Salvador Novo (1904–1974) was a Mexican poet, playwright, writer, and translator. Novo’s published volumes of poetry include XX poemas (1925), Nuevo amor (1933), Espejo (1933), Seamen Rhymes (1934), Décimas en el mar (1934), Romance de Angelillo y Adela (1934), Poemas proletarios (1934), Never ever (1934), Un poema (1937), Poesías escogidas (1938), Dueño mío: Cuatro sonetos inéditos (1944), Decimos: "Nuestra tierra" (1944), Florido laude (1945), Dieciocho sonetos (1955), Poesía (1915–1955), Sátira (1955), and Poesía (l961). Novo was elected to the Mexican Language Academy, and was a member of ‘Los Contemporáneos’ a group of avant-garde Mexican writers. Novo worked as a professor of literature at the National Preparatory School, and professor of history at the National Conservatory of Music. He also participated in the experimental Teatro de Ulises. In 1967, he won the National Prize for Literature. He was one of the first openly homosexual Mexican writers, and in his writings, Novo defied stereotypes of machismo, satirized bourgeoisie society, and critiqued the press. “Nuestras Artes Populares," written for the monthly magazine, Nuestro Mexico, reflects Novo’s defense of the rights of workers and the lower class (he was a member of the Mexican Socialist party), and his promotion of Mexican cultural values.