Name Descriptor: Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre (México)×
  • El nuevo arte indígena mexicano
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    Martí Casanovas, a Catalan journalist who resided in Cuba, relates the resurgence of Indianism in Mexico with a modification in economic and social structures. Despite the opposition it faced in the late twenties, the Mexican Revolution progressed; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089630

  • Polémica : Autoctonismo y Europeismo : réplica a Franz Tamayo
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    In this text, Martí Casanovas responds to a letter by Franz Tamayo considering the question of what direction the development of Indio-American culture should take. Distinguishing his philosophy from Tamayo’s, Casanovas explains that he believes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839776

  • Alfredo Ramos Martínez y la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes (1910-1920)
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    The article written by the researcher Pilar García de Germenos presents the cultural biography of Alfredo Ramos Martínez from 1910 to 1920, to help our understanding of the changes he implemented at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes. During [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833175

  • [La teoria de nuestra labor docente puede muy bien fundarse...]
    Díaz de León, Francisco
    This essay, written by Francisco Díaz de León, director of the Escuela de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting] in Tlalpan, explains that the Schools favor an aesthetic education and individual expression over technical education. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826063

  • Cómo Trabajamos en la Escuela de Pintura de Xochimilco
    Vera de Córdoba, Rafael
    This article, written by Rafael Vera de Córdoba, director of the Escuela al Aire Libre [Open-Air School] in Xochimilco, provides a detailed description of the School’s teaching method. He refers to the students as children with no prior experience [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825957

  • Historia y valoración de las Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre
    Novo, Salvador, 1904-1974
    This text by writer and chronicler, Salvador Novo, provides a brief history of the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], beginning with their origins in 1913 and continuing through to the time of the writing of this text. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825952

  • [Digno es de notarse que mientras mas pura es la Raza...]
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    This text underscores the originality, expression and strength of the works created at the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], arguing that these qualities are the product of racial purity and that as mestizaje [racial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825947

  • [En presencia del fenómeno observado en las escuelas libres de pintura...]
    Puig Casauranc, José Manuel, 1888-1939
    This text presents the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting] and its creative production as evidence that Mexican children have a natural artistic disposition. It also associates this disposition with their indigenous blood [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825942

  • Un nuevo muralista : Los frescos pintados por José A. Monroy en la Ciudad Universitaria de Guadalajara
    Prats, Alarde
    The writer Alardo Prats is pleased about the recent mural executed by José A. Monroy at the new Ciudad Universitaria in Guadalajara: “In these times—hypocritical and sanctimonious as they are—this stance is an act of indisputable personal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804412

  • Los niños en las exposiciones públicas de pintura
    This article reviews the second exhibition of paintings by children at the Escuelas al Aire Libre [Open Air Schools] run by the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education]. The exhibition was held at the Palacio de Minería [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799516

  • México participará en dos exposiciones artísticas en N. York : Nuestros más distinguidos pintores enviarán sus mejores cuadros
    This article in the Excélsior newspaper reports on the visit Frances Flynn Paine, the American promoter of Mexican art, made to Mexico. She covered all the official institutions in the city in order to collect material for two shows on Mexican art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798410

  • Un museo de arte moderno mexicano
    Román, Carlos
    To strengthen the idea of a modern art museum in Mexico, Carlos Román proposes that the modern and contemporary material accumulated in the warehouses of the Academia de San Carlos be added to the collection. He also suggests allocating public funds [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794710

  • Protesta : De los artistas revolucionarios de México
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    The poster “Protesta: De los Artistas Revolucionarios de México” [Mexican Revolutionary Artists: A Protest] shows the obviousness of the dispute between the students at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA) and the teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786608

  • Juicio crítico de la exposición de Artes al Aire Libre
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida states that he will base his commentary on the exhibition of the Escuelas Libres de Pintura [Open-Air Schools of Painting], taking place at the Palacio de Minería, on the writings of Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo), which he feels could [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781713

  • Del niño y su estado de gracia
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    In early 1929, García Moroto left Spain for New York, and later embarked for Cuba. Once in Cuba, he gave a lecture at the Spanish Embassy in Havana on November 6, 1929, on the occasion of the fifth exhibition of Cuba’s Escuelas de Acción Artí [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780220

  • La revolución en el arte mexicano
    Vela, Arqueles
    The old Guatemalan Estridentista, Arqueles Vela, muses on how the revolution influenced Mexican art. He does not believe that cubism or the poetry of the proletariat were the first fields to be affected; instead, he points to the corridos, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779773

  • 2° Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    In the second treinta-treintista manifesto, the group declares the reason for its dispute. It states that the struggle between independent painters and the academics intensified when the presidency changed hands, since certain conservative teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779440

  • Junto a la tumba de Ramos Martínez
    Nelken, Margarita
    In this article, the author Margarita Nelken recalls her meeting in Madrid with the Mexican painter Alfredo Ramos Martínez who had at the time organized an exhibition of works produced by the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774847

  • La inquietud estudiantil en Bellas Artes
    The article comments that the honeymoon of the painter Alfredo Ramos Martínez as director of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes has been eclipsed by the students in the Academy shouting for his resignation. At the same time, the students in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773096

  • No quieren que se modifiquen los planes de las escuelas
    This short article reports on some painters’ comments on possible changes in the curriculum at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting]. Details of the changes were kept [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773086

  • La academia y el monigotismo
    Useta, Jorge
    The author, Jorge Useta, reports that a group of students at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes has called for the resignation of the director, Alfredo Ramos Martínez, because of his favoritism toward the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773077

  • Una escuela en un corral; un gran pintor es limpiabotas y un decorado que causará revolución
    Durante de Cabarga, Guillermo
    The reporter tells of his visit to the Centro Popular San Antonio Abad, whose director is the painter Gabriel Fernández Ledesma. He mentions that there are about 20 students who attend this outdoor art school to work on creating art in complete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773068

  • Las escuelas libres de pintura
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    This article sets up a comparative analysis between the pedagogical principles applied at the academy and at the Open-Air Schools. For this author, what constitutes the aesthetic justification of academic painting is the manner in which things are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770413

  • La internacional infantil
    Yáñez, Agustín
    Augustín Yáñez shares his opinion of the show La Internacional infantil [The International Children’s Exhibition] held at the Universidad de Guadalajara and comprised of national and international children’s works. He defends their work: “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763556

  • Exposiciones : la escolar 1930
    Zuno Hernández, José Guadalupe
    José Guadalupe Zuno reviews a show by child painters in Guadalajara and broaches questions of pedagogy. He recognizes “the early abilities” of the children as well as the cinematographic effect of “the child’s imagination.” The author also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762514

  • El Renacimiento artístico en México
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    In his article, Dr. Atl, does a broad study and recognition of the art movement in progress. Historically speaking, he says that there have been three ways to create art; one, which is that of folk art that has always been created; another is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760384

  • Ramos Martínez y la Escuela de Coyoacán
    Perez Mendoza, Efraín
    The writer of this article claims that there has never been a more anarchic art scene than the one he is currently witnessing. It is the most improvised of all the current movements and, therefore, the one most likely to be fruitful and to prosper. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760364

  • Páginas informativas : Nueva Orientación del Arte Nacional
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    Alfredo Ramos Martínez, director of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts], discusses the new trend at the Escuela al Aire Libre [Open-Air School] in Coyoacán and the free workshops at the Academia. With freedom to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755440

  • Panorama de la pintura mexicana
    Valle, Rafael Heliodoro, 1891-1959
    In this article, Honduran writer Rafael Heliodoro Valle provides a panorama of the most important moments in the history of Mexican painting. Valle claims that Mexico’s artistic production is preeminent and widely praised by international critics. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752484

  • Acotaciones del momento : La Academia de Bellas Artes y la seriedad
    Castillo, Guillermo, 1899-1952
    In this article, journalist Guillermo Castillo criticizes the directors of the Mexican Academia de Bellas Artes, portraying the institution as outdated. Castillo targets proposed limitations on the curriculum of the open-air painting schools, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752459

  • Crítica de Arte
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida reviews the 1926 Exhibition of the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. He comments that what stands out for its pictorial values, is the group of works presented by the Escuelas de Pintura al Aires Libre [Open-Air Painting Schools], but [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747165

  • Las últimas exposiciones de arte mexicano
    What is relevant in this article is that it presents a synopsis of five exhibitions that were held in the Galería de Arte Moderno—which depends on the Dirección de Acción Cívica del Departamento del Distrito Federal [an entity of civic action [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736560

  • La revolución artística mexicana : una lección
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    La exposición de la joven pintura mexicana [The Exhibition: The New Generation of Mexican Painting] was presented at three cities: Paris, Berlin and Madrid. The Spanish art critic Gabriel García Maroto gave a lecture in December 1926 when the show [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734352

  • La pintura mural : Fermín Revueltas
    Molina Enriquez, Renato
    From Renato Molina Enríquez’s insight, Mexico is imbued with visual invention. Despite the collapse of the native cultures, the landowners of the colonial era did not succeed in eliminating the people’s artistic potential; nevertheless, academic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734344

  • Papel de la Escuela al Aire Libre
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In 1945 Diego Rivera wrote an article in which he looked back approvingly at the Open-Air Schools that were founded in the 1920s. He disagrees with David Alfaro Siqueiros (who attended one of them), and José Clemente Orozco, who spoke disdainfully [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734263

  • La exposición anual de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    In this article Carlos Mérida reviews the annual exhibition at the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. He emphasizes the show’s disorder, the lack of information to guide the public, and the unevenness of both quantity and quality among the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733656