Geographic Descriptor: Chile ×
  • ¡Ay sudamerica! 400.000 textos sobre Santiago
    Colectivo Acciones de Arte (Chile)
    1981
    This document was part of the action with the same name—¡Ay sudamerica! 400.000 Textos sobre Santiago—[Ay, South America! 400,000 Texts over Santiago] carried out by C.A.D.A. (Colectivo de Acciones de Arte) [Art Action Collective] in 1981 in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730004

  • [Al ingresar al Atelier 17 de S. W. Hayter hace 20 años]
    Antúnez, Nemesio, 1918-1993
    1996
    In this text Nemesio Antúnez provides a brief description of Taller 99. He discusses the origin of the workshop and his association with Atelier 17 (founded in 1917) in Paris, where he completed his training as a printmaker, underscoring the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745065

  • A mis padres; Conchita y Damián
    Balmes, José, 1927-2016
    1989
    In this handwritten letter, José Balmes, the Catalonian artist who had lived in Chile since the end of the Spanish Civil War, recalls his arrival in the Andean country aboard the Winnipeg, the ship provided by the populist Chilean president [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747303

  • A propósito de la fotografía en Chile
    Fonseca, Mario, 1948-
    1987
    In this article, which is one of the first formal written accounts of the history of Chilean photography, Mario Fonseca emphasizes the absence of history, criticism, and market. He talks about the arrival of the first daguerreotypes in Chile, in 1840 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754408

  • Arte en Chile de veinte, treinta años
    Oyarzún Robles, Pablo, 1950-
    1999
    In this article Pablo Oyarzún provides a critical review of the art produced over the course of three decades. He notes the lack of a tradition that could bear witness to and interpret art production in Chile. From the early twentieth century& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745095

  • Arte, mujer, imagen
    Valdés, Adriana, 1943-
    2006
    In this essay Adriana Valdés discusses the production of women artists, and takes a sweeping look at women artists in Latin America and Chile. She follows María Zambrano’s lead regarding the cultural and historical forces that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775510

  • Balmes: dos tierras
    Galaz, Gaspar, 1941-
    1989
    In this article, Gaspar Galaz rates José Balmes as one of the most important painters in the Chilean art world. The writer notes the international influence Balmes brings to his local perspective and concentrates his attention on the paintings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735080

  • Breve nota sobre pintura chilena : 1950-88
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1989
    Justo Pastor Mellado’s essay “Breve nota sobre pintura chilena: 1950–88,” introduced the traveling exhibition Cirugía Plástica [Plastic Surgery] to Berlin audiences. Mellado mentions certain specific features of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736085

  • Campo artístico, escena de avanzada y autoritarismo en Chile
    Brunner, José Joaquín, 1944-
    1987
    José Joaquín Brunner explains how the authoritarian regime that came into power after the 1973 coup d’état impacted cultural production in its various forms and, more specifically, what was going on in the Escena de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738628

  • Contra el pensamiento-teorema: Una defensa del video arte en Chile
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1986
    In this article, which appeared in the sixth catalogue for the Festival Franco-Chileno de Video Arte (1986), Nelly Richard discusses how video was used for artistic purposes in Chile. From a theoretical standpoint, she explores the experimental use [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748696

  • Correcaminos
    Dittborn, Eugenio, 1943-
    1985
    In this essay Eugenio Dittborn writes about his Pinturas aeropostales [Airmail Paintings], discussing them in poetic terms laid out in 13 sections in which he describes how they were put together and how they were supposed to function. He explains [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735214

  • Crítica; historia. Sobre el libro Márgenes e Instituciones de Nelly Richard
    Oyarzún Robles, Pablo, 1950-
    1987
    This is Pablo Oyarzún’s critical review of Nelly Richard’s book Márgenes e Instituciones (Margins and Institutions). He acknowledges her role in the field of Chilean art and her contributions to a new approach to art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741255

  • Cuatro alcances
    Dittborn, Eugenio, 1943-
    1987
    Eugenio Dittborn discusses Nelly Richard’s book, Margins and Institutions. Art in Chile Since 1973 (1986), condensing his review into four brief comments. The first considers the text as a “lengthy written work,” which contributes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738646

  • Destrucción, reconstrucción y desconstrucciones
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1987
    In “Destrucción, reconstrucción y desconstrucciones” (Destruction, Reconstruction, and Deconstructions), Nelly Richard critically reviews the cultural situation in Chile during the military dictatorship (1973–90). It was, in her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754460

  • Diálogo entre grabadores Pedro Millar-Nemesio Antúnez
    Millar, Pedro, 1930-2014; Antúnez, Nemesio, 1918-1993
    1996
    Pedro Millar interviews Nemesio Antúnez, and they discuss printmaking based on their personal and group experience. The conversation touches on what prompted Antúnez’s interest in printmaking, the years he spent in the United [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761849

  • El arte ganó un mito más : el video
    Olhagaray, Néstor, 1946-2020
    1990
    Néstor Olhagaray, the video maker and researcher, writes about the arrival of video in the Chilean art world. He refers to one of the essential characteristics of the medium, which is its ability to create both a personal and a social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736110

  • El comportamiento de la crítica
    Muñoz Zárate, Patricio, 1960-
    2000
    In his essay about the vast subject of art criticism in Chile from 1950 to 1973, Patricio Muñoz Zárate highlights the field’s defining moments, milestones, and notable personalities. In a series of subchapters, he sheds light on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757179

  • El gesto del otro : arte/política en Chile (1975-1985)
    Muñoz, Gonzalo, 1956-
    1989
    In this article, the writer Gonzalo Muñoz discusses the art produced in Santiago, Chile, between 1974 and 1985, which he describes as being highly political and, therefore, very focused on the military dictatorship that was in power at that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736081

  • Escena de Avanzada
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1997
    Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the Escena de Avanzada twenty years after Nelly Richard coined the term. Though it originally had militant undertones, the term evolved into a historical category. It applied to a set of texts and artworks that Richard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756828

  • Gestos críticos
    Eltit, Diamela, 1949-
    1990
    In “Gestos Críticos” (Critical Gestures) Diamela Eltit, a member of the group Colectivo Acciones de Arte (C.A.D.A), discusses the art actions that were performed during the military dictatorship in Chile (1973–90). According [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736098

  • Historias de identificación : recomposición del álbum familiar
    Madrid, Alberto, 1955-
    2000
    The curator and researcher Alberto Madrid analyzes Historias de identificación (Histories of Identification), housed in one of the rooms at the grand exhibition held at the MNBA in Santiago, Chile, which uses portraits to record presence and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745848

  • Historias de mancha : marca, superficie y borde
    Nordenflycht Concha, José de, 1970-
    2000
    José de Nordenflycht discusses Justo Pastor Mellado’s curatorial vision for Chile 100 Años Artes Visuales. He mentions the area that included five painters who all studied at the Universidad de Chile: José Balmes, Samy [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745760

  • Historias de transferencia y densidad en el campo plástico chileno (1973-2000)
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    2000
    The theorist Justo Pastor Mellado outlines his curatorial approach for the exhibition 1973–2000: Transferencia y densidad. He begins by defining concepts such as “curator,” discussing the term’s evolution in Chile and its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740449

  • Intertexto
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1985
    This text by Nelly Richard is based on a collection of quotes, which trace an argumentative arc that express her ideas about the exhibition she is reviewing. She also discusses certain situations in the art field at the time that show how the first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734686

  • Intervención viernes 20 de mayo
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1983
    In 1983 Justo Pastor Mellado addressed some discussions that were begun a couple of years earlier in his essay about Tránsito suspendido, the exhibition of works by Carlos Altamirano. He described this text as a second part, focusing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749179

  • Intervención viernes 3 de junio
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1983
    Justo Pastor Mellado wrote three interventions for the Seminario de interpretación de la coyuntura plástica. This third “polemical” text ranges from what was taking place in the visual arts field in Chile to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749190

  • Introduction=Introducción
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1986
    This is Nelly Richard’s “Introduction” to her book Margins and Institutions. Art in Chile Since 1973, in which she outlines the concept of the Escena de Avanzada. The “advanced scene” flourished in an unofficial sector [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738523

  • Inversión de escena
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1983
    In this text the cultural critic Nelly Richard poses two questions: What strategy is being used? And what is the policy as regards to a cultural approach? Richard’s questions inform her analysis of the ideas underpinning the Provincia señ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731376

  • La escritura crítica y su efecto : una reflexión preliminar
    Valdés, Adriana, 1943-
    1987
    Adriana Valdés discusses Margins and Institutions. Art in Chile Since 1973, the book by Nelly Richard. Valdés pays particular attention to “the writing scene,” which included Richard as well as others who contributed to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738636

  • La esquina como juntura y desencuadre = The corner : coupling and defocus
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    2004
    The author, Nelly Richard, suggests an analogy between Galería Metropolitana’s location in an outlying area of the city (Comuna Pedro Aguirre Cerda in Santiago) and its editorial approach. She uses symbolic opposites, such as center and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753579

  • La función del video
    Colectivo Acciones de Arte
    2001
    This text written by members of the C.A.D.A (Colectivo Acciones de Arte) explains how the group approached video in two different ways, using it to document their actions and to create new works. The text underscores how video—which can be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744664

  • La historia y sus carencias. Introducción
    Machuca, Guillermo, 1961-2020
    1999
    In this essay, Guillermo Machuca discusses the evolution of Chilean art, from the founding of the Academia de Pintura to the artists of the 1960s, using the works in the collection held by the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo (Santiago) as a base. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756093

  • La línea de la memoria
    Madrid, Alberto, 1955-
    1995
    This essay by Alberto Madrid is the research on the evolution of Chilean engraving at the Escuela de Bellas Artes de Viña del Mar. For this the author utilized references of national geographic elements associated with printmaking, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773367

  • La noción de filiación
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1995
    In this essay, Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the works by the painters Pablo Burchard, Gracia Barrios, and José Balmes at the exhibition curated by Francisco González. Pastor Mellado notes that González’s curatorial plan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749819

  • La novela chilena del grabado
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1995
    In this essay Justo Pastor Mellado presents an extension of his theory concerning the vital contribution made by printing to the emergence of “modernity” in Chilean art. The text, arranged in 21 sections, describes the evolution of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736035

  • La persistencia de lo discontínuo
    Brugnoli, Francisco, 1935-
    1999
    Francisco Brugnoli reviews the work of Matilde Pérez in terms of persistence and discontinuity. In his essay, he theorizes about art’s role as a means of communication and provides a historical perspective on the evolution of a kind of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756913

  • Las estructuras elementales de la transferencia teórica
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1995
    In this text Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the concept of “theoretical transference,” an idea that is mentioned in several of his publications. He uses two fictional models: one refers to the origin myth in Chilean painting, the other to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736043

  • Los biografemas de Pablo Burchard : elucidación y demarcación pictórica
    González Vera, Francisco
    2000
    The theorist and visual artist Francisco González-Vera describes his text as a “model” that can be used to help position the work of Pablo Burchard within the framework of Chilean painting. To that end, he suggests taking an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773704

  • Los descontroles del sentido
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1983
    In this text Nelly Richard offers a diagnostic on feminism in Chile and its connections to social sciences and art. The author refers to a Feminism (with a capital F) that developed in the social sciences, which became the predominant discourse and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732038

  • Lucha cultural y política
    Brunner, José Joaquín, 1944-
    1982
    This text provides an analysis of what happens at a cultural level in a totalitarian society, which the author implies is a reference to Chile, and how political resistance is organized in such circumstances. One of the main features that José [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731855

  • Parpadeo y piedad
    Oyarzún Robles, Pablo, 1950-
    1989
    The essay “Parpadeo y piedad,” which appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition Cirugía plástica (Plastic Surgery), held in Berlin, discusses art in Chile, specifically, the art produced in the wake of the 1973 fascist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736077

  • Paz Errázuriz y el tango
    Lihn, Enrique, 1929-1988
    1988
    In this essay, Enrique Lihn discusses the Tango series of photographs by Paz Errázuriz, based on a review of the works of authors who have written about the origins and lyrics of this particular style of music and dance. Lihn claims that & [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773616

  • Pedro Millar
    Lihn, Enrique, 1929-1988
    1970
    This essay is a review by Enrique Lihn on Pedro Millar’s exhibition at the Instituto Cultural de Providencia, and it being part of the IV Bienal Americana del Grabado in Santiago, Chile in 1970. Lihn characterized Millar’s work as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 767093

  • Realismo y crisis de la representación pictórica
    Machuca, Guillermo, 1961-2020
    2000
    In his essay “Realismo y crisis de la representación pictórica” (Realism and Crisis in Pictorial Representation), Guillermo Machuca addresses several critical points regarding the visual arts in Chile during the 1960s. They include, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757202

  • Retroactivaciones de un proceso
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1983
    In this essay Nelly Richard addresses the new approach to painting taken by some artists in response to what she referred to as the Escena de Avanzada. In her review of the BENMAYOR/DIAZ/DITTBORN/DUCLOS/LEPPE exhibition, Richard discusses the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730159

  • Return to the pleasurable=La vuelta a lo placentero
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1986
    Nelly Richard focuses on a number of artists as part of her assessment of the status of painting in Chile during the 1970s and 1980s. She discusses a selection of works by a group of artists who take a critical approach to the painting tradition, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743686

  • Sobre arte y política(s) : contraoficialidad, poder y lenguajes
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1989
       In her essay “Sobre arte y política(s): contraoficialidad, poder y lenguajes,” written for the exhibition catalogue Cirugía plástica (Plastic Surgery), Nelly Richard reflects on the socio-political and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736073

  • Subversiones/Imposturas
    Muñoz Zárate, Patricio, 1960-
    2004
    In this essay, Patricio Muñoz Zárate discusses his curatorial approach to the exhibition Subversiones/Imposturas organized for the IV Bienal de Arte. He describes a likely scene in which young artists try to change what is “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753543

  • The rhetoric of the body=Las retóricas del cuerpo
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1986
    Nelly Richard discusses the use of the human body as a support for a work of art. She refers to two art actions beginning in 1975. One of them was El perchero by Carlos Leppe; in the other, Raúl Zurita burned his face, photographed it, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744815

  • Un caso de producción de identidad artística
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    1995
    Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the evolution of Chilean painting, from its roots to the 1980s. He divides his essay into six sections that explore the field’s history, from José Gil de Castro to the early twentieth century, remembering [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736039