ICAA Researcher: Josefina Manrique×
  • La mano, la seda, el color
    Espinoza, Manuel
    Venezuelan artist, curator, and cultural manager Manuel Espinoza presents the exhibition La mano, la seda, el color [Hand, Silk and Color] (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo of Caracas, 1978), which featured prints on silk by nine Venezuelan artists: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159106

  • The vitality of non-orthogonal abstraction
    Christofori, Ralf
    In this essay, curator Ralf Christofori uses the notion of “non-orthogonal abstraction” to compare the work of different artists, among them Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin; Dutch artist Lara Schnitger; Brazilian artist Ernesto Neto; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159090

  • [Gego es uno de los auténticos valores...]
    Chocrón, Isaac, 1930- 2011
    This text was written by Venezuelan playwright and essayist Isaac Chocrón (1930–2011) for the catalogue accompanying the Gego exhibition, Gego esculturas. 1957–1967, held at the Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango in Bogotá (1967). Chocrón places [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159035

  • Introduction
    Bloch, E. Maurice
    This note within the catalogue to the exhibition, Tamarind: A Renaissance of Lithography (Shasta College Art Department, Reading, California, 1971), indicates Gego’s participation in that event. In addition to some information about Gego’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158966

  • Venezuela es la gran sorpresa en la XXIII Bienal de Sao Paulo
    Báez, Gustavo
    Venezuelan journalist and filmmaker Gustavo Báez reports that Venezuelan artists José Antonio Hernández-Díez, Jesús Rafael Soto, and Gego enjoyed a warm reception at the twenty-third São Paulo Biennial in 1996. Báez explains that the theme of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158950

  • Gego : outside in, inside out
    Carvajal, Rina
    In this essay, Venezuelan curator Rina Carvajal asserts that by means of the disintegration and reconfiguration of the form, the visual discourse formulated by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, opened up [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158157

  • La reticulárea de Gego
    Salas, Alejandro, 1960-
    In this essay, Alejandro Salas studies Gego’s piece Reticulárea (1969). Salas describes and comments on the artist’s thoughts on the different ways she has assembled this work, as well as its journey through the different spaces where it has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156395

  • La resistencia de las sombras : Alejandro Otero y Gego = The shadow's resistance : Alejandro Otero and Gego
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas finds that the work of Armando Reverón is the source of a “formalist tale,” defined as a theme of “traces and shadows.” It is a theme that Pérez Oramas pursues through the entire period when modern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156379

  • Gego : exaltación de la línea
    Burgos, Álvaro
    In this essay, Colombian critic and journalist Álvaro Burgos analyzes the sculptures by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, included in the exhibition Gego: Esculturas, 195­7–1967, held in Colombia. Burgos asserts that Gego’s works form [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156363

  • Gego : desafiando estructuras
    Amor, Monica
    In this article, Venezuelan critic and professor Mónica Amor refutes the constructivist and organicist approach that has been used to understand Gego’s work. That approach, she claims, does not address the way Gego’s production undermines [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156347

  • Mailén García : los múltiples rostros de la violencia
    Hernández, Carmen, 1963-
    The curator Carmen Hernández reviews the work by the Venezuelan visual artist Mailén García included in the group exhibition Desde el cuerpo: alegorías de lo femenino. According to Hernández, García’s work shows how violence subordinates and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155394

  • Antonieta Sosa : la medida de lo personal
    Hernández, Carmen, 1963-
    In this text, Chilean-born curator Carmen Hernández examines the work of Venezuelan artist Antonieta Sosa included in the group show, Desde el cuerpo: alegorías de lo femenino. In Hernández’s view, Sosa’s work upholds the idea of the feminine [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155378

  • La mujer artista en America Latina
    Hernández, Carmen, 1963-
    In this text, researcher Carmen Hernández examines the visual discourse on gender issues of women artists from Latin America. She concludes that there is no artistic movement in the region that specifically reflects on gender of the sort that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155362

  • Ficciones abstractas
    Rangel, Gabriela, 1963-
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155346

  • Organismo vivo : el mundo gráfico de Gego
    Sierra, Eliseo
    Eliseo Sierra analyzes the sources and characteristics of Gego’s graphic discourse (drawings, prints, watercolors, and weavings). Sierra finds that the artist’s work resists classification and is substantially different from the masterworks of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155322

  • m.f. 997: Lo casi visible
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this text, Luis Enrique Pérez-Oramas analyzes the installation 2i997 produced by Magdalena Fernández for a show of the same name. The critic affirms the solidity of the approach to the work insofar as it builds on the abstract-geometric [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155301

  • La iridiscencia del ojo de la materia o como leer un objeto artístico procesal
    Ortega, Julio, 1942-
    In this text, Peruvian writer and critic Julio Ortega argues that the work of Miguel von Dangel cannot be read on the basis of academic ideas limited by causal historicism and the Eurocentric canon´s logic. In his view, von Dangel’s work forms [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155251

  • Miguel Von Dangel : la respuesta latinoamericana (I)
    Flores, Elsa
    In the first of the two parts of this essay, Elsa Flores provides a critical analysis of the work by Miguel von Dangel featured in the São Paulo Biennial. Flores’s premise is that von Dangel’s work is a model “Latin American response” to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155150

  • La magia de los objetos en Mario Abreu
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this article, the critic Roberto Guevara reviews the works presented by the artist Mario Abreu at the exhibition Objetos Mágicos (Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, 1965). Guevara states that Abreu’s magical objects are among the most important [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155134

  • Dibujos sin papel gravitan en el espacio : Magdalena Fernández contemplativa
    Alfonzo-Sierra, Edgar
    The journalist Edgar Alfonzo Sierra interviews the Venezuelan visual artist Magdalena Fernández on the occasion of Dimensiones variables, her exhibitionat the Galería de Arte Nacional. He describes her as a “weaver of spaces” and describes her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155118

  • Hay que buscar un arte que salve : Magdalena Fernández ( Premio Eugenio Mendoza 1996)
    Wisotzki, Rubén
    Journalist Rubén Wisotzki interviewed Magdalena Fernández in 1996, when she was awarded the Premio Eugenio Mendoza. Fernández acknowledges that her work, particularly her studies in design to which abstraction and geometricism are fundamental, is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155102

  • Miguel Von Dangel : la respuesta latinoamericana (II)
    Flores, Elsa
    In the second part of this essay, Elsa Flores concludes her critical analysis of the work of visual artist Miguel von Dangel featured in the São Paulo Biennial. Flores examines the underlying premise that the combination of elements in von Dangel’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154906

  • Miguel Von Dangel
    Pannier, Luis, 1953-
    In this interview with Miguel von Dangel by French-Venezuelan painter Luis Pannier (b. 1953), von Dangel reflects on art as a religious activity and on the role of the natural environment of the Americas in his work. In von Dangel’s view, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154859

  • Sacrofonías de Miguel Von Dangel
    Silva, Carlos
    Carlos Silva reviews the works presented by Miguel von Dangelat the exhibition Sacrofanías (Caracas: Centro Armitano de Arte, 1989). Silva assesses the artist’s work to date and mentions von Dangel’s conceptual consistency as he creates a vast [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154843

  • Miguel Von Dangel : la conservación del paisaje americano
    Viloria Vera, Enrique
    Writer Enrique Viloria analyzes the work of Miguel von Dangel from a perspective based on environmental conservation, suggesting that in his encapsulated landscapes, nature retains its essence, transcending the work (which is imprisoned and preserved [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154827

  • Censura e Identidad
    Von Dangel, Miguel, 1946-
    Here, Miguel von Dangel reviews the ideas of Latin American identity and its utopias, stating that its identity was subconsciously affected by cultural conflicts from elsewhere. The writer also points out deficiencies in Latin American criticism, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154570

  • Una vuelta a Dios
    Pantin, Blanca Elena, 1957-
    Journalist Blanca Elena Pantin interviews Miguel von Dangel about the religious meaning of his work. Influenced by the thinking of Jean-Paul Sartre and Friedrich Nietzsche, the painter asserts that, after the experience of two world wars in the 20th [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154554

  • De la caza de brujas a Rauschenberg go home
    Von Dangel, Miguel, 1946-
    In this text, Miguel von Dangel criticizes the stance taken by the Venezuelan painter Oswaldo Vigas regarding the exhibition by Robert  Rauschenberg at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Caracas, which Vigas finds contradictory and “chauvinist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154538

  • En ninguna parte tolero profanación porque de hacerlo perdería el cielo
    Velluto, Antonio
    In this newspaper article, Antonio Velluto describes the incident at the Caracas Cathedral when the parish priest, Augusto Laborem, took a stick to the sculpture Retrato espiritual de un tiempo, by Miguel von Dangel, and destroyed it because he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154380

  • Lo barroco y lo simbólico en la obra de Miguel Von Dangel
    Guédez, Víctor
    In this article, the critic Víctor Guédez drafts twelve points that, in his view, serve as a guide for an analytical approach to the work of Miguel von Dangel, La Batalla de San Romano. The author points to the contradictory vision projected by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154124

  • Cristos de Miguel Von Dangel
    Da Antonio, Francisco, 1930-
    The critic and historian Francisco Da Antonio writes the prologue in the catalogue for Cristos (Caracas: Galería El ave que llovía, 1972), the exhibition of works by the visual artist Miguel von Dangel. The critic interprets the work Retrato [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154108

  • La Batalla de San Romano de Von Dangel (II)
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    In the second part of her review of La Batalla de San Romano—Miguel von Dangel’s version of the Renaissance painter Paolo Uccello’s work by the same name— María Luz Cárdenas describes the different sections in von Dangel’s version. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154092

  • Mapas; El oro; Oro de América
    Márquez, Francisco, 1943-
    In this essay the critic Francisco Márquez reviews three series of paintings by Miguel von Dangel: Mapas, Oro de América [or Calcos en Oro], and Tierras [or Encapsulados], in which he detects three different ways to approach the Venezuelan and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154076

  • Entrevista con Miguel Von Dangel
    Valera, María Cecilia
    This interview was conducted by researcher María Cristina Valera with Miguel von Dangel, the Venezuelan artist born in Germany, in which he comments on the background, character, and the possible interpretations of his exhibition De engaños y otras [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154060

  • De engaños y otras lidias
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    This essay, written by the critic and historian Juan Carlos Palenzuela, appeared as the prologue in the catalogue for De engaños y otras lidias, the exhibition of works by the visual artist Miguel von Dangel held at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154044

  • La Batalla de San Romano de Von Dangel (I)
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    In the first part of her review of La Batalla de San Romano—the German-born Venezuelan visual artist Miguel von Dangel’s version of Paolo Uccello’s Renaissance painting by the same name— María Luz Cárdenas analyzes similarities between the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154028

  • Miguel Von Dangel : no creo el cuento de que Reverón era loco
    Pérez, María Josefa
    This interview with Miguel von Dangel, conducted by journalist María Josefa Pérez, covers his aesthetics, his most recent work, and how he thinks he is perceived by critics and the public. Responding to critics who describe his work as ugly and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154012

  • Transfiguraciones de Miguel Von Dangel
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    Critic Roberto Montero Castro examines the roots of the modernist aesthetic, its evolution, and its characteristics up to the 1970s, which was marked by a rupture with the formalists and rationalists that preceded it. This gave birth to a new ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153996

  • Gego : el prodigioso juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    In this essay, Iris Peruga analyzes most of the work created by Gego between 1955 and 1990. The curator examines the similarities between Gego’s artwork and that of her contemporaries. Examining the artist’s relationship with the trends of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152737

  • Gego : Laocoonte, las redes y la indecisión de las cosas
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas studies Gego’s work, Reticulárea (1969) as Venezuela’s first real incursion into contemporary art. The critic contrasts the premises maintained by Venezuelan Syntheticism (which claims to be the last [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152689

  • Gego : tejer el tiempo : la obra como acontecimiento
    González, Lorena
    Lorena González sees similarities between works by Gego and those by the Venezuelan writer Antonia Palacios, in that they are both based on a noticeable sense of temporality. According to González, “the line”—the fundamental element in Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150137

  • Jump cuts : dislocated continuities = Jump cuts : continuidades dislocadas
    Fuenmayor, Jesús
    In this essay written for the exhibition Jump Cuts: Venezuelan Contemporary Art, Colección Mercantil, held in 2007, Venezuelan critic and curator Jesús Fuenmayor uses the cinematographic notion of “the jump cut” to formulate a vision of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150047

  • La materialidad en Gego = Gego´s materialism
    Shiff, Richard
    In this 2002 lecture, the American art history professor, Richard Shiff, analyzes specific aspects of Gego’s use of materials and her manual sensibility. As a theoretical basis for the study, Shiff proposes the concepts of “vectors”— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150029

  • Una breve genealogía del arte contemporáneo en Venezuela = A brief genealogy of contemporary art in Venezuela
    González, Julieta, 1968-
    Julieta González reflects on the major trends in contemporary Venezuelan art, suggesting that the dominant movement among them is art derived from a particular context and involving a predetermined space and discourse that expresses local themes. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149993

  • Los espacios de Gego
    Mahlow, Dietrich
    The German curator, writer, and art historian, Dr. Dietrich Mahlow wrote a study of the spaces created by the [installation] of Reticulárea, created by the Venezuelan visual artist originally from Germany, Gego [Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994]. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149629

  • "Es dificil negar que Gego nació en Venezuela..." = "É difícil negar que Gego nasceu na Venezuela..."
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this essay, Roberto Guevara gives an overview of Gego’s career, [based on a selection of works that are] on display at the São Paulo Biennial. Guevara describes how Gego’s work has evolved from her early sculptures in the 1950s to her latest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149603

  • [Gertrudis Goldschmidt, Gego, figura del arte contemporáneo ... = Gertrudis Goldschmidt, Gego, figura do arte contemporaneo...]
    Avellaneda de Luna, Mariela
    With this text, Mariela Avellaneda de Luna officially presents Gego at the twenty-third São Paulo Biennial. Avellaneda points out the importance of the line in Gego’s large structures, such as the versions of Reticulárea, emphasizing the way the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149565

  • Another geometry : Gego´s reticulárea, 1969-1982
    Amor, Monica
    In this essay, Mónica Amor analyzes the contribution that the work by Gego, Reticulárea, has made to contemporary art. She claims that Reticulárea is a radical attack on the way architecture defines space, as well as the conventions of sculpture, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149547

  • Gego : trazas de trazos = Gego´s traces of traces
    Zegher, Catherine de
    This analysis by Catherine de Zegher focuses on Gego’s drawing in space. After an introduction in which she describes earlier works by important artists that engage the notion of drawing in space, as well as those by Gego’s contemporaries, de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149528

  • Gego : para entrar al espacio
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149443