ICAA Researcher: Flavia Marichal×
  • La pintura playera de Carmelo Sobrino, o de cómo los puertorriqueños hemos descubierto los duendes del litoral
    Rodríguez Juliá, Edgardo, 1946-
    The Puerto Rican writer Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá compares the challenges involved in capturing the tropical light when painting scenes of the countryside and the coast. He claims that the recent work of Puerto Rican painter Carmelo Sobrino manages [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805498

  • La problemática del arte latinoamericano
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    The Argentine critic Jorge Romero Brest states that he generally agrees with the lecture that Juan Acha gave at the XVII Congreso Extraordinario de la AICA [17th Extraordinary Conference of the AICA], held in Caracas in 1983. However, Romero Brest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805676

  • La Sala de Gráfica Puertorriqueña y su contenido
    Fernandez, Margarita
    Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala gives a short history of the beginnings of the Hermandad de Artistas Gráficos de Puerto Rico [Puerto Rican Brotherhood of Graphic Artists] in 1981. She writes this article in response to the refusal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806283

  • La Sala de Gráfica Puertorriqueña, su significado
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    The Puerto Rican artist and critic José A. Torres Martinó explains his stance regarding the exhibition organized in San Juan as a “contrabienal” [counter-biennial] to the Sexta Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [6th [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805033

  • La Segunda Bienal
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    Argentine poet and critic Rafael Squirru gives an overview of the events at the II Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [2nd San Juan Biennial of Latin American Graphic Art] (1972), the prizes awarded by the jury, the participating artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806395

  • La Segunda Bienal de La Habana enfoca el tercer mundo
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    North American historian Shifra M. Goldman offers a brief account of the Segunda Bienal de La Habana [Second Havana Biennial] held in November 1986. The event included more than 2,400 works by 690 artists from 51 countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805117

  • La situación de las artes plásticas en Puerto Rico, 1982
    Hernández Cruz, Luis, 1936-
    The Puerto Rican artist Luis Hernández Cruz discusses the art scene in Puerto Rico in 1982. He believes that young artists, in particular, have no place to exhibit their work, and need several jobs to survive. On the other hand, the public does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804963

  • La VIII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    Marianne de Tolentino, the French critic and historian based in the Dominican Republic, considers graphic art biennials a necessity. Although they are controversial, the biennials provide connections among countries, artists, and media. The purposes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805945

  • Las Bienales de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe : una síntesis
    Tió, Teresa
    Puerto Rican historian and critic Teresa Tió reviews the development of the Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [San Juan Biennial of Latin American and Caribbean Graphic Art] from its beginnings in 1970 through 1987. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806241

  • Les Demoiselles de San Salvador
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, the Argentine critic Marta Traba (based in Puerto Rico at the time) declared herself an “admiradora” [admirer] of the Mexican artist, José Luis Cuevas. In her opinion, he was the best draftsman on the continent and one of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805453

  • Les penetrables de Jesús Soto ou le recours a l'archaique = Los penetrables de Jesus Rafael Soto o el recurso de lo arcaico
    Lassalle, Hélène
    The French curator Hélène Lassalle reviews Penetrables by the Venezuelan artist Jesús Rafael Soto (1923–2005), and discusses her perceptions on a tactile level, after observing how viewers react when faced with such works. Lassalle outlines a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805856

  • Liga estudiantes de arte
    Rodríguez, Myrna
    The Puerto Rican art critic Myrna Rodríguez writes about the importance of the Liga Estudiantes de Arte [Students Art League] in terms of art education and as a meeting place for artists, instructors, and families. Rodríguez explains how the Liga [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805483

  • Lorenzo Homar y el cartel en el Taller del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueño,1957-1972
    Tió, Teresa
    The Puerto Rican critic and historian Teresa Tió acknowledges the importance of the Puerto Rican artist Lorenzo Homar, and discusses his evolution as a poster artist at the Taller de Gráfica del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (ICP) [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804977

  • Los museos de Puerto Rico –I. Nacimiento, agonía y muerte de los museos del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña
    Benítez, Marimar
    Puerto Rican historian and curator Marimar Benítez asserts that the museums created by the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (ICP) under Ricardo Alegría, the director of that organization from 1955 to 1973, did not have an adequate structure for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805145

  • Los premios de la Octava Bienal
    Rivera Rosario, Nelson
    In this article, Nelson Rivera, the Puerto Rican critic and historian, comments on the selection process and prizes awarded at the 1988 VIII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [8th San Juan Biennial of Latin American and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806017

  • Los salmos de Martorell
    Traba, Marta
    This essay by Argentine critic Marta Traba discusses Salmos[Psalms], the folderof verses by Nicaraguan poet Ernesto Cardenal with woodcuts by Puerto Rican artist Antonio Martorell. Traba praises this work, which she believes voices protest in a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806325

  • Luis Alonso : xilógrafo
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    The Puerto Rican artist José Antonio Torres Martinó explains that Puerto Rican printmaking in the 1950s was an artistic response to the political situation; it was the artists’s way of creating an awareness of Puerto Rico. Thirty-five years later [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806199

  • Manifeste du Rio Negro du naturalisme intégral = Manifiesto del Río Negro sobre el naturalismo integral
    Restany, Pierre
    This manifesto was written by the French critic Pierre Restany in 1978 in which he claims that nature represents mankind’s conscience and sensibility. Total naturalism recognizes only the purifying, cathartic power of fantasy in the service of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805796

  • Marta Traba : una mujer que nos vio como nosotros no nos hemos podido ver
    Fernández Zavala, Margarita
    The Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala describes what Marta Traba accomplished during the year and a half she spent in Puerto Rico. She stresses how important Traba was to her students, and explains how she critically reviewed, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805333

  • Mudar o intercambio cultural entre a Europa e o Brasi l : uma necessidade = Intercambio cultural entre Europa y Brasil : una necesidad
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    The Brazilian critic and historian Walter Zanini sees a need for an artistic exchange between the entire Latin American continent—not just Brazil—and other countries, a process he views as an important step toward understanding contemporary art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805766

  • Myrna Báez : de la claustrofobia y pasividad del colonizado
    Benítez, Marimar
    The Puerto Rican critic and historian Marimar Benítez explains that the Puerto Rican artist Myrna Báez was among those honored at the VIII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [8th San Juan Biennial of Latin American and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805960

  • Myrna Báez: notas sobre una pintura difícil
    Traba, Marta
    Argentine critic Marta Traba, who lived in Puerto Rico in the early 1970s, comments on the figurative paintings and landscapes by Puerto Rican artist Myrna Báez. Traba asserts that Báez has become a significant artist due to “the variety and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806101

  • Notas en torno a la pintura puertorriqueña de Oller a los cuarenta
    Delgado Mercado, Osiris
    The Puerto Rican artist and art historian Osiris Delgado outlines the history of Puerto Rican painting, spanning the period that began with Francisco Oller (in the nineteenth century) and ended in the 1940s. Delgado recalls that early twentieth- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805288

  • On the identity of Latin American art = Sobre la identidad del arte latinoamericano
    Ashton, Dore
    Dore Ashton, the distinguished American art critic, believes that Latin American artists should be free to express themselves as they please. A national art should not consist entirely of images of indigenous or local subjects. Ashton points out that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805602

  • Quince preguntas a Luis Hernández Cruz
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    Luis Hernández Cruz is the subject of this lengthy interview by the French critic and historian Marianne de Tolentino, who lives in the Dominican Republic. Among other things, she discusses his development as an artist, his reasons for concentrating [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805363

  • Ramón Frade o de por qué es necesario, a veces, brindar con vino de plátano
    Barradas, Efraín
    The Puerto Rican critic Efraín Barradas considers the painting, El pan nuestro [Our Bread] (1905), by the Puerto Rican artist, Ramón Frade, to be one of the icons of the Puerto Rican artistic tradition. On the other hand, the critic describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805393

  • Sobre Edgardo Giménez
    Romero Brest, Martita
    Martita Romero Brest, the wife of Argentine critic Jorge Romero Brest, discusses the construction of their houses, in City Bell and Punta Indio (Argentina), which were designed by the self-taught artist Edgardo Giménez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805826

  • Tamayo en la VII Bienal
    Fernández Zavala, Margarita
    Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala summarizes the details of the VII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [7th San Juan Biennial of Latin American and Caribbean Graphic Art] (1986). The VII Bienal honored the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806227

  • Teoría y elogio del cartel puertorriqueño
    Gaya Nuño, Juan Antonio
    Juan Antonio Gaya Nuño, a Spanish historian who lived in Puerto Rico, explains the difference between the poster and other art forms. He claims that whereas in other countries the poster is used mostly in the spheres of politics, and sales, in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806437

  • The Question 17 years later = La interrogante : Diecisiete Años Después
    Barnitz, Jacqueline
    Seventeen years after writing the article, “The Question of Latin American Art: Does It Exist?” (see doc no. 805617) in the 1960s, Jacqueline Barnitz wonders again about the question of the identity of Latin American art. She suggests that it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805646

  • The question of Latin American Art: Does it exist?
    Barnitz, Jacqueline
    Jacqueline Barnitz, who spent many years as a professor of Latin American art at the University of Texas at Austin, wonders if there really is “Latin American art.” This question was addressed at a symposium at the New School of Social Research. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805617

  • Una muestra antológica de Antonio Martorell
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    In this essay, Marianne de Tolentino, the French critic and historian based in the Dominican Republic, tells about the Puerto Rican honoree at the VII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [7th San Juan Biennial of Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806185

  • Venezuela, Visiones de su pintura del siglo XIX.
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    The Venezuelan art historian Bélgica Rodríguez takes a look at the art produced in her country. According to her, twentieth-century Venezuelan art began with the landscape painters who were active in the early part of the century. She refers in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805871

  • Volviendo a ver al Greco
    Bayón, Damián
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón writes about two El Greco exhibitions in Spain: El Greco de Toledo [El Greco of Toledo] at the Museo del Prado (Madrid), and El Toledo de El Greco [The Toledo of El Greco] in the city of Tajo (Ronda, Málaga). He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806381