ICAA Researcher: Tere Romo×
  • Random trails for the noble savage
    Ponce de León, Carolina, 1955-
    According to curator Carolina Ponce de León, the recent focus on multiculturalism, identity, and difference has lent renewed visibility to Latin American art, although it is understood strictly in terms of otherness. Multiculturalism has also given [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849085

  • The multicultural paradigm : an open letter to the National Arts Community
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    In this essay, Guillermo Gómez-Peña discusses a major paradigm shift by which North/South relations have become more central to the United States, and how immigration has redefined the culture of the country. He states that this has created a new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849066

  • An interview with César A. Martinez
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    In this interview with Jacinto Quirarte, César Martinez recounts his early years and education at Texas A&I in Kingsville. While studying as an artist, he was attracted to Abstract Expressionism and color field painting, although involvement [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849046

  • The donkey cart caper : some thoughts on socially conscious art in anti-social public space
    Avalos, David
    David Avalos recounts the installation of his sculpture San Diego Donkey Cart in front of the Federal Courthouse, and its subsequent removal by Chief Judge Gordon Thompson. The artist describes the piece as a reworking of Tijuana donkey carts where [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849027

  • Errata histórica
    Border Art Workshop/Tallér de Arte Fronterízo
    In this article, members of the Border Art Workshop/Taller de Arte Fronterizo (BAW/TAF) respond to several misrepresentations of the group and factual errors about its genesis carried out by former member Guillermo Gómez-Peña. Citing quotes from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849008

  • ASCO : Camus, daffy duck and devil girls from East L.A.
    Burnham, Linda Frye
    Linda Frye Burnham introduces the article by explaining that the artist collective known as Asco received respect from neither their conservative Latino community nor from the art world. The author then recounts their early history, including street [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848989

  • Mestizaje and the postmodern Latino aesthetic
    Lindsay, Arturo
    In this essay, Arturo Lindsay documents the confluence of Post-modernism in the U.S. and the mestizaje [racial and cultural intermingling] of Latinos in order to create a “Latino aesthetic”—one that is grounded in syncretic spiritual beliefs. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848970

  • Response to the philosophical brothel
    Avalos, David
    This document is a condensed interview between Chicano artist David Avalos and John C. Welchman in which they address the concept of “borders” as physical, philosophical, and cultural entities, and discuss the relationship of art to such limits. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848951

  • Introduction
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    In this document Tomás Ybarra-Frausto discusses the philosophical and sociological underpinnings of Chicano art. He links its development to the political goals of the Chicano movement, describing the work of Chicano artists as a model for freedom [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848932

  • Las obras y sus creadores : Repaso
    This essay by the Comité Chicanarte [Chicanarte Committee] serves as an introduction to the group exhibition Chicanarte, organized in conjunction with the Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery from September to October 1975. The Comité underlines the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848913

  • Bodies and subjects in the technologized self-portrait : the work of Laura Aguilar
    Jones, Amelia
    In this essay, Amelia Jones explores the Post-modern notion of the “multiply identified body/self” that emerged in the art of the 1990s, by focusing on the self-portraits of the Los Angeles Chicana photographer Laura Aguilar. Unlike the body- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848894

  • Spiritual geographies
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    In this essay, Amalia Mesa-Bains discusses the use of the concept of “Aztlán” in Chicano art as a mythical point of origin for Chicanos. According to her, the myth of Aztlán served as a key unifying force among Chicanos during the Movimiento ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848875

  • Agustín Víctor Casasola's Soldaderas : malinchismo and the Chicana/o Artist
    Latorre, Guisela, 1970-
    In this essay, Guisela Latorre examines the reinterpretation by Chicano/a artists of photographs of soldaderas (female soldiers who participated in the Mexican Revolution) by the Mexican photographer Agustín Víctor Casasola. According to Latorre, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848856

  • [Letter] 1980 December 18, La Misión, San Francisco [to] Malaquías Montoya
    Carrillo, Graciela
    In this letter, San Francisco artist and muralist Graciela Carrillo challenges Malaquías Montoya’s essay, “A Critical Perspective in the State of Chicano Art,” on what she describes as its elitist, rhetorical style that made it hard to read, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848837

  • Patssi Valdez
    Valdez, Patssi
    This is a very brief statement by Chicana visual artist Patssi Valdez. In it, she discusses the ways in which the content and appearance of her art has changed since her working as an artist got started. She emphasizes the autobiographical quality of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848818

  • Borderlands critical subjectivity in recent chicana art
    Huacuja, Judith
    In this essay, Judith Huacuja considers the expression of gender politics visible in the works of contemporary Chicana artists and groups, such as Las Coyotas and Mujeres de Maíz, both in Los Angeles, and Las Comadres Artistas, in Sacramento, whom [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848799

  • Artes guadalupanos de Aztlán
    Garduño, Geronimo
    Geronimo Garduño’s essay details the evolution and achievements of the Chicano mural collective, Artes Guadalupanos de Aztlán, which was formed in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Garduño enumerates the factors that led to the group’s creation in 1971; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848780

  • A true barrio art
    Ytuarte, Eddie (Edy)
    “A True Barrio” by Edy (Eddie Ytuarte) is part essay, part interview. Edy introduces the essay with a brief review of the work by Harry Gamboa, Gronk, and Willie Herrón exhibited at Mechicano Art Gallery in East Los Angeles in 1972. The author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848761

  • Finding the lost steps : the principles of art and the art of principles in the cuban revolution (1959-1980)
    Nuez, Iván de la
    Iván de la Nuez’s entry for the exhibition catalog Cuba siglo XX: Modernidad y sincretismo [Twentieth-Century Cuba: Modernity and Syncretism] focuses on Cuban art made on the island as well as art made in exile from the onset of the 1959 Cuban [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847620

  • Mexican American Liberation Art Front
    This brief document outlines the history of the Mexican American Liberation Art Front (MALAF). Written collectively by the member artists, it details the mission and goals of the group, linking its development as a critical mouthpiece of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847561

  • Towards an understanding of Chicano art
    Noriega, Ramses
    In this document artist Ramses Noriega provides an overview of Chicano art forms, arguing that Chicano art is predicated on notions of similarity and difference within the community from which it develops. He argues for a view of the Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847542

  • [Letter] [n.d.], [s.l.] [to] Malaquias Montoya
    Tanguma, Leo
    This document is a handwritten letter in Spanish by Leo Tanguma and addressed to Malaquias Montoya. Tanguma informs Montoya of an art project he is planning to do in conjunction with the public school system in Denver, Colorado, to address the high [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847496

  • "Califas" : Chicano art and culture in California : excerpts from planning grant submitted to the N.E.H.
    Carrillo, Eduardo
    This document contains excerpts from a grant proposal submitted by Eduardo Carrillo to the National Endowment for the Humanities seeking traveling support for an exhibition of California Chicano art entitled Califas, Chicano Art and Culture in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847475

  • Murals/ Public Art
    Baca, Judith Francisca
    In this document, muralist Judith Baca discusses the development of the Chicano mural movement, brought to light in conditions of unrest and injustice in Los Angeles. Baca underlines the unique physical characteristics of Los Angeles that facilitated [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847448

  • Turning it around : chicana art critic Yvonne Yarbro-Bejarano discusses the insider/outsider visions of Ester Hernández and Yolanda López
    Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne
    In this document Chicana art critic Yvonne Yarbro-Bejarano analyzes important works by two prominent Chicana visual artists, Ester Hernández and Yolanda López in order to show how both women subvert popular imagery and iconography to reclaim it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847421

  • Artistas Chicanos : Los Quemados : June 20th through, July 13th, 1975
    This is an invitation to a group exhibition by the Chicano artist collective, Los Quemados, at the Instituto Cultural Mexicano in San Antonio, Texas, in 1975. Along with presenting information regarding the exhibition dates, inaugural reception, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847390

  • Chicano/Latino art and artists : a regional overview
    White, Sid, 1924-; Matheny-White, Pat
    In this document, Sid White and Pat Matheny-White discuss the results of their field research study of Chicano/Latino art in the United States Pacific Northwest (states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho), which they suggest is the first of its kind [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847369

  • Chicano art - looking backward
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    This essay by art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman is a review of two Chicano group exhibitions held in 1981: Califas: An Exhibition of Chicano Artists in California and Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los Angeles. The former was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847329

  • Post-Chicano
    Gonzalez, Rita
    In this essay, Rita Gonzalez discusses the artwork of two Los Angeles artists, Salomon Huerta and Victor Estrada, within the context of U.S. West Coast artists and Chicano art. Gonzalez proposes that while these two artists are in dialogue with “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847285

  • Turning it around : a conversation between Rupert Garcia and Guillermo Gomez-Peña
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo; Garcia, Rupert
    In this interview conducted by Mexican performance artist and writer Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Chicano artist Rupert Garcia discusses his perspective on Chicano art, particularly its relation to mainstream institutions and current theoretical trends. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847134

  • The Chicano Movement/The Movement of Chicano Art
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    In this essay, Tomás Ybarra-Frausto traces the origins and paths of the Chicano Movement and the Chicano Art Movement from their inception in the 1960s through the 1990s. Both movements sought political self-determination. The Chicano Art Movement [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847115

  • [In response to Judithe Hernandez...]
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    This letter by the art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman responds to a letter from the Chicana artist Judithe Hernandez. The latter’s letter was responding to Goldman’s review of the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847096

  • The artist as cultural worker : art production and politics
    Favela, Ramón
    This document is the transcript of a lecture given by Ramón Favela on the status of Chicano art and its development as a class- and race-based art form resulting from historical circumstances and political necessity. Favela addresses the ongoing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847077

  • From cara to caca : the multiple anatomies of Chicano/a art at the turn of the new century
    Gaspar de Alba, Alicia, 1958-
    In this essay, Alicia Gaspar de Alba reviews nine post-1990 exhibitions of Chicano art, all of which have sought to “materialize” Chicano/a from within the mainstream art museum, or as she calls it, the “master’s house.” The exhibitions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847058

  • Domesticana : the sensibility of Chicana rasquache
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Building upon scholar and cultural critic Tomás Ybarra-Frausto’s theorization of rasquachismo as a set of aesthetic practices that adopt an oppositional stance to dominant culture and articulate a Chicano identity, Amalia Mesa-Bains—a cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847038

  • The art of the Chicano movement and the movement of Chicano art
    Martinez, Manuel J.
    In this essay, Manuel J. Martinez discusses the origins of Chicano art and proposes that it is an art of social protest at all. According to him, Chicano art is influenced by three sources: indigenous, colonial Spanish, and modern Mexican (or mestizo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847019

  • Women artists of Texas : MAS = more artists women = MAS
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    Art historian and curator Shifra M. Goldman begins this essay with a brief background of Chicano art prior to discussing the history of the Austin-based Chicana artist group MAS (Mujeres Artistas del Suroeste) and the work of its five founding [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847000

  • Inventing tradition, negotiating modernism : Chicano/a art and the Pre-Columbian past
    Zamudio Taylor, Victor
    In this essay, Victor Zamudio-Taylor explores the valorization of Mexico’s pre-Columbian roots as a key element in the development of cultural identity within the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Inspired by the ideology of mexicanidad— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846981

  • Cultura de liberación : influencias mutuas
    Híjar, Alberto
    This is an essay by Alberto Híjar Serrano in which he addresses the notion of culture as a product of history and, particularly in the case of Chicano art, an important element in liberation struggles. Híjar Serrano remarks on the relationship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846443

  • The culture of liberation : mutual influences
    Híjar, Alberto
    This is an essay by Alberto Híjar Serrano in which he addresses the notion of culture as a product of history and, particularly in the case of Chicano art, an important element in liberation struggles. Híjar Serrano remarks on the relationship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846424

  • Introduction : the beginnings of Chicano art
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    Jacinto Quirarte’s essay provides an overview of the development of Chicano art from its beginnings as a cultural wing of the Chicano socio-political movement. Quirarte focuses specifically on artists groups, cultural centers, and alternative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846405

  • Synopsis of the symposium on the Hispanic American aesthetic : origins, manifestations, and significance
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    Art historian Jacinto Quirarte lays a framework for discussing an artwork or body of work by examining the tradition to which it belongs and the reasons for which (and for whom) it was created. Summarizing the conclusions of the 1979 Symposium on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846381

  • The secularization of the Chicano visual idiom : diversifying the iconography
    Lou, Richard A.
    Artist and curator Richard A. Lou explains the need to diversify and enrich what has become the canon of stereotypical images in Chicano art. In this curatorial essay, he discusses the exhibit he curated, Hecho en Califas: The Last Decade 1990–1999 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846235

  • Yolanda M. Lopez Works : 1975-1978
    López, Yolanda M., 1942-
    This self-published booklet by Yolanda Lopez was produced on the occasion of her master of fine arts exhibition at the Mandeville Center for the Arts at the University of California, San Diego. Along with acknowledging her family and the friends that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846181

  • Santa Barraza : a borderlands chronicle
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    Tomás Ybarra-Frausto situates Santa Barraza’s work as part of a cultural reclamation project that accompanied the Chicano movement. According to Ybarra-Frausto, Barraza developed a visual vocabulary that explored mestizo identity in the Texas/ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846153

  • Contemporary Chicano art
    Monteverde, Mildred
    Mildred Monteverde’s social art historical essay provides a survey of the various artistic elements that comprised the Chicano art movement during its initial period in the 1960s and early 1970s. As an auxiliary of the Chicano political movement, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845835

  • Arte Chicano
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    In this article, San Antonio, Texas, artist César Augusto Martínez writes about Chicano art and the struggle for legitimacy and its acceptance, particularly within the academic community. Martínez argues that Chicano art resists clear stylistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845816

  • Against Rasquache : Chicano identity and the politics of popular culture in Los Angeles
    García, Ramón, 1967-
    In this essay, Ramón García explores the foundations and essential qualities of Chicano camp (rasquache) and its artistic and literary manifestations. García begins with a discussion of the walking murals of the Los Angeles conceptual art group, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845797

  • The artist as a revolutionary
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    This document by artist Carlos Almaraz looks at the relationship between art (namely muralism) and social inequality, with specific attention paid to the potential role of the political image in empowering marginalized groups and challenging accepted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845759

  • La raza silkscreen center
    Maradiaga, Ralph
    This essay by artist and guest curator, Ralph Maradiaga is a collection of short profiles of three important centers of Latino and Chicano art in San Francisco: La Raza Silkscreen Center, the Galería de la Raza, and the Mexican Museum. Each [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845662