Martín Fierro (1924-1927) held a distinguished place among the great proliferation of avant-garde journals published in Argentina, especially in Buenos Aires, in the 1920s. The editor was Evar Méndez, although in 1925, Oliverio Girondo, Eduardo J. Bullrich, Sergio Piñero and Alberto Prebisch served as coeditors. Its contributors included great Argentine writers such as Girondo, Ricardo Molinari, Leopoldo Marechal and Jorge Luis Borges, among others; and its artist contributors included Emilio Pettoruti, Xul Solar and Norah Borges. Martín Fierro was discontinued during Hipólito Yrigoyen’s campaign for the presidency of Argentina (1928-30). At that time, the editorial group was divided between those who proposed that politics be introduced into the pages of the magazine and those who opposed that change. This internal dispute led to the closing of the publication. At the time of its publication, Martín Fierro was perceived by its contemporaries as a representative of the avant-garde in Argentina. The Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari (1868-1938) was also a well-known lawyer and intellectual. In 1921, he settled in Buenos Aires and struck up relationships with major figures in the cultural life of Buenos Aires. He published a range of articles in journals such as Martín Fierro, Proa and Valoraciones (La Plata) and newspapers such as La Prensa and La Nación. In his texts, as well as the lectures Figari gave at the Asociación Amigos del Arte, we can see his concern to develop an inward perspective in Latin America, one that would look beyond the metropolis. He wished to become aware of the current reality of each of its countries as well as their urgent needs and pressing issues. In addition, he was interested in the pre-Columbian world and concerned about educational issues.Pedro Figari’s response set forth here was one of several published by the journal Martín Fierro, since the questions in this survey—(1- Do you believe that there is an Argentine sensibility and/or mentality? 2- If so, what are their characteristics?)—were posed to various personalities among Argentine intellectuals: Leopoldo Lugones, Ricardo Güiraldes, Ricardo Rojas and Roberto Mariani, among others.