ICAA Research Team: ICAA/MFAH, Houston×
  • ¡Cláro que hay jóvenes con talento!
    Traba, Marta
    1964
    In this April 1964 magazine article, Marta Traba attests to Beatriz González’s artistic talents, reaffirming the decision by MAM (Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogotá) to exhibit the young artist’s work in a debut solo exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1342966

  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Identidad o modernidad?
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    1974
    In this chapter from América Latina en sus artes Jorge Alberto Manrique begins by describing the artistic movements of the 1920s and comparing this period to a giant hinge that moved backward to the nineteenth century and forward to the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838652

  • ¿Qué es América Latina?
    Coutinho, Afrãnio
    1969
    Brazilian literary critic and essayist Afrânio Coutinho wrote this article in the late- 1960s. His article states since inception that to him the term “Latin American,” is at odds with the historical, social, cultural, literary, and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839810

  • ¿Qué quiere decir un Arte Americano?
    Traba, Marta
    1956
    In this text, Marta Traba argues that there is not really a unified [Latin] American aesthetic in the visual arts and calls for an honest investigation of the question of such an aesthetic approach, even at the risk of affirming that no common spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839092

  • ¿Un posmodernismo en México?
    Debroise, Olivier
    1987
    This short essay by the French-Mexican critic, curator, and writer Olivier Debroise grapples with the phenomenon of neoexpressionist figurative painting in Mexico in the mid- and late-1980s. The author interprets appropriations of the official [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126726

  • [En la forja de América...]
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1916
    The prologue to Forjando patria: pro nacionalismo, published in 1916 by leading Mexican anthropologist and archaeologist Manuel Gamio, compares the forging of metal out of an amalgam of bronze and steel to the ideal societal intermixing of Mexicans [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125463

  • [Extracts from 7th Annual Message of James Monroe, 5th President of the United States, Dated December 2, 1823]
    1823
    In this 1823 speech, President James Monroe announces a new agreement that forbids European nations from invading countries in the Western Hemisphere. He begins by recounting that the agreement has been negotiated through the Russian government, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055512

  • [Letter] 1988 June 20, London [to] Adolpho Leirner
    Brett, Guy
    1988
    In this letter dated June 20, 1988, the English critic and curator Guy Brett expresses his gratitude to the Brazilian collector Adolpho Leirner and his wife, Fulvia Leirner, for the time they spent together in São Paolo. Brett is especially [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232349

  • [Letter] 1998 September 15, São Paulo [to] Aracy Amaral
    Maluf, Antônio, 1926-2005
    1998
    In September 15, 1998, graphic artist Antônio Maluf writes to art historian Aracy Amaral regarding her book Arte Construtiva no Brasil Coleção Adolpho Leirner. Even before its release, in his view, the book was considered an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1317439

  • [Sobre los cuadros que forman esta serie...]
    Szyszlo, Fernando de
    1963
    This text was written by Peruvian artist Fernando de Szyszlo to accompany his series of paintings inspired by “Apu Inka Atawallpaman,” an elegiac Quechua poem by an anonymous author. The poem describes the death of the Inca Atahualpa, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126405

  • [Uma mostra-amostra…]
    Cordeiro, Waldemar, 1925-1973
    1959
    In this brochure essay produced for Artistas de Campinas, the exhibition presented at the Galeria de Arte das Folhas in 1959, Waldemar Cordeiro discusses the non-figurative “trends” and “contents” he detects in the works shown [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1316875

  • [When, in 1926, Tamayo was preparing his first exhibition...]
    Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973
    1947
    In this article, art historian Robert Goldwater analyzes the life and work of Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo. Goldwater explains that although Tamayo is thought to have an individual style, when his works are assembled, it is apparent that his work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126437

  • 1 Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1951
    This flier announces the first Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, held at the Galeria Prestes Maia. The event was organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo during the same year it launched the Bienal de São Paulo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334683

  • 10. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1961
    The country was awash in optimism that year, when Brasília was officially declared the new capital city. The tenth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna was held at the Galería Prestes Maia, organized on this occasion by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334818

  • 11. Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1962
    The flier’s cover is illustrated with a work of geometric abstraction (with no mention of the painter’s name), but includes no title for the event. The eleventh edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna, organized by the state [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334833

  • 2 Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    This flier announces the second Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, presented by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1952. Francisco Matarazzo (the creator of the Bienal de São Paulo) and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334698

  • 3. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1954
    This is the official flier for the third edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, held in 1954 at the Galeria Prestes Maia under the auspices of the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo. Mário Zanini was responsible [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334713

  • 4. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1955
    This is the official flier for the fourth edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1955. The organizing committee was headed by two well- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334728

  • 5. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1956
    In 1956, what proved to be a critical year in Brazilian art circles, the first Concrete art exhibitions were organized at a national level. But this development had no impact at all in terms of the participants or the type of works presented at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334743

  • 6. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1957
    After President Getúlio Vargas committed suicide in August 1954, Brazil embarked on a program of renewal focused on two basic areas: industrialization and development. The democratically elected government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1960) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334758

  • 7. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1958
    This flier, which announces the seventh edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, has an excellent minimalist design on the cover. The (ordinal) “ o ” becomes one of the squares in the black and yellow composition, which uses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334773

  • 8. Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano Art : Two Views
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    1973
    In this text, Jacinto Quirarte interviews artists who led Chicano art movements in San Antonio and the California Bay area during the late 1960s and early 1970s, asking them questions about what motivated their efforts and about, more generally, what [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833783

  • 8. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1959
    The flier for the eighth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna has been redesigned and relies mainly on lowercase letters, double-page spreads, and a simple cover design. Willys de Castro is a member of the jury responsible for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334788

  • 9. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1960
    The ninth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna (still written in lowercase letters) was held in June 1960 at the usual venue, the Galeria Prestes Maia de São Paulo. The flier carries over many elements from the previous year& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334803

  • A Europa e a América Latina a opinião corrente
    Bomfim, Manoel José do, 1868-
    1903
    In this text, Manoel Bomfim criticizes the European attitude toward Latin America. According to the author, this attitude is due to sheer European ignorance about Latin American countries. He acknowledges that this posture had been changing, with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832506

  • A arquitetura é a grande arte de nosso tempo —1948 : Romero Brest em São Paulo
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    2016
    This text includes a few excerpts from the six lectures that Jorge Romero Brest gave in São Paulo in 1948. At that time, Romero Brest held an academic position at the Universidad de Montevideo and was the director of the magazine Ver y estimar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1314972

  • A arte tradicional no Brasil : a casa e o templo
    Severo, Ricardo, 1869 - 1940
    1916
    This landmark manifesto by architect and intellectual Ricardo Severo da Fonseca e Costa (1869–1940) was delivered in São Paolo, Brazil, at the 1914 conference, A Arte Tradicional no Brasil: a Casa e o Templo [Traditional Art in Brazil—The House [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125864

  • A dialogue with life and death
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2006
    This essay by Julia Herzberg overviews Carlos Alfonzo’s artistic trajectory from 1982 to 1991, outlining the biographical details of his life and analyzing multiple artworks included in the exhibition. Working mainly in a Neo-Expressionist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343911

  • A escultura de Amílcar de Castro
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    This is the program for Amilcar de Castro, the exhibition of the artist’s metal sculptures that ran from October 14 to November 14, 1982, at the Galeria Raquel Arnaud (Babenco). The essay written by Ferreira Gullar is illustrated with Sin t& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315493

  • A greve das cores
    Ferreira, Glória
    1985
    In this introductory essay, “La huelga del color” (The Color Strike), Glória Ferreira includes an article that had appeared in the newspaper Correio da Manhã on May 16, 1954. The article described the third Salão [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307631

  • A Marcha Das Utopias
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1972
    In this excerpt of his master’s dissertation at the USP (São Paulo), Oswald de Andrade reassesses the history since the Renaissance of how the concept of utopia has been constructed by Europeans as a means to justify a set of values that support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838902

  • A sa Majesté l'empereur Napoléon III
    Calvo, Carlos, 1822-1906
    1862
    This suite of documents includes Charles (Carlos) Calvo’s (1824–1906) letter to Napoleon III, the response from M. Thouvenel, Minister of the French Foreign Office, and the introduction to Calvo’s book, Recueil complet des traités, conventions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052451

  • A town portrait : memory streams
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    1998
    This exhibition brochure by guest curator Julia P. Herzberg describes several works included in A Town Portrait, with an eponymous installation and two photographic series, When I Am Not Here/Estoy allá (1996) and Abridor de caminos (1997). [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343927

  • Algo sobre bellas artes
    Laso, Francisco
    1859
    The 1859 article by Peruvian painter Francisco Laso on the history of Peruvian architecture, sculpture, and painting is primarily a critique of the lack of support for artists in Peru. Laso contends that the inferiority of Peruvian artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125154

  • Algumas idéais sobre as belas artes e a indústria no Império do Brasil
    Pôrto Alegre, Manuel de Araújo
    1851
    The author’s nationalist approach takes into account the imbalances created by slavery in a developing nation with no homogenous social structure of its own. In his essay, the painter Porto-Alegre challenges colonial impositions on fashion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150819

  • Algunas opiniones autorizadas : del Presidente de la Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Noel, Martín, 1888-1963
    1923
    This prologue to the published Viracocha notebooks was written in 1923 by the president of the Argentinean Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes, Martín Noel. The Viracocha sketchbooks were a collection of drawings inspired by themes and motifs in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126145

  • Almanaque
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    1927
    In this issue of Revista de avance, the journalist and art critic Martí Casanovas (born in Catalonia) provides a brief commentary on the twelfth exhibition at the Salón de Bellas Artes, which he finds somewhat mediocre. Without being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1299709

  • América monumental : el palacio Posnanski de La Paz
    Castillo, Teófilo
    1918
    In this article, Peruvian artist, photographer, and art critic Teófilo Castillo describes the architecture of Lima as deficient, proposing a structure he calls “el Palacio Posnanski” [sic], a home built by the Austrian engineer, amateur [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125752

  • Ana Mendieta : the formative years
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2003
    This magazine article addresses Ana Mendieta’s early work during her graduate studies at the University of Iowa in the early 1970s. The article argues that though Mendieta’s work has been extensively analyzed, this period in her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343959

  • Ana Mendieta's Iowa Years 1970-1980
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2004
    This exhibition essay charts Ana Mendieta’s artistic trajectory between 1970 and 1980, including her tenure at the University of Iowa (where she completed two master’s degrees: one in painting and one in intermedia), her time in Mexico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343975

  • Analysis [The Conference on Inter-American Relations in the Field of Art]
    Department of State (Washington, DC)
    1939
    This text documents the proceedings of the first Conference on Inter-American Relations in the Field of Art, which was held in three sections: an analysis of the conference proceedings; the minutes from two days of sessions; and finally the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 837785

  • Anatol Wladyslaw
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    1958
    In this brochure produced for the exhibition of works by prizewinners at the 1958 Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, José Geraldo Vieira describes Anatol Wladyslaw’s work as a “painting of separations.” Having [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1322921

  • Anatol Wladyslaw
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    1961
    In this brochure produced for the exhibition of works by prizewinners at the 1960 Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, Gerardo Ferraz discusses how Anatol Wladyslaw’s work transitioned from the “mathematics and geometry&rdquo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1325562

  • Ariel
    Rodó, José Enrique, 1871-1917
    1900
    In this text, José Enrique Rodó outlines his vision for a future Latin American civilization based on the pursuit of idealism. He stages this description as a lecture being delivered by an elderly teacher named Prospero to his young students. Rod [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055578

  • Armando Reverón
    Padrón, Julián, 1910- 1954
    2001
    The 1932 article "Armando Reverón,” written by Venezuelan journalist, writer, and lawyer Julián Padrón is a short biography of Venezuelan artist Armando Reverón, and a description of his working method. Reverón was a Modernist painter who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125575

  • Art and Identity: Hispanics in the United States
    Paz, Octavio
    1987
    In this text, Octavio Paz contemplates the characteristics of “Hispanic” art in the United States. In a section entitled “Names and Constitutions,” he begins by describing what he argues is an archetype of all societies: the struggle to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065195

  • Art and Science at the Crossroads
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2009
    This exhibition essay by Julia P. Herzberg reviews the artistic trajectory of Venezuelan artist Nela Ochoa (b. 1953), whose current work is inspired by the medical sciences. Since the 1990s, she has mainly focused on the body, genetics, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1469684

  • Art on the border
    Casas, Mel
    1976
    This 1976 flowchart depicts Chicano artist Melesio Casas’s formula for the integration of Chicano art into a national aesthetic of American art. The diagram is divided into five sections: a general overview of Chicano art; “Value of Chicano Art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125446

  • Arte Argentino 78
    Glusberg, Jorge
    1978
    Argentinean writer, publisher, curator, and professor, Jorge Glusberg presented this article in 1978 at the Latin American symposium Arte Argentino 78. In the article, he explains that the study of semiotics has led to a new understanding of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126357