Copyright Credit Line: Courtesy of Alma Mérida, Mexico City, México×
  • [El caso de Germán Cueto en la escultura contemporánea...]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1948
    In this essay, the painter Carlos Mérida emphasizes Germán Cueto’s capacity to work with different materials such as iron, tin, and plastics, by connecting them to a new aesthetic modality called “design.” For Mérida, design is the vital [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736834

  • [La pintura, en su estado actual,...]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1953
    Carlos Mérida sets forth eleven tenets on the development of painting in relation to the integration of the arts; these function both as a manifesto and as an introduction to the catalog. For the artist, functional painting is equivalent to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733691

  • [Sobre fotografía]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida asserts that photography is an art which has no developmental links to the advance of technology (as is the case with science) since daguerreotypes can be just as beautiful as contemporary photographs. For this author it is necessary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757912

  • A propósito de la Exposición de Isabel Villaseñor
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
     Carlos Mérida comments that in Mexico xylography [wood engraving] has become the prevalent artistic trend of the time. He describes some characteristics of this technique, such as the use of pure contrast between light and dark. On the other hand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736784

  • Abstracción y símbolo en la pintura
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1940
    During the 1940s, Carlos Mérida’s reflections tend toward abstract art and its protagonists. In this article, the painter states that for those who are not familiar with abstract painting, a symbolic form of interpretation is the most logical. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757819

  • Crítica de Arte
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    Carlos Mérida reviews the 1926 Exhibition of the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. He comments that what stands out for its pictorial values, is the group of works presented by the Escuelas de Pintura al Aires Libre [Open-Air Painting Schools], but [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747165

  • Dos pintores nacionalistas : Ricardo X. Arias y Erasto Cortéz
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
    In this article, Carlos Mérida points out that the popular arts, as regards education, represent a point of departure. However, if one intends to produce high painting and/or national expression, the popular element must be an animator, a basis for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735978

  • En torno a la "Integración"-
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1954
    By 1954, Carlos Mérida had published 11 tenets related to what he called functional painting and its importance in the integration of the visual arts, as well as some theoretical concepts regarding architectonic-pictorial space. For Mérida, at that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733682

  • Esculturas policromadas de Juan Olaguíbel
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
    Carlos Mérida notes that, though much has been written about Mexican folk art, its full potential is largely overlooked, since it is in fact the essential expression of a nation built on the bedrock of its own culture. In this painter’s opinion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736709

  • Fotografía y cinematógrafo
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1932
    In spite of showing his work in solo photography exhibitions, Carlos Mérida’s favorite subject to write about was Emilio Amero’s cinematographic work. Specifically, he focuses on 3-3-3 shorts, whose balance surprises him, since the medium works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794617

  • Fotografía y cinematógrafo : Emilio Amero
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1932
    In this newspaper article, Carlos Mérida, a Guatemalan artist who lived in Mexico, quotes from an essay he had written for the exhibition catalogue, Amero 25 nuevas fotografías [Amero: 25 New Photographs]. He also includes three of Emilio Amero’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774109

  • Frescoes in primary schools
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1937
    This article is one of the few that describes the murals painted in several primary schools in Mexico, thus it allows us to know what it was like before its total or partial destruction. The title of this mural by Pablo O’Higgins was Vida y [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812711

  • Juan Cruz en la escultura moderna
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1953
    Carlos Mérida discusses the creative limitations of sculpture, which in contrast to painting, has lacked a natural evolution in spirit and experimentation; he believes it has also lacked contact with other manifestations of universal sculpture and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733520

  • La escuela pictórica del día : el simultaneísmo de Delaunay
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1920
    Carlos Mérida describes Impressionism as an artistic movement that promoted freedom of thought and opinion. This led to a great proliferation of schools and pictorial forms of expression that, in spite of having dealt the fatal blow to the stifling [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733669

  • La exposición anual de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1920
    In this article Carlos Mérida reviews the annual exhibition at the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. He emphasizes the show’s disorder, the lack of information to guide the public, and the unevenness of both quantity and quality among the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733656

  • La nueva Galería de Arte Moderno : The new Modern Art Gallery
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1929
    Carlos Mérida reports that given the global importance that Mexican painting has taken on and the interest generated by its evolution, the Departamento del Distrito Federal [DDF, Mexico City-City Hall] founded an art gallery to exhibit works by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757942

  • La pintura de Tamiji Kita-Gawa
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
    Carlos Mérida comments that the mere imitation of the motifs of popular art, constantly repeated in the artistic production, may lead to the creation of “standard” painters, without any purpose, since the production of the popular artists will [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736776

  • La verdadera significación de la obra de Saturnino Herrán : los falsos criterios
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1920
    This essay is a severe critique of the literary figures that at that time served as art critics in Mexico. According to the author they critiqued art although they possessed no knowledge of the field. For Carlos Mérida, Saturnino Herrán’s art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733457

  • Las nuevas tendencias del muralismo en el mundo
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1953
    This article by Carlos Mérida sets forth the different formal and basic elements for the integration of several art fields: scale, rhythm, color and harmony. In the artist’s opinion, the new generation of Mexican painters possesses a tendency [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735942

  • Los dibujos de Amero en los periódicos neoyorquinos
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    Carlos Mérida points out the two essential factors for the success in New York of Emilio Amero’s sketches. One is novelty and public interest in different things; the other is the intrinsic goodness of the evolutionary spirit and the strength of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754946

  • Los nuevos rumbos del muralismo mexicano
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1953
    This essay is the first sketch of some of Carlos Mérida’s original concepts on Integración Plástica [Arts Integration]. He states that functional painting—the only path in contemporary art—should be created for the majority of people, in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733512

  • Los Nuevos Valores en la Pintura Mexicana
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1924
    This article by Carlos Mérida begins by citing Raynolds Maryland, who stated in a text published in the New York Herald, that Mexico was experiencing a birth and not a renaissance, with reference to Mexican art. This birth resulted in a discovery [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747178

  • Los tejidos guatemaltecos
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1942
    This essay presents a dense description of the clothing of certain indigenous groups in Guatemala. The writer describes, as far as possible, the fabrics used in different garments in a country where "indigenous people are still of pure stock in many [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789203

  • Motivo decorativo mexicano de Fernando Best Pontones
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
    In the review that Carlos Mérida writes about the exhibit by Fernando Best Pontones at the Galería de Arte, he underlines the importance of exhibiting decorative drawings, since such art contributes to the development of an interesting Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736677

  • Orozco hace opera : el público ya no quiere "ver" pintura sino "oírla" dice en Nueva York el artista tapatío
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1940
    Carlos Mérida quotes José Clemente Orozco at length in this article. Orozco had been invited to paint a fresco to accompany the show 20 Siglos de Arte Mexicano [20 Centuries of Mexican Art], presented at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1940 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733648

  • Panorama de la pintura moderna mexicana
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1932
    Carlos Mérida divides his essay into two parts. In the first one, he outlines the historical development of artistic activity in Mexico, beginning with the general strike of 1910 and ending at the dawn of the muralist period. In the second, Mérida [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747625

  • Proemio o Parte Escrita de la Plática Dada por Carlos Mérida en Chicago en Marzo de 1938
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1938
    Carlos Mérida starts this lecture by commenting on the effort made by U.S. artists to found a center for the Union Artists Gallery, which would surely lay the foundation for the future of art in the United States. He notes the close affinity between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747185

  • Salón 61 : una sencilla mujer del norte : ¿Señor, por qué han premiado cuadros tan feos?
    Valdés, Carlos
    1961
    In this article Carlos Valdés writes a short review of the 1961 Salón la Plástica Mexicana [1961 Salon of the Mexican Visual Arts]. He tells the story of a woman who approached him at the exhibition and asked him if he understood why prizes had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735951

  • Sobre un artículo de Samuel Ramos : una carta de nuestro colaborador Carlos Mérida
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1942
    Carlos Mérida sends this letter to the magazine Ars to protest the article by Samuel Ramos entitled “Twenty years of painting in Mexico,” published in the first issue of said periodical. The artist expresses his disagreement, pointing out the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 746913

  • Un juicio sobre la pintura de Tamayo
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1948
    Taking Rufino Tamayo’s exhibition at the Palacio de Bellas Artes [Palace of Fine Arts] in 1948 as a starting point, Carlos Mérida writes an essay in which he analyzes Tamayo’s work with reference to its composition, themes, styles and influences [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733466