ICAA Research Team: Chicano Studies Research Center, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)×
  • "Califas" : Chicano art and culture in California : excerpts from planning grant submitted to the N.E.H.
    Carrillo, Eduardo
    1981
    This document contains excerpts from a grant proposal submitted by Eduardo Carrillo to the National Endowment for the Humanities seeking traveling support for an exhibition of California Chicano art entitled Califas, Chicano Art and Culture in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847475

  • [Amalia Mesa- Bains: When I was asked to join the panel...]
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1989
    This document is a transcript of the contribution to a panel discussion by the art historian, Amalia Mesa-Bains, in which she addresses the ways in which the social circumstances experienced by Chicanos in the United States have influenced their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086109

  • [Eran las tres de la tarde, hora en que mataron a Lola,...]
    Valdés, Zoé, 1959-
    1999
    Cuban novelist Zoe Valdés pays homage to the work of Dominican artist Darío Suro. Transformed into a perceptive art critic while still displaying her lyrical gift as a fiction writer, Valdés gives literary form to Suro’s art, which she sees as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822057

  • [I began the Pachuco series in 1969,...]
    Montoya, José, 1932-
    1977
    This essay by Chicano artist, José Montoya, describes his experience developing and creating his Pachuco Artseries, which he began in 1969. Montoya notes the inspiration of artist Ricardo Favela and his use of the vato (slang for street dude) figure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809266

  • [I was born in Mexico City in 1941]
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    1971
    This document is a brief unpublished autobiographical statement by artist Carlos Almaraz. In it he discusses the early years of his life, from his birth in Mexico City and subsequent moves to Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles, where he attended high [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083138

  • [In response to Judithe Hernandez...]
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1981
    This letter by the art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman responds to a letter from the Chicana artist Judithe Hernandez. The latter’s letter was responding to Goldman’s review of the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847096

  • [Letter, n.d], Sacramento, CA [to] the members of the Concilio de Arte Popular (CAP)
    Carrillo, Juan
    The document is an undated letter from Juan Carrillo, the interim board chairman of the Concilio de Arte Popular (CAP), to its members. Along with stating its founding history, purpose, names, and affiliations of the founding board members, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127127

  • [Letter] [n.d.], [s.l.] [to] Malaquias Montoya
    Tanguma, Leo
    1986
    This document is a handwritten letter in Spanish by Leo Tanguma and addressed to Malaquias Montoya. Tanguma informs Montoya of an art project he is planning to do in conjunction with the public school system in Denver, Colorado, to address the high [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847496

  • [Letter] 1974 March 21, [s.l.] [to] Los Angeles Times
    Hernandez, Judithe
    1974
    This document is a letter by Judithe Hernandez to the Los Angeles Times, written in response to the review of the Los Four exhibition by staff writer William Wilson. She refutes Wilson’s statements, that the museum lowered its standards and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083503

  • [Letter] 1974 September 6, San Antonio, Tejas [to] Rudy Treviño
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-; Peña, Amado Maurilio, 1943-; Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-
    1974
    This document was written under the letterhead “Tres” [Three], yet signed by artists Carmen Lomas Garza, Amado Maurilio Peña, and César Augusto Martinez. The authors outline their reasons for resigning from the collective Con Safo [sometimes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849230

  • [Letter] 1977 October 24, San Francisco, CA [to] the editor of the San Francisco Chronicle.
    1977
    This document is a letter addressed to the editor of the San Francisco Chronicle and signed by Artists of the Fifth Sun Exhibition. It was written in response to the review of the exhibition The Fifth Sun: Contemporary/Traditional Chicano and Latino [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127296

  • [Letter] 1979 August 3, Austin, Texas [to] Javier Pacheco
    Avila, Consuelo
    1979
    This a letter requesting support for the promotion of the first international conference of Chicano art, organized by Santa Barraza and Consuelo Avila in 1979. The stated objective of the conference is to provide an overview of the history and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082353

  • [Letter] 1980 December 18, La Misión, San Francisco [to] Malaquías Montoya
    Carrillo, Graciela
    1980
    In this letter, San Francisco artist and muralist Graciela Carrillo challenges Malaquías Montoya’s essay, “A Critical Perspective in the State of Chicano Art,” on what she describes as its elitist, rhetorical style that made it hard to read, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848837

  • [Letter] 1993 February 5 [to] Elisabeth Sussman
    Noriega, Chon A., 1961-
    1993
    This letter was written by UCLA professor Chon Noriega to Elizabeth Sussman, a former curator of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Written in 1993, the letter addresses several concerns about the museum’s upcoming Biennial Exhibition with regard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809251

  • [My altarwork in the public setting dates back to 1976...]
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1983
    The essay is a brief artist statement in which Amalia Mesa-Bains recounts her beginnings as an altar-maker at the Galería de la Raza in San Francisco in the late 1970s and her subsequent transition from constructing personal altars to public [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082948

  • [The above reverie from what is to date perhaps the most vivid...]
    Blanc, Giulio V.
    1990
    In this essay, Giulio V. Blanc discusses various reactions to the 1988 burning of a Manuel Mendive’s drawing in Florida, to explain the different attitudes held by Cuban- Americans towards Cuba. He then connects this to the larger issue of exile [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801733

  • [There are no aspects of the prodigy in me...]
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    This document is a short handwritten entry from the journal of Carlos Almaraz. He begins with a discussion of how his art should be a product of daily practice. He then comments that his aim is to achieve a sense of poetry in his work but at a visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083381

  • [There has been a lot of talk lately on campus...]
    Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-
    This document is a statement by Chicano artist Malaquías Montoya on the relationship between art and politics. The author suggests that these are always inextricably linked to one another and that nowhere is this more evident than in the structure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081760

  • [This exhibition includes images by Carmen Lomas Garza...]
    Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-; Marquis, Anne-Louise
    1995
    This document is the transcript of an interview between Chicana visual artist Carmen Lomas Garza and Anne-Louise Marquis, curator of Directions, a 1995 exhibition of her works. The interview covers a wide range of topics, including Lomas Garza’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849200

  • 15 notes for Rosata Q: text for the exhibition quinceañera works, 1984
    Trasobares, César
    1984
    Cesar Trasobares’ essay is broken down into fifteen separate “notes” that describe the exhibited project or the Quinceañera planning process; they are written from the perspective of Rosata Quinceañera, the fictional heroine that is featured [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845638

  • A conversation
    Rodriguez, Geno; Heartney, Eleanor, 1954-; Zamudio Taylor, Victor
    1993
    In this discussion with Geno Rodriguez, Eleanor Heartney, and Victor Zamudio-Taylor, the three scholars consider the work of Cuban-born artist Luis Cruz Azaceta. They analyze the subject matter of his work, and all agree that it is melancholic and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847806

  • A conversation with Amalia Mesa-Bains
    Tromble, Meredith
    1992
    This document is the transcript of an interview between arts writer Meredith Tromble and Chicana visual artist Amalia Mesa-Bains. MacArthur Foundation Fellowship awardee, Mesa-Bains talks about her motivations as an artist, and her particular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083572

  • A critical perspective on the state of Chicano Art
    Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-; Salkowitz Montoya, Lezlie
    1980
    This manifesto written by Chicano artist Malaquías Montoya and his wife, Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya, derides the developing trend of Chicano artists moving away from a community focus to individual artistic pursuits. According to the Montoyas, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845548

  • A long range-view of latino art
    Frankenstein, Alfred
    1977
    This document is a review by Alfred Frankenstein of The Fifth Sun: Contemporary/Traditional Chicano and Latino Art exhibition at the University of California, Berkeley Art Museum in 1977. Frankenstein begins by describing the show, detailing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127272

  • A Manifesto on Chicano Art
    Martinez, Sue
    1981
    In this manifesto, Sue Martinez, an artist from San Jose, California, exemplifies by means of the 1981 exhibition Califas: An Exhibition of Chicano Artists in California held at the University of California, Santa Cruz to present the argument that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821547

  • A note on chicano-mexicano cultural capital : african american icons an symbols in chicano art
    Malagamba Ansótegui, Amelia
    1997
    In this document, Professor Amelia Malagamba explores how Afro-Mexican icons and symbols, as well as sociopolitical issues in the African-American community, have been transformed into what she terms “cultural capital.” A “cultural capital”as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082750

  • A piece of my heart = Pedacito de mi corazon
    Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-
    1990
    This artist’s statement by Carmen Lomas Garza was included in the catalogue for the exhibition of her work, A Piece of My Heart/Pedacito de Mi Corazón, which traveled to various cities in the states of Texas, California, and Illinois, in 1991. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803261

  • A public voice: fifteen years of chicano posters
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    In this essay, Shifra M. Goldman discusses the Chicano poster movement by considering its historical background, followed by an examination of poster collectives and the work of individual Chicano poster artists, including Rupert Garcia, Malaquías [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795860

  • A spirituality of resistance : día de los muertos and the Galería de la Raza
    Romo, Terecita
    In this essay, Tere Romo explores the syncretic nature of Chicano spirituality manifested in Chicano art and rooted in the initial encounter between indigenous American cultures and Europe, as well as in the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809703

  • A true barrio art
    Ytuarte, Eddie (Edy)
    “A True Barrio” by Edy (Eddie Ytuarte) is part essay, part interview. Edy introduces the essay with a brief review of the work by Harry Gamboa, Gronk, and Willie Herrón exhibited at Mechicano Art Gallery in East Los Angeles in 1972. The author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848761

  • A Union of Chicanos Writers
    Armas, José
    1976
    This brief document by writer José Armas summarizes the ideas of a group of Chicano writers and artists from the states of Washington, California, Texas, and New Mexico who met in Lubbock, Texas, with the intention of forming an artistic and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082215

  • A wag dogging a tale
    Avalos, David
    1993
    In this essay, written for the catalogue of the exhibition La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience (1993), artist and professor David Avalos describes his experience working at San Diego’s Centro Cultural de la [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809415

  • Across the street : Self-Help Graphics and Chicano art in Los Angeles
    Nieto, Margarita
    1977
    In this essay, art historian Margarita Nieto critiques the tendency to trace the genealogy of Chicano art to Mexican art. She locates the roots of the Chicano art movement and the art organizations that emerged within it to the countercultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796051

  • Aesthetics of Graffiti
    Castellón, Rolando
    1978
    This document, written by curator Rolando Castellón, introduces the exhibition, Aesthetics of Graffiti, held at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art between April and July 1978. The statement defines the scope of the show, suggesting that two [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082402

  • Against Rasquache : Chicano identity and the politics of popular culture in Los Angeles
    García, Ramón, 1967-
    1998
    In this essay, Ramón García explores the foundations and essential qualities of Chicano camp (rasquache) and its artistic and literary manifestations. García begins with a discussion of the walking murals of the Los Angeles conceptual art group, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845797

  • Agustín Víctor Casasola's Soldaderas : malinchismo and the Chicana/o Artist
    Latorre, Guisela, 1970-
    2005
    In this essay, Guisela Latorre examines the reinterpretation by Chicano/a artists of photographs of soldaderas (female soldiers who participated in the Mexican Revolution) by the Mexican photographer Agustín Víctor Casasola. According to Latorre, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848856

  • Al encuentro de los pasos perdidos : los principios del arte y el arte de los principios en la Revolución Cubana (1959-1980)=A l'encontre des passos perduts : els principis de l'art i l'art dels prinipis a la Revolució Cubana (1959-1980)
    Nuez, Iván de la
    1996
    Iván de la Nuez’s entry for the exhibition catalog Cuba siglo XX: Modernidad y sincretismo [Twentieth-Century Cuba: Modernity and Syncretism] focuses on Cuban art made on the island as well as art made in exile from the onset of the 1959 Cuban [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847599

  • All this beauty and color should have a place in every home
    Nunn, Tey Marianna
    2001
    This document is a chapter from a book on “Hispana” and “Hispano” artists from the New Deal Era (1930s and ‘40s). In it, art historian and scholar Tey Marianna Nunn focuses on the lives and works of several artists working under the Works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086268

  • Altarmakers : the historic mediators
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1985
    In this document, Amalia Mesa-Bains writes about the women’s practice of altar-making, suggesting that while there has been a decline in the performance of and engagement with popular ritual in contemporary life, the creation of altars as both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086039

  • An aesthetic alternative
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    1980
    This document is a statement by Carlos Almaraz in which it is outlined his approach to his own artistic practice as well as his ambitions for the creation of a broader program of social engagement on the part of Chicano artists. The document [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083115

  • An historical essay on heart imagery and expressions
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Amalia Mesa-Bains’s essay proposes a historical lineage of heart imagery and the concept of “lo del corazón” [that which comes from the heart] that begins in the Mexico’s Aztec ritual of human sacrifice and culminates in public and popular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795630

  • An icon of resistance
    Anreus, Alejandro
    1999
    In this essay, Alejandro Anreus outlines the cultural and historical conditions that have influenced what he terms the “iconography of Latin America.” He emphasizes the role of U.S. cultural imperialism and exploitation in the development of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809206

  • An interview with César A. Martinez
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    1999
    In this interview with Jacinto Quirarte, César Martinez recounts his early years and education at Texas A&I in Kingsville. While studying as an artist, he was attracted to Abstract Expressionism and color field painting, although involvement [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849046

  • An introduction to the history of Mexican American art = Introducción a la historia del arte Mexicoamericano
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1981
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto is included in the 1981 catalogue of selected works from the Mexican Museum in San Francisco, California. Ybarra-Frausto presents a historiography documenting the trajectory of Mexican American artistic traditions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809236

  • Ana Mendieta
    Mendieta, Ana
    1978
    In this short, early artist statement, Cuban-born artist Ana Mendieta explains that the first part of her life was spent in Cuba from where she believes her interest in primitive art and culture probably originated. As a child growing up in Cuba, she [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848020

  • Andrés Serrano
    Chagoya, Enrique
    1990
    This document is a short interview with photographer Andrés Serrano, conducted by Enrique Chagoya. Along with recounting his personal background, Serrano discusses how he got interested in photography, which he said was the result of his failure as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086015

  • Another Life Up Inside Her Head
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1995
    As the curator of Another Life Up Inside Her Head (1995), an exhibition of seventeen emerging Chicana/Latina artists, Amalia Mesa-Bains considers the precedents for their work, as well as the contemporary contexts in which it has been produced. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845435

  • Archaeological find, number 9 : artist's statement
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1996
    In this statement, artist Raphael Montañez Ortiz describes the process by which he created Archaeological Find, Number 9. Through a ritualistically-prescribed series of destruction sessions, Ortiz recounts how he ripped the sofa apart, thus “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845482

  • Art in exile
    Pau-Llosa, Ricardo
    1980
    This article by Ricardo Pau-Llosa focuses on the motif of the human body as the one theme that constantly recurs throughout the work of Cuban-American artists. He notes that this is unique given the distance that they live from one another. So that, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847866

  • Arte Chicano
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1975
    In this article, San Antonio, Texas, artist César Augusto Martínez writes about Chicano art and the struggle for legitimacy and its acceptance, particularly within the academic community. Martínez argues that Chicano art resists clear stylistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845816