Topic Descriptor: critiques×
  • El arte mexicano contemporáneo en Francia
    Michot, Albert
    This is a review of the exhibition of modern Mexican art that the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes [INBA, National Institute of Fine Arts] sent to Bordeaux, France; it was subsequently shown in Paris and Milan, Italy. Jaime Torres Bodet, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786478

  • El arte y los tiempos
    Amaya Gonzalez, Victor
    Amaya’s criticism brings up the specific situation of Colombia by considering opinions on its cultural prospects, which range from highly optimistic to views that are more skeptical. Amaya focuses the problem on the general view of arts activities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099081

  • El cementerio de las Bellas Artes
    Flores Guerrero, Raúl
    According to the art critic Raúl Flores Guerrero, the current stagnation and crisis of Mexican painting, was mainly due to three factors. The first factor was the lack of adequate preparation of the new generation, the second one was due to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758290

  • El cortés de Diego : monstruo pictórico : carta abierta de uno de los más fervorosos panegiristas de su obra, al notable pintor
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    In his letter, Antonio Rodríguez describes the mural painted by Diego Rivera at the National Palace in Mexico City. Rodríguez refers to the satirical portrayal of Cortés and goes on to criticize the mural, saying that by caricaturing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734279

  • El espléndido no conformismo de Marta Traba
    Bayón, Damián
    The critic Damián Bayón, who lived in Puerto Rico for a period, considers Marta Traba a “critic-judge,”“radical critic,” and even a “theorist-critic” due to her social and political commitment. Bayón discusses how early on Traba [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824958

  • El Nacionalismo y el movimiento pictórico
    Tamayo, Rufino
    Rufino Tamayo takes a radical approach questioning the spirit of nationalism in the visual arts, and suggests that artists should focus on more universal values in their work. In this critical piece he reminds us that, at that time, painting enjoyed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749295

  • El néctar de la violencia
    Salcedo, Bernardo, 1939-2007
    In this essay, Bernardo Salcedo criticizes Fernando Botero’s paintings on the subject of violence in Colombia and other countries, accusing the well-known artist of hypocrisy. Salcedo claims that Botero did not choose to address the subject of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1078453

  • El nuevo traje del emperador
    Caballero Holguín, Luis, 1943-1995
    In this article, illustrated by the Colombian artist Álvaro Barrios, the painter Luis Caballero adapts the Hans Christian Andersen children’s story El traje nuevo del emperador [The Emperor’s New Clothes] to present the reader with a critical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088924

  • El salón de la extravagancia
    Ponce de León, Carolina, 1955-
    Written by Carolina Ponce de León under the title “El salón de la extravagancia,” this document was published in the “Nuestra Época” section of the Bogotá daily newspaper El Espectador, on May 8, 1994. It was written as a criticism of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1130195

  • El Salon de los jovenes pintores colombianos
    Friede, Juan, 1901-1990
    In this 1947 article, the Ukrainian historian, Juan Friede, argues that it is unfair to pigeonhole young Colombians in preconceived models that ignore their “indigenous vitality.” He admits that artists, such as the Spaniards Pablo Picasso and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860200

  • El salón de pintores antioqueños
    Piedrahita Cardona, Jaime, 1930-
    In October 1950, a painting exhibition was held in Medellín on the occasion of a “civic week”; a number of artists from the Antioquia region participated in the event. According to the author of this article, Jaime Piedrahita Cardona, a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093835

  • El último número de “Martín Fierro”
    This article examines from a critical perspective the latest issue of Martín Fierro. In the author’s judgment, the publication has become stale given that it has lost its initial “aggressiveness [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748555

  • En Ancón : significativa muestra insignificante
    Ortiz de Zevallos M., Augusto
    In this critique of the results of the painting competition sponsored by the Festivales de Ancón, the architect Augusto Ortiz de Zevallos applauds the organizational aspect of the event but disagrees with suggestions of a Peruvian art “boom.” In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142364

  • En torno a la exhibición de arte en la Universidad
    Rivera Otero, Rafael
    Puerto Rican professor Rafael Rivera Otero notes that Puerto Rico does not have any art museums, exhibitions of paintings, or art critics. This situation gives rise to an urgent need to create suitable facilities for both the study and appreciation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824820

  • En torno al mito de un "Arte Latinoamericano"
    Rodríguez, Alirio
    In this lecture, the painter Alirio Rodríguez pushes back against the critics’ constant harping on “Latin American” art and a distinctive “Latin Americanism in painting.” He identifies some of the contradictions he sees in that line of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815516

  • En torno del pintor Marco Ospina : breve lección sobre arte abstracto
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this 1950 article, Luis Vidales describes the view Colombian critics had of abstract art, and while on the subject, he introduces the work of the Colombian painter Marco Ospina. Vidales begins by discussing how art critics have reacted to new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1076524

  • Espacio, tiempo y arquitectura de S. Giedion
    Bayón, Damián
    In this article Damián Bayón critiques the book Espacio, tiempo y arquitectura [Space, Time and Architecture] by S. Giedion. He focuses on the research methodology of the author, whose objective it was to prove, according to Bayón, “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785951

  • Etsedrón o la carencia de interés libidinoso por la realidad
    Torrens, María Luisa
    In this text, María Luisa Torrens responds to Aracy Amaral’s article arguing that the installation entitled Etsedrón, which appeared at the 1975 (XIII) São Paulo Biennial, constituted a promising new direction for Latin American art. Torrens [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065137

  • Etsedrón: una forma de violencia
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    In this text, Aracy Amaral considers the strong negative responses provoked by a work entitled Etsedrón in the 1975 (XIII) São Paulo Biennial. She argues that this work provoked such responses because of its visceral power and because it is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065099

  • Exposición de pintura organizada por la LEAR : Divagaciones y pretextos
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    “I believe that the LEAR is on the completely wrong path . . . , it is the only organization in Mexico that is against art.” With these terms, the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón stated his disagreement with the selection of works presented by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779286

  • Formas "puras" y formas políticas en el XXII salón
    Clemencia, Lucena, 1945- 1983
    Clemencia Lucena, Colombian artist and activist in MOIR (Movimiento Obrero Independiente Revolucionario, founded in 1971) assesses the works exhibited at the XXII Salón de Artistas Nacionales (1971) on the basis of the Marxist theory of class [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860566

  • Gego : arte, diseño y el campo poético
    Brett, Guy
    In this essay, English critic and curator Guy Brett examines precisely what elements are responsible for making Gego’s creations works of art rather than works of design or visual investigation, both ideas that are closely bound to her work. Brett [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148211

  • Gego : Laocoonte, las redes y la indecisión de las cosas
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas studies Gego’s work, Reticulárea (1969) as Venezuela’s first real incursion into contemporary art. The critic contrasts the premises maintained by Venezuelan Syntheticism (which claims to be the last [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152689

  • Gego y los nuevos ámbitos de reticulárea
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    Roberto Guevara’s review of Gego’s Reticulárea (1969) was written a year after the work was created and originally installed. Guevara calls it the most complete installation in Venezuelan visual art up to that point (1970) because the open [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149339

  • Gego's performative geometry
    Cabañas, Kaira Marie, 1974-
    Curator Kaira Marie Cabañas argues that work by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, constitutes a “performative geometry” based on a primordial interest in the act of “making.” The configuration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166787

  • Interviu de grado o fuerza : Revolución y Cultura
    Madanes, Leiser
    In this interview, the writer Mario Vargas Llosa criticizes governmental cultural plans during the first phase (1968–75) of the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas del Perú. Vargas Llosa says the results of those plans have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141492

  • La continuidad del arte
    Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994
    The introduction to the Premio Torcuato Di Tella 1964 [Torcuato Di Tella Prize], written by Clement Greenberg, discusses modern art in terms of both ruptures and continuities. The North American critic also suggests that much of what has been written [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762297

  • La cortina de nopal
    Cuevas, José Luis
    In this seminal text from the mid-1950s, a young José Luis Cuevas criticizes the cultural policies of the Mexican government three decades later for still favoring nationalist art, especially as pictured in murals. Cuevas tells an ironic story that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788032

  • La Escuela de artes plásticas de frente y de perfil
    Manaure, Mateo
    Belonging to the group Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950), the Venezuelan artist Mateo Manaure critically recounts in detail the history of the Escuela de Artes Plásticas de Caracas. His story relates the moments of crisis at the institution brought about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813569

  • La Escuela de París y Nuestro Medio Artístico
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    In this essay, the Uruguayan art critic Fernando García Esteban praised Paris as being the artistic center of the world. He questioned the fading creative impulse that was being experienced by the Uruguayan artists, whom after so daringly being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227399

  • La exposición de artes plásticas de la LEAR
    Vela, Arqueles
    It had been a month since El Machete reported the end of a dispute between Luis Cardoza y Aragón and the defenders of the single cultural front promoted in the magazine Frente a Frente [Face to Face]. In this article, the Estridentista and active [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779378

  • La exposición de la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    In this article, the writer discusses the latest exhibition of works by students of the Catalonian instructor Antonio Fabrés at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts]. That is why works by even the youngest pupils are of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759192

  • La influencia del folklore en la pintura
    Acuña, Luis Alberto, 1904-1994
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101044

  • La pintura de Gómez Jaramillo
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    The critic Luis Vidales Jaramillo reviews the fresco La liberación de los esclavos [The Freeing of the Slaves] by Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo at the National Capitol of Colombia. Vidales Jaramillo considers it a successful work because it expresses “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089251

  • La verdad en el arte : simpatías y diferencias
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In this article, the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón reviews the Tratado de Estética [Aesthetics Treatise] by Luis Vidales Jaramillo, a few months after it was published. The Guatemalan author contextualizes Vidales Jaramillo’s work, describing its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089477

  • Las artes menores : la fotografía
    Fernández, Justino
    In this essay, the historian Justino Fernández sets forth the two common opinions about photography: on the one hand, understanding photography as a form of expression apart from art and, on the other, considering it to be a unique form of art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792921

  • Las bienales también mueren
    Di Maggio, Nelson
    In this essay, Nelson DiMaggio reflects on the international changes in Latin America, especially in Brazil, that had taken place up until 1969. The art critic goes through several likely topics, from the severe censure of various artistic works by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245248

  • Las maneras de la crítica
    Agosti, Héctor Pablo
    In this essay, the Argentinean critic Héctor Agosti presented the conceptual origins of “artistic critique” from a Marxist ideological viewpoint. He reflects on the complexity of the artistic creativity, which responds, but not automatically, to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227475

  • Las sugestiones de Cardoza
    Cabada, Juan de la
    In this document Juan de la Cabada responds to Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s criticism of the first art exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. At the same time de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779292

  • Le livre de Luis Alberto Sánchez : y-a-t-il une Amérique latine?
    Braudel, Fernand
    In this article published in the Parisian journal, Annales d’histoire économique et sociale, (1948) renowned French historian Fernand Braudel responds to Luis Alberto Sánchez’s ¿Existe América Latina? Braudel considers Sánchez’s text (1945 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838616

  • Los elogios y los desdenes a la Bienal son prematuros
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    Art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna believed that it was unfair to lodge harsh criticism against an international art competition like the first Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772170

  • Los frescos de Guardiola son realmente inmorales
    Nájera, Julio C.
    This is a letter of complaint sent by Julio C. Nájera to El Universal. His subject is the paintings of Jorge González Camarena, which the sender judges “immoral” due to the enormous nudes rendered in the paintings. Nájera believes that certain [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798279

  • Los museos abandonados : último sábado
    Castillo Zapata, Rafael, 1958-
    This article by Venezuelan writer, poet, and literature professor Rafael Castillo Zapata begins by quoting a passage from Walter Benjamin’s “On the Concept of History,” and then goes on to cite Marcel Proust in relation to his understanding of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150011

  • Los pintores realistas deben buscar otras formas de expresión aunque se expongan a ser llamados "traidores a la patria"
    García, Socorro
    Regarding the exhibition and awards of the I Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [First Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking] (1958), the criticism by the journalist Socorro García is negative, especially with respect to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786721

  • Mañana se clausurará la magnífica exposición de Edward Weston y Tina Modotti. La bella y genial artista italiana Tina Modotti y su excelente arte fotográfico
    Peña, José María
    This is an informative short article about an exhibition held by Tina Modotti and Edward Weston in Guadalajara, Jalisco, from August 31 to September 6, 1925, in the Exhibition Hall of the Museo del Estado. José María Peña gives us a detailed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823232

  • María de la Paz Jaramillo : lúdica y crítica
    Medina, Alvaro, 1942-
    Álvaro Medina published a chapter about María de la Paz Jaramillo from his book, Procesos del arte en Colombia [Processes of Art in Colombia] (1978), in the Semanario Cultural [Cultural Weekly] supplement of the newspaper El Pueblo de Cali. Medina [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1076317

  • Marta Traba
    Agosín, Marjorie
    Marjorie Agosin, a North American Latin Americanist brought up in Chile, recalls how she met Marta Traba in the summer of 1979 when she was giving a class at Middlebury College (in Vermont). Traba, in Agosin’s view, was bold in her vision; she [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824973

  • Mathias Goeritz : un suicida frustrado
    González Tejada, Julio
    The author of this article, Julio González Tejada, refers to the exhibition El realismo de Mathias Goeritz and comments that if said exhibition intended to be an “explosion and manifestation of rebellion,” it turned out to be a symptom and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757372

  • Memoria e identidad de las últimas décadas del siglo XX
    Pini, Ivonne
    The Uruguayan art historian and executive publisher of the magazine Arte en Colombia-Art Nexus, Ivonne Pini wonders, “How should the visual arts address our past?” She points out that the “rupture of modernism” did not happen in Latin America [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091831

  • Metafísica y ética del artista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Following harsh criticism of positivism (and eclecticism) of the intellectual environment of Montevideo, Joaquín Torres García presented his ideas about metaphysics, ethics, and religiosity in art. This text makes several important points about the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245733