Name Descriptor: Gego×
  • "Es dificil negar que Gego nació en Venezuela..." = "É difícil negar que Gego nasceu na Venezuela..."
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1996
    In this essay, Roberto Guevara gives an overview of Gego’s career, [based on a selection of works that are] on display at the São Paulo Biennial. Guevara describes how Gego’s work has evolved from her early sculptures in the 1950s to her latest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149603

  • "Mis obras son un trabajo abstracto muy planificado..."
    Espinoza, Eugenio, 1950-
    1985
    In this essay, Eugenio Espinoza analyzes Dibujos sin papel [Drawings Without Paper], a series of works by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin. Espinoza focuses on the works from that series created in 1985 as he explores the way Gego goes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854691

  • "Reticulárea" de Gego
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1969
    Roberto Guevara reviewed Gego’s Reticulárea (1969) when it was first installed at the Museo de Bellas Artes [Museum of Fine Arts] in Caracas. He mentions the artist’s use of space within the Reticulárea, which acquires a new environmental [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149318

  • "reticularea" de Gego
    Briceño, Pedro
    1969
    Published in the magazine Imagen in 1969, this article by sculptor and teacher Pedro Briceño takes the reader into the universe of Gego’s Reticulárea. Briceño points out that Gego is an architect as well as an artist, and then describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150083

  • [Después de ese prolongado letargo en que ha vivido...]
    Arroyo, Miguel, 1920-2004
    1962
    In his essay, the curator Miguel Arroyo states his opinion about the lethargy that has overcome the sculpture world in Venezuela. He is struck by the movement of young sculptors stepping up to continue the work started by Francisco Narváez, Gego [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157529

  • [Gego es uno de los auténticos valores...]
    Chocrón, Isaac, 1930- 2011
    1967
    This text was written by Venezuelan playwright and essayist Isaac Chocrón (1930–2011) for the catalogue accompanying the Gego exhibition, Gego esculturas. 1957–1967, held at the Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango in Bogotá (1967). Chocrón places [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159035

  • [Gertrudis Goldschmidt, Gego, figura del arte contemporáneo ... = Gertrudis Goldschmidt, Gego, figura do arte contemporaneo...]
    Avellaneda de Luna, Mariela
    1996
    With this text, Mariela Avellaneda de Luna officially presents Gego at the twenty-third São Paulo Biennial. Avellaneda points out the importance of the line in Gego’s large structures, such as the versions of Reticulárea, emphasizing the way the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149565

  • [La gran virtud de Gego...]
    Lucena, Luis Fernando
    1968
    Luis Fernando Lucena reviews Gego’s lithographic works. The Colombian writer describes these works by Gego as atemporal and in a permanent state of activity, with no beginning or end. He also suggests that it is impossible and unnecessary to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159514

  • [La obra de Gego...]
    Figarella, Mariana, 1959- 1996
    1984
    Critic Mariana Figarella analyzes the series of Dibujos sin papel [Drawings Without Paper] that Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, produced between 1976 and 1984. Figarella discusses the “ambiguity” of these works and the subsequent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854672

  • [Letter] 1969 December 23, New York [to] Rachel Conkright
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1969
    This letter-report, dated December 23, 1969, was originally written in English by Stanton L. Catlin, an American curator and director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, to Rachel Conkright, Gego’s gallerist in Caracas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107344

  • [Letter] 1969 September 17, Granada Hills, CA [to] Gego
    Weddle, Ruth
    1969
    This is a personal letter written to the Venezuelan artist originally from Germany, Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), from her friend, Ruth Weddle. Weddle was an editor who was Gego’s classmate at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop in San [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150101

  • [Letter] 1970 January 10, New York [to] Stanton L. Catlin
    Moholy- Nagy, Sibyl, 1903-1971
    1970
    [This document is] a letter written in English by the architecture professor Sibyl Moholy-Nagy to Stanton L. Catlin, director of the art gallery at the Center for Inter-American Relations in New York, dated January 10, 1970. She writes to say that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149264

  • [Letter] 1970 January 26, New York [to] David Bronheim
    Rockefeller, David, 1915-
    1970
    This is a letter written by the American entrepreneur and patron, David Rockefeller, to David Bronheim, president of the Center for Inter-American Relations, New York, on January 26, 1970. The letter thanked Bronheim for the good time he had on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150119

  • [Letter] 1970 January 5, Caracas, Venezuela [to] Todt
    Gego
    1970
    This letter, written in English by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, was sent to Stanton L. Catlin, director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, in 1970; it addresses specific [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107360

  • [Letter] 1970 January 7, New York
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1970
    In this letter dated January 7, 1970, Stanton L. Catlin, an American curator and director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, invites a limited number of people to a private viewing of a work, Reticulárea, by Gego; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107328

  • [Letter] 1972 July 21, Caracas, Venezuela [to] James Harithas
    Gego
    1972
    This letter written in English by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, is addressed to Mr. James Harithas, director of the Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, New York. Dated July 21, 1972, the letter states that despite her enthusiasm, Gego must [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148350

  • [Letter] 1974, May 7, Syracuse, New York [to] Gego
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1974
    In this letter written in English and dated May 7, 1974, Stanton L. Catlin informs Gego that he has been named a professor of art, and director of the galleries at Syracuse University, New York. He states that he will also be collaborating with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159018

  • [Letter] 1982 December 17, Arbach, Germany [to] Gego
    Hönig, Peter
    1982
    This document is a handwritten letter in German to Gego from the German photographer Peter Hönig, dated December 17, 1982, which concerns the photographs of the Reticulárea (1982) that Gego installed in a room at the Alte Oper building in Frankfurt [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159401

  • [Letter] 1982 October 15, [Frankfurt] [to] Gego
    Thiel, Christian
    1982
    This document is a letter written to Gego in German by the architect, Christian Thiel, from Frankfurt on October 15, 1982. After a short introduction, Thiel talks about his nostalgia for Reticulárea, installed in the Alte Oper [Old Opera Building], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149282

  • [Letter] 1983 September 16, Frankfurt [to] Gego
    Thiel, Christian
    1983
    This document is a letter written to Gego in German by the architect, Christian Thiel, from Frankfurt on September 16, 1983. Thiel tells Gego of the discovery he made while he was reading an essay entitled “Rhizome,” written by the French [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149300

  • [Reflexiones sobre mi origen y encuentros...]
    Gego
    2005
    In this letter addressed to professor Frithjof Trapp at the Universität von Hamburg, Gego, the German-born Venezuelan artist, looks back on her life and talks about her origins in the city of Hamburg, Germany: her family, her schooling, her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864354

  • [Reticularea es el nombre que le han dado...]
    Blanco, Lourdes
    1969
    The Venezuelan curator and critic Lourdes Blanco analyzes Reticulárea, 1969, the installation created by the German-born Venezuelan artist, Gego. Blanco sees this work as the product of a process of “calculation and spontaneity” that is utterly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198045

  • [Si gente preguntan por los influencias...] [sic]
    Gego
    In this manuscript, Gego explains what she would say if people asked her about the influences on her work, especially during the 1960s and 1970s. She states that so far she would rather leave the responses to “historians and scholars.” She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159219

  • [Skulptur...]
    Gego
    In this brief article, the German-born Venezuelan artist, Gego, rejects the term “sculpture” as a description of her work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854859

  • [The line as a human mean to express...]
    Gego
    The German-born Venezuelan artist Gego briefly explains some of her thoughts on the meaning and use of the line. In her view the human idea of “a line” is abstract, since it does not exist in nature. But as a medium it can express descriptive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855370

  • [You invited me for this meeting...]
    Gego
    1987
    In this speech to her companions at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Gego describes the basic tenets of her work and outlines the projects she plans to present. She explains how her use of line has evolved over the course of time, from her early [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854807

  • 4 Latin American cosmopolitan stylists
    Kramer, Hilton
    1969
    Hilton Kramer reviews the exhibition Latin America: New Paintings and Sculpture. Juan Downey, Agustín Fernández, Gego, and Gabriel Morera, presented at the Art Gallery of the Center for Inter-American Relations in 1969. Kramer mentions the fact [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159450

  • Abstraction, organism, apparatus : notes of the penetrable structure in the work of Lygia Clark, Gego, and Mira Schendel
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2010
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas discusses the typology of Latin American modern art that is designed “to be penetrated” by the viewer, based on an analysis of major works by three Latin American women artists: Brazilians Lygia Clark and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159688

  • Accrochage y algo más
    Espinoza, Eugenio, 1950-
    1991
    In this essay Eugenio Espinoza names nine artists (himself included) who, in his opinion, have distinguished themselves in the field of contemporary art as being creators of a body of work that “is neither art nor anti-art, but something in between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866188

  • Ambientaciones de Gego y de Cruz Diez, múltiples de Soto
    Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer)
    1969
    The review by Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer), published in the Revista Nacional de Cultura [National Cultural Review], Caracas, July/August/September 1969, comments on the most important cultural events of the month. It starts out with two exhibitions: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159975

  • Another geometry : Gego´s reticulárea, 1969-1982
    Amor, Monica
    2005
    In this essay, Mónica Amor analyzes the contribution that the work by Gego, Reticulárea, has made to contemporary art. She claims that Reticulárea is a radical attack on the way architecture defines space, as well as the conventions of sculpture, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149547

  • Apreciados Señore..." [Delpre C.A., Unidad Comercial, La Florida]. Gego. Letter to Delpre C.A.
    Gego
    1972
    This document is a typewritten letter from Gego to Delpre C.A., Unidad Comercial La Florida, Caracas, dated June 10, 1972; it is addressed specifically to the architecture firm Siso, Shaw and Associates. In the letter, Gego informs the architects [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159169

  • Assembling Collective Reason : Gego’s structure as public space
    Ledezma, Juan
    2006
    Juan Ledezma compares the aesthetic strategies that Gego used to create shape in space.  Leaning on theories suggested by Jürgen Habermas, who classifies modern forms of reason, Ledezma analyzes the “formative logic” of Gego’s constructions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159466

  • Atelier huella
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    1995
    This essay by the historian Juan Carlos Palenzuela appeared in the catalogue for the Taller Huella exhibition held at the Venezuelan Embassy in Paris in 1995. Palenzuela briefly describes the pieces submitted by participating artists, whose work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101460

  • Catalyst for the Latin Americans
    O'Connor, John J.
    1969
    John O’Connor reviews the exhibition Latin America: New Paintings and Sculpture. Juan Downey, Agustín Fernández, Gego, and Gabriel Morera (New York: Art Gallery of the Center for Inter-American Relations, 1969). O’Connor acknowledges the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159626

  • Conversación con Alfredo Silva Estrada : el poder y la obra plástica
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    1980
    After an epigraph taken from Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, María Luz Cárdenas interviews Venezuelan poet Alfredo Silva Estrada on the occasion of the publication of the book Variaciones sobre Reticuláreas [Variations on Reticuláreas] with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158998

  • Conversación con Gego
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    1980
    Venezuelan critic and curator María Luz Cárdenas interviews Gego on the occasion of the presentation of the book of poems Variaciones sobre reticuláreas [Variations on Reticuláreas] written by Venezuelan poet Alfredo Silva Estrada; the book, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864774

  • Conversación con Gego
    Palacios, María Fernanda, 1945-
    1972
    María Fernanda Palacios and Gego spoke about the problems at the Instituto de Diseño [Design Institute] in Caracas. They discussed the teaching-learning process in the field of design as well as the concept and functions of this discipline, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864831

  • Criticandito
    Imber, Sofía
    1969
    In her weekly newspaper column, “Criticandito,” published on June 17, 1979 (in La Verdad, Caracas), Sofía Imber discusses four cultural events, two of which were at the Galería Mendoza, in Caracas: Guaches de la aldea de la India Madhubani [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159434

  • De la tela de araña
    Bois, Yve-Alain
    2006
    French critic and art historian Yve-Alain Bois bases his analysis of Gego’s work, particularly Reticulárea (1969), on poetic texts from ancient Greece, as well as the philosophy of Lucretiusand of Karl Marx. In his analysis, Bois, who taught in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148230

  • Descubrir a Gego
    Lowry, Glenn D.
    2003
    In this essay, Glenn D. Lowry discusses his reaction when in Venezuela in 2000, he discovered Gego’s work, having only ever seen a few of her sculptures and prints. He claims that he would have liked to meet her, and lists the questions he would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159482

  • Diálogo entre las formas de Gego y la danza de Sonia Sanoja
    Alvarenga, Teresa
    1977
    Venezuelan journalist Teresa Alvarenga interviews fellow Venezuelan contemporary dancer Sonia Sanoja on the occasion of the solo performance Coreogegos to be held in the context of the Gego exhibition at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo of Caracas on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148047

  • Entre la transparencia y lo invisible : la dimensión intermedia de Gego = Between transparency and the invisible : Gego's in between dimensions
    Ramírez, Mari Carmen, 1955-
    2006
    Mari Carmen Ramírez investigates the theme of “transparency” as a basic element of Gego’s drawings. Ramírez asserts that both Gego’s drawings and her constructions are expressed in a perceptibly ambiguous plane. In fact, they result from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159864

  • Entrevista con Gego realizada el 17/4/81
    Pantin, José Antonio
    1981
    Interviewed by the filmmaker José Antonio Pantin, Gego discusses the gestation of her three-dimensional works, and reiterates her misgivings about classifying her work as “sculpture.” She also insists that “transparency” is her essential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854768

  • Escultura I : más sobre Gego
    Traba, Marta
    1977
    In her essay, “Escultura I: Más sobre Gego” [Sculpture I: More on Gego], Marta Traba writes an overview of twentieth-century sculpture, paying special attention to modern sculpture. She states that the history of modern sculpture is that of “a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160118

  • Five unique artists in one exhibition
    Ponte, Ray
    1973
    The journalist Raquel Chonchol wrote under the pseudonym, “Ray Ponte,” for The Daily Journal, a Venezuelan English language newspaper. She reviewed this exhibition on the occasion of a visit by some high-profile members of The International [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159848

  • Gego
    Constantini, Mildred; Larsen, Jack Lenor
    1972
    This brief text was published in the first edition of the book Beyond Craft: The Art of Fabric (1973), written by two experts in textile art, weaving technique, and design: American curator Mildred Constantine, and American textile businessman and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159073

  • Gego
    Gramcko, Ida
    1984
    The writer Ida Gramcko examines Gego’s Dibujos sin Papel [Drawings without Paper] and reviews them from a poetic perspective. Gramcko claims that, although they are aerial, cosmic works, Gego’s Dibujos sin Papel are metaphors for terrestrial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159320

  • Gego
    Le Mens, Magali, 1974-; Guenin, Hélene
    2011
    In this essay about Gego for the group exhibition, ERRE. Variations Labyrinthiques [ERRE: Labyrinthine Variations], presented at the Centre Pompidou-Metz, the French curators Hélène Guenin and Magali Le Mens include biographical details, such as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159352

  • Gego
    Parreño, José María
    2008
    Under the subtitle “Gego,” José María Parreño devotes this section of his essay “De una diversa fragilidad” [From a Diverse Fragility] to Gego, which he wrote for the exhibition Frágil [Fragile] (Segovia, Spain: Museo de Arte Contemporá [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159672