    1967
    Rafael Alberti, the Spaniard poet, remarks on how long it has been since they last wrote to each other. He refers affectionately to the Ferrari’s house in Castelar, in the outskirts of Buenos Aires, and mentions his latest poems [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749320

  • [Postcard] 1964 diciembre 10, Taormina, Sicilia [to] León Ferrari
    Alberti, Rafael, 1902-1999; León, María Teresa
    1964
    In this text the Spanish poet Rafael Alberti and his wife María Teresa León send greetings to the Argentine artist León Ferrari and his wife Alicia, and also comment on their location—Taormina, Sicily. The message concludes by sending their best [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743737

  • A. Rodríguez Luna
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    1946
    José Bergamín, the writer in exile and critic, compares poetry with painting as in classical times, and uses the language of poetry to discuss the painting of Antonio Rodríguez Luna. Bergamín refers to Rodríguez Luna’s main theme, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773001

  • Ángel Botello Barros
    Valldeperes, Manuel, 1902-
    1940
    In this review of the New York exhibition of works by Ángel Botello Barros—the Galician painter living in exile—Manuel Valldeperes discusses the values he perceives in the paintings, referring in particular to the artist’s use of color as “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772996

  • Ángel Luque y la violencia contenida
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1964
    In this text, the Venezuelan art critic Roberto Guevara analyzes the visual art of Spanish-born artist Ángel Luque. He relates the new chromatic experimentations made by the artist to works by such artists as Herbin, Manessier, Picasso, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163733

  • Antonio Ballester : Escultor Español en México
    1946
    This brief text refers to a 1935 newspaper article by Manuel Abril about the Concurso Nacional de Escultura [National Sculpture Contest] whose theme was “Conmemoración a Lope de Vega” [In Remembrance of Lope de Vega]. Abril reports that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773008

  • Artistas Jóvenes en la Exposición Di Tella
    Parpagnoli, Hugo
    1961
    Hugo Parpagnoli comments on the works both by Argentinean artists and by Antoni Tàpies, presented by the Torcuato Di Tella Institute at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Museum of Fine Arts]. In addition, the critic argues that, in regard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763938

  • Arturo Souto : pintor español
    Suárez Solís, Rafael
    1940
    Going through the exhibition of the work by Arturo Souto, Spanish painter exiled in Mexico, the author of this article sets down his reflections about the perennial characteristics of Spanish painting, including work that is produced in other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756540

  • Arturo Souto : Un pintor en plenitud
    Prieto, Miguel
    1947
    The critic, painter and graphic designer Miguel Prieto visits the exhibition of Arturo Souto, with whom he shares the condition of being in exile. He discovers that Souto’s painting has taken elements from Spain’s dark days—visiting the towns, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773022

  • Atmósfera y sangre del color : Roberto Balbuena
    1948
    In this article Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic and painter living in exile in Mexico, sketches a brief biography of Roberto Fernández Balbuena, portraying him as a well-known architect and painter with a clearly defined vision. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765762

  • Bartolí
    Gual, Enrique F.
    1953
    Enrique F. Gual reviews an exhibition at the Galería Prisse at which the artist José Bartolí mainly shows his oil paintings, in spite of being better known for his drawings. To Bartolí, the oil paintings represent a phase in which he is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773040

  • Carta abierta a los pintores demagogos de México
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1955
    Rufino Tamayo wrote this letter to the demagogue painters, reminding them that two years earlier he had refused to take part in the Hispanic-American Biennial, and had declared himself to be openly anti-Franco. When he was invited to take part in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758238

  • Climent : Pintor intemporal : Consideraciones sobre su pintura
    Renau, Juan
    1948
    Juan [sic, Josep] Renau begins by pointing to the contradictions inherent in an art criticism that examines an artist’s work armed with scant understanding of the difficulties involved in creation. In the first place, an artist’s production does [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765756

  • Cristóbal Ruiz un pintor sincero
    1940
    Best known for his portrait of Andalusian poet Antonio Machado—which hangs in the Ateneo Español de México—Cristóbal Ruiz mostly painted landscapes of Spain. He worked mainly in the region of Castilla, which he portrayed in luminous, vivid [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783756

  • Crítica a la crítica del Arte : A propósito de un reciente artículo de Margarita Nelken sobre la obra total de Diego Rivera
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1949
    In his long essay, Siqueiros defends Diego Rivera’s work in response to Margarita Nelken’s article on the latter’s retrospective exhibition at Bellas Artes published in the latest issue of Cuadernos Americanos. He accuses Nelken of being “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774903

  • De la tierra y de la patria
    Moreno Villa, José
    1940
    This article provides thoughts on the meaning of land and the mother country. For José Moreno Villa, a Spanish artist exiled in Mexico during the Spanish Civil War, the mother country is made up of “my friendships, my stuff—or small material [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759104

  • De lo vivo a lo pintado : Viaje imaginativo en torno a la pintura del Cordobés Antonio Rodríguez Luna
    Tapia, Daniel
    1947
    By evoking Córdoba, Spain, Antonio Rodríguez Luna’s native city, Daniel Tapia approaches the work of this painter by playing with the terms: “from what is lived to what is painted.” The tragic aspect of living in exile is what his works most [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759127

  • Declaraciones de Picasso : 1923
    Picasso, Pablo
    1944
    Among other texts for the catalog, the Sociedad de Arte Moderno [Modern Art Association] selected statements made by Pablo Picasso himself, some years before the Spanish Civil War and World War II. To publish Picasso’s comments in Mexico was to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804087

  • Desde el destierro : cartas a mi hermana Laura sobre México y el amor
    Gil-Albert, Juan
    1940
    The Spanish writer Juan Gil-Albert tells his sister, by way of letters, the traumatic experience of his Mexican exile, which compels him to live full of worries, without roots, under foreign skies. He describes, nevertheless, his liberating joy upon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756473

  • Desmán y justeza de Mariano Orgaz
    Gaya, Ramón
    1940
    On the occasion of the exhibition of works by the painter and architect Mariano Rodríguez Orgaz at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, Ramón Gaya discusses the gouaches of buildings in Teotihuacán. Gaya believes that these paintings have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765744

  • Divagaciones de un pintor : Antonio Rodríguez Luna
    Gaya, Ramón
    1940
    The art critic and painter Ramón Gaya analyzes the paintings by Antonio Rodríguez Luna and considers him a victim of a failed moment of “modern painting,” in the sense that the latter reneges on his past and believes that ancient art is art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756577

  • Divagaciones de un pintor : Introducción a la pintura mexicana
    Gaya, Ramón
    1940
    A year after arriving in Mexico in 1940, the Spanish writer and painter, Ramón Gaya, pondered the uncertainties of being a painter in a foreign land. After he read a book by the Mexican painter, Roberto Montenegro, Pintura mexicana (1800-1860), Gaya [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759133

  • Dos exposiciones dos mundos
    1951
    This valiant text discusses the inauguration of the Exposición Bienal Hispanoamericana (1951) [Hispano-American Biennial Exhibition] in Francisco Franco’s Madrid. It was organized by the Fascist government of the Caudillo por la Gracia de Dios to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772435

  • El arte y la sociedad
    Nelken, Margarita
    1949
    In the late 1940s, Margarita Nelken reflects on the difficulties facing artistic creation during a period marked by a “lack of poise and harmony.” The new art must not distance itself from society: “The individualist formula that has lasted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759115

  • El escultor Piqueras Cotolí
    Barreda y Laos, Enrique-Domingo, 1879-1944
    1919
    The author recalls his visit, three years earlier, to the Academy of Spain in Rome, where, in his judgment, “the inexplicable frivolity and artifice of modern art are halted.” He praises the work of director Eduardo Chicharro, as well as that of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141308

  • El exilio artístico español en Puerto Rico (1938-1960)
    González Lamela, María del Pilar
    1999
    In the third chapter of El exilio artístico español en el Caribe: Cuba, Santo Domingo y Puerto Rico 1936–1960 [Spanish Artists in Exile in the Caribbean: Cuba, Santo Domingo, and Puerto Rico, 1936–1960], the Puerto Rican art historian María [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866784

  • El futuro de nuestra lengua
    Rosenblat, Ángel, 1902-1984
    1977
    Ángel Rosenblat studies the changes that have occurred in the Spanish language over the last two hundred years, supported by his historical and linguistic research into various cultures. The philologist analyzes the place of that language in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815645

  • El informalismo es el primer gesto que antepone la expresión al esteticismo
    Santana, Emilio
    1962
    The journalist Emilio Santana interviews Ángel Luque (1927?2014). The latter, a Spanish artist who lives in Venezuela, describes Informalism as an avant-garde form of expression, stressing its relationship to the concept of “chaos.” He discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172020

  • El mundo de los pintores (en una exposición de Souto)
    León Felipe, 1884-1968
    1938
    This is an important poetic dissertation by León Felipe, who discusses the artist’s invention of his world as an intimate space in his own creative process. That is, the poet reflects upon the synchronicity that exists between the work of art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824609

  • El pintor José García Narezo
    Andújar, Manuel
    1948
    Manuel Andújar discusses José García Narezo’s work. It has been several years since the former has seen the latter’s paintings, and he remarks that he now finds them more complete, and discerns a new stage in the artist’s process and motives [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765751

  • El pintor y la obra
    Renau Montoro, José
    1946
    Josep Renau believes that, to fully understand a work of art, one must know something about the artist’s chronological evolution, the artist’s work, and the artist’s milieu. He states: “a work of art should be . . . the latest expression of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759121

  • El surrealismo entre viejo y nuevo mundo (Primera de cuatro partes)
    Larrea, Juan
    1944
    Juan Larrea, the Spanish writer living in exile in Mexico, refers to an article by André Breton (“Situación del surrealismo entre las dos guerras” [The State of Surrealism between the Two Wars]), in which the leader of the movement outlines a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772513

  • El surrealismo entre viejo y nuevo mundo (Segunda y tercera de cuatro partes)
    Larrea, Juan
    1944
    In this section of his four-part essay, Juan Larrea discusses the creation, development, transcendence, and objectives of Surrealism, referring to a particular case to express the significance of the movement. He mentions Víctor Brauner, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772520

  • En memoria de Remedios Varo: (1913-1963)
    Neuvillate, Alfonso de
    1963
    Alfonso de Neuvillate reviews the life and work of Remedios Varo, in a tribute to the Spanish painter who had died a few days earlier. Neuvillate believed that Varo, an exponent of Surrealism, had long since staked out an important space in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771600

  • Enrique Climent
    Climent Palahi, Enric
    1946
    The anonymous author of this essay discusses landscapes by Enrique Climent, the painter living in exile, referring to the artist’s restraint and sparseness, and exemplifies, as in his painting of a simple track with a clump of trees to one side. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773016

  • Fábula y signo de la pintura (Espejo de España)
    Larrea, Juan
    1941
    Juan Larrea wrote these words while looking at the panel shown by Joan Miró, the famous Spanish painter, in his country’s pavilion at the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Though it is a product of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 814926

  • Fronteiras da Europa
    Holanda, Sérgio Buarque de, 1902-
    1936
    In this text, Sérgio Buarque de Holanda analyzes what he sees as a fundamental aspect of the origin of Brazilian society: the effort to import Iberian culture to America. In the text, Holanda reminds us that Iberia was an “uncertain” region [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1054600

  • Gabriel García Maroto, el artista, está en México
    1928
    After leaving Spain in December 1927 and making a brief stop in Havana, Gabriel García Maroto arrived in Mexico. Though he had not been expressly invited by the government, he was welcomed by Minister Bernardo J. Gastélum, Enrique González Rojo, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780205

  • Galería de Arte de la Librería de Cristal : Exposición Hispano Mexicana
    Varela, Lorenzo
    1940
    In this article, Lorenzo Varela reviews the work of two of the artists who took part in a Hispanic-American exhibition: the Mexican painter Juan Soriano, and Mariano Rodríguez Orgaz, the Spaniard living in exile in Mexico. Focusing his critical eye [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759141