Topic Descriptor: Mexican×
  • Antonio M. Ruiz
    Vela, Arqueles
    1937
    Arqueles Vela writes a review of the most recent work by Antonio Ruiz, nicknamed “El Corcito” whom he considers a “contemporary Mexican painter.” He emphasizes the essential traits of his paintings and at the same time reveals a criticism of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764619

  • Antonio Rodríguez Luna : como jurado y como pintor no podía estar con su arte deshumanizado y servil
    Rodríguez Luna, Antonio
    1958
    Antonio Rodríguez Luna was invited to sit on the jury of the I Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [First Inter-American Biennial of Paintings and Prints] a few days after the exhibition opened. He was picked as the arbiter who would cast the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758430

  • Apoteosis del Comunismo en el mural que pinta Diego Rivera : Stalin preside el mundo y es el campeón de la paz : Inglaterra y Francia, agotados y EE.UU, inferior y sumiso
    Sodi de Pallares, María Elena
    1952
    María Elena Sodi de Pallares discusses the inconsistency shown by the INBA (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes) while sponsoring a mural by Diego Rivera to be displayed at the Paris exhibition, but then decided not to submit it after all when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735618

  • Arquitectura y pintura mural
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1934
    In this article written for The Architectural Forum, a New York City publication, in January 1934, the muralist Diego Rivera made public his point of view about the necessary link between architecture and painting. The purpose of the link was to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785796

  • Art of the Other México: Sources and Meanings=Arte del Otro México: Fuentes y Significados
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1993
    In this text, Amalia Mesa-Bains introduces an exhibition of Chicano art with an account of Chicano cultural history, and a description of how the works of art in the show relate to several themes. She organizes her account of Chicano cultural history [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782743

  • Arte : Antonio Ruiz
    Izquierdo, María
    1942
    María Izquierdo undertakes an assessment of the pictorial artwork of Antonio Ruiz, known as El Corcito. She addresses both the small format and meticulous technique used by the artist as well as his inventive motifs. After describing several of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804343

  • Arte abstracto arte figurativo
    Westheim, Paul
    1957
    The art critic Paul Westheim believed that abstract art had always existed and that it had something to do with a poetic interpretation of the world. The artist’s job was therefore to channel art toward the spiritual, sensitive, and imaginative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768035

  • Arte Antiguo Mexicano
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1956
    Rivera claims that societal conditions influence a society’s cultural expression, and insists that making art is an integral part of the social fabric. Speaking from an essentially Marxist platform, he explains that art will disappear in future [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780488

  • Arte de la raza
    Torres, Salvador Roberto, 1936-
    1973
    In this bilingual essay, San Diego artist Roberto Salvador Torres presents the theoretical foundations for a project that traces the development of the United Farm Workers’ Huelga (Strike) banner through a series of four drawings. According to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822119

  • Arte mágico : conferencia dictada en la sesión de apertura
    Meléndez, Concha, 1895-1983
    1937
    Puerto Rican writer and educator Concha Meléndez gave a lecture at the opening of the Exhibition of Contemporary Mexican Art, held in the assembly hall of Universidad de Puerto Rico in January and February 1935. In it, Meléndez asserts that Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823335

  • Arte Mexicano
    Henríquez Ureña, Pedro, 1884-1946
    1923
    This text chronologically summarizes the conception, development and implementation of Best’s drafting method that culminated in a publication of it. The publication places it within the context of American ideas, celebrating its good judgment to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825923

  • Arte mexicano en Europa
    Castro, Rosa
    1951
    This text by art critic Rosa Castro reports on her conversation with curator Fernando Gamboa, who had just arrived from Europe in order to thoroughly implement an exhibition of Mexican art that would take place in Paris. Gamboa comments on the great [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779981

  • Arte y artistas : dos exposiciones : pintura y escultura : los pensionados mexicanos en Europa : acontecimientos musicales del año
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1907
    This interesting article by the critic Okusai (the pseudonym of José Juan Tablada) reports on the two important art exhibitions held in Mexico in 1906: that of the magazine Savia Moderna [Modern Sap] and another of artists sponsored by the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789249

  • Arte y artistas : Se inaugura en París la Exposición de Arte Mexicano
    Nelken, Margarita
    1952
    This short article by the art critic Margarita Nelken comments on the recent inauguration in Paris of the traveling exhibition of Mexican art with work ranging from the pre-Columbian period up to the date of the article. She describes the artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793200

  • Arte y nacionalismo
    1923
    After criticizing the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP), the newspaper El Demócrata speaks of the triumphs Mexico achieved abroad, through singers, writers, and the architects during the Río de Janeiro Expo. These are our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758022

  • Arte y realidad
    Martínez Ulloa, Enrique
    1929
    Bandera de provincias [Flag of the Provinces] also took on the task of “discovering” José Clemente Orozco. The magazine commissioned Enrique Martínez Ulloa from Jalisco to write about Orozco’s painting. The author wrote three articles [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763507

  • Arte y revolución
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1929
    Poet and critic José Juan Tablada points out that for the first time contemporary art from Mexico had been fully recognized in the United States through the œuvre of José Clemente Orozco, an artist “whose psychological power and highly tragic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771685

  • Arte y Revolución
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1935
    According to Luis Cardoza y Aragón, poetry enjoyed greater development in Mexico than the visual arts because the former was situated on the margins of the national-pictorial movement. The proof of this can be found in the confluence of the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822836

  • Arte y revolución: una polémica en la LEAR
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    In the 1990s, the magazine Memoria reported on a controversy that led to the great 1936 exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. The article explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779783

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    This is the first of two articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published under the pseudonym “Juan Eye,” on the Mexican art exhibition organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. The author believes the show is exceptional for its positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137991

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    Last of the two articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published under the pseudyonym “Juan Eye,” on the Mexican art exhibition organized by La Crónica newspaper. For the author, if Mexican painting has “laid the foundations for its own school [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138006

  • Artes plásticas : la exposición de J. C. Orozco en la Casa “Biblos”
    Cabildo, Raziel
    1916
    This article reviews the José Clemente Orozco exhibition that included the paintings belonging to his La casa del llanto [The House of Weeping] series (1911) and others as well. The exhibition took place at the Biblos bookstore, located in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799479

  • Artes plásticas : la pintura en México : carta de Ángel Zárraga a Manuel Rodríguez Lozano
    Zárraga, Angel
    1926
    In this 1925 letter, Ángel Zárraga acknowledges Manuel Rodríguez Lozano as a painter and a friend. After a brief introduction of indeterminate tone, Zárraga points to his discovery that “Race” and “People” are grandiose concepts that lead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754116

  • Artes plásticas : los pintores jaliscienses : José Clemente Orozco
    Monterde, Francisco
    1916
    Fradique’s article, signed in Guadalajara, which is the capital of the state of Jalisco, sets out to review the work of some of the artists from that state. He begins with the “elders”: Dr. Atl, Alfredo Ramos Martínez (sic) and Rafael Ponce de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799498

  • Artes Plásticas : Primer Salón Frida Kahlo
    Tibol, Raquel
    1956
    This article tells the story of the first exhibition of women’s art held under the name, Frida Kahlo Salon, at the gallery directed by Lola Álvarez Bravo. The show brought together the works of 40 artists as dissimilar as Remedios Varo, Machila [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804280

  • Artes plásticas: salón anual de pintura
    Fernández Márquez, Pablo
    1958
    The critic here discusses the role of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana (SPM) [Mexican Visual Arts Salon] which, according to him, no longer performs the function for which it was originally created. His remarks are based on his observations of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795164

  • Artist's Statement : Recognizing the Mexican Influence
    Castillo, Mario
    1982
    Mario Castillo, the distinguished Chicano/Mexican multimedia creator, writes in this artist statement that his work has always dealt with birth, life, death, and the afterlife, and that he has always tried to relate it to his Mexican heritage. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063621

  • Artist's Statement: Art Liberation Movement, Castillo's Manifesto, Chicago, IL, July 4, 2001
    Castillo, Mario
    2001
    "Art Liberation Movement" is Mario Castillo’s personal manifesto, which appears on the artist’s website. The Chicano/Mexican artist who works from Chicago expresses in this statement his desire to liberate himself from "the aesthetic constraints [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063585

  • Artista Norteamericana : Mariana Yampolsky
    Lan, Federico
    1952
    In this newspaper article, Federico Lan discusses some of the signature features of Mariana Yampolsky’s early work. He refers to her printmaking and her photography, acknowledging her passionate commitment to both forms of visual expression. Lan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764698

  • Artistas e iniciados en la obra de Orozco
    Ramírez, Fausto
    1983
    In this lengthy article, Fausto Ramírez discusses the importance of paying attention to the creative work of men of art and science as one contemplates the future of the world, as was done at the New School for Social Research (1930). This topic was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759244

  • Artistas Mexicanos : en torno a las máscaras de Germán Cueto
    Ortega, Febronio
    1929
    After a long reflection about the meaning of the mask—an inherent content of education that civilization imposes upon mankind—Febronio Ortega shows the avant-garde work realized in Paris by Germán Cueto. According to him, the new masks by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754936

  • Artists' statements
    1980
    These artists’ statements appeared in a catalogue documenting the first exhibition held in Chicago that conjoined Chicano, Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Venezuelan art and artists in words and images, Arte Hispano-Americano en Chicago=Hispanic- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781476

  • Arturo Souto : pintor español
    Suárez Solís, Rafael
    1940
    Going through the exhibition of the work by Arturo Souto, Spanish painter exiled in Mexico, the author of this article sets down his reflections about the perennial characteristics of Spanish painting, including work that is produced in other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756540

  • Arturo Souto : Un pintor en plenitud
    Prieto, Miguel
    1947
    The critic, painter and graphic designer Miguel Prieto visits the exhibition of Arturo Souto, with whom he shares the condition of being in exile. He discovers that Souto’s painting has taken elements from Spain’s dark days—visiting the towns, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773022

  • Atmósfera y sangre del color : Roberto Balbuena
    1948
    In this article Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic and painter living in exile in Mexico, sketches a brief biography of Roberto Fernández Balbuena, portraying him as a well-known architect and painter with a clearly defined vision. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765762

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco : Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores. “El Manifiesto”. Socialización del Arte. Arte burgués y arte proletario. Rectificaciones
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    In this text, the painter José Clemente Orozco states that the “Manifiesto del Sindicato” [the Painters and Sculptors Manifesto] is “extraordinarily important; its influence has been felt for two decades and younger painters [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796183

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco.
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    This is an autobiographical account by the Mexican muralist José Clemente Orozco that reveals the extraordinary influence exerted on his life and work by Dr. Atl. When Dr. Atl returned from Europe, he sought the support of his old colleagues [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796158

  • Balance de la LEAR
    1937
    This article is a self-critique of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], which also touches on the group’s diversity. It mentions the disorder created by incorporating other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779409

  • Bartolí
    Gual, Enrique F.
    1953
    Enrique F. Gual reviews an exhibition at the Galería Prisse at which the artist José Bartolí mainly shows his oil paintings, in spite of being better known for his drawings. To Bartolí, the oil paintings represent a phase in which he is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773040

  • Bassols y las Bellas Artes
    Abreu Gómez, Ermilo, 1894-1971
    1934
    In this document, Ermilo Abreu Gómez reviews a book written by Antonio Luna Arroyo on the educational and cultural work of Narciso Bassols, who served as minister of Public Education at SEP (Secretaría de Educación Pública). In agreement with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747737

  • Bellas Artes retiró el mural Comunista de Diego Rivera, ignórese donde fue a parar el discutido cuadro
    1952
    Carlos Chávez tells the press that he had received an order not to exhibit the painting Pesadilla de guerra y sueño de paz [Nightmare of War and Dream of Peace]. As such he had only two choices: remove the painting or close the museum; he opted for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780032

  • Bienal primer balance : Cero originalidad
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1958
    Art critic Ceferino Palencia identified the advantages of contests such as the one held within the context of the Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking. In the first place, he said, such contests gave painters the possibility of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769937

  • Border watch: local and global
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1992
    Susana Torruella Leval’s essay examines works by artists David Avalos, Deborah Small, and Alfredo Jaar, and addresses contemporary neocolonial practices thus connecting them to the histories of colonialism in the Americas, which have been often [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795717

  • Bosquejo histórico de los museos : Museo Nacional de Higiene
    Urrutia, Manuel
    1944
    In this article, Dr. Manuel Urrutia, a prominent figure in the field of hygiene education in Mexico during the 1940s and 1950s, explains the etymological origin of the word “museums” in order to introduce the reader to the Mexican Museum of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783800

  • Brindis del licenciado Antonio Caso
    1922
    In a brief speech, Antonio Caso, president of the Universidad Nacional de México, calls upon all men, from wherever they hail, to unite so that they can achieve the highest purposes of the Nation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755227

  • Carlos Mérida
    Jiménez, Guillermo
    1937
    Based on the exhibition presented by Carlos Mérida at the gallery of the Palacio de Bellas Artes, and the recent favorable reviews received abroad by the artist himself, Guillermo Jiménez establishes the parameters that he considers necessary to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752294

  • Carlos Mérida
    Yáñez, Agustín
    1929
    Agustín Yáñez applauds the elements embedded in Carlos Mérida’s work. He mentions his search for Americanism in the color, which he considers “a terribly dangerous route . . . to his exposure to failure . . .”. However, in Yáñez’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762447

  • Carlos Mérida y la crítica Americana
    1930
    This brief review deals with Carlos Mérida’s exhibition at the Delphic Studios in New York. It was widely accepted and attended by a large public that included artists, critics, and journalists. Some sections of comments about the show, published [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736587

  • Carlos Orozco como retratista
    Brenner, Anita
    1927
    The art critic Anita Brenner claims that Carlos Orozco’s caricatures are known even in New York. The article does not explain how they came to be published in The Nation and The Art Center Bulletin. Brenner supports her thesis by quoting Walter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734328

  • Carrillo Gil depone su actitud bélica y elogia sin reservas el expresionismo abstracto de los Estados Unidos
    Carrillo Gil, Alvar
    1958
    According to Alvar Carrillo Gil, Abstract Expressionism in the United States was in direct competition with the School of Paris. Though it was promoted as an authentically American trend, the collector and art critic believed it had European roots. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758403