ICAA Researcher: Josefina Manrique×
  • Demonología y arte
    Von Dangel, Miguel, 1946-
    In this [1986] article, Miguel von Dangel contemplates contemporary Venezuelan art, as he sees it in the evolution of Western art. He believes that there has been a certain arbitrariness and exhibitionism in contemporary art practices in Venezuela in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102173

  • Dibujos sin papel gravitan en el espacio : Magdalena Fernández contemplativa
    Alfonzo-Sierra, Edgar
    The journalist Edgar Alfonzo Sierra interviews the Venezuelan visual artist Magdalena Fernández on the occasion of Dimensiones variables, her exhibitionat the Galería de Arte Nacional. He describes her as a “weaver of spaces” and describes her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155118

  • Dos años de la ballena
    The author of this article assesses the main accomplishments of the Venezuelan group El Techo de la Ballena, two years after it was founded. It was considered one of the most spirited groups in the history of Venezuelan art because of the changes it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866170

  • El artista debe superar las limitaciones de las ideologías : Jacobo Borges en Nueva York
    Florez, Armando J.
    In this interview with Armando J. Florez, Jacobo Borges states that an artist should have a global perspective when it comes to politics and mankind’s real values, and should be free of any limitations imposed by ideologies. The painter believes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065435

  • El artista y sus instrumentos
    Rivero, Tahía
    The Venezuelan curator Tahía Rivero writes an analysis of the works of José Luis López-Reus, a local visual artist, in the exhibition Vacivus (Caracas, Sala RG, 1993). Rivero points out that the work of this painter is substantiated by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162311

  • En ninguna parte tolero profanación porque de hacerlo perdería el cielo
    Velluto, Antonio
    In this newspaper article, Antonio Velluto describes the incident at the Caracas Cathedral when the parish priest, Augusto Laborem, took a stick to the sculpture Retrato espiritual de un tiempo, by Miguel von Dangel, and destroyed it because he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154380

  • En torno a la pintura de hoy
    Debourg, Narciso, 1925-
    In this article, Narciso Debourg outlines the difficulties he faces as a young artist of Latin American descent the moment he tries to review, assimilate, or subscribe to any of the present trends he yearns to follow specifically within the European [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813597

  • Entre la acción colectiva y la búsqueda individual : Jacobo Borges
    Colin, José Luis, 1944-
    The art critic José Luis Colin interviews Jacobo Borges on the occasion of the latter’s exhibition at the Galería Arvil in Mexico City. Colin notes this Venezuelan painter’s fascination with human rituals and gestures, timelessness, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063769

  • Entre la transparencia y lo invisible : la dimensión intermedia de Gego = Between transparency and the invisible : Gego's in between dimensions
    Ramírez, Mari Carmen, 1955-
    Mari Carmen Ramírez investigates the theme of “transparency” as a basic element of Gego’s drawings. Ramírez asserts that both Gego’s drawings and her constructions are expressed in a perceptibly ambiguous plane. In fact, they result from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159864

  • Entrevista : López Reus
    Jiménez, Ariel
    The critic Ariel Jiménez interviews José Luis López Reus, the Venezuelan visual artist, who describes his early days as a self-taught artist exploring the field of geometric abstraction. He explains that, for this exhibition, he stopped using flat [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162359

  • Entrevista con Gego realizada el 17/4/81
    Pantin, José Antonio
    Interviewed by the filmmaker José Antonio Pantin, Gego discusses the gestation of her three-dimensional works, and reiterates her misgivings about classifying her work as “sculpture.” She also insists that “transparency” is her essential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854768

  • Entrevista con Miguel Von Dangel
    Valera, María Cecilia
    This interview was conducted by researcher María Cristina Valera with Miguel von Dangel, the Venezuelan artist born in Germany, in which he comments on the background, character, and the possible interpretations of his exhibition De engaños y otras [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154060

  • Esto no es un límite
    Araujo, Gabriel
    According to the poet Gabriel Araujo, the Venezuelan visual artist Luis Romero’s works on paper stretch limits and genres, and overrun the borders of literature. Romero associates images with words that complement each other (“the opacity of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160353

  • Excelencias de un pintor comprometido
    Mujica, Héctor, 1927-
    In this text, journalist Héctor Mujica examines the artistic qualities of painter Gabriel Bracho in the exhibition of the artist’s work held at the Museo de Bellas Artes of Caracas in 1951. Mujica describes Bracho’s work as “combat painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845986

  • Ficciones abstractas
    Rangel, Gabriela, 1963-
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155346

  • Frutos en flor
    Auerbach, Ruth
    In Ruth Auerbach’s opinion, the Venezuelan painter Marylee Coll takes fragments of Western tradition and inserts them into an innovative visual system arranged in a pictorial and handcraft environment with a feminine touch. Coll energizes her work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160282

  • Gabriel Bracho
    Liscano, Juan, 1915-
    Juan Liscano reviews the show that Gabriel Bracho had in 1951 at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas. The author notes that the painter, a dedicated follower of David Alfaro Siqueiros, “aspires to the fresco” and captures the problems and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850217

  • Gego
    Gramcko, Ida
    The writer Ida Gramcko examines Gego’s Dibujos sin Papel [Drawings without Paper] and reviews them from a poetic perspective. Gramcko claims that, although they are aerial, cosmic works, Gego’s Dibujos sin Papel are metaphors for terrestrial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159320

  • Gego
    Traba, Marta
    Marta Traba analyzes the special characteristics of Gego’s visual language by studying the public works rendered by the artist in Caracas. In her opinion, Gego’s work is based on an understanding of the structures that underlie nature and how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160134

  • Gego : 78 años de juventud e imaginación
    Monsalve, Yasmin
    Yasmín Monsalve interviews Gego and discusses the artist’s latest project, the series known as Tejeduras [Weavings]. Monsalve mentions certain facets of Gego’s life—such as her arrival in Venezuela and her architectural-engineering studies in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159562

  • Gego : anudamientos
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    The Venezuelan curator and critic, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas, speaking from a poetic perspective, highlights the relevance of “knots” (nodes) or “knottings” as singular elements in Gego’s visual discourse. The critic sees the knottings in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159704

  • Gego : arquitecto
    Gómez, Hannia
    Hannia Gómez provides an overview of Gego’s architectural/engineering training and how it influenced her work. The former outlines the latter’s academic education and describes the didactic style of most fashionable architectural schools in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148288

  • Gego : arte, diseño y el campo poético
    Brett, Guy
    In this essay, English critic and curator Guy Brett examines precisely what elements are responsible for making Gego’s creations works of art rather than works of design or visual investigation, both ideas that are closely bound to her work. Brett [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148211

  • Gego : Caracas 2000 or the side effects of modernity
    González, Julieta, 1968-
    Julieta González ponders the urban and artistic context of Gego’s work. According to the former, the latter’s work could be interpreted as a sort of map of the dissolution of the modernist canon, in both formal and self-referential terms. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159304

  • Gego : Caracas 3000
    Traba, Marta
    Marta Traba analyzes the entire body of artwork integrated with architecture in Caracas created by Gego, and contrasts them with those created by Jesús Soto and Carlos Cruz Díez, practitioners of Venezuelan Kinetic art. Traba observes that Gego’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864812

  • Gego : desafiando estructuras
    Amor, Monica
    In this article, Venezuelan critic and professor Mónica Amor refutes the constructivist and organicist approach that has been used to understand Gego’s work. That approach, she claims, does not address the way Gego’s production undermines [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156347

  • Gego : dibujos para proyectos
    Ossott, Hanni, 1946- 2002
    Hanni Ossott introduces Gego’s exhibition Gego: Dibujos para proyectos [Gego: Drawings for Projects], which includes the artist’s architectural, design, and art projects from 1937 to 1975. The critic suggests that during her training as an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159642

  • Gego : el prodigioso juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    In this essay, Iris Peruga analyzes most of the work created by Gego between 1955 and 1990. The curator examines the similarities between Gego’s artwork and that of her contemporaries. Examining the artist’s relationship with the trends of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152737

  • Gego : entre la estructura y el objeto
    Auerbach, Ruth
    In this essay, Ruth Auerbach discusses Bichos [Creatures]—the three-dimensional works by Venezuelan artist Gego—within the overall context of her production. After providing an overview of Gego’s art, Auerbach states that these works are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850872

  • Gego : espacio dibujado
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    Roberto Guevara reviews the work that Gego presented at the exhibition, Gego: Esculturas. 1957–1967 [Gego: Sculpture, 1957–1967] (Caracas: Galería Conkright, 1967). Guevara states that the exhibition is clear and convincing proof of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159369

  • Gego : exaltación de la línea
    Burgos, Álvaro
    In this essay, Colombian critic and journalist Álvaro Burgos analyzes the sculptures by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, included in the exhibition Gego: Esculturas, 195­7–1967, held in Colombia. Burgos asserts that Gego’s works form [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156363

  • Gego : íntima y universal
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas describes Gego’s body of work. The curator identifies the artist’s early work in the category of geometric abstraction; however, as she developed, she moved toward an approach that was “organic and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159752

  • Gego : Laocoonte, las redes y la indecisión de las cosas
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas studies Gego’s work, Reticulárea (1969) as Venezuela’s first real incursion into contemporary art. The critic contrasts the premises maintained by Venezuelan Syntheticism (which claims to be the last [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152689

  • Gego : outside in, inside out
    Carvajal, Rina
    In this essay, Venezuelan curator Rina Carvajal asserts that by means of the disintegration and reconfiguration of the form, the visual discourse formulated by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, opened up [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158157

  • Gego : para entrar al espacio
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149443

  • Gego : tejer el tiempo : la obra como acontecimiento
    González, Lorena
    Lorena González sees similarities between works by Gego and those by the Venezuelan writer Antonia Palacios, in that they are both based on a noticeable sense of temporality. According to González, “the line”—the fundamental element in Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150137

  • Gego : trazas de trazos = Gego´s traces of traces
    Zegher, Catherine de
    This analysis by Catherine de Zegher focuses on Gego’s drawing in space. After an introduction in which she describes earlier works by important artists that engage the notion of drawing in space, as well as those by Gego’s contemporaries, de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149528

  • Gego : vive en la secreta tensión de sus sueños
    Gómez, Andreína
    Andreína Gómez interviews Elízabeth Gunz on the occasion of Gego. Dibujos. Dibujos, grabados y tejeduras [Gego Drawings: Drawings, Prints, and Weavings] the exhibition presented at the Centro Cultural Consolidado (Caracas, 1996). Elízabeth Gunz ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159288

  • Gego o la seriedad
    Feltra, A.
    In this interview with Gego by Venezuelan journalist A. Feltra, certain aspects of the artist’s life and personality are discussed. Gego says that she does not like to expose her private life to the public, and asserts that her work speaks for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159122

  • Gego realizó el milagro de tejer en el espacio : Sao Paulo y Caracas le rinden homenaje
    Monsalve, Yasmin
    In this article, Yasmín Monsalve reports on Gego’s presence at the Twenty-third São Paulo Biennial in 1996, and on her exhibition Gego. Dibujos. Dibujos, grabados y tejeduras [Gego Drawings: Drawings, Prints, and Weavings] presented that same [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159546

  • Gego y la escena analítica del cinetismo
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas believed that as a foreigner in Venezuela, Gego gave her work the function of an “analytical process” by constructing a “neutral space” in a time saturated by Kinetic art and geometric abstraction. Her work resists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159736

  • Gego y los nuevos ámbitos de reticulárea
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    Roberto Guevara’s review of Gego’s Reticulárea (1969) was written a year after the work was created and originally installed. Guevara calls it the most complete installation in Venezuelan visual art up to that point (1970) because the open [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149339

  • Gego, la luz cernida dulcemente
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas considers Gego the most important artist in Venezuelan modern art. In his opinion, her work broke through the conventional limits and was situated at the margin of the national art scene as “a work of critical importance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159768

  • Gego, retículas residuales y modernidad involuntaria : la sombra, los rastros y el sitio = Gego, residual reticulareas and involuntary modernism : shadow, traces, and site
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas analyzes Gego’s work in light of what he considers her contribution to the history of visual art. The critic considers [the source of] that contribution to be the different artistic milieu in which her artistic life [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159784

  • Gego's performative geometry
    Cabañas, Kaira Marie, 1974-
    Curator Kaira Marie Cabañas argues that work by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, constitutes a “performative geometry” based on a primordial interest in the act of “making.” The configuration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166787

  • Grupo de artistas venezolanos propugna principios realistas : se propone realizar un arte venezolano, surgido de nuestra propia geografía, de nuestra realidad social y nuestro pensar como pueblo
    A number of Venezuelan visual artists are interviewed at the Grupo Realista event. Pedro León Castro and César Rengifo, who spoke on behalf of the Grupo for this article, explain that the group’s rationale is based on the need to work together to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813326

  • Hay que buscar un arte que salve : Magdalena Fernández ( Premio Eugenio Mendoza 1996)
    Wisotzki, Rubén
    Journalist Rubén Wisotzki interviewed Magdalena Fernández in 1996, when she was awarded the Premio Eugenio Mendoza. Fernández acknowledges that her work, particularly her studies in design to which abstraction and geometricism are fundamental, is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155102

  • Historia de una mítica disidencia
    La Barraca de Mari-Pérez (Caracas, 1945)
    In this article the group of artists known as La Barraca de Mari-Pérez (Caracas, 1945), based in Mexico at the time, attacked what they considered to be the false revolutionary pretentions of the group Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950), and declined the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850533

  • Holanda
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In the view of curator Luis Enrique Pérez-Oramas, Juan Araujo’s landscapes have the power to express all the significance that painting can. The works in the exhibition Holanda. Juan Araujo (Caracas: Galería D’Museo, 2002) constitute a free [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160202

  • Homenaje a la necrofilia
    González León, Adriano
    In this essay, writer Adriano González León presents the vision of love, death, and necrophilia in the show of work by Carlos Contramaestre entitled Homenaje a la Necrofilia. González León conceives of necrophilia as “a resounding adventure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097543