ICAA Researcher: Esther Acevedo : Dirección de Estudios Históricos, INAH / CURARE A. C.×
  • ¿Cuál es el pintor más grande de México?
    Ortega, Febronio
    In the Survey Section, the journalist Ortega decided to go to the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria to ask the painters there the following question: Who is the greatest painter in Mexico? The caricaturist Ernesto García Cabral ironically responds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755251

  • Alfredo Ramos Martínez y la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes (1910-1920)
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    The article written by the researcher Pilar García de Germenos presents the cultural biography of Alfredo Ramos Martínez from 1910 to 1920, to help our understanding of the changes he implemented at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes. During [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833175

  • Apoteosis del Comunismo en el mural que pinta Diego Rivera : Stalin preside el mundo y es el campeón de la paz : Inglaterra y Francia, agotados y EE.UU, inferior y sumiso
    Sodi de Pallares, María Elena
    María Elena Sodi de Pallares discusses the inconsistency shown by the INBA (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes) while sponsoring a mural by Diego Rivera to be displayed at the Paris exhibition, but then decided not to submit it after all when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735618

  • Arte y nacionalismo
    After criticizing the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP), the newspaper El Demócrata speaks of the triumphs Mexico achieved abroad, through singers, writers, and the architects during the Río de Janeiro Expo. These are our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758022

  • Artes plásticas : la pintura en México : carta de Ángel Zárraga a Manuel Rodríguez Lozano
    Zárraga, Angel
    In this 1925 letter, Ángel Zárraga acknowledges Manuel Rodríguez Lozano as a painter and a friend. After a brief introduction of indeterminate tone, Zárraga points to his discovery that “Race” and “People” are grandiose concepts that lead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754116

  • Artistas e iniciados en la obra de Orozco
    Ramírez, Fausto
    In this lengthy article, Fausto Ramírez discusses the importance of paying attention to the creative work of men of art and science as one contemplates the future of the world, as was done at the New School for Social Research (1930). This topic was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759244

  • Brindis del licenciado Antonio Caso
    In a brief speech, Antonio Caso, president of the Universidad Nacional de México, calls upon all men, from wherever they hail, to unite so that they can achieve the highest purposes of the Nation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755227

  • Carta a Jorge Enciso
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In a letter to Jorge Enciso, addressed to the Dirección de Monumentos Nacionales [National Monuments Administration], Siqueiros announces that Javier Rojo Gómez has commissioned him to paint murals in the tower of what was known as the former [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786065

  • Catorce preguntas a Diego Rivera al regreso de la U.R.S.S.
    Tibol, Raquel; Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    The Argentine art critic, Raquel Tibol, asked Diego Rivera 14 questions aimed at identifying his different impressions of the Soviet Union [today, in 1956,] as compared to 1927. The questions were focused on new art, the art market, and the disputes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735494

  • Clemente Orozco : su obra monumental
    Charlot, Jean
    Jean Charlot thanks, ironically, the fact that José Clemente Orozco has not studied in Europe, since the United States offered him the mechanical elements of his œuvre, and Mexico the dramatic elements. Orozco, in Charlot’s opinion, lives within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734383

  • Colaboración artística : ¿Renacimiento artístico?
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    Dr. Atl calls upon us to analyze the post-revolutionary movement from its beginnings in 1908, when the first effective revitalizing influences reached Mexico from Europe. To him, the administration of General Porfirio Díaz—with its socially [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760357

  • Comunismo vs aprismo : Diego acusa a Víctor Raúl
    Isolbi, Gerardo de
    The press waxed passionate with accusations among members of the Latin American left about the decision by the American University in Bogotá to grant an honorary doctorate to Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre. To Diego Rivera, this seemed to be an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805212

  • Conservación de monumentos de Arte : en toda la República se están nombrando inspectores para que se encarguen de su conservación
    The Dirección General de Monumentos [Bureau of Monuments] will perform extensive oversight of all the art monuments distributed on sites throughout Mexico. To that end, it will appoint a number of inspectors in counties, the Federal District and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739358

  • Continuara el señor licenciado Vasconcelos en la secretaria.-retiro su renuncia al saber que se exigiran responsabilidades por la muerte de Field Jurado
    This article conveys the opinions expressed by a variety of institutions in response to José Vasconcelos’ resignation in late 1923 as a result of the crimes committed a few days earlier, particularly the death of Francisco Field Jurado, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755316

  • Declaraciones del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In an open letter to the newspaper, David Alfaro Siqueiros makes a number of statements about the article published in the same paper defending students’ rights in terms of the paintings at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP). Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755362

  • Diego Rivera lanza ataques porque su mural no va a París : Descontento porque la obra que ensalza a Stalin se queda en México
    Diego Rivera speaks at length to the newspaper Excélsior on learning that President Miguel Alemán’s administration has refused to send his mural to the 1952 Paris Exhibition. In the first place, Rivera claims that the government has ridden [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735650

  • Diego Rivera pintor
    Barrios, Roberto
    Having recently unpacked his bags after a trip to Europe, Diego Rivera was interviewed by Roberto Barrios at the courtyards of the Academia de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, amid the classic statues that the students have traditionally copied [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755406

  • Diego Rivera, íntimo
    Ortega, Febronio
    In this piece, Febronio Ortega gathered a variety of opinions from the art world. Among them, he recalled Diego Rivera’s description of his visit to the “Museo de Mediocridades” [Museum of Mediocrities]—Rivera’s characterization of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755334

  • Educación : Tiempos de Renovación
    Molina, Enrique
    In this article, Enrique Molina, President of the Universidad de Concepción in Chile, compares the negative impact of World War I with the educational reconstruction undertaken by José Vasconcelos in Mexico, which he refers to as a time of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754089

  • El dibujo infantil en el México actual / Children´s drawing in present day Mexico
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera begins his article on how children draw in Mexico by saying that he hates the instruction provided by the Academy, which starts by teaching children how to draw illustrations, then sculpture, and finally the nude model. Rivera criticizes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734230

  • El Dr. Atl defiende la credencial : como resultara vencido, la Asamblea lo Despide con un Aplauso de afecto : un fogonazo de magnesio lleva a la Placa fotográfica la figura del Señor Martínez en traje Norfolk
    This article shows how the personalities in arts and politics are intimately linked. The long essay describes the defense that Dr. Atl made of a "seat" in the National Congress. It is about a lawmakers’ bench. In these elections, in spite of having [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739298

  • El Dr. Atl y los antecedentes de la pintura mural contemporánea
    Moyssén Echeverría, Xavier
    Xavier Moyssén writes about mural painting’s nineteenth-century precedents, in private houses and in pulquerías [agave sap saloons,] and works painted by nineteenth-century students at the Academia; the artists, he includes, are José Obregón, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792934

  • El estadio Olímpico universitario
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera enumerates his reasons for believing that the Estadio Olímpico [Olympic Stadium] of the Ciudad Universitaria [UNAM Campus] is the most salient example of the struggle for Mexican independence. To construct such a building, the most [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735515

  • El homenaje del Consejo Cultural al poeta José Juan Tablada, fue de una alta significación artística y socia : Algunos de los asistentes a esa fiesta, según nuestro caricaturista
    The Consejo Cultural y Artístico of Mexico City held a banquet to honor the poet José Juan Tablada, who would leave for New York the next day to continue the promotion of Mexican art in that city. This article includes a series of caricatures [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755265

  • El monumento a la Independencia en Iguala
    A pillar commemorating independence was planned to celebrate the centennial of Mexican independence. The jury for the competition was composed of three teachers from the Academy: Manuel Iturbe, architect; Arnulfo Domínguez Bello, sculptor; and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739143

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Charlot, Jean
    This is the first of a four-part article on the technical nature of the Mexican painting movement. Violent aesthetic transformations had occurred in the last few years while art criticism against painters oscillated between grand praise and fury. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815178

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México : El egoísmo individualista
    Charlot, Jean; Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This is the second of four articles on the nature of the current Mexican painting movement. The article concerns the celebrated individuality that incites our painters, given the supposition that originality is a painter’s greatest asset. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815200

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México : La influencia benéfica de la Revolución sobre las Artes Plásticas
    Hernández Araujo, Juan
    This is the last installment of an article in four parts by painters David Alfaro Siqueiros and Jean Charlot, about the character of the current movement of painting in Mexico. The article, as foretold by the title, is going to be about the positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757972

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México : Los Retardatarios.- El Clasicismo.- El Academismo y sus falsas glorias.- La Anarquía.- El Nacimiento del “MEXICANISMO”
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Charlot, Jean
    This is the third of four articles on the nature of the current painting movement in Mexico. It classifies those painters and writers as retrogressive, who continue to paint under outdated and foreign influences without contributing to the local [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815219

  • El Pintor Roberto Montenegro
    Abreu Gómez, Ermilo, 1894-1971
    The writer Ermilo Abreu Gómez recommends a two-pronged approach to understanding the work of Roberto Montenegro. The first would consider his role as an illustrator of books and periodicals as from 1908 when he began working in Paris with Paul Iribe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755384

  • El problema de la educación artística en México
    Toussaint, Manuel
    At what was going to be a lecture organized at the Universidad Nacional de México during winter term, Manuel Toussaint set forth his ideas on what art education should be, since art provides a major support in completing the educational work the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756611

  • El realismo en el arte
    Revueltas, José, 1914-1976
    In this long, interesting article, José Revueltas ponders the nature of words, how they are used and how, over time, their meaning changes. As an example, he mentions the expression “épater le bourgeois” [to frighten the bourgeois] that was in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815306

  • El Renacimiento artístico en México
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    In his article, Dr. Atl, does a broad study and recognition of the art movement in progress. Historically speaking, he says that there have been three ways to create art; one, which is that of folk art that has always been created; another is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760384

  • Escultura
    Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998
    The sculptor Francisco Zúñiga is going through a time of transition in the arts, when the old artists are confronted with young sculptors who are in search of quick success for their works. Taking the opposite view, he admires the long time it took [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812414

  • Escultura : Talla Directa
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Forma magazine conducted a survey on painting and sculpture. Based on the results, Diego Rivera wrote about the major differences among those who considered themselves to be sculptors, saying that all that a sculptor really needed was a quarry and a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734244

  • Escultura y pintura
    Vasconcelos, José
    This article explains that only fools think culture is improvised. This is why the reconstruction plan proposed by the Secretaria de Educación Pública (SEP) [Ministry of Public Education] was based on the past with an eye on the future. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821948

  • Exposición de Celia Calderón
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    After seeing Celia Calderón’s exhibition in a Galería de Ventas Libres [at 154, calle de Puebla, [Mexico City] the art critic Jorge J. Crespo de la Serna reviews her work. The critic shares the opinion of Miguel Salas Anzures that, in spite of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735553

  • Exposición de los artistas mexicanos de 1910
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    The exhibition catalog is a curatorial reconstruction of the 1910 exhibition held for the Centennial of Mexican Independence and organized by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes de México. The study was based on an amassing of graphic materials [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833184

  • Fábrica de colores en la Academia de San Carlos
    This article is a short notice from a newspaper announcing that the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes was then manufacturing excellent paints for watercolors, pastels, oils, and tempera. The announcement came about due to a rise in prices for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739231

  • Frida Kahlo y el arte mexicano
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera lays the groundwork for his article about Frida Kahlo by tracing a path through the history of the founding cultures of the Pre-Hispanic and Spanish periods and the nineteenth-century. In his opinion, Mexico’s social evolution can be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735544

  • Fueron cesados todos los pintores estridentistas
    On the orders of the Mexican Under Secretary of Education, Bernardo J. Gastélum (the office manager), confirmed the dismissal of all the Etridentista painters who—led by Diego Rivera—had painted murals on the walls of the annex of the SEP, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758007

  • Hitos canónicos : La huelga de 1911 en la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    This essay researched and written by Pilar García de Germenos unravels, strand by strand, the historical fetish for linking certain national events that took place in 1910 with the postrevolutionary movement. (By way of background, 1910 was the year [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833167

  • Informe del Departamento de Cultura Indígena
    Corzo, Federico A.
    This article reports on the number of cultural missionaries sent by the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education], as well as the costs and duties of the teachers, and the differences between the rural teachers, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734656

  • Insisto! Repite Diego : El pintor proporciona una serie de datos para demostrar que no ha mentido en el caso de Guatemala
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this article, Diego Rivera affirms that he does not know Alvarado Rubio, an employee of the Embassy of Guatemala during the regime of dictator Carlos Castillo Armas, and that it is from there that the lies published in Impacto begin. Rivera also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754400

  • Invitación a los intelectuales y maestros para que se inscriban como misioneros
    Vasconcelos, José
    José Vasconcelos calls upon Mexican intellectuals to travel to the backlands to share the hardships of the poor in order to learn from the experience. His challenge extends to young and cultured teachers, writers, poets and artists. Vasconcelos also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734623

  • La decadencia de las escuelas de arte
    Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998
    The sculptor Francisco Zúñiga analyzes the reasons for the failure of the art schools. He acknowledges that the art schools do not graduate artists; the students are rather there to learn a set of techniques that are essential to making art. La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812445

  • La decoración de Diego Rivera en la Preparatoria
    Molina, Renato
    Along with a caricature by Miguel Covarrubias published in a special edition of El Universal Ilustrado, Renato Molina Enríquez focuses his article on the encaustic technique used by Diego Rivera. This allows Antonio Caso’s article to explain the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755297

  • La Escuela Nacional de Agricultura en Chapingo
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera painted two different murals at the National School of Agronomy in Chapingo [now named Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, located near the Mexico City airport]. One was in the school’s offices, where Rivera explains that he was able to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732898

  • La pintura en México
    Cosío Villegas, Daniel, 1898-1976
    Daniel Cosío Villegas wonders why the natural order of having better writers than artists—painters, to be more precise—has been inverted in Mexico. He concludes that there are many reasons: an intense nationalism in politics as well as in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755305

  • La pintura mural : Fermín Revueltas
    Molina Enriquez, Renato
    From Renato Molina Enríquez’s insight, Mexico is imbued with visual invention. Despite the collapse of the native cultures, the landowners of the colonial era did not succeed in eliminating the people’s artistic potential; nevertheless, academic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734344