ICAA Researcher: Camilo Sarmiento Jaramillo×
  • ¿Realismo es decadencia? ¿Abstraccionismo es solo incapacidad?... y el público...¿Qué prefiere?: Tres destacados pintores y un crítico plantean una polémica / Una encuesta de Jorge Moreno Clavijo para "Lecturas dominicales"
    Moreno Clavijo, Jorge, 1921-
    This article published in the “Lecturas Dominicales” or Sunday Readings section of the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo (April 1962) evidences the polemic surrounding abstract and figurative art in Colombia at the time. In the introduction to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087938

  • ¿Realismo o abstraccionismo? : el problema de los espacios plásticos
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, poet and critic Luis Vidales expresses his position on the debate surrounding abstract and figurative art, a polemic central to Colombian art at the time. First, Vidales argues that certain concepts have been poorly defined in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087631

  • “Los viajes del Barón de von Grau”
    Herazo, Álvaro, 1942-1988; Bernal, Delfina
    This 1978 interview with Enrique Grau by artists Álvaro Herazo and Delfina Bernal provides insight into how Grau viewed the art world. In it, Grau discusses his aesthetic concerns and beliefs as a painter, as well as his inclinations and points of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132724

  • A Luis Tejada, elegía humorística
    Rendón, Ricardo, 1894-1931
    In 1926, Ricardo Rendón produced a series of caricatures for “El jardín de los poetas” [The Garden of the Poets], a section of the Suplemento literario ilustrado [Illustrated Literary Supplement] of the Bogotá newspaper El Espectador. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093996

  • Actualidad de Ricardo Rendón : el artista y su mundo
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, Luis Vidales Jaramillo discusses the historical and sociological importance of the portrait artist and caricaturist Ricardo Rendón and the universality of his work. Vidales reflects on the eternal nature of genuine works of art. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089394

  • América y nosotros
    Achury Valenzuela, Darío
    In this article, commentator Darío Achury Valenzuela reflects on the state of relations between the Americas and Europe in the early thirties, on one hand, and between Colombia and the rest of the continent, on the other. The author begins with a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074736

  • Apuntes para una estética
    Guillén Martínez, Fernando, 1925-
    In this article, critic Fernando Guillén Martínez reflects on the relationship between the artist and the environment surrounding the creative process. To that end, he starts out by explaining the universal law of symmetry that maintains the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084552

  • Arte moderno en Colombia : de comienzos de siglo a las manifestaciones más recientes
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    In this text, historian and critic Germán Rubiano Caballero provides an overview of Colombian art from the twenties through the eighties. He analyzes each decade on the basis of two key criteria: how the modern is constructed and the tension between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100108

  • Caminos de Damasco en la estética de Croce : noticia de un filósofo idealista
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, Luis Vidales explains and critiques the aesthetics of Italian idealist philosopher Benedetto Croce. Vidales starts out with an introduction to Croce, emphasizing his importance to European aesthetics of the time. He then mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088014

  • Charlas literarias : los conceptos de Luis Vidales sobre la actual cultura de Europa : las orientaciones de la juventud de la post-guerra : el panorama intelectual de Colombia : los nuevos
    In this interview, Colombian writer and critic Luis Vidales provides an overview of European cultural thought of the late 1920s. First, he discusses the debate between nationalism and internationalism in the sphere of culture in order to flesh out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080192

  • Cuaderno de notas
    Arango Pérez, Débora, 1907-; Londoño Vélez, Santiago
    This text consists of reproductions of some pages from a notebook where painter Débora Arango jotted down information and impressions during her stay in Spain in 1954 and 1955, as well as comments by Colombian curator and artist Santiago Londoño V [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097788

  • El "otro" punto de vista : el IX salón
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    This article reads like an indictment of the IX Salón Anual de Artistas Colombianos held in August 1952 at the Biblioteca Nacional in Bogota. Critic Luis Vidales Jaramillo voices a resounding personal judgment of some of the works exhibited and of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089774

  • El año artístico de 1946: pintura y escultura
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this article, poet and art critic Jorge Gaitán Durán takes stock of the activities that took place on the Colombian art scene in 1946. He begins with a reflection on the overall state of the visual arts in the country. He asserts that 1946 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132789

  • El campo artístico colombiano en el Salón de Arte de 1910
    Garay Celeita, Alejandro, 1983-
    In this article, the [art] historian Alejandro Garay Celeita examines the Exposición del Centenario de 1910, particularly the Salón de Arte, to determine how the visual arts related to the hypothesis: “the nation underlies the celebrations.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093337

  • El centenario de Taine
    Lleras Camargo, Felipe
    In this tribute to French critic and historian Hippolyte Taine on the one hundredth anniversary of his birth, Felipe Lleras provides a brief overview of Taine’s method and discusses the response to his thought in Colombia in the twenties. According [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089759

  • El clan de Barranquilla
    Roca Baena, Julio, 1935-1992
    In this article, prestigious film critic and journalist Julio Roca Baena briefly recalls the Grupo de Barranquilla active in the mid-fifties and its importance to Colombian art, literature, and journalism. At the opening of the text, Roca Baena [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132741

  • El cubismo ante la bancarrota del mundo moderno
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    This article provides a sociological assessment of Cubism on the basis of the idea that all art reflects the needs of its times. It questions those who have condemned Cubism because it changed the rules of classical representation formulated in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087711

  • El pintor Alejandro Obregón
    Gómez Jaramillo, Ignacio, 1910-1970
    In this article, the Colombian painter, Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo, comments on the first individual exhibition by the young painter, Alejandro Obregón. To introduce the artist, Gómez Jaramillo emphasizes his training in the Catalan milieu where he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098811

  • El pintor Enrique Grau
    Obregón, Alejandro, 1920-1992
    In this article, Alejandro Obregón criticizes the exhibition of works by fellow painter Enrique Grau at the Sociedad Colombiana de Arquitectos in Bogotá in 1948. Obregón compares the work in this show with Grau’s earlier production, asserting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132757

  • El primer salón del arte colombiano
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    This article discusses the major works shown at the Primer Salón Nacional [First National Salon] of Colombian artists from September through October 1940. The author sharply criticizes the lack of well-thought-out opinions on the event, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1076467

  • El público, contrario al arte moderno
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    This article attempts to trace the historical relationship between the public and artworks that rupture with tradition; its aim is to analyze how Modern art was judged at the time it emerged. To that end, Walter Engel, an Austrian historian and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080425

  • En torno del pintor Marco Ospina : breve lección sobre arte abstracto
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this 1950 article, Luis Vidales describes the view Colombian critics had of abstract art, and while on the subject, he introduces the work of the Colombian painter Marco Ospina. Vidales begins by discussing how art critics have reacted to new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1076524

  • Exposición colectiva en El Callejón
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, art critic Marta Traba comments on the group exhibition held at “El Callejón” gallery in 1956. She asserts that the exhibition is of interest for two main reasons. First, because of the individual works and creators included and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102741

  • Galería El Caballito
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    In this article, Walter Engel, an Austrian critic who lived in Colombia, reviews the group exhibition held on the occasion of the opening of “El Caballito” gallery in Bogotá in 1956. Engel asserts that the opening of the gallery represents a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102725

  • Grau : pintor en Nueva York
    Panesso, Fausto, 1953-
    This is a summary of the conversation that took place when Fausto Panesso interviewed Enrique Grau in 1991, at the time when Grau was living in New York. Grau begins by discussing how he feels about living in Manhattan, and talks in general terms [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131872

  • Grau Contradictorio
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, the well-known critic Marta Traba discusses the solo exhibition that Enrique Grau presented in Bogotá in September 1962. Traba sees a contradiction between Grau’s preferred subjects, and paradoxically, his rejection of them in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1105079

  • Indagación sobre G. Vásquez Ceballos : el arte en nuestra vida colonial
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, the critic Luis Vidales Jaramillo presents an overview of the work of the Colombian painter Gregorio Vázquez de Arce y Ceballos, one of the major colonial artists of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Vidales places the artist in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089448

  • Introducción
    Zalamea, Jorge, 1905-1969
    In the introduction to his book “Nueve artistas colombianos” [Nine Colombian Artists], poet and art critic Jorge Zalamea explains the objectives of the publication, and discusses the Colombian art scene of the early forties. Zalamea starts out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097837

  • La crítica de arte en Colombia : amnesias de una tradición
    López Rosas, William Alfonso, 1964-
    In this article, researcher and art historian William Alfonso López Rosas provides a theoretical justification for the need to historicize art criticism in Colombia, and he describes some of the most important efforts that have been made along those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093851

  • La metodología del arte : una entrevista con Luis Vidales
    Zalamea, Jorge, 1905-1969
    In 1951, the weekly magazine Crítica published this interview with the Colombian poet Luis Vidales Jaramillo, in which the first two questions explore his teaching vocation, his historically and sociologically inspired methodology, and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088833

  • La pintura de Grau Araujo
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this article, Jorge Gaitán Durán discusses the work produced by the Colombian artist Enrique Grau in the late 1940s. Gaitán Durán mentions one of the main paradoxes of modern art: that principles and solutions exist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100660

  • La pintura de Wiedemann
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this review, the Colombian critic Jorge Gaitán Durán praises the work of the German painter Guillermo Wiedemann in terms of its ability to synthesize a range of aesthetic and human components. The author begins by referring to the previous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094124

  • La verdad en el arte : simpatías y diferencias
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In this article, the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón reviews the Tratado de Estética [Aesthetics Treatise] by Luis Vidales Jaramillo, a few months after it was published. The Guatemalan author contextualizes Vidales Jaramillo’s work, describing its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089477

  • Las artes plásticas en Colombia en el siglo XX
    Acuña, Luis Alberto, 1904-1994
    This article provides a brief overview of Colombian art and a diagnosis of its general state in 1942. Luis Alberto Acuña asserts that Colombian art history can be divided into three distinct periods: the pre-Hispanic, the viceregal, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080462

  • Las modernas corrientes de la pintura : la lucha por lo revolucionario
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, the Colombian writer and critic Luis Vidales evaluates aesthetic methods based on spiritual causality, as distinct from positivist doctrines that seek causality in external phenomena. He suggests that style—that is, the technical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088481

  • Monografía del Bachué : advocación lírica a Nuestra Señora la diosa Bachué
    Grupo Bachué (Colombia)
    This document is the cover of the “Monografía del Bachué,” published on June 15, 1930, by some of the artists and writers who began the Bachué group. In this text, the Bachués use poetic and lyrical language reminiscent of prayer as they [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074707

  • Música de líneas por Enrique Grau
    Montaña, Antonio, 1932-
    In this article, Colombian writer Antonio Montaña provides an overview of the work and artistic career of Enrique Grau. He begins by mentioning the Salón de los XXVI held in the late forties, in which Grau, along with other artists committed to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100092

  • Notas sobre el séptimo salón de artistas colombianos
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, which consists of notes on the Séptimo Salón de Artistas Colombianos held in 1946, critic Luis Vidales Jaramillo addresses six issues. First, he cites the aesthetic doctrine of Italian professor Matteo Marangoni, which he then uses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089559

  • Nuevas caricaturas de Omar Rayo : exposiciones
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, Luis Vidales reflects on the art of caricature after viewing an exhibition of works by the young artist Omar Rayo, who distorts and contorts lianas to create his images. Vidales begins by asking where caricature stands within the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089504

  • Origen del estilo en el arte : especial para la "Revista Contemporánea"
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this text, writer Luis Vidales compares an aesthetic method grounded on spiritual causality to positivist formulations that see causality as residing in external phenomena. Vidales maintains that style (defined as technical aspects of the work of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079647

  • Plásticas : el arte de Édgar Negret
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this article, the critic Jorge Gaitán Durán discusses the work of the sculptor Edgar Negret. The former refers to the Colombian artist’s commitment to addressing the country’s social conditions in his work. This commitment is visible in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094140

  • Plásticas : la pintura de Eduardo Ramírez
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this article, the poet and critic Jorge Gaitán Durán discusses the development of sculptor Eduardo Ramírez Villamizar as a painter. The author outlines the artist’s career and refers to some of the artist’s technical traits; he praises the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094108

  • Prefacio
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    This essay by Germán Rubiano Caballero was the introductory text in the catalogue for the retrospective exhibition of work by Enrique Grau that was presented in 1983 at the Colombian-American Center in Bogotá. Rubiano Caballero begins by mentioning [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131856

  • Presentación
    Pini, Ivonne
    In this introduction to her book En busca de lo propio, the art historian and critic Ivonne Pini sets forth her methodological principles and the basic questions that guided her research. First, the author states the need to undertake a study of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093353

  • Prólogo
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this prologue to Tratado de Estética [Aesthetic Treatise], Colombian poet and critic Luis Vidales outlines the tenets of his theory and the framework of his research. In essence, his treatise attempts to refute “aesthetic systems” that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080374

  • Reconocimiento a dos maestros : Grau y Negret : 80 años
    Serrano, Eduardo, 1939-
    In this short article, the art critic Eduardo Serrano introduces the work of artists Enrique Grau Araujo and Édgar Negret on the occasion of their eightieth birthdays. Serrano assures us that Grau has enriched the figurative tradition in Colombian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1129990

  • Sobre el arte nuevo en la post-guerra : carta a los artistas de América
    Oteiza, Jorge de, 1908-2003
    In this extensive article, Spanish sculptor Jorge de Oteiza examines the connections between art from the Americas and art from Europe, urging American artists not to fall into a fanatical independence and eschew the essential influence of European [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089675

  • Sociología del arte III : las socializaciones del arte
    Ayala Garcia-Duarte, Francisco, 1906-2009
    In this article, Spanish writer and critic Fernando Ayala García-Duarte provides a comprehensive theoretical discussion of the relationship between works of art and their specific social contexts, as well as how art can effect changes in the social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089660

  • Tendencias contemporáneas
    Acuña, Luis Alberto, 1904-1994
    One of the closing chapters of the multi-volume publication Historia extensa de Colombia, this text by Luis Alberto Acuña reconstructs the history of Colombian sculpture. In it, Acuña discusses the work of two artists—Édgar Negret and Rodrigo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132773

  • Vigor y optimismo en la pintura nacional : una polémica sobre pintura
    Echavarría, Rogelio
    This article by Colombian poet and journalist Rogelio Echavarría sparked a controversy on Colombian painting of the time and its role in a broader Latin American art.  The author begins by contextualizing the problem.  According to Echavarría, a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091111