Topic Descriptor: folk art×
  • ¿Arte o artesanía?
    Gerschman, Rodolfo
    1976
    In this article, journalist Rodolfo Gerschman responds to the questions raised in a press release against an award given to altarpiece maker Joaquín López Antay issued by the Asociación Profesional de Artistas Plásticos (ASPAP) that upholds a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136044

  • ¿Arte popular o artesanía?
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1977
    In this text, Alfonso Castrillón argues that the conflict between “high art” and “folk art” is a reflection of class division, where the dominant class sets limits for low art by means of notions such as “individual creation” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855151

  • ¿Autenticidad o exotismo?
    Abril de Vivero, Francisco
    1977
    The author of this article, Francisco Abril de Vivero, claims that the decision to send arts and crafts instead of “fine arts” to represent Peru at the 1977 Bienal de São Paulo was an act of “infra-Marxist populism.” In his opinion it was a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855918

  • ¿Qué quiere decir un Arte Americano?
    Traba, Marta
    1956
    In this text, Marta Traba argues that there is not really a unified [Latin] American aesthetic in the visual arts and calls for an honest investigation of the question of such an aesthetic approach, even at the risk of affirming that no common spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839092

  • ¿Y por qué no? : algunas pistas sobre el concepto de producción y consumo del arte religioso popular
    Castillo, Juan Ignacio
    1990
    This text, written by the anthropologist Juan Ignacio Castillo at the time of the 3rd Bienal Salvador Valero de Arte Popular (Trujillo, 1991), is a commentary on popular religious imagery and its use in different social contexts and strata. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166350

  • "J. López Antay es más auténtico que muchos artistas cultos"
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1976
    Alfonso Castrillón defends the decision to recognize López Antay by granting him the Premio Nacional de Cultura [award], asserting that his work “is more authentic than the work of many so-called high artists, who have spent their whole lives [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136092

  • "La poesía de Vallejo tiene origen Breton" dice Sabogal
    Orbegozo, Manuel Jesús, 1923-
    1954
    The first part of the interview covers the start of his career and his training in Europe. After living in Buenos Aires (where he returned to his art studies), he returned to Peru in 1919. Sabogal states that “the Cuzco area cast a powerful spell [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141080

  • "No hay peor que el pintor que el no quiere ver": sobre el premio a López Antay
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    1976
    In this newspaper article Juan Gargurevich criticizes the negative opinions expressed by the painter Juan Manuel Ugarte Eléspuru, who opposed the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín Ló [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136027

  • "No todos nos quieren ni en Lima ni en Ayacucho": así comentó sobre cuestionamiento a premio
    1975
    This is an interview with Joaquín López Antay, the Andean altarpiece artist who was awarded the Peruvian National Culture Prize in 1975. He describes certain aspects of his life and work, and responds to the criticism prompted by the recognition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135930

  • “Sobre la pintura de Urteaga” : disertó ayer el artista Fernando Szyszlo [sic], en el local del IAC
    1955
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146131

  • [A "Manchete" de 26 de agosto publica um artigo pintor bahiano Carybé...]
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    This text by architect Lina Bo Bardi describes the difficulties she faced as the head of the Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia (MAMB) and of the Museu de Arte Popular (MAP), both of which were located in the Solar do Unhão (since 1963), a seventeenth- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110877

  • [Águila, tigre, Che Guevara, Rosa de los Vientos...]
    1984
    On the back cover of number 4/5 of the magazine U-tópicos: Entornoalovisual (Lima, 1984), a brief anonymous article discusses the iconographic scenes painted on truck mudguards. The writer points out that, despite being ignored “by everything that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292492

  • [Digno es de notarse que mientras mas pura es la Raza...]
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    1926
    This text underscores the originality, expression and strength of the works created at the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], arguing that these qualities are the product of racial purity and that as mestizaje [racial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825947

  • [Esta exposição desenvolve temas enunciados na exposição Bahia]
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    1963
    This is an article by the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi, who lived in Brazil, about the first exhibition held at the MAP (Museu de Arte Popular) in 1963 in Salvador, the capital of the state of Bahia. The exhibit included everyday items handcrafted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110868

  • [Hemos llegado hasta casi la cumbre del cerro...]
    Nakamura, Félix, 1938-
    1977
    This text was written by Félix Nakamura for the catalogue for the exhibition Los pintores de Sarhua, that took place at the Huamanqaqa Gallery in Lima in 1977. Nakamura provides an account of his visit to the workshop operated by the artists Víctor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140950

  • [Letter, n.d], Sacramento, CA [to] the members of the Concilio de Arte Popular (CAP)
    Carrillo, Juan
    The document is an undated letter from Juan Carrillo, the interim board chairman of the Concilio de Arte Popular (CAP), to its members. Along with stating its founding history, purpose, names, and affiliations of the founding board members, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127127

  • [Letter] 1935 December 23, México City [to] Edward Weston
    Richey, Roubaix de l' Abrie
    1921
    In this letter, the painter [and writer] Roubaix de l’Abrie Richey, known by the pseudonym, “Robo,” the husband of the Italian artist and photographer, Tina Modotti, writes to Edward Weston from Mexico City. The writer is visiting Mexico in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806750

  • [Letter] 1963 ago. 2, Fortaleza, Ceará [to] Lina Bo Bardi, Salvador, Bahia
    Xavier, Lívio, 1900-
    1963
    This is a letter from Lívio Xavier—who, at the time, was the director of the MAUC (Museu de Arte da Universidade do Ceará)—to the architect Lina Bo Bardi, who was the director of both the MAMB (Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia) and the MAP (Museu [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110864

  • [Letter] 1963 maio 1, Salvador, Bahia [to] Lomanto Júnior, Governo do Estado da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    1963
    In this letter to Lomanto Júnior, the governor of the State of Bahia at the time, architect Lina Bo Bardi requests public support for the Plano de Artesanato Popular, a project geared to encouraging craft production in northeastern Brazil. In a way [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110865

  • [Letter] 1965 February 22, Lima, Perú [to] Benjamín Roca Muelle
    Miró Quesada S., Aurelio, 1907-; Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987; Szyszlo, Fernando de
    1965
    This document is the letter sent by eminent Peruvian intellectuals, writers, and artists to Benjamín Roca Muelle—president of the Corporación Nacional de Turismo—upon learning that the property that houses “Pacho Fierro,” a folk music venue [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139508

  • [Salta en estas piezas de Raoul Deal el doble y ambíguo papel que juegan...]
    Castellanos, Armando
    1991
    In his article, Armando Castellanos interprets Raoul Deal’s work featured in the exhibition Las Esperanzas del Loro Verde [The Hopes of the Green Parrot]. Castellanos argues that Deal’s work confronts the duality, ambiguity, and tension between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840777

  • [Sarhua ha sido siempre un pueblo de agricultores, ganaderos, pintores y artesanos]
    Macera, Pablo, 1929-
    1975
    In this essay Pablo Macera states that although various anthropologists had studied the social organization of Sarhua (in the Departamento de Ayacuco), nothing was known about the quelcas or painted boards produced in this region until a few years [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140935

  • [Um dos mais importantes acontecimentos culturais dos últimos tempos...]
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    This document is the cooperation agreement between the government of the State of Bahia, the Museu de Arte Moderno da Bahia (MAMB), and the Universidade da Bahia that establishes joint efforts in the sphere of culture and efforts to work on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110870

  • A arte de gravar em madeira está assumindo o seu papel
    Leite, Barboza
    1986
    This brief text is about the art of woodcut printing and its traditional use in the genre of “cordel literature” (or string literature) in northeastern Brazil. The author, Barboza Leite, notes its increasing recognition as an artistic language. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110787

  • A escultura mágico-erótica de Chico Tabibuia
    Pardal, Paulo
    1989
    This book is about Chico Tabibuia, the African-Brazilian artist whose sculptures are known for the tension they express between religiosity and eroticism. In Brazilian syncretism, Exú (the messenger of the gods) is a recurring theme, as is in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110534

  • A mão do povo nordestino
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    1977
    This essay by the architect Lina Bo Bardi is about A Mão do Povo Brasileiro, the exhibition she organized and presented at the Museu de Arte de São Paulo. The exhibition reflects her interest in preserving the traditional arts and culture of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110901

  • A nova gravura de Juazeiro do Norte
    Carvalho, Gilmar de
    1999
    This essay, which appeared in the catalogue produced with research support from Gilmar de Carvalho, introduced A Nova Gravura de Juazeiro do Norte, the exhibition curated by Dodora Guimarães at the Centro Cultural da Abolição in Recife (November [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110756

  • A propósito del premio a López Antay
    Bernuy, Jorge, 1937-
    1976
    In this text, critic Jorge Bernuy points out that the decision to grant the Premio Nacional [award] to an altarpiece maker is unprecedented in Peru. He agrees that it is necessary to consider craftsmanship a cultural expression of the people, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136076

  • Algo se pudre en el INC...
    Román, Élida
    1977
    This is a letter written by art critic Élida Román, who at the time was the director of the Museo de Arte Italiano,an art gallery dependent on the Instituto Nacional de Cultura, addressed to the leadership of said institution. The letter advises [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855811

  • Algunas consideraciones generales acerca de la situación actual de la plástica popular venezolana
    Erminy, Perán
    1988
    Perán Erminy discusses popular art in Venezuela during the II Bienal Nacional Salvador Valero de Arte Popular held in Trujillo (estado Trujillo) in 1988. He also looks back, to colonial times and the early twentieth century. Erminy recalls the first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172494

  • Alicia Bustamente, una gran artista : la que impulsó el arte nativo
    Gálvez, Elvira de
    1969
    This essay was written by Elvira de Gálvez on the artist Alicia Bustamente on occasion of her death. The author highlights above all Bustamante’s work in the promotion and defense of Peruvian Popular Art. The author states that Bustamente “found [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139526

  • An historical essay on heart imagery and expressions
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Amalia Mesa-Bains’s essay proposes a historical lineage of heart imagery and the concept of “lo del corazón” [that which comes from the heart] that begins in the Mexico’s Aztec ritual of human sacrifice and culminates in public and popular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795630

  • Ancestros : tres tallistas populares venezolanos
    Contramaestre, Carlos
    This essay by Carlos Contramaestre, “Ancestros: tres tallistas populares venezolanos,” was among those published in his book Poética del escalpelo. Contramaestre briefly describes the careers of three traditional artists from the Andean region [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165597

  • Anteprojeto do Manifesto do Centro Popular de Cultura, redigido em março de 1962
    Martins, Carlos Estevam, 1936-
    1962
    The first draft of a seven-part manifesto, this document declares that the aesthetic principles of the intellectuals and artists tied to the Centro Popular de Cultura (CPC) are based on the social problems facing Brazil, issues connected to material [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110413

  • Apresentação
    Diatahy, Eduardo
    1984
    This text is the preface by Eduardo Menezes to the book Xilógrafos de Juazeiro, which addresses the use of woodcuts in northeastern Brazil, particularly in representations of the tension between dominant and subaltern cultures. The author briefly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110754

  • Apuntes para la trayectoría de la investigación relativa al arte popular venezolano
    Aranguren, Willy, 1953-
    1988
    In this document, the art critic Willy Aranguren reviews the origins of the interest in popular art in Venezuela. He places it in the late 1940s, when the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) took the initiative to show that side-by-side with art in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172478

  • Art turns political in the shadow of the Shining Path
    Montana, Constanza; Solis, Dianna
    1987
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141031

  • Arte brasileño erudito y arte brasileño popular
    Valladares, Clarivaldo Prado
    1969
    According to Clarival Valladares, folk art and fine art both took parallel approaches in terms of the socio-economic divisions in Brazilian society. He describes the internal migration of people from the northeast to the southern part of the country [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110759

  • Arte Folklorico Versus Arte Social, Versus L´Art Pour L´Art
    Halty, Adolfo, 1915-1974
    1943
    In this essay by Adolfo Halty, ideas are espoused about the controversial “social” sense of art and “folkloric art” at a time in Uruguay when debates about the notions of “cultural heritage,” “popular art,” etc., were beginning to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217654

  • Arte no Brasil
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1966
    Aracy Amaral states categorically that there is no Brazilian style of avant-garde art because there never were any artistic groups that were large enough or able to provide an innovative groundwork. In Amaral’s opinion, the lack of a local painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110373

  • Arte popular
    1963
    This is a short unsigned article about the opening of the Museu de Arte Popular (MAP) in 1963 in Salvador (Bahia). The writer refers to more than 200 art and craft works by more than twenty artists and artisans. Regarding the exhibition held along [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110862

  • Arte popular do Peru : 14a. Bienal Internacional de Sao Paulo '77
    1977
    This is a poster for the Peruvian Folk Art exhibition at the XIV Bienal Internacional de São Paulo in 1977. The design includes only the title of the exhibition and an enlarged detail photograph of a Pucará Bull [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857172

  • Arte popular latinoamericano
    Alves Duffrayer, Luciano
    1980
    The Brazilian art researcher Luciano Alves Duffrayer believed that thanks to the nationalism of the 1920s and the assimilation of the European avant-gardes led the way to overcoming the 19th century prejudices tacitly fostered by art academies. These [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155447

  • Arte popular peruano en Sao Paulo
    La Torre, Alfonso
    1977
    Alfonso La Torre interviews the photographer Eva Lewitus, who shares her opinions on the Peruvian folk art exhibition that was presented at the XIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1977. She thinks the exhibit did not reflect the full scope of this kind of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855899

  • Arte y artesanía
    Bernasconi, Carlos Antonio
    1976
    In this article the visual artist Carlos Bernasconi discusses the meaning of the terms “art,” “traditional art,” and “handcrafts” based on the definitions agreed upon at the 1st World Congress of Craftsmen held in New York in 1964. Noting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136191

  • Artes plásticas no Nordeste
    Barbosa, Ana Mae Tavares Bastos
    1997
    Ana Mae Barbosa points out the consequence of the internal diaspora of visual artists from Northeastern Brazil toward the major centers (São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) starting in the 1960s. In her opinion, those artists were better prepared for a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111417

  • Artes populares
    Meireles, Cecília, 1901-1964
    1952
    Poet Cecília Meireles discusses native art; which in her judgment ideally tells “history on a small scale.” She explains that Brazil is not homogeneous, as can be seen through its activities and techniques, which can be difficult to discern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111012

  • Artes populares peruanas
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1940
    In this article, José Sabogal discusses Peruvian traditional art, which in his opinion, is “the key point, in the Americas, where Hispanic America began. When indigenous cultural expressions were combined with the invasion of Mediterranean visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289545

  • Artesanía y arte
    Ugarte Eléspuru, Juan Manuel, 1911-
    1976
    In this essay the artist and researcher Juan Manuel Ugarte Eléspuru discusses the differences between “handcrafts” and “art.” In his opinion, the former term refers to traditional community works that were produced in response to local needs [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136411

  • Artistas plásticos cuestionan premio
    1976
    This newspaper article includes the full text of the communiqué from the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] in which the association’s board of directors expresses its “radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135960