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  • [Letter] 1970 January 5, Caracas, Venezuela [to] Todt
    Gego
    1970
    This letter, written in English by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, was sent to Stanton L. Catlin, director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, in 1970; it addresses specific [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107360

  • [Letter] 1970 January 7, New York
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1970
    In this letter dated January 7, 1970, Stanton L. Catlin, an American curator and director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, invites a limited number of people to a private viewing of a work, Reticulárea, by Gego; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107328

  • [Letter] 1971 December 6, San Juan, Puerto Rico [to] H. D. Glicksman
    Marrozzini, Luigi
    1971
    Luigi Marrozzini, director of the Galería Colibrí in San Juan, provides H.D. Glicksman with information about the Portafolio Latinoamericano, which consists of twenty-two original prints, mostly etchings and lithographs produced in signed, limited [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861612

  • [Letter] 1972 Enero 8, Miramar, Puerto Rico [to] Andrew Viglucci, editor of The San Juan Star
    Homar, Lorenzo
    1972
    In this letter to the editor of The San Juan Star newspaper, Lorenzo Homar comes to the defense of art critic Ernesto Ruiz de la Mata in the wake of the article written by the artist Rafael Rivera García, who said that Ruiz de la Mata’s columns [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863708

  • [Letter] 1972 July 21, Caracas, Venezuela [to] James Harithas
    Gego
    1972
    This letter written in English by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, is addressed to Mr. James Harithas, director of the Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, New York. Dated July 21, 1972, the letter states that despite her enthusiasm, Gego must [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148350

  • [Letter] 1974 Enero 20, Miramar, Puerto Rico [to] the editor The San Juan Star
    Homar, Lorenzo
    1974
    In response to an article that appeared in the art section of The San Juan Star newspaper, Lorenzo Homar explains that there will not be a “counter Biennial” at the Tercera Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [Third San Juan Biennial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863670

  • [Letter] 1974 July 18, Caracas, Venezuela [to] Mrs. Blumberg
    Gego
    1974
    This letter written by Gego in English is addressed to Mrs. Sandra Trop Blumberg, executive director of the Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, New York. In it, Gego acknowledges receipt of Blumberg’s letter, dated July 3, and informs her that she [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148329

  • [Letter] 1974 March 21, [s.l.] [to] Los Angeles Times
    Hernandez, Judithe
    1974
    This document is a letter by Judithe Hernandez to the Los Angeles Times, written in response to the review of the Los Four exhibition by staff writer William Wilson. She refutes Wilson’s statements, that the museum lowered its standards and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083503

  • [Letter] 1974 May 29, New York [to] Board of Directors of El Museo del Barrio
    Colectiva de Artistas Puertorriqueños
    1974
    The group—calling itself the Colectiva de Artistas Puertorriqueños—articulates the concern that the policies of El Museo del Barrio marginalize the production of Puerto Rican artists in New York in favor of promoting well-established artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803050

  • [Letter] 1974 September 6, San Antonio, Tejas [to] Rudy Treviño
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-; Peña, Amado Maurilio, 1943-; Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-
    1974
    This document was written under the letterhead “Tres” [Three], yet signed by artists Carmen Lomas Garza, Amado Maurilio Peña, and César Augusto Martinez. The authors outline their reasons for resigning from the collective Con Safo [sometimes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849230

  • [Letter] 1974, May 7, Syracuse, New York [to] Gego
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1974
    In this letter written in English and dated May 7, 1974, Stanton L. Catlin informs Gego that he has been named a professor of art, and director of the galleries at Syracuse University, New York. He states that he will also be collaborating with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159018

  • [Letter] 1975 Junio 28 [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Camacho, Paul, 1929-1989
    1975
    In this letter, Puerto Rican artist Paul Camacho conveys his personal opinion to printmaker Lorenzo Homar concerning an exhibition at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas [School of Visual Arts] at the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña [ICP, Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856431

  • [Letter] 1977 October 24, San Francisco, CA [to] the editor of the San Francisco Chronicle.
    1977
    This document is a letter addressed to the editor of the San Francisco Chronicle and signed by Artists of the Fifth Sun Exhibition. It was written in response to the review of the exhibition The Fifth Sun: Contemporary/Traditional Chicano and Latino [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127296

  • [Letter] 1979 August 3, Austin, Texas [to] Javier Pacheco
    Avila, Consuelo
    1979
    This a letter requesting support for the promotion of the first international conference of Chicano art, organized by Santa Barraza and Consuelo Avila in 1979. The stated objective of the conference is to provide an overview of the history and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082353

  • [Letter] 1980 December 18, La Misión, San Francisco [to] Malaquías Montoya
    Carrillo, Graciela
    1980
    In this letter, San Francisco artist and muralist Graciela Carrillo challenges Malaquías Montoya’s essay, “A Critical Perspective in the State of Chicano Art,” on what she describes as its elitist, rhetorical style that made it hard to read, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848837

  • [Letter] 1982 January 6, New York [to] Lucy Lippard
    Dimas, Marcos
    1982
    In this letter, artist Marcos Dimas writes to art critic Lucy R. Lippard and invites her to review his exhibition at El Museo del Barrio. Dimas discusses his participation in an activist artist collective, known as the Art Workers’ Coalition, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802977

  • [Letter] 1993 February 5 [to] Elisabeth Sussman
    Noriega, Chon A., 1961-
    1993
    This letter was written by UCLA professor Chon Noriega to Elizabeth Sussman, a former curator of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Written in 1993, the letter addresses several concerns about the museum’s upcoming Biennial Exhibition with regard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809251

  • [Letter] s.d., s.l. [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Camacho, Paul, 1929-1989
    The Puerto Rican artist Paul Camacho writes to Lorenzo Homar about his disagreement with a critique of his work that appeared in Frente. Camacho tells Homar that he expressed his disapproval but was outvoted and the Editorial Board of Frente decided [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863979

  • [Martina Lopez]
    Hesse, Gary
    1999
    In this text, Gary Hesse considers the direction Martina Lopez’s work took after she was introduced in 1986 to computer imaging that became the main means with which she created her photographs. With this new tool, Hesse explains, Lopez has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1050793

  • [My altarwork in the public setting dates back to 1976...]
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1983
    The essay is a brief artist statement in which Amalia Mesa-Bains recounts her beginnings as an altar-maker at the Galería de la Raza in San Francisco in the late 1970s and her subsequent transition from constructing personal altars to public [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082948

  • [My paintings cannot...]
    De Romero, Ralph
    1988
    In these short verses, Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, starts out talking about what paintings seek to achieve. He goes on to state what he believes should be included in paintings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 862881

  • [Notas] 26 de abril de 1974, 27 de abril de 1976. Notas sobre el color en la pintura.
    De Romero, Ralph
    1974
    Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, tells us about his experiences as a painter. He says his creative experience is spontaneous and that his painting becomes the tangible evidence of that experience. De Romero also notes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863005

  • [O autor das vinte e sete esculturas representando os...]
    Amado, Jorge, 1912-2001; Rego, Waldeloir
    1979
    This book is on the wooden panels sculpted by Carybé, an Argentine artist who resided in Brazil. The reliefs represent Candomblé Orishas, that is, male, female, or gender neutral Afro-Brazilian deities. In his introduction, Afro-Brazilian artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110537

  • [O MAC acolheu o público...] = [The MAC has welcomed the public...]
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    1972
    Walter Zanini introduces the exhibition Acontecimentos, held by the Museu de Arte Contemporânea (MAC) at the Universidade de São Paulo (USP). He notes that the silent atmosphere was disturbed by the reading of a communiqué from the artist Lydia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110662

  • [One's totality]
    De Romero, Ralph
    2000
    In this brief article, Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, expresses his thoughts about the duality of life: both the physical and the spiritual. The introspective tone of the article concludes with comments about the side street [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847922

  • [Personal statement, Art Institute of Chicago’s Betty Rymer Gallery]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1992
    In this text, artist Bibiana Suarez’s makes a personal statement about her experience as a self-imposed Puerto Rican exile in Chicago, her negotiations of living “on the edge of two cultures,” and her artistic exploration of feelings of loss, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782119

  • [Reflexiones sobre mi origen y encuentros...]
    Gego
    2005
    In this letter addressed to professor Frithjof Trapp at the Universität von Hamburg, Gego, the German-born Venezuelan artist, looks back on her life and talks about her origins in the city of Hamburg, Germany: her family, her schooling, her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864354

  • [Reinventing Jimmy Green]
    Kovatch, Ron
    2001
    In this essay, Ron Kovatch explores how issues of relocation, assimilation, and identity are manifest in the group of sculptures by Raoul Deal presented in the installation Reinventing Jimmy Green. Inspired by his grandfather Eugenio Greco’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840758

  • [Relaciones de lineas creadas...]
    Gego
    In this manuscript, the German-born Venezuelan artist Gego shares her thoughts about the line, denying that it originates in the sensory field or the knowledge field [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855429

  • [São vastos e misteriosos os espaços descontínuos entre representação, percepção e tradução] = [The gaps between representation, perception and translation are vast and mysterious]
    Pedrosa, Adriano
    1997
    Guided by certain poetic and fictional considerations, the art critic and curator Adriano Pedrosa discusses Daniel Senise’s paintings. Using short phrases that address various parts of the catalogue in a frank dialogue with the images, the author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110987

  • [Sometimes he has two heads, many masks, four eyes, or fish for genitals...]
    Lippard, Lucy
    1986
    Renowned art critic Lucy Lippard compares Papo Colo’s artistry to an island like his native Puerto Rico that is also striving for independence. Trying to relate Colo’s painting style to what had become the shadow term of “expressionism,” she [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849831

  • [Speech given at the Terra Museum of Art, Chicago]
    Sierra, Paul, 1944-
    The Cuban-American artist Paul Sierra begins this lecture, delivered at the Terra Museum of Art in Chicago, by declaring that even though he has been asked to speak about the “sources of Hispanic Art,” he has decided to speak instead about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064040

  • [Talk given by Bibiana Suaréz for panel, "Object, Image and Illusion" at the Women's Caucus for Arts 1992 Conference]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    1992
    In this panel presentation at the 1992 Women's Caucus for Arts, artist Bibiana Suarez spoke about how her images reflect her reality as a Puerto Rican living in the United States who feels caught between two cultures and who insistently searches for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867477

  • [The above reverie from what is to date perhaps the most vivid...]
    Blanc, Giulio V.
    1990
    In this essay, Giulio V. Blanc discusses various reactions to the 1988 burning of a Manuel Mendive’s drawing in Florida, to explain the different attitudes held by Cuban- Americans towards Cuba. He then connects this to the larger issue of exile [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801733

  • [The line as a human mean to express...]
    Gego
    The German-born Venezuelan artist Gego briefly explains some of her thoughts on the meaning and use of the line. In her view the human idea of “a line” is abstract, since it does not exist in nature. But as a medium it can express descriptive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855370

  • [The Museo del Barrio has been in existence for over eight years...]
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1978
    In this brief statement, Nuyorican artist Jorge Soto provides an historical overview of El Museo del Barrio. The author contends that the institution emphasized the educational value of Puerto Rican culture, but did not attend to the needs of Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842291

  • [The United States collects Pan-American art]
    Shapiro, Joseph Randall
    In this introduction to the catalogue of the 1959 exhibition The United States Collects Pan-American Art held at the Art Institute of Chicago, curator Joseph Randall Shapiro addresses the issue of the inadequacy of the term “Latin American art” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782215

  • [The work selected for this exhibition traces the last years...]
    Peña, Gladys
    1982
    In her brief introduction to the exhibition catalogue, Children of Darkness: Rafael Colón Morales, curator Gladys Peña asserts that Colón Morales broke away from the traditional painting of Puerto Rico by experimenting with both surrealist and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842215

  • [There are no aspects of the prodigy in me...]
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    This document is a short handwritten entry from the journal of Carlos Almaraz. He begins with a discussion of how his art should be a product of daily practice. He then comments that his aim is to achieve a sense of poetry in his work but at a visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083381

  • [There has been a lot of talk lately on campus...]
    Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-
    This document is a statement by Chicano artist Malaquías Montoya on the relationship between art and politics. The author suggests that these are always inextricably linked to one another and that nowhere is this more evident than in the structure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081760

  • [There is a certain sensationalism...]
    De Romero, Ralph
    1980
    Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, states that prejudices against painting styles can change quickly; negative attitudes can suddenly turn positive. One example of this is what happens with art critics, who may change a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863043

  • [This exhibition at El Museo del Barrio celebrates a public work by a Puerto Rican artist...]
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1990
    The essay provides a biographical overview of the career of mural artist Nitza Tufiño, the daughter of Puerto Rican printmaker Rafael Tufiño. In it, curator Susana Torruella Leval describes Nitza Tufiño’s process of creating a ceramic tile mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802505

  • [This exhibition includes images by Carmen Lomas Garza...]
    Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-; Marquis, Anne-Louise
    1995
    This document is the transcript of an interview between Chicana visual artist Carmen Lomas Garza and Anne-Louise Marquis, curator of Directions, a 1995 exhibition of her works. The interview covers a wide range of topics, including Lomas Garza’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849200

  • [To create motion...]
    De Romero, Ralph
    1979
    In this paragraph, Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, writes about the creation of movement in a defined space. He explains that his figurative painting is based on movement. Included beneath the text is a small painting, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863024

  • [Uma tela de Daniel Senise nos diz que é impossível ter certeza]
    Pedrosa, Adriano
    1994
    The art critic Adriano Pedrosa wrote this essay as an introduction to Daniel Senise’s 1994 exhibition  at the Thomas Cohn Arte Contemporânea gallery in Rio de Janeiro. In Pedrosa’s opinion, the narratives in Senise’s work are as seductive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110988

  • [We must understand history as a live process...]
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    1992
    Elizam Escobar, artista puertorriqueño y antiguo prisionero político, sostiene que el quinto centenario de la llegada de Cristóbal Colón al Nuevo Mundo no es motivo de celebración, sino más bien una ocasión para reflexionar sobre la historia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799247

  • [When I was shown a preview of the paintings which El Museo del Barrio had acquired through the years for their permanent collection...]
    Caraballo, José
    1978
    In this brief artist statement, Puerto Rican-born artist José Caraballo posits that El Museo del Barrio’s exhibition of recent acquisitions serves as a reminder of the existence of Puerto Rican artists, and their struggle for recognition in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842253

  • [When, in 1926, Tamayo was preparing his first exhibition...]
    Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973
    1947
    In this article, art historian Robert Goldwater analyzes the life and work of Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo. Goldwater explains that although Tamayo is thought to have an individual style, when his works are assembled, it is apparent that his work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126437

  • [Writers characterize the Caribbean as playground...]
    Roulet, Laura
    2000
    In this document, independent curator, Laura Roulet provides a biographical sketch of Charles Juhasz and Arnaldo Morales—two artists that the author has identified as the third generation of Puerto Rican artists to dedicate their work to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798149

  • [You invited me for this meeting...]
    Gego
    1987
    In this speech to her companions at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Gego describes the basic tenets of her work and outlines the projects she plans to present. She explains how her use of line has evolved over the course of time, from her early [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854807