Topic Descriptor: Kinetic Art×
  • [Encontré a Cruxent en 1964, en Paris...]
    Neumann, Hans
    1966
    In this essay, Hans Neumann discusses José María Cruxent’s kinetic work. He describes the experience of first seeing Cruxent’s “parakinetic” work and analyzes the way the artist turns light—whether natural or artificial—into an integral [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153684

  • [Gabriel Morera]
    Arroyo, Miguel, 1920-2004
    1968
    In his essay, the museum designer Miguel Arroyo examines the range of art created in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He reaches the conclusion that the arrival of photography, film, and television led painters to abandon traditional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162743

  • [Jesús Rafael Soto ...]
    Popper, Frank, 1918-
    1968
    The theoretician Frank Popper analyzes the Kinetic aspects of the artwork of Jesús Soto, whom he identifies by his repetition of both visual and plastic elements in one object to obtain vibration. Popper also notes that this reading of what is known [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1073597

  • [Pronto hará ocho años que Carlos Cruz-Diez...] = [Voici bientôt huit ans que Carlos Cruz-Diez]
    Clay, Jean
    1966
    In this essay, Jean Clay reviews Fisicromías, the series of works by Carlos Cruz-Diez, and analyzes them from various perspectives. Clay discusses the evolution of the artist’s techniques, examining them through a prism of aesthetic principles. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858602

  • [sérvulo esmeraldo un brésilien dans paris...]
    Leiser, Erwin
    This article, written in the form of a poem, is about the series Excitáveis [Excitables] by the Brazilian artist Sérvulo Esmeraldo. The author, Erwin Leiser, pictures him walking through the back streets of Paris looking for images that will be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111386

  • Abraham Palatnik: um pioneiro da arte tecnológica
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    2000
    The art critic and historian Frederico Morais discusses the Brazilian artist Abraham Palatnik’s career, describing him as a pioneer—even at an international level—in the creative blending of art and technology that he used to create his kinetic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110793

  • Actualmente los pioneros del arte son latinoamericanos : argentinos, brasileños, venezolanos
    Díaz Sosa, Carlos
    1966
    In a lengthy conversation, the Venezuelan journalist Carlos Díaz Sosa discusses the main ideas that underpin the Kinetic artist Carlos Cruz-Diez’s thinking. Despite its length, the conversation barely touches on his repertoire, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472306

  • Arte cinética e pop arte
    Motta, Flávio L. (Flávio Lichtenfels), 1923-
    1969
    Flávio Motta acknowledges that the diverse biennials that took place in São Paulo established a new phase which sought out art from abroad; although they also resulted in the puzzling [concept of the] “happy native.” They [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111367

  • Arte cinético es el arte que más integra a la sociedad
    Vestrini, Miyó, 1938-1991
    1969
    Journalist Miyó Vestrini interviews Narciso Debourg for his first solo exhibition in Venezuela. The conversation covers the methods of expression used by the Venezuelan painter and sculptor (based in Paris); these include serial usage of elements, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157625

  • Arte e tecnologia
    Schenberg, Mário
    1973
    This essay by art critic and physicist Mário Schenberg is one of the first works written in Brazil on the impact of technology on artistic expression. His analysis looks back to the 18th-century industrial revolution, when the invention of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111105

  • Cambio de lectura : el color en el espacio : Caracas, 1959
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    In this text, whose two brief paragraphs are separated by a line and illustrated with three sketches, the Venezuelan Kinetic artist Carlos Cruz-Diez explains the traditional way in which a viewer experiences a direct “reading” of a color [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857908

  • Cruz Diez :"No imitamos, nos imitan"
    Mendoza, Plinio Apuleyo, 1932-
    1975
    Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza interviews Carlos Cruz-Diez in Paris. After providing a physical description of the Venezuelan Kinetic artist and a brief summary of his career, the Colombian author asks him for his opinions about art in general, and Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 862938

  • Efêmeras para sempre
    1991
    This text describes the interest among artists and critics in the Exposição Internacional de Esculturas Efêmeras [international exhibition of ephemeral sculpture] organized by artist Sérvulo Esmeraldo at Cocó, a large ecological reserve located [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110766

  • El artista en la arquitectura y la ciudad : diálogo con Carlos Cruz-Diez
    1991
    This interview with Carlos Cruz-Diez by historian José María Salvador focuses on the way the artist’s work intengrates architecture, either as a general subject matter or regarding his urban productions. The interview addresses questions like the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858069

  • El camino cierto
    Rodríguez, Alirio
    1965
    In this article, Alirio Rodríguez discusses the definition and scope of Latin American painting, and its universal exposure. He stresses the importance of Figuration and Abstraction, both of which influence current and future painting in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799032

  • El cinetismo no es una moda es la captación de un mundo nuevo
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos, 1923-2019
    1967
    In this interview, Carlos Cruz-Diez discusses some of Kinetic art’s theoretical problems, in particular its opposition to conventional painting; he opts for a “transpositional” pictorial approach. The artist describes himself as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472311

  • Encuentros y coincidencias en el arte de América Latina entre oposiciones y antagonismos
    Ambrosini, Silvia de
    1984
    The Argentine critic Silvia de Ambrosini claims that there have always been “opponents” in the art field. In her opinion, these “opponents” are what revitalizes the creative atmosphere. She says that in Latin American art & [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805706

  • French recognize top Venezuela kinetic 'mover'
    Calcaño, Isabel Cristina
    1986
    This article is based on a conversation with Carlos Cruz-Diez after he was awarded the Officier des Arts et des Lettres, a prize sponsored by the French government, which was presented by the French Minister of Culture, Jack Lange. In it it appears [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472368

  • Gego : Caracas 3000
    Traba, Marta
    1973
    Marta Traba analyzes the entire body of artwork integrated with architecture in Caracas created by Gego, and contrasts them with those created by Jesús Soto and Carlos Cruz Díez, practitioners of Venezuelan Kinetic art. Traba observes that Gego’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864812

  • Gego y la escena analítica del cinetismo
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2000
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas believed that as a foreigner in Venezuela, Gego gave her work the function of an “analytical process” by constructing a “neutral space” in a time saturated by Kinetic art and geometric abstraction. Her work resists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159736

  • Gego, el juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    2006
    This is an essay on Gego’s artwork published to accompany the exhibition, Desafiando Estructuras [Challenging Structures] (MACBA, Barcelona/Museu Serralves, Porto, Portugal, 2006) by Iris Peruga. It starts out with biographical information on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159816

  • Gego's performative geometry
    Cabañas, Kaira Marie, 1974-
    2006
    Curator Kaira Marie Cabañas argues that work by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, constitutes a “performative geometry” based on a primordial interest in the act of “making.” The configuration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166787

  • Introducción
    Palacios, Inocente
    1969
    In this introductory text, critic Inocente Palacios reflects on the precedents of Venezuelan Kinetic art and the changes it proposes in the relationship between the artist and the material, on the one hand, and between the viewer and the work, on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162583

  • Jesús Soto 1971
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    1971
    In this essay, the historian and critic Alfredo Boulton discusses the work of Jesús Soto, whom he places at the heart of Venezuelan Kinetic art and, in historical terms, within the realm of the world’s contemporary art. Boulton bases his comments [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1059661

  • L'idée et la matière
    Esmeraldo, Sérvulo, 1929-
    1974
    The Brazilian artist Sérvulo Esmeraldo describes his interest in the phenomena of physics. He recalls some experiences in his childhood in northeast Brazil (Ceará), when he and his brothers turned ampoules into powerful lenses which they then used [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110761

  • La persistencia de lo discontínuo
    Brugnoli, Francisco, 1935-
    1999
    Francisco Brugnoli reviews the work of Matilde Pérez in terms of persistence and discontinuity. In his essay, he theorizes about art’s role as a means of communication and provides a historical perspective on the evolution of a kind of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756913

  • Las Estructuras cinéticas de Jesús Soto
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    1957
    In this article, Alejandro Otero begins by describing some of the movements and artists that are representative of the global abstract avant-garde, principally Alexander Calder, in order to contextualize Venezuelan artist Jesús Rafael Soto. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850667

  • Llamado al espectador : Top Pop
    Aroztegui, Joaquín, 1943-
    1967
    In this text, Joaquín Aroztegui reflects on new tendencies in Uruguayan art, whether in the form of writings or exhibitions, such as happenings, concretism, Op Art, and kinetic art. Those new tendencies are described as new languages born of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1195546

  • Los venezolanos Soto y Cruz-Diez en la exposición "Movimientos en Paris"
    Díaz Roncero, Francisco, 1906-1999
    1964
    Francisco Díaz Roncero—who wrote this review of the second exhibition, Mouvement 2, organized by the Galerie Denise René in Paris that included the works of Kinetic artists—stresses the current influence and presence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472277

  • Método prático e ilustrado para construir um excitável, precedido de uma notícia sobre eletricidade estática
    Esmeraldo, Sérvulo, 1929-
    1976
    The Brazilian artist based in France at the time, Sérvulo Esmeraldo, introduces his well-known series, “Excitáveis.” The text includes practical step-by-step instructions explaining the functioning of these works, the artist’s methodical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110762

  • Nuevos horizontes para el arte cinético
    1970
    This article argues that, despite multiple pronouncements to the effect that it is dead, Kinetic art is still very much alive and strengthening as a result of its achievements at an international level. The article points to the example set by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472318

  • Painter from Venezuela
    Brett, Guy
    1965
    This is an anonymous review of the retrospective exhibition of Cruz-Diez’s work at the Signals gallery in London in 1965. The reviewer notes a constant quality in Venezuelan painting—“clarity, order, and a distinct gentleness&rdquo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472279

  • Recibió Cruz Diez Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas del año 1971
    Alvarez, Coromoto
    1971
    This article by the journalist Coromoto Álvarez is about the National Prize for Visual Art that was awarded to Carlos Cruz-Diez in 1971. The article is divided into two parts. The first part includes a report about the ceremony at the Palacio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472333

  • Sobre a chegada de Sérvulo ao livro objeto (onde também se fala do binômio de Newton)
    Araújo, Olívio Tavares de
    1976
    The art critic Olívio Tavares Araújo claims to see certain parallels and similarities between Sérvulo Esmeraldo’s “object-poems” and the kinetic works known as “Excitáveis” [Excitables] that the Brazilian artist was producing in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110763

  • Sobre os Excitáveis
    Esmeraldo, Sérvulo, 1929-
    1970
    In this brief article, the artist Sérvulo Esmeraldo explains his works, which he calls “Excitáveis” [Excitables], describing them as “paintings that appear to be static” but that in fact are like natural phenomena in which everything is in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110764

  • Soto
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    1983
    In this critical essay, the historian Alfredo Boulton analyzes several of the elements he sees in the work of Jesús Rafael Soto, the great Venezuelan Kinetic artist, focusing here on space and time. Boulton mentions a number of Soto’s works in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101508

  • Teseu e o Minotauro
    Cláudio, José, 1932-
    1980
    In Olinda (Pernambuco state), painter José Claudio uses an exceedingly colloquial tone to discuss the significance of artist Sérvulo Esmeraldo’s “return” to his native city (Crato, in the state of Ceará) after having resided in Europe for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110765

  • Vertientes plásticas y estéticas en Carlos Cruz-Diez
    Guédez, Víctor
    1991
    This article by the critic Víctor Guédez was written at the time of Carlos Cruz-Diez en la arquitectura, the exhibition at the Centro Cultural Consolidado (Caracas, 1991). In Guédez’s opinion, there are two facets to Cruz-Diez’s Kine-chromatic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857000