ICAA Researcher: Gabriela Germaná Roquez×
  • ¿Arte o artesanía?
    Gerschman, Rodolfo
    1976
    In this article, journalist Rodolfo Gerschman responds to the questions raised in a press release against an award given to altarpiece maker Joaquín López Antay issued by the Asociación Profesional de Artistas Plásticos (ASPAP) that upholds a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136044

  • ¿Arte popular o artesanía?
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1977
    In this text, Alfonso Castrillón argues that the conflict between “high art” and “folk art” is a reflection of class division, where the dominant class sets limits for low art by means of notions such as “individual creation” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855151

  • ¿Autenticidad o exotismo?
    Abril de Vivero, Francisco
    1977
    The author of this article, Francisco Abril de Vivero, claims that the decision to send arts and crafts instead of “fine arts” to represent Peru at the 1977 Bienal de São Paulo was an act of “infra-Marxist populism.” In his opinion it was a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855918

  • "No hay peor que el pintor que el no quiere ver": sobre el premio a López Antay
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    1976
    In this newspaper article Juan Gargurevich criticizes the negative opinions expressed by the painter Juan Manuel Ugarte Eléspuru, who opposed the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín Ló [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136027

  • "No todos nos quieren ni en Lima ni en Ayacucho": así comentó sobre cuestionamiento a premio
    1975
    This is an interview with Joaquín López Antay, the Andean altarpiece artist who was awarded the Peruvian National Culture Prize in 1975. He describes certain aspects of his life and work, and responds to the criticism prompted by the recognition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135930

  • “Mi pintura intenta expresar la vida del indio” : nos declaró ayer a su llegada de Cajamarca el artista Mario Urteaga
    1955
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144025

  • “Sobre la pintura de Urteaga” : disertó ayer el artista Fernando Szyszlo [sic], en el local del IAC
    1955
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146131

  • [Águila, tigre, Che Guevara, Rosa de los Vientos...]
    1984
    On the back cover of number 4/5 of the magazine U-tópicos: Entornoalovisual (Lima, 1984), a brief anonymous article discusses the iconographic scenes painted on truck mudguards. The writer points out that, despite being ignored “by everything that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292492

  • [Hemos llegado hasta casi la cumbre del cerro...]
    Nakamura, Félix, 1938-
    1977
    This text was written by Félix Nakamura for the catalogue for the exhibition Los pintores de Sarhua, that took place at the Huamanqaqa Gallery in Lima in 1977. Nakamura provides an account of his visit to the workshop operated by the artists Víctor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140950

  • [Letter] 1965 February 22, Lima, Perú [to] Benjamín Roca Muelle
    Miró Quesada S., Aurelio, 1907-; Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987; Szyszlo, Fernando de
    1965
    This document is the letter sent by eminent Peruvian intellectuals, writers, and artists to Benjamín Roca Muelle—president of the Corporación Nacional de Turismo—upon learning that the property that houses “Pacho Fierro,” a folk music venue [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139508

  • [Sarhua ha sido siempre un pueblo de agricultores, ganaderos, pintores y artesanos]
    Macera, Pablo, 1929-
    1975
    In this essay Pablo Macera states that although various anthropologists had studied the social organization of Sarhua (in the Departamento de Ayacuco), nothing was known about the quelcas or painted boards produced in this region until a few years [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140935

  • A propósito del premio a López Antay
    Bernuy, Jorge, 1937-
    1976
    In this text, critic Jorge Bernuy points out that the decision to grant the Premio Nacional [award] to an altarpiece maker is unprecedented in Peru. He agrees that it is necessary to consider craftsmanship a cultural expression of the people, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136076

  • Algo se pudre en el INC...
    Román, Élida
    1977
    This is a letter written by art critic Élida Román, who at the time was the director of the Museo de Arte Italiano,an art gallery dependent on the Instituto Nacional de Cultura, addressed to the leadership of said institution. The letter advises [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855811

  • Alicia Bustamente, una gran artista : la que impulsó el arte nativo
    Gálvez, Elvira de
    1969
    This essay was written by Elvira de Gálvez on the artist Alicia Bustamente on occasion of her death. The author highlights above all Bustamante’s work in the promotion and defense of Peruvian Popular Art. The author states that Bustamente “found [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139526

  • Arquitectura peruana : la casona arequipeña
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1940
    This is an article by José Sabogal on the civil architecture of the Peruvian city of Arequipa. He highlights one of the most original constructive solutions of the Spanish during the colonial era. Given the lack of wood in the environment, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1173340

  • Art turns political in the shadow of the Shining Path
    Montana, Constanza; Solis, Dianna
    1987
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141031

  • Arte peruano : Camilo Blas
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1926
    This article by José Sabogal is about the recent work produced by the Indigenist painter Camilo Blas. The author discusses Blas’ two scenes of Cajamarca that are to decorate the new Salón de Palacio, which opened in 1924 in celebration of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289476

  • Arte Peruano : José Sabogal
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    1928
    In this article the writer and journalist José Eulogio Garrido discusses the indigenist painting of José Sabogal. Garrido describes the painter as “a man with a voice and vision of his own who expresses that voice and vision in visible ways that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140621

  • Arte popular do Peru : 14a. Bienal Internacional de Sao Paulo '77
    1977
    This is a poster for the Peruvian Folk Art exhibition at the XIV Bienal Internacional de São Paulo in 1977. The design includes only the title of the exhibition and an enlarged detail photograph of a Pucará Bull [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857172

  • Arte popular peruano en Sao Paulo
    La Torre, Alfonso
    1977
    Alfonso La Torre interviews the photographer Eva Lewitus, who shares her opinions on the Peruvian folk art exhibition that was presented at the XIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1977. She thinks the exhibit did not reflect the full scope of this kind of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855899

  • Arte y artesanía
    Bernasconi, Carlos Antonio
    1976
    In this article the visual artist Carlos Bernasconi discusses the meaning of the terms “art,” “traditional art,” and “handcrafts” based on the definitions agreed upon at the 1st World Congress of Craftsmen held in New York in 1964. Noting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136191

  • Artes plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In this review “Juan Eye” (the pseudonym used by the writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy) discusses the José Sabogal exhibition at the SAP (Sociedad de Arquitectos del Perú, Lima). The author states that Sabogal deserves to be acknowledged in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141063

  • Artes populares peruanas
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1940
    In this article, José Sabogal discusses Peruvian traditional art, which in his opinion, is “the key point, in the Americas, where Hispanic America began. When indigenous cultural expressions were combined with the invasion of Mediterranean visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289545

  • Artes-Ciencias-Letras : la exposición Sabogal
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    1940
    Though he does not mention a change as such in José Sabogal’s latest paintings, the author detects the presence or hint of certain nuances he had not noticed before. Carlos Raygada compares Procesión del Señor de los Milagros—painted in 1923, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140572

  • Artesanía y arte
    Ugarte Eléspuru, Juan Manuel, 1911-
    1976
    In this essay the artist and researcher Juan Manuel Ugarte Eléspuru discusses the differences between “handcrafts” and “art.” In his opinion, the former term refers to traditional community works that were produced in response to local needs [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136411

  • Artistas plásticos cuestionan premio
    1976
    This newspaper article includes the full text of the communiqué from the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] in which the association’s board of directors expresses its “radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135960

  • Bajo el sol negro
    Majluf, Natalia
    1994
    The author, Natalia Majluf, states that these works, created using the techniques of the “minutemen” photographers that work in provincial city plazas, could initially be thought as ethnographic or touristic photography. Nevertheless, when [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293722

  • Carrousel : xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1929
    López Merino begins his article by remarking on the success of Sabogal’s exhibition in Buenos Aires, “where the most discerning critics acknowledged the respect he enjoys in Latin America.” The writer describes the exhibition of prints as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140277

  • Con Julia Condecido [sic]
    Urteaga C., Franklin
    1936
    Franklin Urteaga conducted this lengthy interview with Julia Codesido on the occasion of her recent exhibitions overseas. Referring to the first of these, at the recently inaugurated Palacio de Bellas Artes (Mexico City, 1935), Urteaga notes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136615

  • Considerando en frío
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-; Oquendo, Abelardo, 1930-
    1976
    In this opinion column the writers and critics Mirko Lauer and Abelardo Oquendo, writing under the pseudonym “Pedro Rojas,” challenge the arguments made by the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135994

  • Contra los mentirosos y los negociantes del arte
    Nuñez Ureta, Teodoro
    1976
    In this article about the 1975 Premio Nacional de Cultura [National Culture Prize], the painter Teodoro Núñez Ureta recognizes the legitimacy of the award and praises the winning altarpiece artist, but also deplores the controversy sparked by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136365

  • Contra toda manipulación en el arte
    1976
    This review, which appeared in the Lima magazine Oiga (February 27, 1976), discusses the different positions adopted by ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] and SUTAP (Sindicato Único de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136349

  • Crítica de la ideología del arte
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    1982
    This critical review suggests that “art” is not an expression of the human spirit—as philosophical idealism would have us believe—but something created by culture and class; it is therefore a historically determined phenomenon that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136512

  • Curioso hacedor de las cosas
    Garreaud, Eduardo
    1976
    The visual artist Gastón Garreaud weighs in on the debate over the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay. Garreaud points to parallels he sees between this decision and Pablo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136175

  • De arte : exposición Vinatea Reinoso
    Delboy y Dorado, Emilio, 1891-
    1920
    This text written in the early 1920s by Emilio Delboy, signed with the pseudonym “Yobeld,” asserts that “a healthy spirit of aesthetic culture” is taking shape in Lima thanks to young artists. The origin of this movement lies in the founding [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144105

  • De arte : la exposición pictórica de Alicia Bustamante
    Fuentes Ibáñez, Moisés F.
    1944
    In his critical review of Alicia Bustamante’s 1944 exhibition, Fuentes Ibáñez explains that the artist manages to harness “emotional and harmonious moods” to express “the feelings inspired by her surroundings.” He explains that Bustamante [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139459

  • De arte : la exposición Sabogal
    Fritz, Óscar
    1937
    Óscar Fritz compares José Sabogal’s influence on the Peruvian visual arts to Martin Luther’s impact during the Reformation: a process that “sought to return to an earlier simplicity, to embrace a form of evangelical speech that mimicked the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140443

  • De arte : muestra de Mario Urteaga en la Filarmónica
    Muelle, Jorge C.
    1938
    Reviewer Jorge C. Muelle confesses that he was wary before seeing the Mario Urteaga show at the Sociedad Filarmónica (Lima, 1937)—after all, “praise of spontaneous painters almost always leads them to ‘improve’ their resources, to copy [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146163

  • De México, habla ahora José Sabogal
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    1943
    The Peruvian intellectual Jorge Falcón interviews José Sabogal about the painter’s visit to Mexico in 1942, mentioning that on his arrival in the country, the Mexican government—via the director of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140703

  • Desbordar los límites
    Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-
    1984
    This editorial was published in number 4/5 (1984) of U-tópicos. Entornoalovisual, the Peruvian magazine. In the text, Gustavo Buntinx states that, while the Marxist proposal has yet to be carried out, Marxism itself tends to be distorted and reduced [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292558

  • Deslinde en la pintura: progreso vs. reacción
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    1976
    This is the journalist Juan Gargurevich’s second article about the debate sparked by the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Gargurevich supports [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136301

  • Diálogo sobre el proyecto de la basílica de Santa Rosa de Lima
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953; Velarde, Héctor, 1898-1989
    1939
    In his interview with Carlos Raygada, Héctor Velarde explains that his work “has consisted of coordinating and realizing the original concept” for the Basílica de Santa Rosa de Lima, while abstaining as much as possible from any alteration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146066

  • Disciplina y sentido cósmico en los cuadros de Julia Codesido
    Saco, Carmen, 1882-1948
    1938
    Carmen Saco, the Peruvian sculptress and essayist, believes that the roots of Julia Codesido’s painting can be found in “blocks of stone that have been overwhelmed and penetrated by life and pain.” She believes that Codesido’s art expresses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136583

  • Ditirambo a Sabogal
    Sánchez, Luis Alberto, 1900-1994
    1931
    Luis Alberto Sánchez wrote this article on the occasion of the closing of José Sabogal’s exhibition at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Lima, 1931). According to Sánchez, “Sabogal is a painter who represents all of Peru,” and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140378

  • División y partición el paisaje
    Peña Barrenechea, Ricardo, 1896 - 1939
    1937
    In 1937, Ricardo Peña wrote about José Sabogal’s work on the occasion of his exhibition at the Sociedad Filarmónica, suggesting that the paintings on display could be classified, in terms of “his ethical and artistic approach,” into three [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140507

  • Don Joaquín en el recuerdo
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1981
    In this article the art historian Alfonso Castrillón looks back at the debate over the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Following the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136461

  • El arte de Joaquín López Antay
    Valencia-Arenas, José Felipe
    1976
    In this sarcastic article the ethnohistorian José Felipe Valencia-Arenas replies to the arguments expressed by the members of the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists], who disagreed with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135978

  • El arte de la cerámica amazónica
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    1943
    In this article, the essayist and art critic Mercedes Gallagher de Parks discusses the pottery produced in the Amazon region of Peru, noting the wide variety of pieces and their surprising aesthetic. Very little is known about this pottery other than [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141148

  • El arte indígena
    Gerchunoff, Alberto, 1883-1950
    1926
    This article by Alberto Gerchunoff, a Russian writer and journalist based in Buenos Aires, criticizes “los predicadores del americanismo, (…) a la vez nacionalistas y continentalistas” [the preachers of Latin Americanism, (…) who are both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125784

  • El arte moderno de Julia Codesido
    Puppo, Juan
    1938
    This review considers Julia Codesido’s work within the context of art and literature produced by women, noting that this genre “is uniquely attuned to feeling and expression.” Though historically recognized solely in terms of family or social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136567