Name Descriptor: Atl, Dr., 1875-1964×
  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    This is the first of two articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published under the pseudonym “Juan Eye,” on the Mexican art exhibition organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. The author believes the show is exceptional for its positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137991

  • Alteraciones de la Historia: El paisaje en la obra de caballete de Siqueiros
    Acevedo, Esther
    In the symposium entitled Hacia otra ruta hacia Siqueiros [Towards Another Route Towards Siqueiros] and organized by Curare, Esther Acevedo presented a paper in which she dealt with landscapes in the work of David Alfaro Siqueiros. This facet of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833211

  • Las decoraciones que pasaron a ser revolucionarias
    Acevedo, Esther
    Using newspaper sources, Esther Acevedo explores the diverse ways in which different groups of artists and intellectuals arose during 1920-1924 around the concept of “what is national,” particularly in the visual arts. She also investigates the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833203

  • Exposición de los artistas mexicanos de 1910
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    The exhibition catalog is a curatorial reconstruction of the 1910 exhibition held for the Centennial of Mexican Independence and organized by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes de México. The study was based on an amassing of graphic materials [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833184

  • El arte independiente y claro de Frida Kahlo
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    According to Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic living in exile in Mexico, Frida Kahlo’s pictorial art was an eloquent example of will in service to sensitivity. Palencia speaks of Frida’s lifelong rebellion against her mother’s violent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826847

  • Jalisco se reivindica
    Blanco Moheno, Roberto
    This article is a review of the exhibition of 19th- and 20th-century Jalisco painting that took place at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in the capital of Mexico. The exhibition included works by José María Estrada, Dr. Atl, Roberto Montenegro, José [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804384

  • Un esfuerzo, una realización : La Galería de Arte Mexicano
    On the fifteenth anniversary of the Galería de Arte Mexicano [GAM, Mexican Art Gallery], Margarita de Ponce reviews its activities and discusses what she considers to be its greatest contributions toward the distribution and promotion of Mexican art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799632

  • ¿El abandono de su tradicional plataforma ideológica servirá a la pintura mexicana?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    In this short article by Antonio Rodríguez, the art critic shows his support for an article published in the previous issue of the journal Espacios by the artist Roberto Berdecio, in defense of “social painting.” Rodríguez believes that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799572

  • Sobre la crisis en la pintura social
    Berdecio, Roberto
    While this article mounts a defense of Mexican painting with “human/social content,” it also admits that this art has entered into a “period of crisis or, if you will, reorientation.” In today’s artwork, Berdecio sees “unmistakable signs [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799537

  • Artes plásticas : los pintores jaliscienses : José Clemente Orozco
    Monterde, Francisco
    Fradique’s article, signed in Guadalajara, which is the capital of the state of Jalisco, sets out to review the work of some of the artists from that state. He begins with the “elders”: Dr. Atl, Alfredo Ramos Martínez (sic) and Rafael Ponce de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799498

  • El Museo de arte Moderno : Hay de todo como en la botica
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    Critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna reviews the content of the newly opened Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes at the Palacio de Bellas Artes. After several visits to take in the breadth of the collection, he concludes that the Mexican painting section [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798315

  • El rey ha muerto : Viva el rey: La renovación de la pintura mexicana
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    In this essay, originally published in 1970, Jorge Alberto Manrique points out that in the 1950s the Mexican School of Painting began to stagnate in terms of both form and motifs. However, official support allowed it to maintain its control of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798006

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco : La mesa puesta. Los primeros ensayos. Capacidad crítica de los pintores. Jean Charlot. Pintura europea. Artistas de hoy
    Orozco, José Clemente
    In this document, José Clemente Orozco provides a vast panorama of what he believes was thought in Mexico in 1920 regarding art: 1. Any person could feel he was a painter; 2. Pre-Cortés art was the only tradition and everyone spoke of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796164

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco.
    Orozco, José Clemente
    This is an autobiographical account by the Mexican muralist José Clemente Orozco that reveals the extraordinary influence exerted on his life and work by Dr. Atl. When Dr. Atl returned from Europe, he sought the support of his old colleagues [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796158

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco. Los talleres de Gedovius. La exposición española y la mexicana de 1910. El "Centro Artístico". El hijo del Ahuizote. Huelga de estudiantes. Raziel Cabildo
    Orozco, José Clemente
    This article centers on two events: Orozco’s participation in the student exhibition at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos during the critical year of 1910 and his start as a caricaturist for opposition newspapers. The government [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793221

  • El ‘Dr. Atl’, niñero del Popo
    This article violently criticizes the political and artistic positions taken by Gerardo Murillo (a. k. a. Dr. Atl) during and after the revolution. “Dr. Atl” is accused of having founded the Batallones Rojos [Red Battalions] through the Casa del [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792989

  • El Dr. Atl y los antecedentes de la pintura mural contemporánea
    Moyssén Echeverría, Xavier
    Xavier Moyssén writes about mural painting’s nineteenth-century precedents, in private houses and in pulquerías [agave sap saloons,] and works painted by nineteenth-century students at the Academia; the artists, he includes, are José Obregón, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792934

  • El Antiguo manicomio de San Pedro y San Pablo ha quedado convertido en un edificio escolar
    This article mentions the forthcoming opening of the Escuela n° 6 de la Secretaría de Educación Pública [Ministry of Public Education’s School No. 6] that will be attended by President Álvaro Obregón (1920-24). The building that was once the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786305

  • MacKinley Helm y el apogeo del arte pictórico mexicano
    Toro, Oliverio
    With this article, the journalist celebrates the recent publication of MacKinley Helm’s book Modern Mexican Painters in the United States. His review describes the book as the most complete panorama of Mexican painting: “no other writer that we [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786287

  • Crónica : algunas notas sobre pintura : a José Juan Tablada, a Gerardo Murillo
    Zárraga, Angel
    This article is an interesting reflection by Ángel Zárraga on the art of the painter’s era, sent from Spain to the magazine Savia Moderna; at the time, he was also an amateur writer. He dedicates the article to two key figures that were beginning [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781743

  • Nuestra exposición de obras de arte
    Arguelles Bringas, Roberto
    This article, by a noted member of the group behind the magazine Savia Moderna [Modern Sap], is a presentation of the painting exhibition sponsored by the magazine and held in May 1906. This exhibition had a very decisive effect on the future of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781736

  • La exposición del Dr. Atl en Bellas Artes : una entrevista singular
    Monterde, Francisco
    Dr. Atl’s exhibition provides an opportunity for the critic Francisco Monterde to interview the painter, although he manages to extract little information from him. Monterde states that Alberto J. Pani and Don Luis Quintanilla were present, as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781695

  • La exposición de arte mexicano en París es un triunfo enorme para México y su arte y para nuestro gobierno
    Gamboa, Fernando
    This article reports on the success of the exhibition of ancient and modern Mexican art that was presented in Paris and then shipped to Stockholm. In Fernando Gamboa’s opinion, the exhibition was a revelation. The Parisian press described it as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779879

  • Proyecto de declaraciones del maestro Carlos Chávez
    Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978
    Carlos Chávez announces the opening of the Mexican art exhibition organized by the governments of Mexico and France, in which a very carefully selected collection of masterpieces would be presented, beginning with the pre-Cortés era and continuing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779866

  • No hay mas ruta que la nuestra : Importancia nacional e internacional de la pintura mexicana moderna
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This is a collection of articles by David Alfaro Siqueiros in which he restates the principles of an art about war, linking it to the great artistic traditions expressed in the work of artists such as Dr. Atl, José Clemente Orozco, and Diego Rivera [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774358

  • Notas artísticas : el fracaso de la Exposición de Independientes
    Ortega, Febronio
    The “independents” exhibition was born out of an effort by artists to promote an art market and maintain control of it, christened in the same manner as the Parisian avant-garde. That first show in November 1922—by Grupos de Acción de Arte [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774095

  • Un eminente crítico de arte habla de la Bienal y de sus premios
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    Both Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna and Luis Cardoza y Aragón agreed that the deliberations of the International Jury’s Panel (which had established the parameters for awarding the prizes) for the Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772188

  • Historia de un mural con algo de inmoral…
    León, Carlos
    The article provides a detailed description of an encounter with the artist known as “El Chango” [The Monkey] Cabral in his studio during the creation of a removable mural. The reporter describes in detail the composition and animal-like [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764650

  • El jurado de los intelectuales enemigos del pueblo : continuación de la farsa “La caída de los ricos y la construcción del nuevo orden social
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    Act one, scene two of this farce is entitled “A jury [to try] the reactionary intellectuals and capricious intellectual revolutionaries.” The figures to be judged and the extras, as well as the wailing chorus, have the actual names of numerous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764063

  • Un reducto de la libertad : Diego Rivera : el conquistador de los muros
    Desnos, Robert
    To the French poet Robert Desnos, Mexico was facing a historical moment in which the defense of its freedom was linked to its territorial integrity. He believes it is unfair to call what is going on in Mexico nationalism, since the effort to defend [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760481

  • Con la Bienal se logra hoy lo que no lograron 60 años de propaganda demagógica : Dice el Doctor Atl
    Tibol, Raquel
    Raquel Tibol interviewed Dr. Atl, who declared his total agreement with the organizers of the Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking], sponsored by the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758357

  • La exposición del Dr. Atl
    Toussaint, Manuel
    Manuel Toussaint states that Dr. Atl was now beginning to express himself in his work. The exhibition of his paintings could teach art students how the great visionaries expressed their emotions. But the personal life of this painter could not be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756592

  • Diego Rivera, íntimo
    Ortega, Febronio
    In this piece, Febronio Ortega gathered a variety of opinions from the art world. Among them, he recalled Diego Rivera’s description of his visit to the “Museo de Mediocridades” [Museum of Mediocrities]—Rivera’s characterization of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755334

  • Pintura de Jalisco
    Castro, Rosa
    A review of the exhibition Plástica Jalisciense, 1668-1953 organized by Lola Álvarez Bravo, under the auspices of the government of the State of Jalisco and the Universidad de Guadalajara, and held at the Museo de Guadalajara. The exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753152

  • Introduction
    Stewart, Virginia
    In this book, published in 1951, Virginia Stewart looks back at the 45 most representative artists of modern Mexican painting. Her list, created at the end of the golden era of the “Mexican School of Painting,” includes painters from the first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748181

  • El doctor Atl “tento” al Gral. Esteban Cantú: este rechazó sus proposiciones de rebelión, y ordenó salir a él y a los suyos del territorio nacional: el jefe político del Distrito N. de B. California, niega haber ordenado la compra de aparatos inalámbricos
    Gerardo Murillo (Dr. Atl) is accused of pretending that General Esteban Cantú, an ardent supporter of President Venustiano Carranza, should rebel against the established government. By denouncing this “attempt” of coup d’état, the General [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739610

  • El Dr. Atl defiende la credencial : como resultara vencido, la Asamblea lo Despide con un Aplauso de afecto : un fogonazo de magnesio lleva a la Placa fotográfica la figura del Señor Martínez en traje Norfolk
    This article shows how the personalities in arts and politics are intimately linked. The long essay describes the defense that Dr. Atl made of a "seat" in the National Congress. It is about a lawmakers’ bench. In these elections, in spite of having [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739298

  • El doctor Atl triunfa como diputado : venció a sus contrincantes que se presentaron candidatos por el sexto distrito electoral
    This article announces the large number of votes won by Gerardo Murillo (better known as Dr. Atl) compared to his losing opponents Rafael Martínez and Miguel Gómez Noriega, and the many supporters of Porfirio Díaz regime in Mexico City. Mr. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739153

  • El Doctor Atl conferencista
    Frías, José D., 1891-1936
    Within the devastated atmosphere of the post-First World War period, Gerardo Murillo, a.k.a. Doctor Atl, calls for a revolutionary solution. He also stresses his experiments: his new language, the “pintura sígnica” [sign-based] painting, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737711

  • Rubén Darío y los pintores mexicanos
    Mejía Sánchez, Ernesto
    Rubén Darío kept in close contact with the Mexican artists settled in Paris, such as Alfredo Ramos Martínez, Roberto Montenegro, Ángel Zárraga, Diego Rivera, and Dr. Atl. This statement by Ernesto Mejía Sánchez documents the exchanges with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737617

  • La escultura cubista en México
    Garrido, Luis
    After mentioning the contributions of Diego Rivera and Dr. Atl, the author emphasizes the importance of Guillermo Ruiz, as a prototype of cubist art, also identified with planismo [a flat-like fad] in sculpture. The author asserts that Ruiz produces [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737483

  • En la Galería de Arte Moderno
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    This brief survey of Dr. Atl’s exhibit at the Galería de Arte Moderno, remarks on the vocation shown by this branch of the DDF [Mexico City-City Hall] to encourage openly and generously any sincere artistic manifestation. Regarding the work of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736579

  • Orozco, el precursor formal-profesional
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In his essay written in the form of a letter, David Alfaro Siqueiros refers to four of José Clemente Orozco’s major areas of interest as he looks back on the life of the recently deceased painter, identifying him as an artist and a friend, and as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735414

  • Un Fragmento de la Autobiografía de Orozco
    Orozco, José Clemente
    In this brief excerpt from his autobiography, José Clemente Orozco describes his stay in Orizaba during the Mexican revolution. Of interest is Orozco’s mention of Dr. Atl, whom he refers to as a friend and as the founding father of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735328