Name Descriptor: Siqueiros, David Alfaro×
  • La pedantería y el arte
    Büsch Buero, Federico L.
    Federico L. Büsch Buero writes in defense of art’s social scope as an aesthetic program for Latin America. He presents the left’s widespread opinions against modern art, which is uncommitted politically. Büsch Buero asserts that modern art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733889

  • La pintura al duco es como un banquete de latas : debe haber mejores materiales que el óleo : afirma Clemente Orozco : pero nosotros no los conocemos en nuestros tiempos
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    José Clemente Orozco affirmed that he did not oppose any pictorial innovation because he believed that every new contribution should be well received. Nevertheless, scientific research was important for obtaining better results. Orozco did not agree [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758184

  • La pintura de David A. Siqueiros es escenografía : afirma Diego Rivera
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Diego Rivera responds to Siqueiros in a confrontational tone, because he believed Siqueiros had in reality accomplished nothing new. Duco materials had already been used before, and the Futurists had already worked with movement effects, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758157

  • La pintura mexicana en el decenio de la confrontación: 1955-1965
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    The American art historian, Shifra M. Goldman, writes an analysis of what happened in Mexican art during the years 1955 to 1965. In her opinion, this decade was marked by a growing international trend and by the essentialist loss of both national and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849959

  • La pintura mexicana está en decadencia, dice Tamayo : Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco y David Alfaro Siqueiros, en declive
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Rufino Tamayo made no reference to the government initiative being handled by Rivera, Orozco, and Siqueiros, although he expressed his strong opposition to the idea. In 1944 Tamayo had warned that Mexican painting was stagnating and in a state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755507

  • La pintura mural
    Zuno Hernández, José Guadalupe
    José Guadalupe Zuno (Z) devotes this entire article to mural paintings in Jalisco, having commissioned some of them himself while he was governor. Zuno makes particular reference to the murals in the Salón de la Universidad that were painted by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762434

  • La polémica : Raúl Anguiano
    Adame, María Luisa
    Raúl Anguiano believed that the best-known painters had made costly mistakes and had experienced great failures. He referred to the “pintura bajo el agua” [“underwater painting”] by Diego Rivera as much as to the sculpture-painting by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758256

  • La primera Exposición de los Grupos de “acción de arte”
    Perez Mendoza, Efraín
    According to Efraín Pérez Mendoza, the Grupos de “Acción de Arte” [Art Action Groups] exhibition is one of the most interesting, complete and “most tormented that has been mounted by Mexican artists,” because the works express the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774133

  • La síntesis de las Artes
    Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975
    Referencing such Latin American nations as Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, and Venezuela, and the European nations of Spain and Italy, Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva examines certain artists and movements that in the aforementioned countries, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864335

  • Las pedradas como un sustituto de la razón
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Orozco, José Clemente; Guerrero, Xavier
    David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco and Xavier Guerrero signed this article in which they refute the assertions published by the Federación de Estudiantes Preparatorianos [Federation of Preparatory Students] and they list, one after [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758002

  • Las pinturas murales de la Preparatoria a punto de provocar un “casus belli”
    This article contains an interview with the commission of Mexican painters (comprised of José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Roberto Reyes Pérez) and the deputy-minister Bernardo Gastelum; the commissio] warns him that the students of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757992

  • Las sugestiones de Cardoza
    Cabada, Juan de la
    In this document Juan de la Cabada responds to Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s criticism of the first art exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. At the same time de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779292

  • Latin-American Art : Introduction: From the Conquest to 1900
    Lincoln, Kirstein
    The Museum of Modern Art in New York (MoMA) published this catalog along with the 1943 exhibition, The Latin American Collection of the Museum of Modern Art. It was the first major exhibition of Latin American art at MoMA, and it included works by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748193

  • Lo del corazón : theme and variations
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    In this essay, Tomas Ybarra-Frausto focuses on the heart as an important symbol in Chicano art. Divided into two sections: “Themes and Variations” and “Maintenance and Extension of Traditions,” he argues that the “moral dimension” of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795669

  • Los “Tres Grandes” deben contar con sus colegas
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    In an interview with Antonio Rodríguez, the painter José Chávez Morado expressed his approval of the Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting] on the grounds that a standard must be established for decorating [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755484

  • Los cinco sentidos
    This text taken from the art news section of Signo [Sign] magazine, run by the art critic Leonardo Estarico, briefly reports on the activities of Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros at the Castelar Hotel. In July 1933 Siqueiros gave a lecture at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732955

  • Los cinco sentidos
    This text taken from the art news section of Signo [Sign] magazine, run by the art critic Leonardo Estarico, briefly reports on the expected arrival of Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros in Buenos Aires in 1933. The magazine introduces the artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763486

  • Los cinco sentidos
    This text, taken from the art-news section of Signo [Sign] magazine, run by the art critic Leonardo Estarico, briefly reports on the June 1933 exhibition of the Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art], an event that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789370

  • Los destructores de pinturas : Manifiesto del Grupo Comunista Estudiantil de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    This document reports on the publication of a manifesto signed by the Comunista Estudiantil de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria [Student Communist Group at the National Preparatory School], comprised of 151 members. It explains how a small minority [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757997

  • Los enemigos del arte han prohibido la tercera conferencia del profesor Siqueiros : esta actitud tendrá la virtud de llevar un público diez veces mayor al lugar en que ésta tenga que realizarse
    This document reports on the prohibition of David Alfaro Siqueiros’s third lecture at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Association] in Buenos Aires. The article mentions the part played by writer Victoria Ocampo. It also discusses the content of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733972

  • Los frescos de Xavier Guerrero en Chillán
    This article describes the iconography and the technical resources used by the Coahuila painter, Xavier Guerrero, in his recent mural at the Escuela México in Chillán, “a small village in southern Chile.” The project sponsored by the Federal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789224

  • Los Materiales modernos sí revolucionan toda la técnica de la pintura
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Peruvian painter Joel Marroquín believed that Mexican mural painting was a movement of extreme relevance on the international aesthetic arena. Its artists were able to avail themselves of the thousand year old technique of the Mayans and yet give it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758173

  • Los modernos
    This satirical poem deals with the modern Argentine painters who are defenders of “arte puro” [art for art’s sake]; in other words, any artist who opposed the socially committed art promoted by the Mexican artist, David Alfaro Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733294

  • Los monigotes de Alfaro Siqueiros y su valor plástico
    Tarruella, Alfredo
    Alfredo Tarruella writes a furious anti-Communist critique of both the painting and the social activism of Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros. He considers Siqueiros to be a deceptive person and an agent of the Soviet Union. The Catholic poet [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733182

  • Los pintores comunistas defienden el arte contra los vándalos burgueses
    The correspondent for The Daily Worker in Chicago creates a context for his readers concerning the formation of a Communist and a revolutionary art in Mexico, which describes on the walls of public buildings the useless life of the upper classes and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764091

  • Los pintores realistas deben buscar otras formas de expresión aunque se expongan a ser llamados "traidores a la patria"
    García, Socorro
    Regarding the exhibition and awards of the I Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [First Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking] (1958), the criticism by the journalist Socorro García is negative, especially with respect to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786721

  • Los sucesos, los hombres : algunos pintores …
    González Tuñon, Raúl, 1905-1974
    In this brief article, the Argentine poet and journalist, Raúl González Tuñón, talks about the Argentine visit of the Mexican artist, David Alfaro Siqueiros. The writer states that while Siqueiros was stirring up debate in Buenos Aires, none of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733270

  • MARCH : Movimiento Artístico Chicano
    MARCH (Organization)
    This document is a 1977 calendar produced by the Movimiento Artístico Chicano (MARCH), which includes biographies and reproductions of works by twelve Chicago-area Chicano artists, one for each month. Significant dates in Chicano history are also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065497

  • Margarita Nelken contesta al pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros un artículo : Lamenta que se pretenda hacer de un solo pintor la representación del Arte de México
    Nelken, Margarita
    In this interview, Margarita Nelken, the Spanish critic, reacts to the opinions expressed by David Alfaro Siqueiros. Nelken defends her comments concerning the lack of innovation in Diego Rivera’s art, and says that it is regrettable to attempt to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774948

  • María Izquierdo vs. Los Tres grandes
    Izquierdo, María
    In this article, painter María Izquierdo again decides to express her viewpoint without the use of intermediaries. She had done so one month before and here she again declares her disapproval of the monopoly created by the Comisión Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792897

  • Mexican and mexican-american artists in the United States : 1920-1970
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    This document is an essay by Jacinto Quirarte outlining key moments in the history of modern Mexican and Mexican-American art in the United States. It begins with a discussion of the Mexican School, detailing central figures, sociopolitical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127555

  • Mexican influence on U.S. art: 1930-1936
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    Arguing that art history must always account for precedents and influences, art historian Jacinto Quirarte’s essay traces the way in which Mexican muralists influenced American artists during the 1930s. The author suggests that, in this case, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826346

  • México triunfa en Venecia
    The XXV Venice Biennale was held in 1950. The event has been held every two years since the beginning of the twentieth century. The prizes were established by the Presidency of the Ministers’ Council: one for a foreign painter and another for an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759059

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor : La historia de un amor vivido con intensidad (Primera parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador tells of the events of her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros, in this article, the first in a series of four. This first article begins on January 6, 1918, when she met the painter; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815248

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor : La historia de un amor vivido con intensidad (Segunda Parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador tells of events from her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros in this article. This second article (of four) describes the trip they took to Paris via New York; she relates nine days of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815269

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor en forma apasionante (Cuarta y última parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador relates events from her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros in four articles. This fourth and last article tells how the governor of Jalisco, José Guadalupe Zuno invited Siqueiros to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815288

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor en forma apasionante (Tercera parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after her romantic involvement with David Alfaro Siqueiros, Graciela Amador wrote a memoir in four parts about her life with him. In this third part she describes how their trip to Europe came to an end when Siqueiros went to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760372

  • Muralismo : basta ya de “cuadros grandes”; hagamos murales, declara Alfaro Siqueiros, fustigando a Diego, a Tamayo y a O´Gorman
    Álvarez Fe, Vicente
    Vicente Fé Álvarez interviews David Alfaro Siqueiros, who speaks his mind about the current state of mural painting and talks about how he (Siqueiros) has tried to change it. The artist says that mural painting is like cinematography, explaining [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735242

  • No hay crisis en la pintura solo estancamiento
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In this article, Luis Cardoza y Aragón reviews the events of 1957, and laments the deaths of Diego Rivera and Miguel Covarrubias. He lists the various exhibitions taking place in Mexico City, including different murals, such as the Fanny Ravel in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769904

  • No hay mas ruta que la nuestra : Importancia nacional e internacional de la pintura mexicana moderna
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This is a collection of articles by David Alfaro Siqueiros in which he restates the principles of an art about war, linking it to the great artistic traditions expressed in the work of artists such as Dr. Atl, José Clemente Orozco, and Diego Rivera [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774358

  • Noticia de D. A. Siqueiros
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This article quotes comments made by David Alfaro Siqueiros about contemporary art (in 1940) that appeared in the Mexican magazine Romance (a popular magazine in Latin America). Seven years after his visit to the Río de la Plata region, Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223640

  • Novedad : los pintores pagan con cuadros sus impuestos : Resultado : afluyen las obras para fundar un museo de arte moderno mexicano
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    This short article documents the anticipated consequences of a new tax system implemented by the Ministry of Finance, which required artists to pay taxes for the first time. As a special concession, artists could make the payments with a donation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775071

  • Nuestra pueril, onerosa bienal de arte plásticas
    Carrillo Gil, Alvar
    On the occasion of the first Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking, Miguel Salas Anzures, chair of the Visual Arts Department of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA), interviewed the art collectors Inés Amor and Dr. Alvar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770451

  • Nuestros artistas presentes...
    Lora Risco, Alejandro
    Commentary by essayist Alejandro Lora Risco on the Mexican art show organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. From within the event’s massive audience, the author highlights the presence of the individuals most likely to read his text: Peruvian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150959

  • Nuevas notas sobre Siqueiros
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    Together with an article published by David Alfaro Siqueiros in México en el arte [Mexico in Art], the current document is part of a conversation between the artist and the Guatemalan critic Luis Cardoza y Aragón, concerning the current state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733020

  • O muralismo como marco de múltipla articulação
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    Aracy Amaral presents the art of the Mexican muralists as the first manifestation of contemporary artists in the Americas which drew on the artists’ own local realities. She notes particularly the interest in muralist art by Brazilian artists such [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776585

  • Ocultación y descubrimiento de Orozco
    Paz, Octavio
    After reviewing Orozco’s early work (drawings, prints, caricatures, and watercolors) and mentioning the influence of El Greco, Giotto, Goya, and Toulouse-Lautrec, Octavio Paz refers to a "hermetic or symbolic" trend to which the painter was exposed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792001

  • Ofensiva brutal contra la pintura moderna : ¿Serán destruidos los frescos de Diego Rivera, Orozco, Siqueiros y Tamayo?
    Ortega, Febronio
    In the course of an interview, Rufino Tamayo talks about the polemic that arose regarding his mural at the Conservatorio Nacional with the topics of song and music. Tamayo took advantage of this forum to disqualify the students of the “little [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764633

  • Ofensiva contra Tamayo
    Lizardi Ramos, César
    Diego Rivera thought the name “Tres Grandes” [The Big Three] was ridiculous. He also did not think that Rufino Tamayo should be included in the “trio” because his work was very different from theirs. Though Rivera considered Tamayo to be a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768019

  • Oú va la peinture? : conversations recueillies par René Crevel, Jean Cassou Aragon, Champfleury, etc.
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni responds to an opinion poll from the French journal Commune regarding the future of painting while the usage of new techniques, such as the airbrush, were being carried out. Berni defends both mural painting and realism, in addition to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733879