Name Descriptor: Tamayo, Rufino×
  • La obra de Tamayo : En la exposición del artista mexicano se advierte una evolución interesante que reclama cuidadosa atención de los críticos
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    After remarking how difficult it was for artists to exhibit work due to the great expense and the lack of existing spaces, the painter and critic Carlos Mérida talks about the paintings that Rufino Tamayo exhibited in his latest show. Mérida says [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754953

  • La pintura de Tamayo es la negación de la pintura mexicana : Dice Juan O´Gorman
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Antonio Rodríguez, who interviewed many painters, asked Juan O’Gorman if he thought that Rufino Tamayo—currently famous and fashionable—was actually an extraordinary painter, as he was considered in the United States. O’Gorman thought that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758192

  • La pintura mexicana está en decadencia, dice Tamayo : Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco y David Alfaro Siqueiros, en declive
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Rufino Tamayo made no reference to the government initiative being handled by Rivera, Orozco, and Siqueiros, although he expressed his strong opposition to the idea. In 1944 Tamayo had warned that Mexican painting was stagnating and in a state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755507

  • La primera Exposición de los Grupos de “acción de arte”
    Perez Mendoza, Efraín
    According to Efraín Pérez Mendoza, the Grupos de “Acción de Arte” [Art Action Groups] exhibition is one of the most interesting, complete and “most tormented that has been mounted by Mexican artists,” because the works express the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774133

  • La Ruptura, 1935–1955
    Felguérez, Manuel, 1928-
    In this essay, written in 1988, Manuel Felguérez relates the beginnings of what is known as the Ruptura movement in the 1950s. Felguérez points out that the arrival of refugees from the Spanish Civil War and other European nations in the previous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788048

  • Las sugestiones de Cardoza
    Cabada, Juan de la
    In this document Juan de la Cabada responds to Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s criticism of the first art exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. At the same time de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779292

  • Las últimas exposiciones de arte mexicano
    What is relevant in this article is that it presents a synopsis of five exhibitions that were held in the Galería de Arte Moderno—which depends on the Dirección de Acción Cívica del Departamento del Distrito Federal [an entity of civic action [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736560

  • Los artistas latinoamericanos frente a las actuales tendencias plásticas
    Bayón, Damián
    In this article Damián Bayón questions the general state of the art world and the place occupied by Latin American artists within it. He defines the preeminent art trends of the time and then analyzes the way in which Latin American artists are (or [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785938

  • Los pintores : no hay críticos en México. Los críticos : ¿cómo puede haber crítica si no hay arte?
    Rodríguez Prampolini, Ida
    In her essay, Ida Rodríguez [Prampolini] makes clear that she has not rededicated herself to the new art trends, given that when she did so, there were bitter reactions to her commentaries. She is incapable of hiding her disillusionment with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735969

  • Los pintores máximos de México en la Bienal
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    The art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna was very disappointed that Rufino Tamayo had not participated in the Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking], and felt it was a capricious decision [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769946

  • Mala noche de Buendía
    Buendía, Felipe, 1927-2002
    This is a letter by Felipe Buendía to the editor of Caretas, a magazine published in Lima, regarding the inauguration of the IAC (Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo) new building. The writer and journalist complains that the institution closed its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142628

  • MARCH : Movimiento Artístico Chicano
    MARCH (Organization)
    This document is a 1977 calendar produced by the Movimiento Artístico Chicano (MARCH), which includes biographies and reproductions of works by twelve Chicago-area Chicano artists, one for each month. Significant dates in Chicano history are also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065497

  • María Izquierdo vs. Los Tres grandes
    Izquierdo, María
    In this article, painter María Izquierdo again decides to express her viewpoint without the use of intermediaries. She had done so one month before and here she again declares her disapproval of the monopoly created by the Comisión Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792897

  • Mexicanism
    Helm, MacKinley
    In this essay, North American critic and art collector MacKinley Helm analyzes the work of those artists whose style and content did not fit into muralism or the so-called “Mexican School of Painting.” Helm discusses, in the context of the 1920s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748165

  • México triunfa en Venecia
    The XXV Venice Biennale was held in 1950. The event has been held every two years since the beginning of the twentieth century. The prizes were established by the Presidency of the Ministers’ Council: one for a foreign painter and another for an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759059

  • Mural de Tamayo es obra trascendental
    Cordero, Sonia
    The journalist Sonia Cordero tells us that the mural commissioned by the Universidad de Puerto Rico (UPR) from the Mexican artist, Rufino Tamayo, was mounted in the General Library on the Rio Piedras Campus in 1957. Cordero mentions the materials [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856770

  • Muralismo : basta ya de “cuadros grandes”; hagamos murales, declara Alfaro Siqueiros, fustigando a Diego, a Tamayo y a O´Gorman
    Álvarez Fe, Vicente
    Vicente Fé Álvarez interviews David Alfaro Siqueiros, who speaks his mind about the current state of mural painting and talks about how he (Siqueiros) has tried to change it. The artist says that mural painting is like cinematography, explaining [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735242

  • Nuestra pintura no es ni mejor ni peor : distinta
    González Camarena, Jorge, 1908-1980
    Jorge González Camarena did not believe that Mexican painting was in decline as Rufino Tamayo had stated, rather it was in a searching period. Nevertheless, it should not lose sight of its local and national character, which should be examined and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759046

  • Nuestra pueril, onerosa bienal de arte plásticas
    Carrillo Gil, Alvar
    On the occasion of the first Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking, Miguel Salas Anzures, chair of the Visual Arts Department of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA), interviewed the art collectors Inés Amor and Dr. Alvar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770451

  • Nuestras encuestas : la pintura en Latinoamérica : que nos dice Luis Felipe Noé
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    TheBuenos Aires magazine Hoy en la cultura [Today’s Culture] proposes an interview with three basic questions: Mexican Muralism and its continuity, the validity of pre-Columbian culture and folklore for artists, and the local features of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740703

  • Nuestros artistas presentes...
    Lora Risco, Alejandro
    Commentary by essayist Alejandro Lora Risco on the Mexican art show organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. From within the event’s massive audience, the author highlights the presence of the individuals most likely to read his text: Peruvian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150959

  • Ofensiva brutal contra la pintura moderna : ¿Serán destruidos los frescos de Diego Rivera, Orozco, Siqueiros y Tamayo?
    Ortega, Febronio
    In the course of an interview, Rufino Tamayo talks about the polemic that arose regarding his mural at the Conservatorio Nacional with the topics of song and music. Tamayo took advantage of this forum to disqualify the students of the “little [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764633

  • Ofensiva contra Tamayo
    Lizardi Ramos, César
    Diego Rivera thought the name “Tres Grandes” [The Big Three] was ridiculous. He also did not think that Rufino Tamayo should be included in the “trio” because his work was very different from theirs. Though Rivera considered Tamayo to be a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768019

  • Opina González Camarena : La nuestra es pintura distinta
    González Camarena, Jorge, 1908-1980
    Jorge González Camarena did not believe that Mexican painting was in decline as asserted by Rufino Tamayo, rather it was in a stage of exploration. However, it should not lose its local and national character, which Camarena believed should be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758315

  • Orozco no cambia, no investiga, siempre se repite : Tamayo está listo para defenderse : La controversia sigue su marcha
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    In this interview by Antonio Rodriguez, Rufino Tamayo responds to José Clemente Orozco and explains what he means by the stagnation and the decadence of Mexican painting. In Tamayo’s opinion, the post-revolutionary pictorial movement initially [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755525

  • Panorama de la pintura moderna mexicana
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida divides his essay into two parts. In the first one, he outlines the historical development of artistic activity in Mexico, beginning with the general strike of 1910 and ending at the dawn of the muralist period. In the second, Mérida [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747625

  • Polémica
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    Contrary to the arguments put forth by opponents of “non-figurative” painting, this article maintains that a country’s degree of cultural evolution is in no way tied to its adherence or lack of adherence to a given artistic tendency. While, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137823

  • Por un arte revolucionario
    Grupo Espartaco
    This document is a short manifesto written in 1959 by the Argentinean collective, Grupo Espartaco. The writers denote the importance of art as revolutionary and state that their mission is to integrate the visual arts with political action and social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126485

  • Prefacio
    Bayón, Damián
    In this text, Damián Bayón introduces a collection of essays on Latin American art with a broad overview of what he argues are the most critical issues when considering the historical and contemporary art of the region as a whole. He begins by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061874

  • Prólogo. Exhibition of Contemporary Mexican Art : Shown in Assembly Hall : January-February, 1935
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    In the prologue to the catalogue of the 1935 exhibition of contemporary Mexican art, Mexican artist Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna provides a brief overview of Mexican art from the time of the Mayans until the present. He asserts that Mexican art, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823372

  • Proyecto de declaraciones del maestro Carlos Chávez
    Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978
    Carlos Chávez announces the opening of the Mexican art exhibition organized by the governments of Mexico and France, in which a very carefully selected collection of masterpieces would be presented, beginning with the pre-Cortés era and continuing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779866

  • Rockwell Kent : cree boricua debe pintor mural en Biblioteca UPR
    Carlo, Darío
    The journalist Darío Carlo, from the Puerto Rican newspaper El mundo, interviews the American artist Rockwell Kent about the mural for the library at the Universidad de Puerto Rico that was to be painted by the Mexican artist Rufino Tamayo. Kent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856239

  • Rufino Tamayo : ¿Qué opina sobre la pintura europea?
    Castro, Rosa
    In this interview, Rufino Tamayo insists that his painting is not part of the abstractionist trend; however, the Italian art critic Giambattista Vicari believed that he could see a reliance on abstract motifs in the work of the painter from Oaxaca. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769922

  • Rufino Tamayo ¿Ha influido Europa en su arte?
    Castro, Rosa
    After spending two years in several European countries, Rufino Tamayo returned to Mexico. He said that his European stay had helped him to clarify a few matters. One of them, perhaps the most important, was that—contrary to the opinion of Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769914

  • Rufino Tamayo y los pintores cubanos : como soluciones al problema estético americano : José Gómez Sicre ofreció las soluciones anoche en conferencia que dicto en el Museo de Bellas Artes
    The art critic José Gómez Sicre, chief of the Pan-American Union Visual Arts Unit (Washington, D.C.), presented a lecture on the painter Rufino Tamayo, whom he hailed as the artist to revive Mexican painting. Gómez Sicre’s belief that Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770433

  • Salón 61 : una sencilla mujer del norte : ¿Señor, por qué han premiado cuadros tan feos?
    Valdés, Carlos
    In this article Carlos Valdés writes a short review of the 1961 Salón la Plástica Mexicana [1961 Salon of the Mexican Visual Arts]. He tells the story of a woman who approached him at the exhibition and asked him if he understood why prizes had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735951

  • Saludable Presencia del Arte Mexicano en la viciada atmósfera de París : Conclusiones sobre el artículo de PHILIPPE SOUPAULT. Puntos fundamentales de la conferencia de Siqueiros en el Palacio de Bellas Artes el jueves 26 de agosto pasado
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In the wake of the critical reactions to two exhibitions of Mexican art—at the 25th Venice Biennial in 1950 and the 1952 Paris Biennial —this long document offered readers a summary of events. The Venice Biennial was deemed a success while the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754267

  • Sin nombrarlo : Tamayo contesta a Rivera
    Suárez, Luis
    Rufino Tamayo expressed his ideas on the need to protect freedom of expression in the creative process. He explained that he did not belong to any group; on a personal level, however, he expressed his support for one of the “inalienable rights of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759025

  • Siqueiros acusa a Tamayo y Tamayo le responde así
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Tamayo, Rufino
    HOY magazine thought that the long-running controversy between mural painters and abstract painters was old news. The simmering dispute had, however, recently boiled over into an open argument between Tamayo and Siqueiros, so the magazine asked both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768074

  • Siqueiros gana el primer premio en la exposición de Venecia
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    The Mexican paintings included at the Venice Biennale generated such unanimous excitement among the critics and the European public that a request was immediately submitted to the Venice board of directors and the director of the exhibition to ship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779563

  • Solamente extranjeros en la Bienal Bis : Bellas Artes habla sobre el grupo de los descontentitos
    Salmon, Agustín
    The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA) [National Institute of Fine Arts] discredited the exhibition of the “independents,” saying that it was for foreigners who were not invited because they were not Mexican nationals and also because [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758383

  • Tamayo : No puedo luchar contra el grupo que se ha impuesto en la Bienal…
    Tamayo, Rufino
    While he was in Paris, Rufino Tamayo received a second invitation to take part in the Mexican Biennial that was being organized by the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA).This time, in an attempt to persuade him, Miguel Salas Anzures told him [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769929

  • Tamayo define su posición : su verdadera historia
    Treviño, Ana Cecilia
    Rufino Tamayo clarifies his position on a variety of subjects and controversies that have dogged his artistic work. He touches on the debate between nationalism and universalism, and refers to the subjects that he considers appropriate for Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752234

  • Tamayo en la VII Bienal
    Fernández Zavala, Margarita
    Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala summarizes the details of the VII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [7th San Juan Biennial of Latin American and Caribbean Graphic Art] (1986). The VII Bienal honored the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806227

  • Tamayo es de una ampulosa suficiencia : dice Siqueiros
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    In this interview, David Alfaro Siqueiros associates Rufino Tamayo with the formalism of the School of Paris, with the snobbish, bourgeois attitude of those who opposed political art. He acknowledges the sense of color and synthesis in Tamayo’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755533

  • Tamayo habla a Hoy : La pintura mexicana despierta interés en Europa por su mérito y originalidad, dice el notable artista
    Nelken, Margarita
    In spite of the campaign of negative criticism against him, Rufino Tamayo said he was pleased with the way he had been received by the people of Mexico. He also said that a Mexican’s success was always a source of great satisfaction. Tamayo was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759004

  • Tamayo habla a Hoy desde París! : Respaldado por su triunfo en Europa habla con olímpico desprecio de Diego Rivera y Siqueiros
    Alba, Víctor
    Rufino Tamayo believed that he had the moral authority to speak out and deny what Siqueiros was saying about his failure at the Venice Bienniale. Tamayo pointed out that, although he did not win any prizes, the Italian government bought one of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758996

  • Tamayo hizo el feo a Bellas Artes : El famoso pintor no expondrá en la Primera Bienal pictórica
    Salmon, Agustín
    The author of this article states that Rufino Tamayo is the only one of de los Cuatro Grandes [the Big Four] who will not be taking part in the 1st Inter-American Biennial of Paintings and Prints in 1958. Before he left for Europe, Tamayo refused to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768044

  • Tamayo no es el mejor pintor de México!
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Antonio Rodríguez thought there had been a campaign to convince the world that Rufino Tamayo was the best painter in Mexico; but there were some who didn’t agree. Rodríguez acknowledged that Tamayo was a good painter, particularly in his command [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759018

  • The Mexican presence in the United States : part I
    Nieto, Margarita
    In this document, Margarita Nieto details the influence of the School of Mexican Painting on the artistic production in the United States during the twenty-year period preceding World War II. She argues that contact between the two countries during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083160