Gabriel García Maroto (1885-1969) was born in La Solana, Ciudad Real, Spain and died in Mexico City. He visited Italy, Belgium, Holland, and France on a grant. In 1921 he returned to Madrid and started Imprenta Maroto [Maroto Print Shop], which published the first book by Federico García Lorca (1898-1936), and Lorca’s works Almanaque de las artes y las letras [Calendar of Arts and Letters], Andalucía, vista por un pintor [Andalucia As Seen by a Painter], España mágica [Magical Spain], and La nueva España [The New Spain] (an intriguing, utopian view of what cultural life might be like if Mexican revolutionary policies were applied.) A painter, illustrator, and art critic, Maroto was a significant figure in the artistic avant-garde; he had published essays in Revista de occidente, La Gaceta literaria, and Revista de las Españas; and he was the main promoter of the Primera Exposición de Artistas Ibéricos [First Exhibition by Iberian Artists], that was presented in Madrid in 1925 and was a crucial career step for Salvador Dalí, Benjamín Placencia, and José Moreno Villa. Maroto probably came to Mexico as a result of getting to know Enrique González Rojo and Salvador Novo in Madrid. In June and December 1928, Maroto worked closely with the Los Contemporáneos group?which included Novo, Bodet, and Villaurrutia?not just as a designer but as an illustrator as well, and a contributor of articles on Goya and Moreno Villa. In August of that same year he published his Galería de los poetas nuevos de México o Nueva antología de poetas mexicanos [Gallery of New Poets in Mexico or New Anthology of Mexican Poets] where he paid tribute to the group that welcomed him when he arrived in Mexico.