ICAA Researcher: Mariairis Flores, Fundación AMA, Santiago, Chile×
  • El realismo crítico de José Balmes
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    Justo Pastor Mellado writes about the life and work of José Balmes, taking as his starting point an exhibition of two of the painter’s works that Mellado defines as paradigmatic: No (1972) and El luche (1994), both of which are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778658

  • Reflexiones sobre un Ensayo de Jorge Elliott
    Lihn, Enrique, 1929-1988
    This is Enrique Lihn’s lengthy, emphatic review of “Abstracción y Figurativismo o el dilema de la expresividad en la pintura,” an essay by Jorge Elliot. Lihn is not out to discredit Elliot’s proposals, he wants to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778602

  • Mónica Bengoa. Al son de un suave y blando movimiento
    Valdés, Adriana, 1943-
    Adriana Valdés wrote this essay for the catalogue for an exhibition of works by Mónica Bengoa. Organizing her text around six themes, Valdés writes about stories, pixels, the unspeakable, “To the sound of a smooth, soft [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775512

  • Arte, mujer, imagen
    Valdés, Adriana, 1943-
    In this essay Adriana Valdés discusses the production of women artists, and takes a sweeping look at women artists in Latin America and Chile. She follows María Zambrano’s lead regarding the cultural and historical forces that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775510

  • Paz Errázuriz y el tango
    Lihn, Enrique, 1929-1988
    In this essay, Enrique Lihn discusses the Tango series of photographs by Paz Errázuriz, based on a review of the works of authors who have written about the origins and lyrics of this particular style of music and dance. Lihn claims that & [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773616

  • La madre fotografía
    Ferrer, Rita
    In this essay, Rita Ferrer discusses photography based on an international critique of several periods. She refers to authors such as Roland Barthes, Charles Baudelaire, and the Chilean artist Carlos Leppe, claiming that they all share a “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773582

  • Mobiliario e indicialidad en la obra de Alicia Villarreal
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    In this essay Justo Pastor Mellado discusses four works produced by Alicia Villarreal in 1996–97 that were shown at various exhibitions. He sees similarities in them, in both thematic and material terms, based on their focus on books and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773527

  • La experiencia estética como expresión y creación de formas
    Oyarzún, Luis, 1920-1972
    In this essay Luis Oyarzún shares his tenets about art, describing it in aesthetic terms as an artistic experience that can be translated (via sensitive forms) in communication to express private or personal ideas. He suggests that self- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770390

  • A Nemesio Antúnez
    Neruda, Pablo, 1904-1973
    In this short text, the poet Pablo Neruda writes about Nemesio Antúnez, recalling when they met and the friendship they developed over time. He identifies the different stages of this painter-printmaker’s career by referring to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769758

  • Magia y laberinto
    Galaz, Gaspar, 1941-
    In this text Gaspar Galaz writes about the prints produced by Jaime Cruz. He discusses the ones from the 1960s, which are representative of Cruz’s early work in this medium. Galaz also refers to the dominant trends in art at that time, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 767046

  • Claudio Bravo
    Galaz, Gaspar, 1941-
    This article was written by Gaspar Galaz on the occasion of a retrospective exhibition of works by Claudio Bravo at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Santiago, Chile. Galaz refers to a debate about art and how it should be defined that was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766994

  • La Lira Popular y la tradición chilena del grabado en madera
    Millar, Pedro, 1930-2014
    In this essay, the printmaker Pedro Millar reflects on the lira popular [that is, printed poetic forms illustrated with singular woodcuts], a Chilean folk tradition, as the antecedents to wood engraving in Chile. Accompanying the article was an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766965

  • Juan Francisco González
    Prado, Pedro, 1886-1952
    Pedro Prado writes about Juan Francisco González after he had passed away, referring to him as “his teacher,” the teacher who taught him how to see as a painter, to find the beauty in his surroundings. Prado describes Gonzá [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765570

  • Tribu No
    Bianchi, Soledad, 1948-
    This essay includes a compilation of statements made by members of the Tribu No, a group devoted to experimental poetry and art that was active in Chile in the late 1960s and early 1970s; it also includes statements by other individuals who were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765538

  • XUAN Luis
    Vicuña, Cecilia, 1948-
    Cecilia Vicuña writes about her relationship with Juan (“Xuan”) Luis Martínez. Her memories date back to before they met, to times when they were at the same place at the same time. Vicuña mentions an occasion when [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765500

  • Sin miedo abrir el verbo ojo al infrarrojo
    Matta, Roberto, 1911-2002
    Roberto Matta criticizes the conditions in Chile that have been created by the military dictatorship, using a poetic code based on the faculty of vision. He alludes to the political situation being endured by the Mapuche indigenous peoples and refers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765447

  • Los pintores en el grupo de los Diez
    Galaz, Gaspar, 1941-
    Gaspar Galaz writes about the Grupo de Los Diez, describing how the group began and providing some historical context. He gives a broad explanation about how the group operated and goes on to discuss the painters in the group and their works. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765424

  • Pedro Luna, el pintor
    Lihn, Enrique, 1929-1988
    Enrique Lihn imagines a dialogue between Pedro Luna’s work and what both Victor Carvacho and Antonio Romera have written about it. According to Lihn, Luna’s painting is inspired by a natural, instinctive feeling that is focused on form [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765294

  • La pintura de Carlos Pedraza
    Oyarzún, Luis, 1920-1972
    Luis Oyarzún writes about the body of work that the painter Carlos Pedraza produced over the course of his three-decade career. According to Oyarzún, Pedraza attained a measure of skill in the areas he explored and, like Pablo Burchard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764894

  • La manufactura del paisaje
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    In this essay, written for the solo show of works by Patricio de la O, the art critic and curator Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the catalogue, the gallery, and the relevant demands on both the painter and the painting itself. Pastor Mellado claims [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757713

  • El deseo de archivo de Guillermo Nuñez
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    In 2003 Justo Pastor Mellado wrote an essay for the catalogue for La quinta del sordo, the exhibition of works by Guillermo Núñez. On this occasion Mellado looks back to the retrospective Núñez presented in 1993, for which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757295

  • Enunciar, anunciar, denunciar : el arte como archivo
    Eltit, Diamela, 1949-
    In this text Diamela Eltit writes about Guillermo Núñez’s artwork on the occasion of a retrospective exhibition of his works. She discusses the political violence to which he was subjected during the military dictatorship (1973& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757287

  • El ojo y la mano
    Machuca, Guillermo, 1961-2020
    Guillermo Machuca analyzes the work that Arturo Duclos produced in the 1980s (his first period) and then in the 1990s. The artist’s work, which is indifferent to the goals pursued by language (signs and meanings), forgets past references and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757085

  • Un amor de leche
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    The curator and critic Justo Pastor Mellado wrote this essay to be included in the catalogue for Se me nubla la cabeza. Te quiero y no puedo amarte más, the exhibition of paintings by Samy Benmayor at the Galería Sur (Santiago, 1984). [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756978

  • Alberto Pérez
    Brugnoli, Francisco, 1935-
    In this text Francisco Brugnoli writes a first-person account of his first meeting with Alberto Pérez and records his opinions of him as an artist and an art history teacher. Brugnoli thinks back to when he originally met Pérez, who was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756960

  • La persistencia de lo discontínuo
    Brugnoli, Francisco, 1935-
    Francisco Brugnoli reviews the work of Matilde Pérez in terms of persistence and discontinuity. In his essay, he theorizes about art’s role as a means of communication and provides a historical perspective on the evolution of a kind of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756913

  • Una cabeza con caparazón. Anotaciones sobre la obra de Vicuña
    Merino, Roberto, 1961-
    Roberto Merino writes about the early career of Juan Pablo Langlois Vicuña, discussing the artist’s background in terms of both his embrace of art and his works. Following his professional training as an architect, Langlois Vicuña [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756912

  • Escena de Avanzada
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the Escena de Avanzada twenty years after Nelly Richard coined the term. Though it originally had militant undertones, the term evolved into a historical category. It applied to a set of texts and artworks that Richard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756828

  • Nota sobre la pintura de Patricio de la O
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    In this text written for an exhibition of works by Patricio de la O, the art critic and curator Justo Pastor Mellado reviews the artist’s painting from his student days until his return to Chile after living in exile from 1974 to 1978 during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756787

  • El poema de amor de Francisco J. Smythe
    Zurita, Raúl, 1950-
    In this text, Raúl Zurita discusses the work that Francisco Smythe produced from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. He begins with Poema de amor (Love Poem), a work that helps him to understand Smythe’s ouevre, which he defines as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754200

  • Presencia del Signo
    Pérez, Alberto, 1926-1999
    Alberto Pérez was a member of the Grupo Signo and writes about the group in this text. He discusses what originally led to a form of art whose exponents sought to explore the global sociopolitical situation. He classifies the group’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751514

  • Chile
    Romera, Antonio R., 1908-1975
    In this essay Antonio Romera discusses the collection of works by Chilean artists that was sent to the Primera Bienal Americana de Arte in Argentina. He states that the roots of current Chilean painting in the 1960s can be traced back to three [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750845

  • Palabras para la inauguración de una pequeña muestra retrospectiva de pintura chilena
    Lihn, Enrique, 1929-1988
    Enrique Lihn introduces an exhibition of Chilean painting that includes modern works. He discusses what it means for a viewer to relate to figurative or non-figurative (abstract) works. He claims that, when faced with a work of art that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750644

  • La torre de Los Diez
    Prado, Pedro, 1886-1952
    Pedro Prado describes an architectural project undertaken by the group known as Los Diez. He is referring to “La Torre de Los Diez,” which they planned to build in a remote, quiet, free location with no great requirements as far as its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750456

  • Somera iniciación al 'JELSE'
    Prado, Pedro, 1886-1952
    Pedro Prado discusses some of the basic principles that were shared by the members of the group known as Los Diez, outlining some ideas in this poetic text. He explains that there is a certain type of man who is endowed with a range of moods or [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750445

  • La pintura de Hernán Gazmuri
    Romera, Antonio R., 1908-1975
    In this essay, Antonio Romera discusses Hernán Gazmuri’s art career. Despite its merits, Gazmuri’s work has been ignored or forgotten. Romera mentions the artist’s referents, his teachers in Chile, and André Lhote& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750435

  • Grupo "Montparnasse" José Perotti, o un diálogo en la Casa Rivas y Calvo
    Emar, Juan, 1893-1964
    Jean Emar and José Perotti cowrote a dialogue in which they delivered a scathing commentary on Nathanael Yáñez Silva’s critique of the Grupo Montparnasse’s first exhibition. The barbs in their published text made it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750279

  • Grupo "Montparnasse". En la casa Rivas y Calvo, exposición de las obras de Manuel Ortíz, Julio Ortíz, Henriette Petit, José Perotti y Vargas Rosas
    Emar, Juan, 1893-1964
    In this essay, Jean Emar writes about the Grupo Montparnasse’s first exhibition and its origins. He discusses the group’s name, which, for its five members, was neither a painting trend nor an objective; it was simply a referent. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750202

  • Quadrivium: para la reforma del entendimiento
    Madrid, Alberto, 1955-
    In his review of Quadrivium, the installation by Gonzalo Díaz, Alberto Madrid claims that it consists of didactic sheets that can be interpreted as a display of different “lessons about things.” The project, which was dedicated to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750181

  • Notas de viaje
    Bertrand Vidal, Julio, 1888-1918
    This document includes excerpts from the personal travel log of the Chilean experimental photographer Julio Bertrand Vidal, who died at an early age. The texts range from 1907 to 1911, and the log tracks his travels in Europe, noting the places he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749932

  • Intervención viernes 3 de junio
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    Justo Pastor Mellado wrote three interventions for the Seminario de interpretación de la coyuntura plástica. This third “polemical” text ranges from what was taking place in the visual arts field in Chile to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749190

  • Intervención viernes 20 de mayo
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    In 1983 Justo Pastor Mellado addressed some discussions that were begun a couple of years earlier in his essay about Tránsito suspendido, the exhibition of works by Carlos Altamirano. He described this text as a second part, focusing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749179

  • Intervención viernes 13 de mayo
    Mellado, Justo Pastor, 1949-
    Justo Pastor Mellado discusses the unofficial shipment of Chilean art to the 12th Paris Biennial arranged by Nelly Richard, which he describes as a key moment in the birth of the Escena de Avanzada. Mellado also focuses on several landmark art events [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749169

  • Confesión artística
    Balmes, José, 1927-
    In this essay José Balmes writes about his work and shares some thoughts on “contemporary painting.” He recalls how he started painting when he was a young man in Catalonia, then moved to Chile after the Spanish Civil War and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748623

  • The laughing alligator / The looking glass = El caimán con la risa de fuego /El espejo
    Downey, Juan, 1940-1993
    This document includes three texts, each one written from a different perspective. The first is Lynda Kahn’s very short review of The Laughing Alligator, the video by Juan Downey, the Chilean artist who lived in New York. The second is a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747324

  • Nueva York, abril 1990
    Downey, Juan, 1940-1993
    In this poetic, thoughtful essay, Juan Downey discusses his ideas about decadence based on a description of conditions and feelings. Downey, the Chilean artist who lived in New York City, explains that, from a third-world perspective, the decline of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745642

  • [Al ingresar al Atelier 17 de S. W. Hayter hace 20 años]
    Antúnez, Nemesio, 1918-1993
    In this text Nemesio Antúnez provides a brief description of Taller 99. He discusses the origin of the workshop and his association with Atelier 17 (founded in 1917) in Paris, where he completed his training as a printmaker, underscoring the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745065

  • Introducción
    Zegers, Francisco, 1953-2012
    Francisco Zegers wrote the introduction to Desacato (Disobedience), the book about Lotty Rosenfeld, which he edited. Zegers begins by explaining that Desacato is about Rosenfeld’s work, how it was produced, and the interpretations it suggests [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744924

  • Promoción 80
    Ivelic, Milan, 1935-
    In this essay, Milan Ivelic writes about the third group exhibition of the Promoción 80 [Class of ’80]. He explains why these artists are “a group,” noting their age, where they were educated, and how they approach art in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740347

  • fantasmas pretéritos (preterite ghosts)
    Christ, Ronald J.
    Ronald Christ writes about Catalina Parra’s exhibition Imbunches and mentions a childhood anecdote that evokes the work. He explains that the artist explores different forms of silencing, and her work therefore defies interpretation. The author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740245