Topic Descriptor: space×
  • "Es dificil negar que Gego nació en Venezuela..." = "É difícil negar que Gego nasceu na Venezuela..."
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1996
    In this essay, Roberto Guevara gives an overview of Gego’s career, [based on a selection of works that are] on display at the São Paulo Biennial. Guevara describes how Gego’s work has evolved from her early sculptures in the 1950s to her latest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149603

  • [El orden y equilibrio constructivos inducen a un equilibrio...]
    Vardánega, Gregorio
    1955
    In this document, Gregorio Vardanega discusses the importance of space in his work. He tried to address this question in a variety of ways, such as his plaster hemispheres, called complejos espaciales [spatial complexes] and his spiraling dots in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742769

  • [Gertrudis Goldschmidt, Gego, figura del arte contemporáneo ... = Gertrudis Goldschmidt, Gego, figura do arte contemporaneo...]
    Avellaneda de Luna, Mariela
    1996
    With this text, Mariela Avellaneda de Luna officially presents Gego at the twenty-third São Paulo Biennial. Avellaneda points out the importance of the line in Gego’s large structures, such as the versions of Reticulárea, emphasizing the way the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149565

  • [La obra de Gego...]
    Figarella, Mariana, 1959- 1996
    1984
    Critic Mariana Figarella analyzes the series of Dibujos sin papel [Drawings Without Paper] that Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, produced between 1976 and 1984. Figarella discusses the “ambiguity” of these works and the subsequent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854672

  • [Los especialistas crean las leyes ...]
    Rojas, Carlos, 1933-
    In this handwritten text found in one of Carlos Rojas’s notebooks, the artist explains some of the ideas surrounding his work, specifically in relation to two major questions: his perception of the laws of nature, which he understands in terms of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089994

  • [The line as a human mean to express...]
    Gego
    The German-born Venezuelan artist Gego briefly explains some of her thoughts on the meaning and use of the line. In her view the human idea of “a line” is abstract, since it does not exist in nature. But as a medium it can express descriptive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855370

  • [You invited me for this meeting...]
    Gego
    1987
    In this speech to her companions at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Gego describes the basic tenets of her work and outlines the projects she plans to present. She explains how her use of line has evolved over the course of time, from her early [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854807

  • Agorá o el espacio cuatridimensional
    Rivero, Tahía
    1994
    The curator and cultural promotor Tahía Rivero launches into her essay on the work of Pedro Tagliafico with a quote from Aristotle about agora [space]. After outlining this Venezuelan mixed media painter and artist’s career and his commitment to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166045

  • Alejandro Otero, permaneciendo : retrospectiva en el Museo de Arte Contemporáneo
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    1985
    The curator María Elena Ramos provides a broad overview of Alejandro Otero’s oeuvre on the occasion of a retrospective exhibition of his work. Ramos reflects on the Venezuelan painter and sculptor’s essential concerns which, in her opinion, wove [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172282

  • Angelo Venosa e a intra-serialização
    Süssekind, Flora, 1955-
    1999
    In this text, literary critic Flora Süssekind discusses the work of sculptor Ângelo Venosa from the time of his first solo show (1985) to his recent productions (1990). She points out the recurrence in his art of carcasses, vertebrae, teeth, skulls [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111432

  • Assembling Collective Reason : Gego’s structure as public space
    Ledezma, Juan
    2006
    Juan Ledezma compares the aesthetic strategies that Gego used to create shape in space.  Leaning on theories suggested by Jürgen Habermas, who classifies modern forms of reason, Ledezma analyzes the “formative logic” of Gego’s constructions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159466

  • Descubrir a Gego
    Lowry, Glenn D.
    2003
    In this essay, Glenn D. Lowry discusses his reaction when in Venezuela in 2000, he discovered Gego’s work, having only ever seen a few of her sculptures and prints. He claims that he would have liked to meet her, and lists the questions he would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159482

  • Domingo Álvarez : la gramática del espacio y la ilusoria infinitud
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    1991
    The curator María Elena Ramos discusses the problem of space, both in architecture and in works of art that involve manipulating art and space; her frame of reference ranges from what is “visible and exists” (architecture, real space) to what is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161160

  • El tema del espacio en la pintura actual
    Hlito, Alfredo
    1955
    This article discusses the various ways in which the question of space has been addressed in sculpture, architecture, and painting over the course of time, and reflects simultaneously on how space is portrayed in abstract and concrete painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730755

  • Gego : desafiando estructuras
    Amor, Monica
    1996
    In this article, Venezuelan critic and professor Mónica Amor refutes the constructivist and organicist approach that has been used to understand Gego’s work. That approach, she claims, does not address the way Gego’s production undermines [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156347

  • Gego : entre la estructura y el objeto
    Auerbach, Ruth
    1988
    In this essay, Ruth Auerbach discusses Bichos [Creatures]—the three-dimensional works by Venezuelan artist Gego—within the overall context of her production. After providing an overview of Gego’s art, Auerbach states that these works are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850872

  • Gego : tejer el tiempo : la obra como acontecimiento
    González, Lorena
    2009
    Lorena González sees similarities between works by Gego and those by the Venezuelan writer Antonia Palacios, in that they are both based on a noticeable sense of temporality. According to González, “the line”—the fundamental element in Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150137

  • Gego : trazas de trazos = Gego´s traces of traces
    Zegher, Catherine de
    2006
    This analysis by Catherine de Zegher focuses on Gego’s drawing in space. After an introduction in which she describes earlier works by important artists that engage the notion of drawing in space, as well as those by Gego’s contemporaries, de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149528

  • Gego, la luz cernida dulcemente
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    1994
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas considers Gego the most important artist in Venezuelan modern art. In his opinion, her work broke through the conventional limits and was situated at the margin of the national art scene as “a work of critical importance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159768

  • Hay que buscar un arte que salve : Magdalena Fernández ( Premio Eugenio Mendoza 1996)
    Wisotzki, Rubén
    1986
    Journalist Rubén Wisotzki interviewed Magdalena Fernández in 1996, when she was awarded the Premio Eugenio Mendoza. Fernández acknowledges that her work, particularly her studies in design to which abstraction and geometricism are fundamental, is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155102

  • Jacobo Borges's creation of potential space = Jacobo Borges e la creazione dello spazio potenziale
    Kuspit, Donald B.
    1988
    The North American professor Donald Kuspit discusses the work of Jacobo Borges in terms of its creation of “potential spaces,” referring to the concept used in the jargon of psychoanalysis. In a potential space—defined as an area midway between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060608

  • La línea que se fue de paseo
    Núñez, Josefina
    2000
    In this review, Josefina Núñez refers to Gego’s training and development as a graphic artist, and discusses her technical and creative approach to printing and lithography. Núñez takes a long look at Gego’s art based on her unique use of line [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156752

  • Los trabajos de Gego
    Schön, Elizabeth
    1964
    Elízabeth Schön describes the works of Gego from a poetic perspective. Regarding the artist’s drawings, Schön emphasizes the spareness of the forms generated by unrestricted freedom, art created for the sole purpose of demarcating spaces. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160039

  • No space
    Gego
    1966
    This prose poem is a brief reflection on “space” and “no space” that Gego wrote in English while she was in California in 1966. She starts by considering a wall and its holes from which to let her vision and imagination take off for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159188

  • Organismo vivo : el mundo gráfico de Gego
    Sierra, Eliseo
    1996
    Eliseo Sierra analyzes the sources and characteristics of Gego’s graphic discourse (drawings, prints, watercolors, and weavings). Sierra finds that the artist’s work resists classification and is substantially different from the masterworks of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155322

  • Proceso a la imagen I : índice de imagen
    Lublin, Lea, 1929-
    1970
    The conceptual artist Lea Lublin writes that her work analyzes the problem of the image stemming from its inscription in space, which is considered as a continuous medium of transformations. For her, the artwork is an image index (which is off- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766850

  • Serie : miradas al carbón (10/20)
    Pinardi, Sandra
    1998
    Sandra Pinardi describes the qualities of line and drawing in Gego’s work. In the critic’s opinion, by virtue of the multiple directions in which it heads, Gego’s “immaterial line” reveals a dense and plural space. Thus, the drawing becomes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159832

  • Sigfredo Chacón : entrevista : jugando a atrapar el espacio
    Blyde, Aurora
    1993
    This interview by Aurora Blyde with Venezuelan artist Sigfredo Chacón took place in the framework of the exhibition CCS-10. Arte venezolano actual held at the Fundación Galería de Arte Nacional in Caracas in 1993. The topics addressed include the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864412

  • The vitality of non-orthogonal abstraction
    Christofori, Ralf
    2000
    In this essay, curator Ralf Christofori uses the notion of “non-orthogonal abstraction” to compare the work of different artists, among them Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin; Dutch artist Lara Schnitger; Brazilian artist Ernesto Neto; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159090

  • Victor Lucena : El espacio en el objeto
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    1991
    Curator María Elena Ramos reflects on the problem of “space” on the basis of works by Víctor Lucena in which space is manipulated in objects, geometric shapes, materials, colors, and textures. Ramos underscores the importance of perception ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161176

  • Volumen y dirección en las artes del espacio
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1947
    The article shows a certain displacement in Tomás Maldonado’s axis of interest, since it defines architecture as a protagonist, not only of the formal aspect but of the social aspect as well [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730415