Name Descriptor: Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (Mexico City, Mexico)×
  • “El Machete” ante la polémica de Cardoza y Aragón y Cabada
    1936
    The dispute begun by Luis Cardoza y Aragón against the frente único [single front] policy of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] culminated with this declaration in El Machete. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779297

  • [Calaveras del Mausoleo nacional]
    1934
    This print by Leopoldo Méndez was used for the cover of the first issue of Frente a Frente [Face to Face], in which the inauguration of the Palacio de Bellas Artes was satirized as an act of cultural exclusion. At the bottom of the page, a policeman [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774365

  • [Comité Ejecutivo de la Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) to Joseph Freeman, National Secretary of the John Reed Club (JRC). Communique]
    1935
    This communiqué outlines the growth of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] in the last ten months, explaining the organizational structure and activities. It highlights the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800989

  • [Hoja Popular Ilustrada]
    1938
    The Taller de Gráfica Popular (TGP) [People’s Graphic Workshop] explained its working plan for graphic propaganda in a flyer that specified the following: it could be incorporated into wall newspapers, mailed as if it were postal correspondence, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822757

  • [Letter] 1935 December 4th, México D.F [to] League of American Writers
    Cabada, Juan de la
    1935
    Juan de la Cabada reports on progress in organizing a Congreso Continental de Científicos [Scientists’ Continental Congress] in Mexico City under the direction of Víctor Manuel Villaseñor in accordance with the resolutions of the American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801625

  • [Letter] 1935 June 6, México [to] Bernabé Barrios
    Arenal, Luis; Cabada, Juan de la
    1935
    This is a letter addressed to Barnabé Barrios, in New York, signed by Juan de la Cabada and Luis Arenal, as the editor and a member of the Executive Committee, respectively, of Frente a Frente [Face to Face] magazine. The authors inform Bernabé [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801000

  • [Letter] 1935 June 6th, México D.F. [to] New masses
    Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1935
    This document proposes an exchange of publications between Frente a Frente and New Masses, but its main goal is to convince the North American publication to use its influence to help connect LEAR to the Association d’Écrivains et Artistes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801041

  • [Letter] 1935 Junio 14, México D.F [to] Angel Flores
    Arenal, Luis
    1935
    This essay discusses LEAR’s decision to establish a “Bureau Editor for Mexico” to publish the continent-oriented magazine, Sin Fronteras / All America—the roots of the future “Congreso Continental de Escritores y Artistas de Toda América [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801551

  • [Letter] 1935 Marzo 31 [to] Alan Calmer
    Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1935
    This letter written by the Comité Ejecutivo of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [Executive Committee of the League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] was addressed to the American Writers’ Congress (AWC) in New York; it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807356

  • [Letter] 1935 Noviembre 8, Mexico City [to] Luis Arenal
    Ossa, Ben
    1935
    After discussing how busy Germán List Arzubide—the Estridentista from old times—kept in New York’s workers’ media, Ben Ossa mentions the ideas suggested to LEAR by the “Congreso de Artistas Americanos (de Estados Unidos)” [American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801606

  • [Letter] 1935 Octubre 16, New York [to] Luis Arenal
    1935
    “The Red International”—as Ramón Pi, Jr. referred to himself—describes his vehicle for distributing revolutionary words and images from his base in New York. His goal is to place his publication in the hands of professionals whose names he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801576

  • [Letter] 1936 Abril 4, New York [to] Leopoldo Mendez
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1936
    In this letter, Rufino Tamayo hints at the friction experienced by an artist who put his personal goals above the demands of political activism. Tamayo promises to report on the failings of the delegation to the LEAR and apologizes for asking the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801636

  • [Letter] 1965 Junio 8, México D. F., [to] Juan Bracho, Antonio Pujol y Rufino Tamayo
    Pizarro Suárez, Nicolás
    1936
    According to the communiqué, several members of the LEAR [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] were scolded by the League’s Executive Committee for overextending their stay in New York and abandoning their League duties, The members were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801646

  • Arte puro, puros maricones
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1934
    Choque [Shock], the publication of the Alianza de Trabajadores del Arte Plásticas (ATAP) [Alliance of Visual Arts Workers] sets forth the opinions of Diego Rivera regarding art for art’s sake, which he considers “sandez sentimental” [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822465

  • Arte y revolución: una polémica en la LEAR
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    In the 1990s, the magazine Memoria reported on a controversy that led to the great 1936 exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. The article explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779783

  • Artes Plásticas: publicaciones de arte
    Fernández Márquez, Pablo
    1958
    This article by Pablo Fernández Márquez analyzes the last two publications of the magazine Artes de México (numbers 17 and 18), which was then under the editorial direction of Rafael Salas Anzures. The first of these (17) deals with the pre- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786703

  • Balance de la LEAR
    1937
    This article is a self-critique of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], which also touches on the group’s diversity. It mentions the disorder created by incorporating other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779409

  • Clérigo-Stalinismo Versus Cultura y Verdad
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1938
    Diego Rivera denounces the “sordid sabotage” that the French poet André Breton has been subjected to at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México: as an action driven by a network of intellectuals controlled by the Soviet GPU. He offers as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794683

  • Diego Rivera pintor de cámara del gobierno de México
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1935
    David Alfaro Siqueiros attacks the implacable enemy of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], the Trotskyite Diego Rivera, “leader and supporter of the Fourth International in Mexico [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774385

  • Editorial. Educación socialista
    1935
    Golpe, the journal of the Federación de Escritores y Artistas Proletarios (FEAP) [Federation of Proletarian Writers and Artists] published an editorial in which members of the Federation expressed their opinions on the issue of socialist education. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822474

  • El plastodonte blanco o Palacio de Bellas Artes
    Zepeda, Arturo
    1934
    The National Theater was a major architectural project during the Porfirio Díaz administration, but it was never completed due to the outbreak of the revolution in 1910. Later worked on by several post-revolutionary governments, it was transformed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774376

  • Estatutos del Taller de Gráfica Popular
    1938
    The Estatutos [Statutes] of the Taller de Gráfica Popular (TGP) [Peoples’ Graphics Workshop] were written a year after it was founded. They describe it as a workshop devoted to the art of agitation and propaganda, united by a commitment to two [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826866

  • Exposición de grabados de la “LEAR” en España
    1937
    This article describes the exhibition of prints by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], which was held in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, in Valencia as well as in Madrid.  The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771742

  • Exposición de pintura organizada por la LEAR : Divagaciones y pretextos
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    “I believe that the LEAR is on the completely wrong path . . . , it is the only organization in Mexico that is against art.” With these terms, the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón stated his disagreement with the selection of works presented by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779286

  • Hacia un frente único de Intelectuales y Artistas
    Muñoz Cota, José
    1936
    This article reports on an initiative to create a politically committed group of intellectuals and artists. The example taken by Muñoz Cota is the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749284

  • Juan Marinello : lo que pensamos de él
    Abreu Gómez, Ermilo, 1894-1971
    1936
    Ermilo Abreu Gómez interviews Cuban Juan Marinello for Frente a Frente [Face to Face], the journal of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. In the interview, the key issue of artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779388

  • La exposición de artes plásticas de la LEAR
    Vela, Arqueles
    1936
    It had been a month since El Machete reported the end of a dispute between Luis Cardoza y Aragón and the defenders of the single cultural front promoted in the magazine Frente a Frente [Face to Face]. In this article, the Estridentista and active [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779378

  • La gran labor del Taller de Gráfica Popular
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1950
    The Taller de Gráfica Popular [TGP, People’s Print Workshop], with Leopoldo Méndez, Pablo O’Higgins, and Luis Arenal as founding fathers, had always intended to work together as a group on various types of printmaking and painting in the studio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781749

  • La trascendental exposición de la LEAR
    Urueta, Chano, 1904-1979
    1936
    The film director and screenwriter Chano Urueta reviews the group exhibition of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] held at the former church of Santa Clara, which was later converted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770220

  • Las sugestiones de Cardoza
    Cabada, Juan de la
    1936
    In this document Juan de la Cabada responds to Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s criticism of the first art exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. At the same time de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779292

  • Más letras antes del pan : Los clérigos stalinistas gepeuizantes y el caso del gran poeta André Bretón
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1938
    Meant as a wakeup call for the Lázaro Cárdenas’ administration (1934-40) in Mexico, Diego Rivera launches an attack against the police intelligentsia, including some agents of the Soviet GPU that, in his judgment, had infiltrated the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794653

  • Puntos escogidos por Luis Cardoza y Aragón para la discusión que se celebrará el día 3 de noviembre, a las 20 horas en nuestro local
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    The fourteen tenets upheld by Luis Cardoza y Aragón—those that were to be debated among the members of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]—proposed an art movement free of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822827

  • Resumen del Congreso Nacional de Escritores y Artistas convocado por la LEAR
    1937
    This extensive document covers the various phases of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] and the international causes the organization supported. Despite being billed as a “Congreso [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779402

  • Servir la revolución, servirse de la revolución
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    Supported by a quote from André Breton —who himself quoted Karl Marx—, Luis Cardoza y Aragón again refutes the exploitation of art by revolutionaries. The tenets that composed the introductory document of the Congreso de Escritores [Writers’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779791

  • Síntesis de los principios declarativos de la LEAR
    1934
    The Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] disseminated its ideology in the first edition of the magazine Frente a Frente [Front to Front], nearly one year after the founding of this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774370

  • Twenty years of the Taller de Gráfica Popular : round table in the Taller de Gráfica Popular
    1957
    In this compilation of a series of discussions, eighteen members of Taller de Gráfica Popular (TGP) address the history of the organization, including its founding, development throughout twenty years of activities, and present state in 1957. Member [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782279