ICAA Researcher: Esther Acevedo : Dirección de Estudios Históricos, INAH / CURARE A. C.×
  • La revolución artística mexicana : una lección
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    La exposición de la joven pintura mexicana [The Exhibition: The New Generation of Mexican Painting] was presented at three cities: Paris, Berlin and Madrid. The Spanish art critic Gabriel García Maroto gave a lecture in December 1926 when the show [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734352

  • Las pedradas como un sustituto de la razón
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Orozco, José Clemente; Guerrero, Xavier
    David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco and Xavier Guerrero signed this article in which they refute the assertions published by the Federación de Estudiantes Preparatorianos [Federation of Preparatory Students] and they list, one after [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758002

  • Las Pinturas Decorativas del Anfiteatro de la Preparatoria
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera’s visual arts discourse echoes the ideas of José Vasconcelos in his mural La Creación [Creation], in which he expresses, within an abstract theme, a clear allusion to race through selected representative elements. These include the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734641

  • Las pinturas murales de la Preparatoria a punto de provocar un “casus belli”
    This article contains an interview with the commission of Mexican painters (comprised of José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Roberto Reyes Pérez) and the deputy-minister Bernardo Gastelum; the commissio] warns him that the students of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757992

  • Los caracteres del progreso
    Vasconcelos, José
    In this broad essay, the educationist and philosopher José Vasconcelos reflects upon the concept of “progreso” [progress]. He asks himself what progress really is and thus provides various answers, in accordance with the times. For him, progress [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739087

  • Los destructores de pinturas : Manifiesto del Grupo Comunista Estudiantil de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    This document reports on the publication of a manifesto signed by the Comunista Estudiantil de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria [Student Communist Group at the National Preparatory School], comprised of 151 members. It explains how a small minority [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757997

  • Los Judas
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera champions the collective genius given to the Mexicans, which has been the source of hundreds of thousands of works, made by the individuals that make up the Mexican people. The temporary nature of this artwork has characterized it since [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783837

  • Los nombres de las pulquerías / Names of pulquerias
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera considered pulquería painting [illustrations in agave sap bars] to be an example of the kind of popular art which—in his opinion and the opinion of other painters—helped to distinguish and differentiate the new genre of Mexican art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735664

  • Los nuevos pintores veracruzanos
    Ortega, Febronio
    In “Los nuevos pintores veracruzanos” [The new painters of Veracruz], Ortega makes a collage about what artists happen to be painting or sculpting at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP) and the Academy. He mentions the most representative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755427

  • Los pintores y la arquitectura
    Vasconcelos, José
    José Vasconcelos, the Minister of Public Education, discusses why he did not take advantage of architects or engineers for projects such as El Estadio [The Stadium] or La Escuela Benito Juárez, a model for schools not just in Mexico, albeit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755323

  • Los retablos del Señor del Hospital
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    In this document, the magazine Forma reproduces an excerpt of the book by Dr. Atl (pseudonym of writer-painter Gerardo Murillo), Las Artes Populares en México [The Folk Arts of Mexico]. The article is a summary of the introduction. Furthermore, even [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734337

  • Memorial al señor arquitecto Carlos Lazo : gerente general de las obras en la ciudad universitaria : sobre el problema de mis murales en la rectoría y en la Facultad de Ciencias Químicas
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    David Alfaro Siqueiros sends the architect Carlos Lazo, project manager at Ciudad Universitaria (UNAM) in Mexico City, three documents about the scaffolding he has erected and the mural he is executing at the university’s Rectoría [President’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786058

  • Mexican painting : pulquerías = La pintura de las pulquerías
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Furthering his theories about popular art, and referring to the paintings on the walls of certain pulquerías [agave sap bars] in Mexico City, Diego Rivera once again discusses the art of the proletariat. He restates his contempt for bourgeois [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734208

  • México quiere vivir en sociedad como pueblo civilizado
    Rowley, Louis E.
    When Louis E. Rowley interviewed President General Álvaro Obregón, he inquired about a matter of huge concern to North Americans: Bolshevism in Mexico and the imposition of socialism. Obregón, avoiding any reference to the Soviet Union, said that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755372

  • Mi respuesta a seis preguntas del campo pro realista
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    The art critic Antonio Rodríguez asks David Alfaro Siqueiros to respond to the question: does a contradiction exist between the theory and practice of the painter Siqueiros? Rodríguez elaborates with six follow-up questions. First, the author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760450

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor : La historia de un amor vivido con intensidad (Primera parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador tells of the events of her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros, in this article, the first in a series of four. This first article begins on January 6, 1918, when she met the painter; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815248

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor : La historia de un amor vivido con intensidad (Segunda Parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador tells of events from her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros in this article. This second article (of four) describes the trip they took to Paris via New York; she relates nine days of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815269

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor en forma apasionante (Cuarta y última parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador relates events from her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros in four articles. This fourth and last article tells how the governor of Jalisco, José Guadalupe Zuno invited Siqueiros to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815288

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor en forma apasionante (Tercera parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after her romantic involvement with David Alfaro Siqueiros, Graciela Amador wrote a memoir in four parts about her life with him. In this third part she describes how their trip to Europe came to an end when Siqueiros went to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760372

  • Nationalism and art
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In the words of Diego Rivera, certain artists made use of the concepts of jingoism and patriotism in a manner that led to the creation of a completely bourgeois art form. He sees, as an example, the ghost of Nazism and the persecution of the Jews in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786563

  • Notas artísticas : Diego Rivera en el Anfiteatro de la Preparatoria
    Frías, José D., 1891-1936
    In this interview Juan del Sena chats with Diego Rivera in the Anfiteatro Bolívar in Mexico City, where Rivera is starting work on the mural he calls La creación [Creation]. The painter describes both the method of using encaustic as well as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755244

  • Notas artísticas : La obra admirable de Diego Rivera
    Ortega, Febronio
    In the article entitled “La obra admirable de Diego Rivera” [The praiseworthy work of Diego Rivera], Ortega faithfully follows the steps of his master and in great detail explains each of the figures included in his recently unveiled “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755465

  • Notas sobre la escultura mexicana contemporánea
    Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998
    In a 1956 interview with a Costa Rican magazine, the sculptor Francisco Zúñiga—who was born in Costa Rica—speaks about the current art environment for sculpture. Given the current trend to integrate sculpture with architecture, he wonders if [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812431

  • Notas sobre máscaras mexicanas = Notes on Mexican Masks
    Covarrubias, Miguel
    In this document Miguel Covarrubias analyzes masks from both an aesthetic and ritualistic point of view. He asserts that the ritualistic masks are the intensification of an idea born of the imagination. In this way, given that culture is more pure, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734288

  • Nuestros dibujantes : Roberto Montenegro
    Lago, Silvio
    In his article “Nuestros Dibujantes” [Our Draftsmen], Silvio Lago identifies with Mexican painter Roberto Montenegro’s art and discusses his transition, which parallels the continent-wide search for an Americanist literary renaissance, an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755391

  • Nueva ley de los tres estados
    Vasconcelos, José
    In this long article, José Vasconcelos explains his theory of nationalism, patriotism, and Americanism. In sum, he outlines the law of the three stages, taking only its name from Auguste Comte. The first stage is the “materialist period” in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755378

  • Orozco y la tragedia de México
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this brief, moralizing article, Diego Rivera expresses his opinion about the art of José Clemente Orozco on the occasion of the latter’s death. In his painting, Orozco clearly defined the positives and negatives he saw in his country. And, he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735431

  • Páginas informativas : Nueva Orientación del Arte Nacional
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    Alfredo Ramos Martínez, director of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts], discusses the new trend at the Escuela al Aire Libre [Open-Air School] in Coyoacán and the free workshops at the Academia. With freedom to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755440

  • Pintura de caballete y pintura de pulquería
    Leading with the opinions of Ricardo Gómez Robelo, Pedro Henríquez Ureña, and Julio Torri, the editorial section of the newspaper has become sensitive to the new mural art and has allowed those versed in the new art to have their say. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758027

  • Pintura Oficial
    In an unsigned article published in El Demócrata, a Mexico City morning newspaper, the anonymous author expresses his opinion about the proposals made by El Heraldo, which had launched an energetic campaign against the murals in the Escuela Nacional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758012

  • Pintura y opiniones
    In the newspaper El Mundo, an anonymous writer urges people to make clear what side they’re on: whether with the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP) or against the motifs and dimensions presented there. While the matter was treated [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758017

  • Protestas por el cargo dado a Mathías Goeritz : Diego Rivera y Alfaro Siqueiros censuran el nombramiento
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957; Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    The newspaper Excélsior reproduces an open letter to Nabor Carrillo, rector of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, signed by both Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, putting into question UNAM’s choice of Mathías Goeritz as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805250

  • Ramos Martínez y la Escuela de Coyoacán
    Perez Mendoza, Efraín
    The writer of this article claims that there has never been a more anarchic art scene than the one he is currently witnessing. It is the most improvised of all the current movements and, therefore, the one most likely to be fruitful and to prosper. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760364

  • Revolución
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    The poem Revolución [Revolution] by Manuel Maples Arce describes the negative aspects of war and his fascination with machines such as trains and airplanes. He tells how the wind of the iron-man dictator shudders and in the afternoons, there are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754107

  • Revolución hacia atrás
    This anonymous writer called his column “Revolution backwards.” In it, he says he does not understand the imitation of the primitive lack of skill, the use of ancient symbols, the decomposition of the line as if trying to imitate the hesitant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758032

  • Rivera´s counter-Revolutionary road
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    David Alfaro Siqueiros has no intention of providing a monographic analysis of Diego Rivera’s mural, Retrato de América [Portrait of America], or an academic assessment of Rivera’s faults or opportunism. According to Siqueiros, a critique should [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786072

  • Roberto Montenegro
    Fernández, Justino
    In a retrospective article written in 1962, Justino Fernández discusses Roberto Montenegro, the man and the painter. As he reviews Montenegro’s art, he compares the latter’s studio to the portrait painter’s room where someone poses, someone [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759234

  • Roberto Montenegro : el dibujante de los refinamientos
    Noriega Hope, Carlos, 1896-1934
    The intention of the writer, José Corral Rigand, was to create a written portrait of Roberto Montenegro. He visited Montenegro accompanied by Juan José Tablada (a poet) and Juan Sánchez Azora. Right beside the artist was his painting, Hembra [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755195

  • Saludable Presencia del Arte Mexicano en la viciada atmósfera de París : Conclusiones sobre el artículo de PHILIPPE SOUPAULT. Puntos fundamentales de la conferencia de Siqueiros en el Palacio de Bellas Artes el jueves 26 de agosto pasado
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In the wake of the critical reactions to two exhibitions of Mexican art—at the 25th Venice Biennial in 1950 and the 1952 Paris Biennial —this long document offered readers a summary of events. The Venice Biennial was deemed a success while the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754267

  • Sesión de la Cámara de Diputados : fue aprobada la organización de varias secretarías del despacho : la Universidad Nacional
    This article covers the discussion that took place in the Mexican House of Representatives regarding the university and the fine arts departments. After the debate, the Departamento de Bellas Artes [Fine Arts Department] was separated from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739672

  • Siqueiros rompe con el director de la Escuela Universitaria de Bellas Artes de San Miguel Allende : donde ejecuta un mural y le lanza gravísimas acusaciones que conmovieron al sector intelectual del país
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    The mural being painted by David Alfaro Siqueiros at the Escuela Universitaria de Bellas Artes in San Miguel Allende would be interrupted by disagreements with the school’s director, Alfredo Campanella. The director offers Siqueiros a change in his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786052

  • The new Mexican architecture : a house of Carlos Obregón = La nueva arquitectura mexicana : una casa de Carlos Obregón
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this review of Mexican architecture, the painter Diego Rivera criticizes the aesthetic taste that gave rise to the abominable architecture of the Porfiriato (the Porfirio Díaz regime, before 1910) and to most of the architectural work of the post [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734209

  • The position of the artist in Russia today
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    This article by Diego Rivera discusses the position of the artist in the Soviet Union. For Rivera, the most salient aspect of Soviet artistic production was the theater, which works for the masses and, in turn, the masses consume it. Western or [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786545

  • The revolutionary spirit in modern art
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this long article, Diego Rivera summarizes his beliefs on what revolutionary art ought to be within the context of modern art, and offers a historic journey through the 19th century, underscoring the work of Daumier, Courbet, and Paul Cézanne. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786551

  • Un decorado cubista se inauguró en la Preparatoria
    Diego Rivera’s mural La Creación [The Creation] was unveiled during a showing at the amphitheater of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria de México—with the assistance of the painter and the Minister of Public Education, José Vasconcelos. After [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755288

  • Un llamamiento a las Plásticas Argentinas
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    David Alfaro Siqueiros explains that he is working with other painters and sculptors in Argentina and Uruguay to create a monumental visual arts movement for the masses. His goal is to remove works of art from museums, cemeteries, and private [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786031

  • Una lección de Clemente Orozco
    Nelken, Margarita
    An exhibition of gouaches by José Clemente Orozco at the photographer Lola Álvarez Bravo’s gallery on Amberes street inspires Margarita Nelken to discuss a number of subjects that were topical in artistic circles at that time. Among them: whether [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735568

  • Veinte de Noviembre
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    After outlining Mexican history from Independence in 1821 through Juárez Reformation and the Porfiriato [Porfirio Díaz regime], Diego Rivera asks why a day of national mourning should be observed on November 20th, the symbolic first day of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755107