Name Descriptor: Cruz-Diez, Carlos, 1923-2019×
  • Tres mujeres y un hombre cometerán "El Delito en la Isla de las Cabras"
    1954
    This is a short review of the play by the Italian playwright Ugo Betti: El delito de la Isla de Cabras (Crime on Goat Island), performed by the theater group Sociedad Venezolana del Teatro and directed by the Argentine director Carlos Gorostiza, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472244

  • "Signos" de la pintora Mercedes Pardo
    Batallán, Lorenzo
    1964
    The journalist Lorenzo Batallán writes about the impending opening of Signos, the exhibition of works by the painter Mercedes Pardo at the Sala Mendoza (Caracas). In his article, Batallán describes this Venezuelan artist’s experimentation with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155975

  • [El arte es una estructura compleja]
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    This is the preface of a book by Carlos Cruz-Diez, Reflexiones sobre el color (1989) in which the Venezuelan Kinetic artist uses short sentences to set forth the definitions and basic concepts of the art he creates. He also discusses the condition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857019

  • [Pronto hará ocho años que Carlos Cruz-Diez...] = [Voici bientôt huit ans que Carlos Cruz-Diez]
    Clay, Jean
    1966
    In this essay, Jean Clay reviews Fisicromías, the series of works by Carlos Cruz-Diez, and analyzes them from various perspectives. Clay discusses the evolution of the artist’s techniques, examining them through a prism of aesthetic principles. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858602

  • [Un signo positivo de esta generación de pintores...]
    Chataing, Bernardo
    1948
    In Bernardo Chataing’s preface, he explains that the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) invited young painters to participate in its exhibition, which would hold them responsible for creating new art forms. In turn, this would generate multiple trends. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101666

  • 12 Gouaches de Carlos Cruz-Diez
    Trujillo, Manuel
    1948
    In this newspaper article, Manuel Trujillo provides a critical review of the exhibition of works by the young Carlos Cruz-Diez at the Centro Venezolano-Americano de Caracas, which ran from late 1947 to early 1948; this was the artist’s first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472228

  • Ambientaciones de Gego y de Cruz Diez, múltiples de Soto
    Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer)
    1969
    The review by Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer), published in the Revista Nacional de Cultura [National Cultural Review], Caracas, July/August/September 1969, comments on the most important cultural events of the month. It starts out with two exhibitions: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159975

  • Cambio de lectura : el color en el espacio : Caracas, 1959
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    In this text, whose two brief paragraphs are separated by a line and illustrated with three sketches, the Venezuelan Kinetic artist Carlos Cruz-Diez explains the traditional way in which a viewer experiences a direct “reading” of a color [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857908

  • Carlos Cruz Díez en París
    Cordero, Rafael
    1965
    The writer of this article fluctuates between his feelings for traditional forms of painting and his admiration for contemporary trends. Rafael Cordero says that being a devotee of painting is not a virtue but in fact is almost a sin, given the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472281

  • Carlos Cruz-Diez profesor de Artes Plásticas
    1953
    This short article, published in the newspaper El Nacional, informs its readers in Caracas that the painter Carlos Cruz-Diez (who, at the time, was employed at the newspaper as an illustrator and layout artist) had been appointed to a professorship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472239

  • Carlos Cruz-Diez y el cinetismo llevado al urbanismo
    Neuvillate, Alfonso de
    1976
    This newspaper review, which was published in Mexico City, discusses the aesthetic and technical principles underlying the work that Carlos Cruz-Diez produced in urban spaces. The reviewer notes the dynamic nature of the artist’s approach to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472348

  • Carlos Cruz-Diez, exquisito colorista
    Junyent, Albert, 1903-1976
    1964
    Alberto Junyent reviews the fourth exhibition of La Nouvelle Tendance at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, in Paris, an event in which Carlos Cruz-Diez participated. The reviewer informs his readers that, in the twentieth century, “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472275

  • Carlos Cruz-Diez, Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas 1971
    1971
    This newspaper article reports on the 1971 Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas (National Visual Arts Prize), which was awarded to Carlos Cruz-Diez. The chairman of the INCIBA (Instituto Nacional de Cultura y Bellas Artes), Dr. Alfredo Tarre [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472327

  • Cruz Diez : el acontecimiento color
    Popper, Frank, 1918-
    1970
    This essay by historian Frank Popper is written within the framework of the thirty-fifth Venice Biennale. The author’s thesis stems from the idea that an artist such as Carlos Cruz-Diez creates “situations,” which cause a series of effects that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861671

  • Cruz Diez :"No imitamos, nos imitan"
    Mendoza, Plinio Apuleyo, 1932-
    1975
    Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza interviews Carlos Cruz-Diez in Paris. After providing a physical description of the Venezuelan Kinetic artist and a brief summary of his career, the Colombian author asks him for his opinions about art in general, and Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 862938

  • Cruz Diez es un intérprete de su tiempo
    1976
    This newspaper article is about an interview with the director of the Museo de Arte Moderno de México, Fernando Gamboa, on the subject of the exhibition that Carlos Cruz-Diez opened in Mexico City as part of a cultural exchange between Mexico [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472351

  • Cruz-Diez, estudiara el arte en Europa pero promete volver mas criollo de lo que es
    Ratto Ciarlo, José, 1904-1997
    1955
    This is art critic and journalist Ratto-Ciarlo’s review of the latest Cruz-Diez exhibition that also mentions the trip to Europe the artist will be taking in 1955 after the close of his show. Their conversation focuses on the creation of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472246

  • Desde el lector
    Guevara, José Luis, 1954-
    1994
    This essay by the Venezuelan researcher José Luis Guevara was published in the catalogue for the exhibition Un lector, algunos diseñadores gráficos, una década, at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas. Guevara reviews the work of six Venezuelan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156656

  • El artista en la arquitectura y la ciudad : diálogo con Carlos Cruz-Diez
    1991
    This interview with Carlos Cruz-Diez by historian José María Salvador focuses on the way the artist’s work intengrates architecture, either as a general subject matter or regarding his urban productions. The interview addresses questions like the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858069

  • El camino cierto
    Rodríguez, Alirio
    1965
    In this article, Alirio Rodríguez discusses the definition and scope of Latin American painting, and its universal exposure. He stresses the importance of Figuration and Abstraction, both of which influence current and future painting in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799032

  • El director del museo inaugurará en Alemania la exposición de 12 pintores Venezolanos
    1965
    This anonymous article provides a brief review of the exhibition schedule that the Venezuelan artist, curator, and museologist, Miguel Arroyo, who at the time was the director of the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, is organizing. The curator’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472283

  • El éxodo del artista latinoamericano : apuntes de una ponencia de Damián Bayón en el simposio "Arte en el Caribe", editados con la ayuda de don José Buitrago
    Bayón, Damián
    1979
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón, who lived in Puerto Rico in the 1950s, claims that the exodus of Latin American artists was good for their aesthetic education. He adds that some artists left their countries when they were very young and were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822632

  • El pintor y su credo : Carlos Cruz-Diez
    Rial, José Antonio, 1911-
    1958
    In this short article José Antonio Rial discusses Carlos Cruz-Diez’s first optical works, his Construcciones en cadena (Chain Constructions), claiming that they provide a glimpse of the Kinetic works whose attempt to portray movement is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472271

  • El Premio Henrique Otero Vizcarrondo adjudicado al pintor Carlos Cruz-Diez
    1953
    This document includes two newspaper articles. The first announces that the Henrique Otero Vizcarrondo Prize has been awarded to Carlos Cruz-Diez; the prize was created in honor of the founder of the newspaper El Nacional to recognize the work of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472241

  • El Taller Libre en el Undécimo Salón de Pintura
    Pineda, Rafael, 1926-2004
    1950
    In this short newspaper review of the XI Salón de Arte Venezolano, the critic Rafael Pineda quotes from conversations he had with some of the young artists mentioned by the jury, including Mario Abreu, Lourdes Armas, Alirio Oramas, and R& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472233

  • Five unique artists in one exhibition
    Ponte, Ray
    1973
    The journalist Raquel Chonchol wrote under the pseudonym, “Ray Ponte,” for The Daily Journal, a Venezuelan English language newspaper. She reviewed this exhibition on the occasion of a visit by some high-profile members of The International [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159848

  • Ganaron Oswaldo Vigas y Elisa Elvira Zuloaga Premios Principales del XIII Salón, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Rafael Monasterios, Elizabeth Evans, Antonio Alcántara, Ganaron los otros premios
    1952
    This short newspaper review about the prizegiving at the XIII Salón de Arte Venezolano (1952) names the winners (one of whom was the young Carlos Cruz-Diez), the members of the jury, and the dignitaries who presented the awards (the Venezuelan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472235

  • La colección Clara Diament Sujo
    Benko, Susana
    1995
    Divided into eight chapters, this text by scholar Susana Benko is a study of contemporary Venezuelan art. The first part serves as an introduction, and consists of a brief overview of the Clara Diament Sujo collection. Afterward, she turns her focus [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156736

  • La mano, la seda, el color
    Espinoza, Manuel
    1978
    Venezuelan artist, curator, and cultural manager Manuel Espinoza presents the exhibition La mano, la seda, el color [Hand, Silk and Color] (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo of Caracas, 1978), which featured prints on silk by nine Venezuelan artists: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159106

  • Los venezolanos Soto y Cruz-Diez en la exposición "Movimientos en Paris"
    Díaz Roncero, Francisco, 1906-1999
    1964
    Francisco Díaz Roncero—who wrote this review of the second exhibition, Mouvement 2, organized by the Galerie Denise René in Paris that included the works of Kinetic artists—stresses the current influence and presence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472277

  • Painter from Venezuela
    Brett, Guy
    1965
    This is an anonymous review of the retrospective exhibition of Cruz-Diez’s work at the Signals gallery in London in 1965. The reviewer notes a constant quality in Venezuelan painting—“clarity, order, and a distinct gentleness&rdquo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472279

  • Sigfredo Chacón
    Miguel García, Miguel
    2000
    In his prologue to the catalogue for the exhibition of work by Sigfredo Chacón held at the Centro Culural Corp Group in Caracas in 2000, curator Miguel Miguel identifies Chacón as part of a “breed” of creators born in the mid-20th century who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157110

  • Tres venezolanos en el Stedelijik de Amsterdam
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos, 1923-2019
    1961
    In this article, published in the newspaper El Nacional, Carlos Cruz-Diez reviews the Exposición Internacional de Arte Cinético at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, which was jointly curated by Daniel Spoerri and Pontus Hulten. Cruz- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472273

  • Venezuela, visiones de su pintura del siglo XIX.
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    1984
    The Venezuelan art historian Bélgica Rodríguez takes a look at the art produced in her country. According to her, twentieth-century Venezuelan art began with the landscape painters who were active in the early part of the century. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805871

  • Vertientes plásticas y estéticas en Carlos Cruz-Diez
    Guédez, Víctor
    1991
    This article by the critic Víctor Guédez was written at the time of Carlos Cruz-Diez en la arquitectura, the exhibition at the Centro Cultural Consolidado (Caracas, 1991). In Guédez’s opinion, there are two facets to Cruz-Diez’s Kine-chromatic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857000

  • VII : Formas nuevas y sinceridad : Conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta
    Otero Silva, Miguel
    1957
    Adopting a different tone from the one he used in his previous article (“El regreso a lo funcional y a lo decorativo”), Miguel Otero Silva assures his readers he has nothing against new trends in art; but he objects to the assumption that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856923

  • Visita al XIX salón de arte venezolano
    Erminy, Perán
    1958
    In his review of the XIX Salón de Arte Venezolano (1958), the critic Perán Erminy notes the ingenious reliance on historical criteria in the arrangement of works selected for the event, from the old landscape masters to the new style of Abstract [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172221

  • Who's who in graphic art
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    1962
    Gallery owner Clara Diament Sujo reviews the book Who’s Who in Graphic Art (Zurich: The Graphic Press, 1962), which gathers together the most renowned graphic designers and illustrators in the world. The author describes the characteristics of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169097

  • Works and problems : A conversation about the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection = Obras y Problemas : Una conversación entorno a la Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros
    Jiménez, Ariel; Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2001
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167515

  • XIII Salón Oficial de Arte Venezolano
    1952
    This newspaper review describes certain aspects of the XIII Salón Oficial de Arte Venezolano. It notes that there was “an open, liberal eclecticism” with various mediums (painting, sculpture, and ceramics) shown side by side. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472237