Topic Descriptor: culture×
  • ¿Arte popular o artesanía?
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1977
    In this text, Alfonso Castrillón argues that the conflict between “high art” and “folk art” is a reflection of class division, where the dominant class sets limits for low art by means of notions such as “individual creation” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855151

  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Identidad o modernidad?
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    1974
    In this chapter from América Latina en sus artes Jorge Alberto Manrique begins by describing the artistic movements of the 1920s and comparing this period to a giant hinge that moved backward to the nineteenth century and forward to the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838652

  • ¿Qué es América Latina?
    Coutinho, Afrãnio
    1969
    Brazilian literary critic and essayist Afrânio Coutinho wrote this article in the late- 1960s. His article states since inception that to him the term “Latin American,” is at odds with the historical, social, cultural, literary, and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839810

  • ¿Qué ha cambiado en la cultura?
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    1975
    In this editorial article, the Czech–Peruvian poet and critic Mirko Lauer reviews Peruvian culture on the seventh anniversary of the military coup led by General Juan Velasco Alvarado, who installed the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141459

  • [Amalia Mesa- Bains: When I was asked to join the panel...]
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1989
    This document is a transcript of the contribution to a panel discussion by the art historian, Amalia Mesa-Bains, in which she addresses the ways in which the social circumstances experienced by Chicanos in the United States have influenced their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086109

  • [Artist's Statement by Bibiana Suárez re: Identity and Exile]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1991
    In this artist statement, Bibiana Suarez discusses how her work reflects her search for self-identification and the problems of living between two cultures—that of Puerto Rico and the United States—as a self-imposed exile. Suarez also describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064462

  • [Artist's Statement for Proposed Exhibition, 'In Search of an Island', April 1991]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1991
    In this artist statement for the exhibition In Search of an Island (1991), Bibiana Suarez discusses how her work reflects her search for self-identification and the problems of living between two cultures—that of Puerto Rico and the United States [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064446

  • [Depois de muita hesitação...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    1945
    In this essay the critic Mário Schenberg discusses the political and cultural changes he sees in the wake of the uprising led by Getúlio Vargas that was known as the Revolução de 1930. Schenberg believes that the agricultural oligarchy’s loss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091507

  • [El folleto "Los Disidentes" tiene por mision esencial dar testimonio ...]
    1950
    [This text is] the first issue of Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950) magazine, in which [the group] explains succinctly the “essential mission” of the eponymous magazine and the “immediate aim” which they are pursuing with this initial publication [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813779

  • [Em Panamérica, o seu segundo livro, José Agrippino de Paula...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    1967
    Mário Schenberg introduces PANAMÉRICA, the book by José Agrippino de Paula e Silva, whom he describes as an important figure in the new generation of Brazilian writers. In the critic’s opinion, this is a contemporary epic about the American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776051

  • [En la forja de América...]
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1916
    The prologue to Forjando patria: pro nacionalismo, published in 1916 by leading Mexican anthropologist and archaeologist Manuel Gamio, compares the forging of metal out of an amalgam of bronze and steel to the ideal societal intermixing of Mexicans [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125463

  • [Eran las tres de la tarde, hora en que mataron a Lola,...]
    Valdés, Zoé, 1959-
    1999
    Cuban novelist Zoe Valdés pays homage to the work of Dominican artist Darío Suro. Transformed into a perceptive art critic while still displaying her lyrical gift as a fiction writer, Valdés gives literary form to Suro’s art, which she sees as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822057

  • [Estas são todas histórias verdadeiras]
    Boal, Augusto
    1976
    Playwright Augusto Boal declares that all the stories contained within his book are true, and were written based on testimony overheard during different trips that occurred after he left Brazil in 1971, during the height of the military dictatorship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776129

  • [La América Latina es un continente de penetración política, económica y militar...]
    Le Parc, Julio
    1981
    This text, written by Julio Le Parc, states that cultural penetration is used in Latin America as a weapon of domination by the United States imperialism, which also seeks to control the means to value artwork at the international level. He also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774110

  • [Lecture, DePaul University, Chicago ]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1999
    In this lecture, the artist Bibiana Suarez recounts how a student's question prompted her to consider her own reasons for producing art; including the motivation of greed, which, although ostensibly negative, she considers as a motivator. Suarez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867458

  • [Lecture, School of the Art Institute of Chicago]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1989
    In this lecture given in April 1989 at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago-based, Puerto Rican artist Bibiana Suarez states that the value of art is dependent on its power to reveal the artist’s innermost world, and to preserve that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867517

  • [Letter] [1933, Junio?], Buenos Aires [to] Blanca Luz Brum
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    Other than the intimate details of the communication between Siqueiros and Brum, this letter provides extremely interesting insights into Siqueiros’s public relations in Buenos Aires, as well as his opinions and intentions concerning the local [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238660

  • [Letter] 1923 Nov. 15, São Paulo [to] Tarsila
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1923
    In this letter to the painter Tarsila do Amaral, the writer Mário de Andrade urges her, Sérgio Milliet, and Oswald de Andrade—the “country folk” who have become futurists during their stay in Paris—to return to the “virgin jungle,” to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784204

  • [Letter] 1930 Julio 15, Miraflores [to] Antonino Espinosa y Saldaña
    Ibérico, Mariano, 1892-1974
    1930
    This letter by Mariano Ibérico was written at the request of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña. More specifically, Ibérico was asked to share his opinion on the polemic surrounding the course on Incan art given at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143618

  • [Letter] 1970 April 21, México D.F. [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Beltrán, Alberto
    1970
    Mexican printmaker Alberto Beltrán writes to his Puerto Rican colleague Lorenzo Homar about the controversy stirred up by Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes and his group, following the announcement in the press that he [Fuentes], José Luis Cuevas, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856351

  • [Letter] 1972 Mayo 18, Minturno [to] Libero [Badii]
    Paparella, Aldo
    1972
    Aldo Paparella writes to Libero Badii with his opinions about classic art, about the ancient sculptures he observed in Europe, in particular Etruscan culture [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754622

  • [Letter] Comunicación de la Comisión de Planificación y Organización de las jornadas de la cultura uruguaya en el exilio. México, 9 de septiembre de 1977.
    Artigas Basté, Josep
    1977
    In this letter written by the Planning and Organization Commission of the Symposia on Uruguayan Culture in Exile, José Artigas expresses gratitude for the contribution to and solidarity with Uruguayan culture in exile, and for the defense of that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863500

  • [Nosotros no vinimos a París a seguir cursos de diplomacia...]
    1950
    In this fifth and last issue of Los Disidentes [The Dissidents] (Paris, 1950) magazine, which states as its purpose to “severely” attack the cultural reality of Venezuela, which [the group] describes as “false,” and with the intention of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813555

  • [Nueve años después que Castro vino al poder, la artista María Magdalena Pons...]
    Dwyer, Adrianne M.
    1998
    The author of this essay, Adrianne Dwyer, discusses the autobiographical references found in Magdalena Campos-Pons’s work that relate to her Afro-Cuban background, specifically the spiritual tradition of Santeria. Campos-Pons explains that her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841346

  • [Personal statement, Art Institute of Chicago’s Betty Rymer Gallery]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1992
    In this text, artist Bibiana Suarez’s makes a personal statement about her experience as a self-imposed Puerto Rican exile in Chicago, her negotiations of living “on the edge of two cultures,” and her artistic exploration of feelings of loss, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782119

  • [Según Gloria Valencia de Castaño...]
    Gómez Echeverri, Nicolás
    2008
    In this brief chapter, the artist and researcher Nicolás Gómez Echeverri explains how the art critic Marta Traba became a cultural icon on television in Colombia. Gómez draws on his research to describe the physical and intellectual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131936

  • [Speech given at the Terra Museum of Art, Chicago]
    Sierra, Paul, 1944-
    The Cuban-American artist Paul Sierra begins this lecture, delivered at the Terra Museum of Art in Chicago, by declaring that even though he has been asked to speak about the “sources of Hispanic Art,” he has decided to speak instead about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064040

  • [Talk given by Bibiana Suaréz for panel, "Object, Image and Illusion" at the Women's Caucus for Arts 1992 Conference]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1992
    In this panel presentation at the 1992 Women's Caucus for Arts, artist Bibiana Suarez spoke about how her images reflect her reality as a Puerto Rican living in the United States who feels caught between two cultures and who insistently searches for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867477

  • 1987 : un gran año para las artes plásticas
    González, Beatriz, 1938-
    1987
    Colombian artist and art critic Beatriz González Aranda provides a thorough review of what she considers the key events necessary to understanding the art scene in 1987. In the text’s seven sections, González Aranda voices her opinion of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 862082

  • 1o. Salão de Arte - Feira Nacional de Indústrias
    1941
    The catalogue for I Salão, the exhibition sponsored by the Feira de Indústrias, includes essays written by the organizers of the event: Elias Chaves Neto, Vittorio Gobbis, and Quirino da Silva. Gobbis talks about the meaning of art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785193

  • 3. Salão da Pro Arte = 3. Jahres-Kunstausstellung der Pro Arte
    Heuberger, Theodor
    1933
    This text is the monthly bulletin of the Sociedade Pro Arte which includes the list for the catalogue of works presented at the III Salão da Pro Arte, a few of which it reproduces within. The following artists participated in the exhibition: Alberto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785228

  • A "descida" antropophaga
    Costa, Oswaldo
    1928
    This document claims that one of the fundamental tenets of the so-called Movimento Antropófago is a return to a “natural state” (understood as a kind of “beauty with natural features” that is ugly, rough, barbaric, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784397

  • A identidade no plural
    Fabris, Annateresa
    2000
    In this essay, Annateresa Fabris addresses the issue of identity and its connections to the visual arts in Latin America. She refers to the concept of a “sense of place” in the development of the symbolic system that posits the idea of a “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808207

  • A personal response : to some of the twelve points posited with respect to chicano nationalism
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    In this text, art historian and activist Victor Alejandro Sorell ponders on arguments for designating Chicano people a nation: the history of the twelfth-century Aztec homeland Aztlán, —located in the U.S. Southwest,— included; the seizure of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064542

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela de Bellas Artes : carta abierta
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    Painter Antonino Espinosa opens this letter questioning the pertinence of the “Arte incaico” [Incan Art] course at the ENBA—to be offered by writer Augusto Aguirre, author of the novel El pueblo del sol [The People of the Sun]—arguing that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143520

  • A transfiguração cultural
    Ribeiro, Darcy
    1969
    This text by the anthropologist Darcy Ribeiro establishes the following theoretical categories: “testimony-peoples,” “new peoples,” “transplanted peoples,” and “emerging peoples” as the basis for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785492

  • Abstracción y realismo : Comentarios sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1949
    The author reflects on a comparison between abstraction and realism, presenting it as a grave problem of the era. For José Renau, the main trend of the “bourgeois” culture is based on the abstract and trivial aspect of intellectual creation. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756512

  • Acuerdo de trabajo
    1985
    The text poses several key starting points drawn up by the work group involved in the II Encuentro de Intelectuales por la soberanía de los pueblos de nuestra América  [Second Encounter of Intellectuals for the Sovereignty of the Peoples of Our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774153

  • Against Rasquache : Chicano identity and the politics of popular culture in Los Angeles
    García, Ramón, 1967-
    1998
    In this essay, Ramón García explores the foundations and essential qualities of Chicano camp (rasquache) and its artistic and literary manifestations. García begins with a discussion of the walking murals of the Los Angeles conceptual art group, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845797

  • Alianza de intelectuales, artistas y escritores bolivianos
    1938
    This article announces the founding of the Bolivian AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) a few years after the founding of homonymous associations in Argentina and Uruguay. The Bolivian group basically embraced the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225763

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea; Rozo, Arlene; Keller, Susan
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842013

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Keller, Susan; Rozo, Arlene; Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842035

  • América Latina Nação
    Ribeiro, Darcy
    1996
    Inspired by the creation of the Memorial da América Latina (designed by Oscar Niemayer), this article discusses the various attempts to promote cultural unity among Latin American countries. According to the author, the anthropologist Darcy [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807699

  • América y el nihilismo : Respuesta a Marta Traba
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    1965
    In this article, J. R. Guillent Pérez confronts what he considers to be Marta Traba’s “attitude of disdain,” in her use of the term “apocalypse” in a negative sense; in doing so he makes use of philosophical sources, such as L’être et [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799193

  • Americanidade e latinidade da America latina: crescente interpenetração e decrescente segregação
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1963
    This is a summary of Gilberto Freyre’s thoughts on the subject of Latin America, with a focus on the cultural anthropological aspects of a hybrid civilization based on a blend of black, American Indian, and European traditions. The author discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807893

  • Americanismo e Hispanismo
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1942
    Gilberto Freyre defends the right of each country in the Americas to have its own form of government, as long as it refrains from causing any kind of violent disturbance elsewhere on the continent. His views are challenged by orthodox supporters of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807875

  • Américas desavenidas
    Picón-Salas, Mariano, 1901-1965
    1952
    Critic Mariano Picón-Salas interprets the model proposed by José Enrique Rodó in Ariel (1900) as a symbol of the antagonism between Latin America and the United States. This opposition, caused by the imperialist thirst of the United States and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815716

  • An historical essay on heart imagery and expressions
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Amalia Mesa-Bains’s essay proposes a historical lineage of heart imagery and the concept of “lo del corazón” [that which comes from the heart] that begins in the Mexico’s Aztec ritual of human sacrifice and culminates in public and popular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795630

  • Ante América
    Ponce de León, Carolina, 1955-; Mosquera, Gerardo; Weiss, Rachel
    1992
    The introduction to the catalogue for the exhibition of Latin American art Ante América [Regarding America]—presented in late 1992 at the Luis Ángel Arango Library and the Banco de la República in Bogotá—that was written by the art critic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098386