Name Descriptor: Soto, Jesús Rafael, 1923-2005×
  • [Current changes in modern society have many contrasting aspects,...]
    Apollonio, Umbro, 1911-1981
    In this essay, Italian critic Umbro Apollonio analyzes Jesús Rafael Soto’s vibrational work, particularly his production from the fifties. Apollonio starts out with a brief description of common, albeit distorted, perceptions of contemporary art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1069781

  • [Jesús Rafael Soto ...]
    Popper, Frank, 1918-
    The theoretician Frank Popper analyzes the Kinetic aspects of the artwork of Jesús Soto, whom he identifies by his repetition of both visual and plastic elements in one object to obtain vibration. Popper also notes that this reading of what is known [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1073597

  • [Letter] 1982 Enero 12, Cali, Colombia [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Alcántara, Pedro, 1942-
    The Colombian artist Pedro Alcántara writes to Lorenzo Homar asking him to participate in the production of the portfolio “Grandes Maestros de la Plástica Latinoamericana” [Great Masters of Latin American Visual Art]. Ten artists are to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863843

  • [Tal vez resulte un lugar común afirmar que...]
    Carreño, Freddy
    In this essay on the fourth Bienal Nacional de Escultura Francisco Narváez (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Francisco Narváez, 1988), the critic Freddy Carreño introduces the reader to the history of sculpture from its beginnings. The writer points [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162982

  • [Un signo positivo de esta generación de pintores...]
    Chataing, Bernardo
    In Bernardo Chataing’s preface, he explains that the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) invited young painters to participate in its exhibition, which would hold them responsible for creating new art forms. In turn, this would generate multiple trends. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101666

  • Arte e identidad : métodos institucionales en el desarrollo cultural venezolano
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    In an attempt at historical reconstruction, and due to the intense political situation in Venezuela (between 1974 and 1978), art critic Roberto Montero Castro attempts to detect the presence of “the Venezuelan identity” in certain artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815631

  • Así nace un mural con Jesús Soto : el arte en la pantalla
    Diament Sujo, Clara; Hurtado, Angel
    This is the script for a documentary about Jesús Rafael Soto, written by Clara Diament de Sujo—the noted essayist and gallery owner, who lived in Caracas at that time—and produced by Ángel Hurtado for National Television – Canal 5 (Venezuela [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168365

  • Ay de los intelectuales que están en el limbo!
    Traba, Marta
    In response to J. R. Guillent Pérez, art critic Marta Traba defines the term “apocalypse”—used by her in an article that unleashed a great controversy in Caracas—as the chaos and dissolution of existing social structures, as well as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799428

  • Carta a Guillent Pérez, a propósito de limbos y apocalipsis
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    Open letter to Philosophy Graduate J. R. Guillent Pérez. In this letter the artist Alejandro Otero highlights his differences on the ideas of Marta Traba, which had already been questioned by the addressee. Otero, openly in opposition to Traba, felt [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798998

  • Do mundo, a América Latina. Entre as geometrias, a sensível
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    This essay posits the concept of “geometría sensível” [Sensitive Geometry] as one of the unitary characteristics of contemporary Latin American art, and notes the growing interest (within the region and further afield) in the art produced in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771399

  • El artista como payaso
    Rama, Ángel, 1926-1983
    The synopsis and annotations in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244987

  • El cinetismo de Soto
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    In this essay, the historian and art critic Alfredo Boulton discusses the thinking and artistic philosophy of Jesús Rafael Soto (1923–2005), to whom he assigns a place of honor within the pantheon of the artistic avant-garde—calling him the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1069749

  • El éxodo del artista latinoamericano : apuntes de una ponencia de Damián Bayón en el simposio "Arte en el Caribe", editados con la ayuda de don José Buitrago
    Bayón, Damián
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón, who lived in Puerto Rico in the 1950s, claims that the exodus of Latin American artists was good for their aesthetic education. He adds that some artists left their countries when they were very young and were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822632

  • En la Bienal de Córdoba : Definiciones del venezolano Jesús R. Soto. Aporte americano al arte universal
    This article reports that Earle Brown, the composer from the United States, and Jesús Rafael Soto, the Venezuelan kinetic artist, attended the 3rd Latin American Art Biennial that was organized by Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA) in October 1966, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772726

  • Encuentros y coincidencias en el arte de América Latina entre oposiciones y antagonismos
    Ambrosini, Silvia de
    The Argentine critic Silvia de Ambrosini claims that there have always been “opponents” in the art field. In her opinion, these “opponents” are what revitalizes the creative atmosphere. She says that in Latin American art “we find [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805706

  • Entrevista a Soto
    Abadie, Daniel
    The French curator DanielAbadie’s interviews with Jesús Rafael Soto. Structured as a biography, it begins with the art world of Venezuela, in Ciudad Bolívar, where Soto was born, and tells us of his work at the Escuelas de Bellas Artes in Caracas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101540

  • Extractos de entrevistas de Soto con Claude-Louis Renard, París, 1974
    Renard, Claude-Louis, 1928-2005; Soto, Jesús Rafael, 1923-2005
    In this interview, Claude-Louis Renard seeks insights into the Venezuelan visual artist Jesús Rafael Soto’s thinking and character. Chronologically structured along biographical lines, the conversation begins with Soto’s early days as an artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080788

  • Introduction
    Brett, Guy
    British critic Guy Brett begins his essay on Jesús Rafael Soto’s work by discussing the interrelationship between the real and the imaginary and how it can be used to produce optical perception. He goes on to point out some of the facets of Soto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1073457

  • Jesús Rafael Soto : La Gran Pintura es cosa de progreso histórico
    Díaz Sosa, Carlos
    This newspaper article by Carlos Díaz Sosa is about Jesús Soto—and Alejandro Otero and Víctor Valera—at the XXXIII Biennale di Venezia (1966). It talks about his career, from his early days in Ciudad Bolívar to his recent work in Paris, where [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097076

  • Jesus Soto : lo visible y lo posible
    Jiménez, Ariel
    In this essay, researcher Ariel Jiménez asserts that although “beauty” is an attribute of art, it is not its primary aim. He explains that Jesús Rafael Soto’s work must be understood in terms of the new precepts of “pure” abstract art, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1073684

  • Jesús Soto 1971
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    In this essay, the historian and critic Alfredo Boulton discusses the work of Jesús Soto, whom he places at the heart of Venezuelan Kinetic art and, in historical terms, within the realm of the world’s contemporary art. Boulton bases his comments [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1059661

  • La caverne moderne : histoires de pénétrables
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas analyzes a fragment of modern Latin American art history, presented through the form of “penetrable” works. The critic describes the development of the form with respect to its representation as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159720

  • La colección Clara Diament Sujo
    Benko, Susana
    Divided into eight chapters, this text by scholar Susana Benko is a study of contemporary Venezuelan art. The first part serves as an introduction, and consists of a brief overview of the Clara Diament Sujo collection. Afterward, she turns her focus [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156736

  • La energía como realidad = A energia como realidade
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this article, the well-known critic Roberto Guevara explains the connection between Jesús Rafael Soto’s visual art and a number of scientific theories. Guevara goes on to discuss certain fundamental concepts in Soto’s vast body of work, such [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102332

  • La metafísica del espacio en la obra de Soto
    Tismaneanu, Vladimir, 1951-
    In this text, Romanian political scientist Vladimir Tismaneanu analyzes the art of Jesús Rafael Soto. He begins by examining the concepts of movement, time, and space in Soto’s creations, as well as the influences by artists such as Piet Mondrian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101524

  • La nueva lectura de la realidad : una conversación con el maestro Jesús Soto
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this interview, Roberto Guevara addresses the entire art life of Jesús Rafael Soto, from his first artistic experience until the time he became an established visual artist. The dialogue explains the concepts, movements, and artists that guided [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1059731

  • Las Estructuras cinéticas de Jesús Soto
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    In this article, Alejandro Otero begins by describing some of the movements and artists that are representative of the global abstract avant-garde, principally Alexander Calder, in order to contextualize Venezuelan artist Jesús Rafael Soto. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850667

  • Les penetrables de Jesús Soto ou le recours a l'archaique = Los penetrables de Jesus Rafael Soto o el recurso de lo arcaico
    Lassalle, Hélène
    The French curator Hélène Lassalle reviews Penetrables by the Venezuelan artist Jesús Rafael Soto (1923–2005), and discusses her perceptions on a tactile level, after observing how viewers react when faced with such works. Lassalle outlines a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805856

  • Pintura y escultura en la Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas
    “Luis Navarro” (possibly a pseudonym of the author) meticulously describes the participation of each one of the artists involved in the arts integration project led by architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva at the Ciudad Universitaria of Caracas. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864255

  • Realidades y experiencias, un intercambio propicio
    Vivas, Zuleiva, 1951-
    This text by curator Zuleiva Vivas provides a visual overview of and a reflection on the works by Ricardo Alcaide, Nelsón Garrido, María Eugenia Arria, Alberto Asprino, Mauricio Lupini, Alfredo Ramírez, Luisa Richter, Fabiola Sequera, Jesús [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172410

  • Sigfredo Chacón
    Miguel García, Miguel
    In his prologue to the catalogue for the exhibition of work by Sigfredo Chacón held at the Centro Culural Corp Group in Caracas in 2000, curator Miguel Miguel identifies Chacón as part of a “breed” of creators born in the mid-20th century who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157110

  • Soto
    Leenhardt, Jacques, 1942-
    In this essay Jacques Leenhardt philosophically discusses the new idea of “knowledge” as applied to art, as in Paul Cézanne’s work. The French intellectual discusses how Jesús Rafael Soto uses “knowledge” in his work and relies on pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1073536

  • Soto
    Meneses, Guillermo, 1911-1978
    In this essay, Venezuelan writer Guillermo Meneses provides an overview of the life of Jesús Rafael Soto. He begins with a lyrical description of the artist’s place of birth (Ciudad Bolívar, on the banks of the Orinoco River) and how it would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080690

  • Soto
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    In this critical essay, the historian Alfredo Boulton analyzes several of the elements he sees in the work of Jesús Rafael Soto, the great Venezuelan Kinetic artist, focusing here on space and time. Boulton mentions a number of Soto’s works in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101508

  • Soto
    Plazy, Gilles, 1942-
    In this essay, French intellectual Gilles Plazy places emphasis on the essential role played by the concepts of “time” and “space” in Jesús Rafael Soto’s art. Plazy examines how artists from different art movements such as Impressionism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101556

  • Soto : estructuras cinéticas
    Soto, Jesús Rafael, 1923-2005; Museo de Bellas Artes (Venezuela)
    This text by writer Guillermo Meneses is divided into three parts. The first discusses the characteristics of Jesús Rafael Soto’s work, his exceptional skill and talent as an artist, and his perseverance, which allowed him to overcome a number of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1059619

  • Soto : las imágenes de la física
    Yunes Yunes, Gladys
    In her review the researcher Gladys Yunes compares Jesús Rafael Soto’s work with the theories of quantum physics; her main objective is to show that the relationship between art and science has been explored throughout the twentieth century. From [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1059815

  • Soto habla de Soto
    Soto, Jesús Rafael, 1923-2005
    Jesús Rafael Soto composes his autobiography from his childhood through 1967, the time of this editorial essay. It is divided into three parts: the first part covers his childhood and his youth in the city of Bolivar, the place where he first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080906

  • Un legado a las ideas de arte en el nuevo milenio : Jesús Soto; Alejandro Otero y Gertrud Goldschimidt (Gego), "Adelantados de su tiempo"
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    In her essay, “Un legado a las ideas de arte en el nuevo milenio” [A Legacy for Ideas on Art in the New Millennium], María Elena Ramos sets forth the hypothesis that the Venezuelan artists, Jesús Rafael Soto, Alejandro Otero, and Gego may be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159896

  • Un salto radical
    Brett, Guy
    This text by British critic Guy Brett analyzes Latin American art movements of the fifties and sixties, specifically Kinetic art, Op art, and Concretism. Brett argues that those movements formulated a radical change on the level of theory and of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808389

  • Venezuela es la gran sorpresa en la XXIII Bienal de Sao Paulo
    Báez, Gustavo
    Venezuelan journalist and filmmaker Gustavo Báez reports that Venezuelan artists José Antonio Hernández-Díez, Jesús Rafael Soto, and Gego enjoyed a warm reception at the twenty-third São Paulo Biennial in 1996. Báez explains that the theme of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158950

  • Venezuela, Visiones de su pintura del siglo XIX.
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    The Venezuelan art historian Bélgica Rodríguez takes a look at the art produced in her country. According to her, twentieth-century Venezuelan art began with the landscape painters who were active in the early part of the century. She refers in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805871

  • VII : Formas nuevas y sinceridad : Conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta
    Otero Silva, Miguel
    Adopting a different tone from the one he used in his previous article (“El regreso a lo funcional y a lo decorativo”), Miguel Otero Silva assures his readers he has nothing against new trends in art; but he objects to the assumption that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856923

  • Works and problems : A conversation about the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection = Obras y Problemas : Una conversación entorno a la Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros
    Jiménez, Ariel; Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167515