The “Brazilian-ism” that Magalhães Drummond references is the subject of his relentless search for “Brazilian character” in every form of expression, artistic or not, of national life. The country—at that uniquely Brazilian time—was a seething convergence of conflicting trends which, although opposed to each other, sought by any means possible to find an essential core of identity that could help to relieve them of the heavy burden of Portuguese colonialism (at a political level) and French influence (at a cultural level).
A Revista was a monthly literary magazine devoted to Brazilian modernism that was published in Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais) in 1925; only three issues actually appeared. Its editorial board included intellectuals who went on to later make a name for themselves, such as Carlos Drummond de Andrade, who that year published his radical poem Uma pedra no meio do caminho [A Stone in the Road]; the memorialist Pedro Nava; the journalist and politician Milton Campos; and the future minister of education (during the Estado Novo regime) Gustavo Capanema, who was the guiding force behind the construction of the Ministério da Educação e Saúde [Ministry of Education and Health] (1936), the historical harbinger of modern architecture in Brazil. The Swiss architect Le Corbusier was involved in its design, and it was built by the Brazilians Lúcio Costa, Affonso Eduardo Reidy, and Oscar Niemeyer, among others.