Name Descriptor: Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949×
  • Los jurados de los salarios artísticos de 1935 atentó contra la cultura
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    In this article the head of the AIAPE, Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui, condemns the incompetence of the jurors who were appointed by the Ministerio de Instrucción Pública y Previsión Social to grant “artistic salaries.” In 1935 the jury that had been [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225596

  • Los murales de Torres y algunas afirmaciones
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    This article by Fernando García Esteban appeared in the weekly journal Marcha and is part of a controversy with the writer Juan Carlos Somma. All in all, the critic’s rant revealed behavior and decisions, both governmental and private, when he was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245013

  • María Elena Sieburger
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    Rafael Squirru introduces María Elena Sieburger’s exhibition of paintings (Galería Lirolay, Buenos Aires, August 21–September 2, 1961), noting that?following a period during which she hewed closely to Joaquín Torres García’s legacy?she is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764853

  • Metafísica y ética del artista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Following harsh criticism of positivism (and eclecticism) of the intellectual environment of Montevideo, Joaquín Torres García presented his ideas about metaphysics, ethics, and religiosity in art. This text makes several important points about the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245733

  • Mística de la pintura : Joaquín Torres García, AAC 1947.
    Bacchetta, Victor J.
    Víctor Bacchetta was part of the board of directors of the magazine CLINAMEN up through its third publication along with Manuel Claps, Ángel Rama and Ida Vitale. The second issue of the magazine published a brief notification on the appearance of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226607

  • Muerte y nacimiento
    Rodríguez Monegal, Emir
    This is an editorial note appearing in the magazine NÚMERO written in 1949 on occasion of the death of Joaquín Torres García that same year and in commemoration of the bicentennial of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s death. The note stressed the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226496

  • Necesidad de agruparse para la formación de un medio artístico
    Arzadun, Carmelo de, 1888-1968
    Carmelo de Arzadun stresses the importance of creating intellectual groups in Montevideo, explaining that their conversations about their various aesthetic preferences would enrich the debate in local art circles. On the whole, the article does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263023

  • Nosotros y nuestro ambiente
    San Vicente, J. Luis
    In this article, which appeared in the final number of the magazine Círculo y Cuadrado (December 1943), J. Luis San Vicente discusses the spirit of cooperation among members of the TTG (Taller Torres-García). The writer also provides a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263146

  • Notas : Joaquín Torres García (1874-1949)
    Cabrera, Sarandy, 1923-2005
    Sarandy Cabrera, the author of this article, seeks to make an apologetic review on the life and work of Joaquín Torres García on occasion of his recent death on August 8, 1949. Cabrera (who was a member of the Torres García Workshop) highlighted, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226591

  • Nuestro arte constructivo y las teorías cubistas
    Ragni, Héctor, 1897-1952
    This article by Héctor Ragni—one of Joaquín Torres García’s “devout” disciples—reveals the author’s profound understanding of the maestro’s doctrinaire corpus of constructive universalism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263131

  • Pintura abstracta
    Cúneo, José, 1887-1977
    José Cúneo’s text entitled “Arte Abstracto” was read at a lecture that he gave in Montevideo. Although the exact date when it was written is unknown, the lecture appears to have been given in 1956 or 1957 at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1234235

  • Prefacio
    Bayón, Damián
    In this text, Damián Bayón introduces a collection of essays on Latin American art with a broad overview of what he argues are the most critical issues when considering the historical and contemporary art of the region as a whole. He begins by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061874

  • Primeros pasos de la idea constructivista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This document is a transcription of a lesson that Joaquín Torres García (JTG) gave in January 1935, nine months after his return to Uruguay. It may have been given at Estudio 1035 or at the Escuela Taller de Artes Plásticas (ETAP). JTG attempts to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245892

  • Problemas del arte en Latinoamérica
    Traba, Marta
    In her essay, Marta Traba launches an argument in five parts against nationalism in recent Latin American painting. In the first part, she identifies nationalism as the main problem with regard to contemporary painting. Although it poses as a path to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061697

  • Reescrevendo a história da arte latino-americana
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    This essay by Frederico [de] Morais accepts as a given that the stigma of Latin American marginalization is due to its absence from the field of universal art or to its exclusion from metropolitan history and criticism of art. At the same time, some [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808314

  • Reflexiones
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    “Reflexiones” is just that, a collection of thoughts related to the essence of the constructivist doctrine and the concrete strategies to be adopted in an environment that was not particularly receptive to the doctrine. The intent is to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263191

  • Reflexiones del artista
    Irazábal, Víctor Hugo, 1945-
    In this article, the Venezuelan painter, draftsman, and graphic designer Víctor Hugo Irazábal shares some of the notes he made during his travels to the state of Amazonas in Venezuela in 1995. The artist discusses his reflections on the exploration [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162727

  • Reflexiones Sobre la Plástica Nacional
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    The art critic Fernando García Esteban points to a local artistic reality that is in grave crisis, as it is out of touch with the concerns inherent to contemporary European artists, in his opinion. This a characteristic was considered to be “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227362

  • Restauración, conservación y algunas atrocidades
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    The article by the art critic and columnist of the weekly journal Marcha, Fernando García Esteban, was written in immediate response to the published complaint made by Juan Carlos Somma regarding the imminent restoration and transfer of the murals [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241467

  • Salón de Bellas Artes de ayuda a los niños de España Republicana
    Ateneo de Montevideo
    The exhibition “Salón de Bellas Artes de ayuda a los niños de España republicana” was the first political event of this kind organized in support of the children in the Second Spanish Republic (1931–39). It consisted of an exhibition and a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1186907

  • Salutación a JoaquinTorres García
    Huidobro, Vicente, 1893-1948
    La Escuela del Sur magazine was published by the TTG (Taller Torres García). The first issue appeared in 1958, five years after Removedor—the Taller’s previous journal—ceased publication. The article “Salutación a Torres García,” written [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263865

  • Sentido de lo "moderno"
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This article includes the text of a section that appeared before the introduction in Joaquín Torres García’s book, Universalismo Constructivo (published in Buenos Aires in 1944). Here the maestro refers to “the modernity” of current art, an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242015

  • Torres García contra el arte moderno
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    In the article, Tomás Maldonado discusses the concepts brought forth by Joaquín Torres-García and his followers against the Inventionist group postulates, published in issue number 2 of the Removedor [Thinner] journal. It refers to the following [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730028

  • Torres García en Bogotá
    Traba, Marta
    The Argentine critic Marta Traba wrote a weekly column for the Bogotá newspaper El Tiempo in which she discussed the theories of the Uruguayan maestro Joaquín Torres García. On the occasion of the arrival in Bogotá of the latter’s student, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1105127

  • Torres García en Nueva York
    Camnitzer, Luis
    Luis Camnitzer discusses Joaquín Torres García’s exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York and assesses reactions to his work among North American audiences and intellectuals. The Uruguayan artist and critic, who lives in New [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247361

  • Torres García no tiene la culpa
    Somma, Juan Carlos
    In the Montevidean press, the controversy between the writer Juan Carlos Somma and the art critic Fernando García Esteban developed and was published in installments. It revolved around the governmental and private decisions that were made in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245035

  • Torres García se va
    Somma, Juan Carlos
    In the Montevideo-based weekly Marcha, writer Juan Carlos Somma condemns a series of confused decisions the Uruguayan government made about the preservation and restoration of murals by Joaquín Torres García and members of his workshop at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241491

  • Torres García y el arte moderno
    Castillo, Guido, 1922-
    In this article, Guido Castillo portrays Joaquín Torres-García as one of the most representative artists in the field of modern art. According to Castillo, Torres-García’s excessive aestheticism makes him an “out of the ordinary” man in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731060

  • Un episodio en la gran lucha por la pintura y el arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This document is a transcription of one of the last lectures Joaquín Torres García gave at the Escuela Taller de Artes Plásticas (ETAP) in Montevideo. In it, he paves the way for cutting short the series of lectures he had been giving at that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245941

  • Universalidad del constructivismo
    Lanza Muñoz, Francisco
    The article “Universalidad del Constructivismo” is essentially a monologue about a painting by Joaquín Torres García. The author of the article, Francisco Lanza Muñoz, muses on the subject of abstraction and its metaphysical underpinnings, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263161

  • Universalismo Constructivo
    Cúneo, José, 1887-1977
    In his series of four articles, José Cúneo challenges Joaquín Torres García for having submitted to the VIII Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes—where he won the Grand Prize—a painting that, in the author’s view, has nothing to do with his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238708

  • Valor moral de la posición del artista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    By means of an overview of modern art and its development, Joaquín Torres García lays out his Constructivist theory as the culmination (or convergence) of various strains of Western art. In his view, the moral value of the artist’s position lies [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245911

  • Valoración de Torres García
    Torre, Guillermo de, 1900 -1971
    The article was motivated by the book published by Michel Seuphor, a year before in 1949, in Paris, the spirit that integrated magazine Cercle et carré two decades prior. The book aimed to formulate a brief history on European abstract art. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228405

  • VIII Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    This essay praises the uniform quality of the work presented during the eighth Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes of 1944 in Uruguay. It also analyzes the grand prize awarded in that annual exhibition to Joaquín Torres García for painting, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1211227