ICAA Researcher: Equipe Brasil: Heloisa Espada×
  • [A ação de Maria como escultora]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1956
    This essay by Murilo Mendes appeared in the exhibition catalogue for work by the sculptor Maria Martins at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1956. Mendes thinks the uniqueness of her work arises from a confrontation at a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110395

  • [Ata da primeira reunião do]
    Handa, Tomoo, 1906-
    1935
    This text is the minutes of the first meeting of the Grupo Seibi (1935). It presents the deliberations that took place in a meeting that stated the following objectives for the group: (1) Encourage ties among the members; (2) Hold a monthly meeting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110650

  • [Cada vez que procuro situar]
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1961
    In this article, the artist Hélio Oiticica discusses the work of Lygia Clark. He believes that her work has become part of a historic art movement, and underscores his connections to the artist’s work. Oiticica expresses his admiration for Clark [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110352

  • [Esta exposição desenvolve temas enunciados na exposição Bahia]
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    1963
    This is an article by the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi, who lived in Brazil, about the first exhibition held at the MAP (Museu de Arte Popular) in 1963 in Salvador, the capital of the state of Bahia. The exhibit included everyday items handcrafted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110868

  • [Ismael Nery nasceu em Belém do Pará]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    In his text on the life and work of Ismael Nery, writer Murilo Mendes asserts that, though Nery was mostly known as a painter, his true focus was philosophy. Mendes provides an overview of Nery’s “essentialism”—a philosophical system he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110383

  • [Letter] 1927 December 25, São Paulo [to] Prudente de Moraes Neto
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1927
    This is a letter from the critic Mário de Andrade to the writer Prudente de Moraes Neto. Adopting a brotherly tone, de Andrade criticizes the Surrealist nature of Moraes Neto’s article in the modernist magazine VERDE, published in Cataguazes (in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110368

  • [Letter] 1963 ago. 2, Fortaleza, Ceará [to] Lina Bo Bardi, Salvador, Bahia
    Xavier, Lívio, 1900-
    1963
    This is a letter from Lívio Xavier—who, at the time, was the director of the MAUC (Museu de Arte da Universidade do Ceará)—to the architect Lina Bo Bardi, who was the director of both the MAMB (Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia) and the MAP (Museu [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110864

  • [Terá existido um pintor verdadeiramente surrealista?]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    This text by writer Murilo Mendes addresses the connections between the work of Brazilian painter Nery and the Surrealist movement. It contains an account of when, in 1927, Nery met Russian painter Marc Chagall and remarks on certain affinities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110384

  • [Um dos mais importantes acontecimentos culturais dos últimos tempos...]
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    This document is the cooperation agreement between the government of the State of Bahia, the Museu de Arte Moderno da Bahia (MAMB), and the Universidade da Bahia that establishes joint efforts in the sphere of culture and efforts to work on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110870

  • A arte na Inglaterra
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Head, H. Herbert (Henry Herbert)
    1935
    This is the statement of the British art critic Herbert Read, interviewed by the Brazilian artist Flávio de Carvalho. Read stresses the importance of the influence of black art on international modernism and claims that art is currently split into [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110385

  • A contemporaneidade de Rubem Valentim
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1970
    Critic Mário Pedrosa analyzes the work of Ruben Valentim and defines his “authentic Brazilian painting.” His work is removed from the well-known, anecdotal, and picturesque regionalism that abounds in the art of the state of Bahia, where [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110576

  • A criação do Livro da Criação
    Merquior, José Guilherme
    1960
    In this critical review of Livro da Criação, the work by Lygia Pape, the writer and Ambassador José Guilherme Merquior notes that though the piece is playful it is certainly not childish. He adds that the work depends entirely on the viewer’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090794

  • A defasagem africana ou crônica do I Festival Mundial de Artes Negras
    Valladares, Clarivaldo Prado
    1968
    This text by historian and critic Clarival do Prado Valladares discusses the First World Festival of Black Arts held in Dakar, Senegal, in 1966. He places emphasis on the range of perspectives in the lectures by African intellectuals working outside [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110461

  • A exposição de Carlos Bastos
    Valladares, José
    1949
    In this text, José Valladares reviews the show of work by Carlos Frederico Bastos held at the Public Library in the city of Salvador, state of Bahia. Valladares points out the diversity of the work on exhibit, which attests to the experimental [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110695

  • A expressão artistica nos alienados (contribuição para o estudo dos symbolos na arte)
    Cesar, Osorio
    1929
    Doctor Osório César used psychoanalysis to study the artistic expression of inpatients at the institution de Juquerí (in the São Paulo area). The writer compares his patients’ works with certain other modern artwork (created by children, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110386

  • A máquina, Calder, Léger e outros
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1948
    Mário Pedrosa analyzes the relationship that the works of Alexander Calder and other modern artists (especially Fernand Léger) have with industrial production. In his judgment, for Léger, machines are like an incomprehensible and frightening god; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085302

  • A morte de Ismael Nery
    Machado, Aníbal, 1894-1964
    1934
    Writer Aníbal Machado published this text on the occasion of the death of Ismael Nery. He points out some aspects of the artist’s personality and work and compares his painting with foreign artists of the stature of Max Ernest and André Masson [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110380

  • A nova forma poética: uma conversa com Tristan Tzara
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Tzara, Tristan, 1896-1963
    1935
    This is the transcript of a statement made by the poet Tristan Tzara when he was interviewed by Flávio de Carvalho during the latter’s trip to Europe in 1934. Tzara speaks at great length about Dadaist methods, the movement he leads, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110387

  • A obra de Lygia Clark
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1963
    Mário Pedrosa analyzes Lygia Clark’s artistic career beginning with the elimination of frames for her canvases (during the 1950s) through to the incorporation of the viewer’s action into her work (see her Bichos series) and the full integration [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085908

  • A transição da côr do quadro para o espaço e o sentido de construtividade
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1962
    Hélio Oiticica presents his research into the transition from two-dimensional paintings to three-dimensional works of art, discussing some of his own projects—such as Invenções, Núcleos, and Penetráveis—and the designs for open air [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110351

  • Agnaldo e a escultura afro americana
    Leite, José Roberto Teixeira
    1967
    The critic José Roberto Teixeira Leite rates the artist Agnaldo [Manoel dos Santos] as one of the greatest Brazilian sculptors of all times. The critic sees the artist’s work as the product of a syncretism that oscillates between African and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110462

  • Agnaldo Manoel dos Santos : origin, revelation and death of a primitive sculptor
    Valladares, Clarivaldo Prado
    1963
    In this essay on Bahían sculptor Agnaldo Manoel dos Santos, Clarival do Prado Valladares discusses aspects of the artist’s life—in particular, the arduous work he did making blocks of limestone— and of his work. The text describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110478

  • Amilcar de Castro
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1965
    In this article, Hélio Oiticica reviews Amílcar de Castro’s sculptural works, noticing as he does so that the artist is adopting a new approach within the context of constructive art by combining intellectual and expressive elements as part of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091536

  • André Breton
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1973
    This text by Murilo Mendes was written on the occasion of the death of French Surrealist writer André Breton in 1966. On the basis of certain encounters he had with Breton in Paris in 1952 and 1953, Mendes makes observations on the work and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110388

  • Arte concreta: objeto e objetivo
    Pignatari, Décio
    1956
    In this editorial, which appeared in the magazine A & D (Arquitetura & Decoração), Décio Pignatari discusses the poetry that was presented at the I Exposição Nacional de Arte Concreta (1956). When concrete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087349

  • Arte infantil
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1952
    Art critic Mário Pedrosa wrote this text for the catalogue of the Exposição Infantil held at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1952, which he based on the work regarding the creative potential of children conducted at the end [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110389

  • Arte negra no Brasil
    Ramos, Arthur, 1903-1949
    1949
    This text by Arthur Ramos is an overview of art of African origin in Brazil and its importance to the formation of the culture within the country. From a historical perspective, the text discusses Western contact with African art starting in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110426

  • Arte popular
    1963
    This is a short unsigned article about the opening of the Museu de Arte Popular (MAP) in 1963 in Salvador (Bahia). The writer refers to more than 200 art and craft works by more than twenty artists and artisans. Regarding the exhibition held along [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110862

  • Artesanato e criação estética: tapeçaria de Genaro de Carvalho
    Valladares, Clarivaldo Prado
    1962
    The art historian and critic Clarival do Prado Valladares discusses the connections he sees between Genaro de Carvalho’s tapestries and the traditional art of the state of Bahia. The critic insists that Carvalho’s works cannot be mistaken for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110696

  • As gravuras de Poty
    Valladares, José
    1950
    In this text, José Valladares remarks on the show of prints by Brazilian artist Poty Lazzarotto held in the city of Salvador, in the state of Bahia, in 1950. Valladares sheds light on Lazzarotto’s professional training and the range of techniques [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110846

  • Ballet concreto
    Jardim, Reynaldo
    1958
    In this essay the poet Reynaldo Jardim describes the theoretical underpinnings of a “concrete ballet.” Along the lines of other forms of Concrete Art, the production seeks to convey a “constructive” rather than chaotic feeling which, in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090897

  • Ballet: experiência visual
    Pape, Lygia
    1959
    In this statement, visual artist Lygia Pape discusses her proposal in Ballet neoconcreto; rendering space dynamic is, the artist explains, essential to works of this sort. In her view, works in modern dance by Oscar Schlemmer and Nicolas Schoffer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090926

  • Ciência e lirismo
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1935
    This is a literary article written by the artist Flávio de Carvalho, in which he describes his interview with and impressions of the French intellectual Roger Callois. During the interview, Callois states that twentieth-century science is no longer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110390

  • Composição
    Ruchti, Jacob
    1951
    This is a description of the Curso de Composição, the composition course for seven classes that the architect Jacob Ruchti taught at the IAC (Instituto de Arte Contemporânea) at the MASP (Museu de Arte de São Paulo). The professor explains that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087056

  • Congresso afro-brasileiro da Bahia
    Carneiro, Edison; Ferraz, Aydano do Couto, 1914-
    1940
    This is a preface to the book O negro no Brasil. Trabalhos apresentados ao 2º Congresso afro-brasileiro da Bahia (11 a 20 de janeiro de 1937) consisting of a collection of lectures presented at the event. The sociologists Edson Carneiro and Aydano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110850

  • Cor e estrutura-cor
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1960
    The critic Ferreira Gullar discusses the result of the I Exposição Neoconcreta as he reviews the works shown by Aluísio Carvão and Hélio Oiticica. He mentions the novel approach taken by both artists in their use of the exhibition space, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091219

  • Côr, tempo e estrutura
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1960
    In this article, Hélio Oiticica explains what he means by the terms “color,” “time,” “structure,” and even “space” as applied to his work, underscoring the interrelationships between these elements and the organic nature of his art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110353

  • Depoimento de Yoshyia Takaoka ao Centro de Pesquisa de Arte Brasileira da Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado
    Takaoka, Yoshiya, 1909-; Alvarado, Daisy V. M. Peccinini de
    1976
    This is the statement given by the Japanese painter Yoshiya Takaoka when he was interviewed by the researcher Daisy Peccinini in 1976. The artist talks about his life and work, recalling his immigration to Brazil in 1925 and his first jobs as an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110642

  • Depoimento: Tomoo Handa
    Handa, Tomoo, 1906-; Lourenço, Maria Cecília França, 1945-
    1982
    In this article, the Japanese painter and writer Tomoo Handa talks to Maria Cecília França Lourenço about the Grupo Seibi, a group of Japanese-Brazilian artists living in São Paulo, which was started in 1935. Handa, who was a member of the group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110643

  • Depoimentos sobre o Grupo Guanabara
    Pecorari, Alzira; Ianelli, Arcangelo; Fukushima, Tikashi, 1920-; Mori, Jorge Mitsuru; Marjo, 1953-; Wega Nery; Takaoka, Carmem; Coaracy, Ismenia; Handa, Tomoo, 1906-
    1988
    The synopsis in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110644

  • Do quadro ao não objeto
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1960
    In this essay, the critic Ferreira Gullar discusses his opinion of the work of Lygia Clark, which he believes is an example of how the Neo-Concrete movement was breaking with traditional ways of using the exhibition space. Ferreira Gullar construes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091272

  • Do que se chama escultura
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1960
    In this essay, the critic Ferreira Gullar discusses the work of the Constructivist sculptor Franz Weissmann. In Gullar’s opinion, and within the context of Concrete art, sculpture offers greater scope for experimentation than painting. He discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087407

  • Duas exposições
    Milliet, Sérgio, 1898-1966
    1952
    Critique by Sérgio Milliet of the manifesto recently released by grupo “ruptura” (1952) during the group’s inaugural show of geometric constructive art at the Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo in December of that same year. Despite praising [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085432

  • Esboço histórico : o elemento negro nas artes plásticas
    Cunha, Marianno Carneiro da, 1926-1980
    1983
    This is an excerpt from “Arte afro-brasileira,” a chapter in the book História Geral da Arte no Brasil. In it, the anthropologist Marianno Carneiro da Cunha stresses the importance of black artists and their art in the history of Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110463

  • Fiaminghi
    Pignatari, Décio
    1961
    In this review of the 1961 solo exhibition of painter Hermelindo Fiaminghi, the author roundly criticizes the current dilemma of Brazilian concrete art. He also condemns the movement for its failure to achieve one of its goals, which was to make it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110350

  • Forma, função e projeto geral
    Pignatari, Décio
    1957
    Décio Pignatari insists that the artist should be an integral part of the industrial production system, and proposes that art should be incorporated into architecture, urban development, industrial design, cinematography, advertising, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090070

  • Fujita
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1932
    This critical article on the work of the Japanese artist Tsuguharu Fujita was published during his stay in Brazil, in 1931–32. The writer Mário de Andrade explores the links between Fujita’s work (painted in France) and the European pictorial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110645

  • Gravura: depoimento de Lygia Pape
    Pape, Lygia
    1959
    In this article Lygia Pape discusses her work with woodcut blocks, and explains that prints produced using this technique must reflect their essentially graphic nature. She acknowledges her guiding principles, such as a respect for the texture of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090306

  • Grupo Frente
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1955
    In this text critic Mário Pedrosa presents the second Grupo Frente exhibition at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro), calling the reader’s attention to the distinctive characteristics of each artist. He praises the integration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083731

  • Hansen Bahia : 49-69
    Kothe, Peter; Becker, Heinz; Barata, Mário
    This is the leaflet produced for the exhibition of works by the German printmaker Hansen-Bahia that was shown in the cities of Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, and Porto Alegre. In addition to reproductions of the artist’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110878